Architectural league of New York

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The Architectural League of New York was founded in New York City in 1881 by a group of architects who wished to gather and discuss architecture and its relationship to the arts.

From the description of Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974, bulk 1927-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 756821009

Modeling the organization's name after the Art Students League of New York, the Architectural League of New York was founded in New York City in 1881 by a group of architects who wished to gather and discuss architecture and its relationship to the arts. The group elected D.W. Willard as the first President of the League and they began gathering regularly to discuss and critique each other's sketches and hold competitions. The organization grew quickly and soon the League rented a room in a building on 14th Street between University Place and Fifth Avenue.

However, by the mid-1880s the founders and more active League members left New York, and membership began to falter. The League was reorganized in 1886, expanding membership beyond professional architects, and incorporated in 1888 with 166 members. In 1889, the League joined with the Art Students League of New York and the Society of American Artists to form the American Fine Arts Society. Thus, in 1892 the three organizations were able to erect a building at 215 West 57th Street where the League remained until 1927 when it moved to 115 East 40th Street.

The League was run by the Executive Committee and its officers, elected every two years. The beginning of each League season kicked off with an annual dinner in the spring. The League also formed numerous committees to organize activities and manage administrative tasks. Noteworthy committees include the Current Work Committee, House Committee, Finance Committee, Exhibition Committee, Membership Committee, and Scholarships and Special Awards Committee.

The League's interdisciplinary approach to architecture and the arts was expressed through sponsored forums and discussions with architects and artists. From the League's beginning, the Current Work Committee was established to organize educational forums for members. Recognition of achievement was awarded by an Annual Exhibition from the late 1880s until 1938. In 1950, the League began awarding the annual National Gold Medal Exhibition in various fields such as landscape architecture, engineering, and sculpture. Additionally, the League awarded numerous other scholarships each year. Architects, artists, and arts-related organizations could also rent space in the League building to hold meetings, discussions, and exhibitions.

The League admitted its first female member in 1934. Notable members of the League included Arnold W. Brunner (President, 1903-1905), Cass Gilbert (President, 1913-1915), Philip Johnson, Robert A.M. Stern, and Russell Sturgis (President, 1889-1893).

The Architectural League of New York continues to provide educational opportunities and scholarships to students and professionals.

Background information was gathered from a written history of the League by Cass Gilbert found in this collection and the Architectural League of New York website (http://archleague.org/category/archive/history-archive/).

From the guide to the Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

The Architectural League of New York is a non-profit organization that sponsors exhibitions, research studies, and projects that explore ideas in architecture and related art and design fields. The ALNY promotes excellence and innovation in architecture and urbanism by broadening the knowledge of these fields and communicating the importance of architecture in public life.

In 1973 the ALNY founded the Archive of Women in Architecture as a means to gather data about the careers of women in the field of architecture and other design professions. The project was made possible with public funds from the New York State Council on the Arts and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, and contributions from CBS, Inc., IBM Corporation, and Harry Winston, Inc. The archive committee consisted of Susana Torre, Coordinator, Phyllis Birkby, Regi Goldberg, Marjorie Hoog, Naomi Leff, Dimon Liu, Mimi Lobell, and Marita O'Hare.

In September of that year, the Archive began a national survey to collect both biographical and project data from women working in the profession. Committee members sent a form letter to women architects describing the archive and its mission, along with both a biographical worksheet and a project worksheet. At this time, Archive committee members also collected information about women who were no longer practicing architects in 1973. From the information gathered for the Archive, a 1977 exhibition and a book, Women in American Architecture: A Historic and Contemporary Perspective, were produced. The Archive of Women in Architecture ceased to collect material after this date.

