Schwellenbach, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1894-1948

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United States Senator and Secretary of Labor.

From the description of Social invitations, 1936-1948. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853954

Lewis Baxter Schwellenbach was born in 1894 in Superior, Wisconsin. In 1902, his family moved to Spokane, Washington. He graduated from the law school of the University of Washington in 1917. During the First World War he served from 1918, as a private in the Twelfth Regiment, United States Infantry, until discharged as a corporal in 1919. During the 1920's, he had an active law practice working with and for labor unions, eventually becoming active in businesses which were owned by the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. He was a director of the Brotherhood Bank and Trust Company. He became the president of Superior Services Laundry Inc., which eventually failed. He unsuccessfully ran for governor of Washington in 1932. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate from Washington State and served from January 3, 1935, to December 16, 1940. He was a delegate to the Interparliamentary Union at The Hague in 1938. He was appointed as District Judge for the Eastern District of Washington in 1940. He was Secretary of Labor from July 1, 1945 to June 10, 1948, and while Secretary, he changed the labor department from a department primarily interested in statistical information gathering to a policy-making department, actively trying to conciliate labor with management and promote a high-wage economy based on unionized labor. The Employment Act of 1946 codified his policy of promoting maximum employment. He also presided over the end of the wage and price controls which had been in effect during World War II. He served as Secretary of Labor until his death on June 10, 1948, in Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. He was interred in Washelli Cemetery in Seattle, Washington.

From the description of Schwellenbach, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1894-1948 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570822

U.S. secretary of labor, U.S. senator from Washington, jurist, and lawyer.

From the description of Lewis B. Schwellenbach papers, 1916-1958 (bulk 1934-1948). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455018

Biographical Note

  • 1894, Sept. 20: Born, Superior, Wis.
  • 1917: LL.B., University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
  • 1916 - 1917 : Assistant instructor, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
  • 1919: Admitted to Washington state bar
  • 1919 - 1921 : Associated with firm of Roberts & Skeel, Seattle, Wash.
  • 1924: Chairman, Democratic state convention, Washington state
  • 1925 - 1931 : Partner, firm of Schwellenbach, Merrick, and Macfarlane
  • 1931 - 1935 : Practiced law alone
  • 1932: Candidate for governor in Democratic primaries, Washington state
  • 1935: Married Anne Duffy
  • 1935 - 1940 : U.S. senator from Washington (resigned Dec. 1940)
  • 1940 - 1945 : U.S. district judge, Eastern District of Washington
  • 1944 - 1945 : Dean, Gonzaga University Law School, Spokane, Wash.
  • 1945 - 1948 : Secretary of labor
  • 1948, June 10: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Lewis B. Schwellenbach Papers, 1916-1958, (bulk 1934-1948), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Julius A. Krug Papers, 1936-1950, (bulk 1941-1949) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Suzzallo papers, 1903-1937 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. Tom Wallace papers, 1925-1960. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Minton, Sherman, 1890-1965. Papers, 1934-1965. Indiana University
creatorOf Matthews, Mark A. (Mark Allison), 1867-1940. Papers, 1902-1940. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Krug, Julius A. (Julius Albert), 1907-1970. Papers of Julius A. Krug, 1936-1950 (bulk 1941-1949). Library of Congress
referencedIn Merrill & Ring Lumber Company records, 1865-1976, 1890-1944 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Audiovisual Collection. 1957 - 2006. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman. 1957 - 2004. Photograph of President Harry S. Truman with Cabinet and Family Leaving the Capitol
creatorOf Lewis B. Schwellenbach Papers, 1916-1958, (bulk 1934-1948) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
creatorOf Schwellenbach, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1894-1948. Lewis B. Schwellenbach papers, 1916-1958 (bulk 1934-1948). Library of Congress
referencedIn McNutt mss., 1899-1955 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Schwellenbach, Lewis Baxter, 1894-1948. Social invitations, 1936-1948. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Edward Weber Allen papers, 1886-1975, [Bulk 1929-1974] University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Papers. 1860 - 1964. Correspondence with Harry S. Truman. 1945 - 1962. Harry S. Truman, 1945-May 1947. 1945 - 1962. Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Ross, Frank C., 1858-1947. Papers, 1828-1947. Washington State Historical Society
referencedIn Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974, 1915-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Edward Weber, 1885-1976. person
correspondedWith Bell, Frank T. person
correspondedWith Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967 person
associatedWith Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945 person
associatedWith Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945. person
correspondedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
correspondedWith Krug, Julius A. (Julius Albert), 1907- person
correspondedWith Krug, Julius A. (Julius Albert), 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Long, Huey Pierce, 1893-1935. person
associatedWith Matthews, Mark A. (Mark Allison), 1867-1940. person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955 person
correspondedWith Merrill & Ring Lumber Company corporateBody
associatedWith Minton, Sherman, 1890-1965. person
associatedWith Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
correspondedWith Ross, Frank C., 1858-1947. person
correspondedWith Schwellenbach, Anne Duffy person
correspondedWith Suzzallo, Henry, 1875-1933 person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Labor Management Relations Act, 1947. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Washington (State)
United States
Washington (State)
United States
Neutrality--United States
People with disabilities--Government policy--United States
Civil rights
Forests and forestry--Washington (State)
Veterans--Government policy
Anti-communist movements
Forests and forestry
Filibusters (Political science)--United States
Labor disputes
Filibusters (Political science)
Aliens--United States
Veterans--Government policy--United States
People with disabilities--Government policy
Fisheries--Washington (State)
Senators, U.S. Congress--Washington (State)
Cabinet officers


Birth 1894-09-20

Death 1948-06-10




Ark ID: w66q21rz

SNAC ID: 4168608