Streit, Clarence K. (Clarence Kirshman), 1896-1986

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Author, editor, and journalist.

From the description of Papers of Clarence K. Streit, 1838-1990 (bulk 1939-1986). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71071998

From the description of Papers, 1910-1987 (bulk 1939-1977). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 28495262

American journalist and author.

From the description of Letter to Mr. Williamson [manuscript], 1935 January 24. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647976010

Biographical Note

  • 1896, Jan. 21: Born, California, Mo.
  • 1917 - 1919 : United States Army, American Expeditionary Forces
  • 1919: A.B., University of Montana, Missoula, Mont. Postgraduate studies, Sorbonne, Paris, France
  • 1920: Published "Where Iron Is, There Is the Fatherland!" A Note on the Relation of Privilege and Monopoly to War. New York: B. W. Huebsch
  • 1920 - 1921 : Rhodes scholar, Oxford University, Oxford, England
  • 1920 - 1924 : Reporter, Philadelphia Public Ledger. Assignments included: Paris, France, bureau, 1920, 1924; Turko-Greek War, 1921; Rome, Italy, 1921-1923; and Constantinople, Turkey, 1923-1924
  • 1921: Married Jeanne Defrance
  • 1925 - 1939 : Correspondent, New York Times. Assignments included: Carthage excavation (North Africa) and Riff War, Morocco, 1925; Vienna, Austria, 1925-1927; New York staff, 1927-1928; League of Nations, 1929-1939; and Washington, D.C., bureau, 1939
  • 1939: Published Union Now: A Proposal for a Federal Union of the Democracies of the North Atlantic. New York: Harper and Brothers Established Inter-Democracy Federal Unionists which became Federal Union, Inc.
  • 1939 - 1986 : President, Federal Union, Inc.
  • 1941: Published Union Now with Britain. New York: Harper and Brothers
  • 1946 - 1975 : Editor, Freedom & Union magazine
  • 1949 - 1962 : Board member, Atlantic Union Committee
  • 1954: Published Freedom Against Itself. New York: Harper and Brothers
  • 1958: Assisted in establishing the International Movement for Atlantic Union, Inc.
  • 1958 - circa 1976 : President, International Movement for Atlantic Union, Inc.
  • 1961: Published Freedom's Frontier. New York: Harper
  • 1968: Received Kefauver Union of the Free Award
  • 1986, July 6: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Clarence K. Streit Papers, 1838-1990, (bulk 1939-1986), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Clarence K. Streit was born in California, MO, in 1896. At the age of 15 he moved to Missoula, Montana, where he founded the Konah, a high school paper that is now one of the oldest in continuous publication. Streit worked in the summers surveying in Alaska and the Rocky Mountains to finance his education at Montana State University, (now the University of Montana), where he edited the college newspaper, the Kaimin, and served on the debate team.

Streit left Missoula in 1917 and volunteered in the 18 th Railway Engineers for war service. One of the first 50,000 American soldiers to land in Europe, he reached France in August of 1917. In 1918 he joined the Intelligence Service where for a time he served as one of the guards of President Wilson. After his time in the service, Streit returned to Missoula where he won a Rhodes Scholarship which enabled him to study history at Oxford. Once in England, Streit met Jeanne Defrance of Paris, and they married in 1921.

In 1925 he joined the New York Times as a foreign correspondent and in 1929 went to Geneva as a correspondent for the League of Nations, a post he held for nearly ten years. During his time as a journalist, Streit covered such prominent issues as the Sino-Japanese war, the depression and the rise of Nazi dictatorship. His interest in such international issues led Streit to resign his position at the Times in 1939 and publish his first book, Union Now, an appeal for a federal union of the democracies.

After the success of Union Now, which admirers hailed as democracy's answer to Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, Clarence and Jeanne Streit continued to commit their lives to the cause of union. In 1940, the couple founded Federal Union, Inc., an educational organization committed to universal world government. Chapters opened in towns all over the nation, including the formation of a Missoula chapter in 1940. Streit served as president of Federal Union as well as editor of Freedom and Union, the organization's magazine. Streit was one of the founding members of the Atlantic Union Committee that merged with other organizations in 1962 to form the Atlantic Council. His works on behalf of world peace earned Streit a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Clarence Streit died in 1986.

