Goodman, Benny, 1909-

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Benny Goodman was born in Chicago, May 30, 1909. He received his first musical training at a local synagogue, and later studied clarinet with Franz Schoepp. Goodman made his debut at the age of twelve, and left home to become a full-time professional clarinetist when he was sixteen.

After a decade of performing as a free-lancer and as a member of Ben Pollak's band, Goodman established his first big band in 1934, and soon it achieved unprecedented success. He won great acclaim both for his dazzling clarinet solos and for the brilliance of his band. In an era of segregation, Goodman was a pioneer in hiring without regard to race; his ensemble included outstanding black musicians (such as Teddy Wilson) as well as leading white performers (such as Gene Krupa). Goodman also employed talented arrangers, including Fletcher Henderson, Eddie Sauter, and many others. At his peak, in the late 1930s, Goodman may have been the most popular musician in the world. His Carnegie Hall concert on January 16, 1938 is regarded as a key moment in jazz history.

Goodman did not restrict himself to big band music; he also won renown for his work with a series of small combos that included Wilson, Krupa, Lionel Hampton, Charlie Christian, and other prominent jazz musicians. He even pursued a classical career, performing clarinet concertos with numerous orchestras and playing chamber music with ensembles such as the Budapest String Quartet. He commissioned major works from Bela Bart'k, Aaron Copland, Paul Hindemith, and other composers.Although the swing era eventually passed, Goodman retained a large and loyal following, even as bop, rock, and other musical styles came into vogue. He and his band performed widely, not only in the United States, but also in Latin America, Europe, the Soviet Union, and East Asia. Over the course of his long career, Goodman made innumerable recordings and appeared frequently on radio, television, and film. His life and music have been the subject of many biographies, discographies, and other studies.

Benny Goodman died in New York on June 13, 1986. Years after his passing, he remains the unchallenged 'King of Swing.'