From the guide to the Architectural League of New York: Archive of Women in Architecture Records, 1948-1977, (Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Ferriss, Hugh, 1889-1962. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1938, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Shannon, Palmer. Palmer Shannon cameragraphs of architectural renderings, circa 1921-1929. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Institutional file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Harold Reeve Sleeper papers, 1911-1960. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904. Menu of Architectural League of New York dinner, 1895. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Glinsky, Vincent, 1895-1975. Vincent Glinsky papers, 1927-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Anita Weschler Papers, 1902-1989, 1924-1960 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art
referencedIn Walter Gropius papers, 1925-1969 (inclusive), 1937-1969 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Sculpture and architecture : a dialogue : sound recordings, 1968 Jan.-Feb. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951. Rutherford Boyd papers, 1900-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Yandell, Enid Bland, 1869-1934. Enid Yandell : papers, 1875-1982. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Young Architects Forum : competition documents, 1995. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn New York Botanical Garden. Award certificates, [ca. 1940-1980] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Vacant Lots : competition documents, 1987. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Sleeper, Harold Reeve, 1893-1960. Harold Reeve Sleeper papers, 1911-1960. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Russell Sturgis architectural drawings and papers, 1847-1932 Columbia University. Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Department of Drawings & Archives,
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Letters, 1947-1980, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Rambusch, Catha Grace,. Catha Grace Rambusch collection of papers on architecture, 1921-1975. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915. Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1885-1963. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Architectural League of New York records, 1888-1973. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. New Schools for New York : competition documents, 1989-1990. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Eyre, Wilson, 1858-1944. Wilson Eyre architectural drawings and papers, circa 1877-1945. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Beach, Chester, 1881-1956. Chester Beach papers, 1846-1999, bulk circa 1900-1999. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974, bulk 1927-1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Architectural League of New York: Archive of Women in Architecture Records, 1948-1977 Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
creatorOf Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Young Architects Forum : vertical file. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn William Pahlmann Associates. Publicity books of William Pahlmann Associates, 1936-1976. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Architectural League of New York. Chair Fair : competition documents, 1986. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Dow, Alden B., 1904-1983. Alden B. Dow personal papers, 1910-1999 (bulk 1930-1975). Alden B. Dow Archives
referencedIn Morris Lapidus Papers, circa 1915-2010 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Homsey Architects, Inc. Records, 1935-1992. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Sturgis, Russell, 1836-1909. Russell Sturgis architectural drawings and papers, 1847-1932. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Chester Beach papers, 1846-1999 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Haskell, Douglas Putnam, 1899-1979. Douglas Putnam Haskell papers, 1866-1979 (bulk 1949-1964). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915. Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1885-1963. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Lewis G. person
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Architects. corporateBody
associatedWith Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904. person
associatedWith Barnett, Jonathan. person
associatedWith Beach, Chester, 1881-1956. person
associatedWith Birenbaum, William. person
associatedWith Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915. person
associatedWith Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951. person
associatedWith Cutler, Robert Ward, 1905- person
associatedWith Dow, Alden B., 1904-1983. person
associatedWith Eyre, Wilson, 1858-1944. person
associatedWith Ferriss, Hugh, 1889-1962. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934. person
associatedWith Glinsky, Vincent, 1895-1975. person
associatedWith Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Harold Reeve, Sleeper 1893-1960. person
associatedWith Harrison, Wallace K. 1895-1981. person
associatedWith Haskell, Douglas Putnam, 1899-1979. person
associatedWith Homsey Architects, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Lapidus, Morris. person
associatedWith National Sculpture Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York Botanical Garden. corporateBody
associatedWith New York World's Fair (1939-1940) corporateBody
associatedWith Rambusch, Catha Grace, person
associatedWith Shannon, Palmer. person
associatedWith Sleeper, Harold Reeve, 1893-1960. person
associatedWith Sturgis, Russell, 1836-1909. person
associatedWith Weschler, Anita person
associatedWith William Pahlmann Associates. corporateBody
associatedWith Yandell, Enid Bland, 1869-1934. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Sculpture, Modern--20th century
Architecture, Modern--20th century
Associations, institutions, etc
Architecture
Language and languages--Documentation
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1847

Active 1932

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6np6w30

SNAC ID: 52553641