From the guide to the Clarence Streit Papers, 1913-1984, (Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections)

Clarence K. Streit was born in California, Missouri, in 1896. At the age of 15 he moved to Missoula, Montana, where he founded the Konah, a high school paper that is now one of the oldest in continuous publication. Streit worked in the summers surveying in Alaska and the Rocky Mountains to finance his education at Montana State University, (now The University of Montana-Missoula), where he edited the college newspaper, the Montana Kaimin, and served on the debate team.

Streit left Missoula in 1917 and volunteered in the 18 th Railway Engineers for war service. One of the first 50,000 American soldiers to land in Europe, he reached France in August of 1917. In 1918 he joined the Intelligence Service where for a time he served as one of the guards of President Wilson. After his time in the service, Streit returned to Missoula where he won a Rhodes Scholarship which enabled him to study history at Oxford. Once in England, Streit met Jeanne Defrance of Paris, and they married in 1921.

In 1925 he joined the New York Times as a foreign correspondent and in 1929 went to Geneva as a correspondent for the League of Nations, a post he held for nearly ten years. During his time as a journalist, Streit covered such prominent issues as the Sino-Japanese war, the depression and the rise of Nazi dictatorship. His interest in such international issues led Streit to resign his position at the Times in 1939 and publish his first book, Union Now, an appeal for a federal union of the democracies.

After the success of Union Now, which admirers hailed as democracy's answer to Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, Clarence and Jeanne Streit continued to commit their lives to the cause of union. In 1940, the couple founded Federal Union, Inc., an educational organization committed to universal world government. Chapters opened in towns all over the nation, including the formation of a Missoula chapter in 1940. Streit served as president of Federal Union as well as editor of Freedom and Union, the organization's magazine. Streit was one of the founding members of the Atlantic Union Committee that merged with other organizations in 1962 to form the Atlantic Council. His works on behalf of world peace earned Streit a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Clarence Streit died in 1986.