From the guide to the The Benny Goodman Papers, 1910-1992, inclusive, (Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn The Frederick and Rose Plaut Papers, 1907-1986 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Little Orchestra Society concert recordings collection [sound recording], 1947-1957 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Zero and Kate Mostel papers, 1915-1986 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf The Benny Goodman Papers, 1910-1992, inclusive Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn The Bell Telephone Hour collection of sound recordings [sound recording], 1940-1968 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn The Radio Entertainers and Announcers Collection, 1937-1945 (Bulk 1942-1943) © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn The Harold Rome Papers, 1873-1988 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Alix Jeffry additional papers, 1935-1993. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn The Paul Hindemith Collection, 1901-1993, inclusive Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn The Leonard Burkat Papers, 1943-1981 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
Role Title Holding Repository
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associatedWith Albam, Manny person
associatedWith Aless, Tony person
associatedWith Alexander, Jeff person
associatedWith Alexander, Lamar. person
associatedWith Allen, Shorty person
associatedWith Allen, Steve, 1921- person
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associatedWith Andre, Wayne person
associatedWith Appleyard, Peter person
associatedWith Astor, Brooke. person
associatedWith Baranco, Wilbert person
associatedWith Basie, Count person
associatedWith Bassman, George person
associatedWith Bassman, Sammy person
associatedWith Beame, Abraham D. (Abraham David), 1906- person
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associatedWith Berlin, Irving, 1888- person
associatedWith Bernstein, Leonard, 1918- person
associatedWith Bok, Derek Curtis. person
associatedWith Boland, Francis person
associatedWith Bone, Red person
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associatedWith Brennan, Ted person
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associatedWith Brooks, Dudley person
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associatedWith Bryant, Bobby person
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associatedWith Burke, Sonny person
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associatedWith Bush, George, 1924- person
associatedWith Byers, Billy person
associatedWith Caligan, Woody person
associatedWith Carisi, Johnny person
associatedWith Carter, Benny person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
associatedWith Cary, Dick person
associatedWith Casey, Gene person
associatedWith Childers, Buddy person
associatedWith Clayton, Buck person
associatedWith Cohn, Al person
associatedWith Conniff, Ray person
associatedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900- person
associatedWith Cowley, Malcolm, 1898- person
associatedWith Cuomo, Mario Matthew. person
associatedWith D'Amato, Alfonse. person
associatedWith Dameron, Tadd person
associatedWith Davis, Buster person
associatedWith Diaz, Horace person
associatedWith Diaz Jr., Horace person
associatedWith Di Novi, Gene person
associatedWith Dodd, Christopher J. (Christopher John), 1944- person
associatedWith Durham, Eddie person
associatedWith Edwards, Teddy person
associatedWith Ellington, Duke person
associatedWith Elman, Ziggy. person
associatedWith Engelen, Frank person
associatedWith Evans, Gil person
associatedWith Feather, Leonard G. person
associatedWith Feller, Sid person
associatedWith Fiedler, Arthur, 1894-1979 person
associatedWith Fisher, Avery. person
associatedWith Fontaine, Bill person
associatedWith Ford, Gerald R., 1913- person
associatedWith Foster, Frank person
associatedWith Frederick and Rose Plaut person
associatedWith Giamatti, A. Bartlett. person
associatedWith Gibson, Margie person
associatedWith Gill, Brendan, 1914- person
associatedWith Giuffre, Jimmy person
associatedWith Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909- person
associatedWith Golson, Benny person
associatedWith Goodman, Thomas person
associatedWith Gould, Morton, 1913- person
associatedWith Grove, Dick person
associatedWith Gutesha, Bobby person
associatedWith Hallenbeck, Ralph person
associatedWith Hammarskj'ld, Dag, 1905-1961 person
associatedWith Hammond, John, 1910- person
associatedWith Hampton, Lionel. person
associatedWith Harding, Buster person
associatedWith Harold Rome person
associatedWith Hass, Don person
correspondedWith Henderson, Fletcher person
associatedWith Henderson, Horace person
associatedWith Hensel, Wes person
associatedWith Hill, Alex person
associatedWith Holman, Bill person
associatedWith Homer, Ben person
associatedWith Hood, Bill person
associatedWith Hope, Bob, 1903- person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Hunter, Frank person
associatedWith Hurok, Sol, 1888-1974 person
associatedWith Hyman, Dick person
associatedWith Jackson, James person
associatedWith James, Harry person
associatedWith James, Harry, 1916- person
associatedWith Jeffry, Alix. person
associatedWith Jenkins, Cliff person
associatedWith Jenkins, Gordon. person
associatedWith Johnson, Budd person
associatedWith Johnston, J. Bennett (John Bennett), 1932- person
associatedWith Jones, Hoyt person
associatedWith Karlin, Fred person
associatedWith Khachaturian, Aram Il'ich, 1903-1978 person
