National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America. Colored Work Dept.

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African American service to the YMCA dates back to 1853, when Anthony Bowen established the first "colored" association in Washington D.C.. To facilitate work in the black community, a national Colored Work Department was created under the leadership of William Hunton in 1890. With incentives from philanthropists such as Julius Rosenwald the movement grew and by the 1930s, the YMCA reported nearly 100 black associations in its annual yearbook. After the return of African American soldiers from service in World War I, momentum began to build for an end to discrimination against blacks within the YMCA movement. It was not until after World War II, however, that segregation of YMCAs as a national policy ended. With this 1946 resolution, the Colored Work Department was dissolved. Work towards the promotion of interracial policies within the YMCA and efforts to provide support and services to the African American communite continued under the auspices of various commissions and committees.

From the description of Colored Work Department records, 1871-1946. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62691923

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Channing Tobias papers., 1911-1961. University of Minnesota Libraries. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. [ymca]
creatorOf National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America. Colored Work Dept. Colored Work Department records, 1871-1946. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
Social work with African Americans
World War, 1914-1918--War work--Young Men's Christian associations
African Americans--Social conditions
African Americans--Segregation
Young Men's Christian associations--Administration
Church work with students
Young Men's Christian associations--Finance
African American soldiers
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans
Race relations--Religious aspects

Corporate Body

Active 1871

Active 1946

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Ark ID: w6ps4www

SNAC ID: 66084987