Dancy, Oscar Cromwell

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Oscar Cromwell Dancy (1879-1971) was born and raised in Wilkes County, North Carolina. After receiving his law degree from Southern Normal University in Huntington, Tennessee, he taught in North Carolina and served with the U. S. Aarmy in the Spanish-American War. Upon returning to the United States, Dancy served as mayor of North Wilkesboro, North Carolina. In 1909, Dancy resigned as mayor and moved with his wife to Brownsville, Texas, after she contracted typhoid fever.

Dancy practiced law and served as county judge of Cameron County from 1921 to 1932 and 1934 to 1962. A proponent of county water and highway improvements, he actively encouraged the statewide use of county bond financing and was an ardent supporter of the Democratic Party. His length of position as county judge was longer than any other man’s in the history of the state. The Cameron County courthouse is now housed in the Oscar C. Dancy Building in Brownsville, Texas.


"Dancy, Oscar Cromwell." Handbook of Texas Online Accessed September 20, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/DD/fda73.html.

From the guide to the Dancy, Oscar Cromwell Papers 67-84; 73-162; 97-345; 99-112., 1917-1965, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Dancy, Oscar Cromwell Papers 67-84; 73-162; 97-345; 99-112., 1917-1965 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, W. E. (William Eugene), 1946- person
associatedWith Couch, Ed C. person
associatedWith Dancy, Arthur person
associatedWith Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Faulk, Henry person
associatedWith Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967 person
associatedWith Jones, Jesse Holman, 1874-1956 person
associatedWith Mead, Elwood, 1858-1936 person
associatedWith Neff, Pat Morris, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Pease, Charles Henry, 1873–1933 person
associatedWith Sexton, Harry person
associatedWith Sheppard, Morris, 1875-1941 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Rio Grande Valley
Cameron County (Tex.)
Water resources development
County government--Texas--Cameron County
Poll tax--Texas
Voting machines


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