International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.)

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Local 22 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), also known as the Dressmakers' Union, was chartered in December 1920 and based in New York, New York.

From the description of ILGWU. Local 22. Israel Breslow papers, 1913-1981. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 239634634

From the description of ILGWU. Local 22 minutes, 1932-1972. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63906709

Harry Uviller (1897-1973) was appointed impartial chairman of the New York City Dress industry by Mayor Fiorello LaGaurdia in 1936. From 1955 to 1958, he concurrently served as chair of the New York State Mediation Board, and in 1958, he and Senator Herbert H. Lehman served as mediators in the general dress strike of that year.

From the description of Dress Industry, New York City. Decisions, Harry Uviller, 1936-1938. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 122682097

Charles S. Zimmerman, labor leader, political activist, and officer, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU).

Charles Zimmerman was born in Russia in 1896 and emigrated to the U.S. in 1913. He worked in the New York garment industry and joined ILGWU Local 22; shortly thereafter, he became its secretary-manager. He was also an organizer for the Joint Board of the Dress and Waistmakers' Union. Throughout the 1920s, Zimmerman was an active member of the Communist Party, which affiliation cost him his union leadership positions in 1925. By 1931, however, he was reinstated in the ILGWU and was elected a vice-president in 1934.

Zimmerman was involved in both left-wing politics and labor affairs throughout his life. Even after his reinstatement in the ILGWU, he maintained close ties with the anti-Stalinist Lovestonites of the Communist Party. He also had a significant role in other political parties, including the American Labor Party and the Liberal Party of New York State, and was an advocate for African-American workers in the ILGWU. Charles Zimmerman resigned from his ILGWU positions in 1972; he died in 1983.

From the description of ILGWU. Local 22. Charles Zimmerman. Photographs, 1910-1958. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 239617514

Louis Stulberg, union organizer and official, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Louis Stulberg was born in Poland in 1901 and emigrated with his parents to Canada in 1904. After graduating from the Harborn Collegiate Institute in Toronto in 1918, he moved to Chicago, where he worked as a cutter and joined ILGWU Local 81. Stulberg moved around the country, working as a cutter and union organizer in Toledo, Ohio, Chicago, and New York City. It was in New York that he finally settled, working as an official and organizer in ILGWU Local 10. Later he held a number of executive positions in the ILGWU, including the vice-presidency, a seat on the General Executive Board, the executive vice-presidency, and the office of General Secretary-Treasurer. He was elected president of the union in 1966, succeeding David Dubinsky, and served until his retirement in 1975. He died in 1977.

Stulberg's term was an inward-looking time, after the long tenure of David Dubinsky. A demographic shift in ILGWU membership, from largely Jewish and Italian workers to more Hispanic and African-American workers, had begun under Dubinsky, but accelerated rapidly during Stulberg's term. During this period, the ILGWU focused more heavily on organizing, and membership reached an all-time high in 1968. But by 1970, it had begun to fall dramatically, as more clothing manufacturers moved their operations abroad. The union also shed many of its political connections under Stulberg's leadership. In 1968 he led the union out of the Liberal Party, which it had helped to found, and severed its ties to the Americans for Democratic Action.

From the description of ILGWU. Louis Stulberg photographs, 1966-1977. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 701295354

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women's garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.

The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.

David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.

In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.

In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

Local 22 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), also known as the Dressmakers' Union, was chartered in December 1920 and based in New York, New York.

From the guide to the ILGWU. Local 22 minutes, 1932-1972., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women's garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.

The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.

David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.

In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.

In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

From the guide to the ILGWU. Local 22 records, 1920-1933., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women's garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.

The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.

David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.

In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.

In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

Local 22 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), also known as the Dressmakers' Union, was chartered in December 1920 and based in New York, New York.

Israel Breslow (1906-1985) emigrated from the Ukraine to Canada where he worked in the garment industry and, from 1922 to 1936, was a member of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. In 1936, after moving to New York City and beginning work as an operator in the garment industry, Breslow joined Dressmakers Local 22. Breslow served on the local’s executive board and as the local's business agent, and from 1958 to 1975, he served as manager. In 1962, Breslow became a vice president of the ILGWU. He retired from the ILGWU in 1975, after which he became president of the Jewish Daily Forward Association. Additionally, Breslow was president of the Workmen’s Circle from 1958 to 1962, and again from 1966 to 1970.