associatedWith Kincaide, Deane person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, Don person
associatedWith Knepper, Jimmy person
associatedWith Knight, Peter person
associatedWith Koch, Ed, 1924- person
associatedWith Kod%ISOlat1;ly, Zolt%ISOlat1;n, 1882-1967 person
associatedWith Kollek, Teddy, 1911- person
associatedWith Kostelanetz, Andre, 1901- person
associatedWith Landers, Ann. person
associatedWith Lanning, Frank person
associatedWith Larkins, Ellis person
associatedWith Lee, Peggy, 1920- person
associatedWith Legrand, Michel person
associatedWith Leonard Burkat person
associatedWith Levinsky, Walt person
associatedWith Lieb, Dick person
associatedWith Linowitz, Sol M., 1913- person
associatedWith Lipman, Joe person
associatedWith Little Orchestra Society corporateBody
associatedWith Long, Russell B. person
associatedWith Ludlow, Ben person
associatedWith Luther Noss person
associatedWith Lynes, Russell, 1910- person
associatedWith Magaloff, Nikita. person
associatedWith Maltby, Richard person
associatedWith Mancini, Henry person
associatedWith Manning, Irving person
associatedWith Martin, Skip person
associatedWith Massingill, O. B. person
associatedWith Masso, George person
associatedWith Matthews, Dave person
associatedWith Matz, Peter person
associatedWith May, Billy person
associatedWith McBride, Robert person
associatedWith McCarthy, Eugene J., 1916- person
associatedWith McEachern, Murray person
associatedWith McFarland, Gary person
associatedWith McGuffie, Bill person
associatedWith McPartland, Marian. person
associatedWith Mellon, Paul. person
associatedWith Mersey, Robert person
associatedWith Miller, Bill person
associatedWith Miller, Glenn person
associatedWith Mostel, Zero, 1915-1977 person
associatedWith Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927- person
associatedWith Mundy, Jimmy person
associatedWith Murphy, Spud person
associatedWith Murrow, Edward R. person
associatedWith Napp, Ken person
associatedWith Nelson, Oliver person
associatedWith Newman, Joe person
associatedWith New, Paul person
associatedWith Newsom, Tommy person
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913- person
associatedWith Noble, Jiggs person
associatedWith Norman, Fred person
associatedWith O'Farrill, Chico person
associatedWith Ogerman, Claus person
associatedWith Paley, William S. (William Samuel), 1901- person
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associatedWith Pleis, Jack person
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associatedWith Powell, Mel. person
associatedWith Previn, Andre person
associatedWith Prince, Bob person
associatedWith Rawitz, Steve person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald. person
associatedWith Reidy, Frank person
associatedWith Ribicoff, Abraham, 1910- person
associatedWith Rockefeller, David, 1915- person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 person
associatedWith Rodgers, Richard, 1902- person
associatedWith Rood, Hale person
associatedWith Rose, David person
associatedWith Ross, Bert person
associatedWith Roumanis, George person
associatedWith Rowles, Jimmy person
associatedWith Sampson, Edgar person
associatedWith Sauter, Eddie person
associatedWith Sawyer, Eddie person
associatedWith Schmidt, Helmut, 1918 Dec. 23- person
associatedWith Schutt, Arthur person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900- person
associatedWith Segure, Roger person
associatedWith Serkin, Peter, 1947- person
associatedWith Shapiro, Harold person
associatedWith Shirley, Charlie person
associatedWith Simon, Paul, 1941- person
associatedWith Siravo, George person
associatedWith Smith, Liz. person
associatedWith Smith, William French, 1917- person
associatedWith South, Harry person
associatedWith Spencer, Herbert person
associatedWith Stacy, Jess, 1904- person
associatedWith Stegmeyer, Bill person
associatedWith Stein, Ralph person
associatedWith Stewart, James, 1908- person
associatedWith Stewart, Slam. person
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Szathmary, Irving person
associatedWith Templeton, Alec person
associatedWith Thant, U, 1909-1974 person
associatedWith Thompson, Johnny person
associatedWith Thompson, Sir Charles person
associatedWith Thornhill, Claude person
associatedWith Tilton, Martha. person
associatedWith Todd, Tommy person
associatedWith Tully, Alice, 1902-1993 person
associatedWith Tunick, Jonathan person
associatedWith Valentine, Jerry person
associatedWith Van Eps, Fred person
associatedWith Van Lake, Turk person
associatedWith Villepigue, Paul person
associatedWith Vreeland, Diana. person
associatedWith Walton, William, 1902- person
associatedWith Ward, Helen, 1916- person
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associatedWith Wayne, Chuck person
associatedWith Weicker, Lowell, 1931- person
associatedWith White, Johnny person
associatedWith White, Kevin H. person
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associatedWith Wilcox, Larry person
associatedWith Wilder, Alec person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Ralph person
associatedWith Williams, George person
associatedWith Williams, Mary Lou person
associatedWith Williams, Mary Lou, 1910- person
associatedWith Willson, Meredith, 1902- person
associatedWith Wilson, Gerald person
associatedWith Wilson, Teddy, 1912- person
associatedWith Winterhalter, Hugo person
associatedWith Woode, Henri person
associatedWith Wootten, Red person
associatedWith Wuorinen, Charles. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Music--United States-20th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1909

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