Federal Writers' Project

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Hinton was a former slave who was living in North Carolina at the time of the interview.

From the guide to the Martha Adeline Hinton interview, 1937, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

One of the first actions by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression of the 1930s was to extend federal work relief to the unemployed. One such relief program was the Works Progress Administration, which FDR established in 1933. By 1941 the WPA had provided employment for 8 million people. One segment of the population which the WPA helped were artists, musicians, and writers, and the WPA instituted programs especially designed to utilize the talents of these people. An example of one such program was the Mormon Diaries project.

With assistance from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the Historical Records Survey, as well as the WPA, Juanita Brooks supervised a project to collect and transcribe the diaries, journals, and biographical sketches for over 400 Latter-day Saint pioneers. The project ran 1934 until 1942. The material gathered also contained the histories of several towns and counties.

In 1942, when the WPA disbanded, the original transcriptions were turned over to the Library of Congress. The first copy and parts of the second and third carbon copies were deposited with the Utah State Historical Society. Other copies were deposited with Brigham Young University, the University of Utah, and Utah State University. In 1950 the Library of Congress microfilmed the entire collection on 13 reels, and since that time, microfilmed copies have been added to most major collections of Western Americana or LDS genealogy in the United States.

From the guide to the Mormon diaries, 1820-1936, (Utah State University. Special Collections and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn United States. Work Projects Administration. State series, 1935-1944. Denver Art Museum
referencedIn Julius S. Dalley papers, 1908-1948 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Martha Adeline Hinton interview, 1937 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Utah Grazing Notes, 1940-1941 Utah State University. Special Collections and ArchivesManuscript Collection
referencedIn Betty Smith Papers, 1909-1971 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Ralph Ellison Papers, 1890-2005, (bulk 1930-1994) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Evelyn Rhoden Works Progress Administration Papers, 1935-1942 University of Montana--Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Katharine Amend Kellock Papers, 1924-1969 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Arna Bontemps Papers, 1927-1968 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Mormon diaries, 1820-1936 Utah State University. Special Collections and ArchivesManuscript Collection
referencedIn Fillingim, Theron (T.D.) Dale, Papers, 1921-1955 University of West Florida Libraries
referencedIn Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Federal Writers Project Records, 1936 San Francisco State University. Labor Archives and Research Center.
referencedIn Marta Weigle Collection, 1946-1999 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
creatorOf Federal Writers' Project Papers, 1936-1940 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn James Farmer autobiography and diaries, 1851-1882 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Colorado and Washington Grazing Interview Transcripts, 1940-1941 Utah State University. Special Collections and ArchivesManuscript Collection
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bode, Norman person
associatedWith Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973 person
associatedWith Brooks, Juanita, 1898-1989 person
associatedWith Dalley, Julius S. (Julius Sylvester), 1877-1953 person
associatedWith de Ford, Miriam person
associatedWith Dorais, Leon person
associatedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
associatedWith Estavan, Lawrence person
associatedWith Farmer, James, 1825-1908 person
associatedWith Fillingim, Theron (T. D.) Dale person
associatedWith Hamilton, Ben person
associatedWith Harrison, Alan person
associatedWith Hinton, Martha Adeline, b. 1861 person
associatedWith Historical Records Survey. New York (State) corporateBody
associatedWith Historical Records Survey (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hutchinson, Robert person
associatedWith Kellock, Katharine Amend, 1892- person
associatedWith Kent, Rockwell person
associatedWith Kinkead, Rubin person
associatedWith Larsson, Raymond person
associatedWith Matthews, T. Pat person
associatedWith Nelson, Catherine person
associatedWith Quince, Peter person
associatedWith Rexroth, Kenneth person
associatedWith Rhoden, Evelyn M. person
associatedWith Romain, Richard person
associatedWith Sabsay, Nahum person
associatedWith Sachs, Ida Faye person
associatedWith Sawvelle, Dorothea person
associatedWith Smith, Betty, 1896-1972 person
associatedWith Talbot, J. Rand person
associatedWith United States corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Emergency Relief Administration corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Work Projects Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Works Progress Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Van Ghent, Dorothy person
associatedWith Warner, W. E. person
associatedWith Weigle, Marta, 1944- person
associatedWith Wilhelmson, Carl person
associatedWith Wilkins, Margaret person
associatedWith Work Projects Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Wright, Richard, 1908-1960 person
associatedWith Writers' Program (New York State) corporateBody
predecessorOf Writers' Program (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Writers' Program (Utah) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Utah
Subject
Mormon pioneers--Diaries
Immigration and American Expansion
Mormon missionaries--Diaries
Texts
Grazing--West (U.S.)--History
Slaves--North Carolina--Interviews
Frontier and pioneer life--West (U.S.)
Public works
Utah Expedition, 1857-1858
Overland journeys to the West (U.S.)
Rangelands--Utah--History
Sheep industry--Utah--History
Slavery--North Carolina
Mormon women--Diaries
Environmental Activism
Environmental Conditions
Agriculture
Cattle trade--Utah--History
Politics, Government, and Law
Slaves--Emancipation--North Carolina
Pioneers
Sheep industry--West (U.S.)--History
Range management--Utah--History.
Public lands--Utah--History
Material Types
Cattle trade--West (U.S.)--History
Overland journeys to the Pacific
Grazing--Colorado--History
Agriculture and Natural Resources
Grazing--Utah--History
Mormon women--Biography
MormonChurch--Missions--Biography
Environment and Conservation
Mormon handcart companies
Ranchers--Washington (State)--Interviews
Ranchers--Colorado--Interviews
Civic Activism
Ranching
Mormon pioneers--Biography
Oral History
Occupation
Function

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