From the guide to the ILGWU. Local 22. Israel Breslow papers, 1913-1981., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Research Dept. ILGWU. Research Department records, 1884-1948. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Joint Board Cloakmakers and Dressmakers Union and Joint Board Furriers Union. Unity. March 25, 1927-April 27, 1928 (Weekly). Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). Dress Industry, New York City. Decisions, Harry Uviller, 1936-1938. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Local 22. Charles Zimmerman. Photographs, 1910-1958. Cornell University Library
creatorOf ILGWU. Local 22. Israel Breslow papers, 1913-1981. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn ILGWU. Local 98 records, 1938-1983. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. General Executive Board. Appeal Committee. ILGWU. General Executive Board. Appeal Committee cases, 1926-1983. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies Garment Workers Union. Charles S. Zimmerman papers, 1919-1958 [bulk 1920-1945]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Abelson, Paul, 1878-1953. Paul Abelson. Files, 1912-1915. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Local 22. Israel Breslow papers, 1913-1981. Cornell University Library
creatorOf ILGWU. Local 22 minutes, 1932-1972. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Local 22 minutes, 1932-1972. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Louis Stulberg photographs, 1966-1977. Cornell University Library
referencedIn ILGWU. General Executive Board. Appeal Committee cases, 1926-1983. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. ILGWU. Benjamin Schlesinger papers, 1914-1923. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Western States Region. ILGWU. Western states region records, 1940-1985. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 22 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Local 22 records, 1920-1933. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98. ILGWU. Local 98 records, 1938-1983. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Joint Board of Locals of the Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union. International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Joint Board of Locals of the Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union. Minutebook, (11/15/27-10/10/32), 1927-1932. Cornell University Library
creatorOf ILGWU. Local 22 records, 1920-1933. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn International Ladies Garment Workers Union. Benjamin Schlesinger, President. Records, 1914-1923. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn ILGWU. Research Department records, 1884-1948. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abelson, Paul, 1878-1953. person
associatedWith AFL-CIO corporateBody
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor corporateBody
associatedWith American Jewish Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Antonini, Luigi, 1883-1968 person
associatedWith Baroff, Abraham person
associatedWith Benjamin Schlesinger. person
associatedWith Billings, Warren K., 1893-1972 person
associatedWith Bluestein, Mendl person
associatedWith Breslow, Israel person
associatedWith Breslow, Israel. person
associatedWith Cohn, Fannia M. 1885- person
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Danish, Max D. person
associatedWith Dornbusch, Mendel person
associatedWith Dubinsky, David, 1892-1982 person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1890-1969 person
associatedWith Falikman, Moe person
associatedWith Feinberg, Israel person
associatedWith Hebrew Butcher Workers' Union. Local 234 (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hillman, Sidney, 1887-1946 person
associatedWith Hochman, Julius, 1892-1970 person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. General Executive Board. Appeal Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Joint Board of Locals of the Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 155 (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98 corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98. corporateBody
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associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Research Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Western States Region. corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Consumptives' Relief Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. 1908-1973 person
associatedWith Kemp, Maida Springer person
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associatedWith Lakatz, Moshe. person
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associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. 1900-1965 person
associatedWith Stulberg, Louis, 1901-1977 person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith Tyler, Gus person
associatedWith Zimmerman, Charles S., 1896-1983 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
United States
New York (State)--New York
United States
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)
United States
New York (State)--New York
United States
Subject
Labor unions--Officials and employees
Clothing workers--United States
Labor unions--Clothing workers
Clothing workers--New York (State)--New York
Labor union locals
Labor unions--Clothing workers--New York (State)--New York
Industrial relations
Clothing workers--Labor unions
Industrial relations--New York (State)--New York
Labor unions--Clothing workers--United States
Industrial relations--United States
Women's clothing industry--United States
Women's clothing industry--New York (State)--New York
Women's clothing industry
Clothing workers
Labor unions and communism
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1966

Active 1977

Information

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