From the guide to the Clarence Streit poems, undated, (University of Montana-Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Balderston, John L. (John Lloyd), 1889-1954. John L. Balderston papers, 1915-1950. Library of Congress
creatorOf Finley, John Norville Gibson, 1898-. Letters and memoranda to Robert K. Gooch [manuscript], 1947-1949. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Clarence Streit poems, undated University of Montana--Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Federal Union (U.S.). Letter, 1941, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Campaign for World Government (Organization). Campaign for World Government. Records of the New York office, 1917-1972 (bulk 1937-1960). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Atlantic Union Committee Records, 1940-1968, (bulk 1949-1952) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eastman, Max Forrester, 1883-1969. Eastman mss. 1892-1968 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf MacLachlan, James Angell, 1891-. Papers, 1925-1960 Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Federal Union (U.S.). Collection, 1939-1950, 1939-1940. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Dummer, Ethel Sturges, 1866-1954. Papers, 1689-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Elizabeth Page Harris papers, 1808-1978 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Francis Willey Kelsey Papers, 1891-1953 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf International Movement for Atlantic Union. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1961. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Federal Union. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1962-1966. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Streit, Clarence K. (Clarence Kirshman), 1896-1986. Papers, 1910-1987 (bulk 1939-1977). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hartley, Livingston, 1900-. UN and AU : typescript, 1950. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Clarence Streit Papers, 1913-1984 Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Elmo Roper Papers., 1909-1972 Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Stellanova Osborn papers, 1907-1988 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Brundage, Percival Flack, 1892-1979. Percival Flack Brundage papers, 1918-1979. Library of Congress
referencedIn Livingston Hartley typescript : UN and AU, 1950 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Atlantic Union Committee. Records, 1940-1968. Library of Congress
referencedIn Student Federalists records, 1942-2003, 1942-1952 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Clare Boothe Luce Papers, 1862-1988, (bulk 1930-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Atlantic Union Committee. Atlantic Union Committee records, 1940-1968 (bulk 1949-1952). Library of Congress
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Streit, Clarence K. (Clarence Kirshman), 1896-1986. Letter to Mr. Williamson [manuscript], 1935 January 24. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers, 1898-1978 (bulk 1933-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Campaign for World Government. Records of the New York office, 1917-1972, 1937-1960 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987. Papers of Clare Boothe Luce, 1862-1988 (bulk 1930-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Young World Federalists. Student Federalists records, 1942-2003 (bulk 1942-1952). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Clarence K. Streit Papers, 1838-1990, (bulk 1939-1986) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn James Angell MacLachlan Papers, 1925-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Harris, Elizabeth Merwin Page, 1889-1969. Elizabeth Page Harris papers, 1808-1978 (inclusive), 1907-1969 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Percival Flack Brundage Papers, 1918-1979 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Francis Willey Kelsey Papers, 1891-1953 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Streit, Clarence K. (Clarence Kirshman), 1896-1986. When you're far beyond the ocean / words & music by Clarence K. Streit. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Streit, Clarence K. (Clarence Kirshman), 1896-1986. Papers of Clarence K. Streit, 1838-1990 (bulk 1939-1986). Library of Congress
referencedIn Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer Papers, 1898-1978, (bulk 1933-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967. William C. Bullitt papers, 1813-1998 (inclusive), 1909-1967 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. Stellanova Osborn papers, 1916-1992. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Alexander Woollcott correspondence, ca. 1856-1943 (inclusive), 1920-1943 (bulk). Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Achilles, Theodore C. (Theodore Carter), 1905-1986. person
associatedWith Association to Unite the Democracies corporateBody
correspondedWith Atlantic Union Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Balderston, John L. (John Lloyd), 1889-1954. person
associatedWith Blackwelder, Justin. person
associatedWith Botond, Patricia. person
associatedWith Brundage, Percival Flack, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967. person
associatedWith Burns, Arthur F. (Arthur Frank), 1904-1987. person
associatedWith Campaign for World Government (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965. person
associatedWith Clayton, Will, 1880-1966. person
associatedWith Conference of Strasbourg, 1951 corporateBody
correspondedWith Debré, Michel, 1912-1996 person
associatedWith Debré, Michel, 1912-1996. person
associatedWith Dennis, Donald P. (Donald Philips), 1916- person
associatedWith Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith ETHEL STURGES DUMMER, 1866-1954 person
associatedWith Federal Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Federal Union (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Findley, Paul, 1921- person
associatedWith Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Harris, Elizabeth Merwin Page, 1889-1969. person
associatedWith Hartley, Livingston, 1900- person
associatedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966. person
associatedWith International Movement for Atlantic Union, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963. person
associatedWith Kelsey, Francis W. (Francis Willey), b. 1858. person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
correspondedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
associatedWith League of Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974. person
correspondedWith Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith MacLachlan, James Angell, 1891- person
associatedWith Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959. person
associatedWith Mathews, John A. person
associatedWith Mathews, John A. John A. Mathews papers. person
correspondedWith Moore, Walden person
associatedWith Moore, Walden. person
associatedWith Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. person
associatedWith Mowrer, Lilian T. (Lilian Thomson). Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers. 1910-1970 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994. person
associatedWith North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Information Service corporateBody
associatedWith Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Roberts, Owen J. (Owen Josephus), 1875-1955. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Roper, Elmo, 1900-1971. person
correspondedWith Schumann, Maurice person
associatedWith Schumann, Maurice. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith University of Montana corporateBody
associatedWith Upton, Miller, 1916-2005. person
associatedWith Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981. person
associatedWith Williamson, Mr., person
correspondedWith Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943 person
associatedWith Young World Federalists. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Switzerland--Geneva
Switzerland
New York (State)--New York
Mexico
Mexico
United States
Latin America
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Latin America
New York (N.Y.)
Pennsylvania
United States
Geneva (Switzerland)
Subject
Internationalism--Societies, etc
Democracy
Aeronautics--Mexico--Flights
Photographs
Poets, American
Aeronautics--Flights
Newsletters
Air pilots
American newspapers
International relations
Foreign correspondents--Switzerland--Geneva
Foreign correspondents
Montana
Business--Security measures
International organization
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Aeronautics--Latin America--Flights
Literature
Popular music
Songs
Totalitarianism
Public opinion
Occupation
Journalists
Internationalists--United States
Authors
Foreign correspondents--Switzerland
Editors
Editors--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1896-01-21

Death 1986-07-06

Information

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