Tubman, William V. S., 1895-1971

Alternative names

Hide Profile

William Vacanarat Shadrach Tubman ( 1895-1971 ), nineteenth president of Liberia, was born November 29, 1895 in Harper City, Maryland County, Liberia to Alexander Tubman and Elizabeth Rebecca Barnes Tubman . His paternal grandparents, manumitted slaves, were repatriates who in 1837 had immigrated from Georgia ( USA ) to the Maryland Colony in Africa . Tubman received his education at Government Elementary School in Harper City and the Cape Palmas Methodist Seminary. He began his political career in 1912 as an assistant in Probate Court, going on to serve in Harper City as a Councilman and teacher from 1914-1917 . During this period Tubman also read law under the tutelage of Senator Monroe Cummings . He was admitted into the Maryland County bar in 1917 and appointed County Attorney. He became Inspector of Internal Revenue in 1919 . He was elected to the Liberian Senate from Maryland County in 1923, serving until 1937 at which time President Edwin J. Barclay appointed him to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Liberia. Tubman left the Supreme Court in 1943 to run for the presidency. His campaign was successful and he succeeded Edwin J. Barclay as president in January 1944 . Clarence L. Simpson, Sr. served as his first vice president.

As Liberia’s longest serving president, Tubman’s presidency was marked by great changes in the economy, politics and social environment of Liberia and the African continent. Scholars divide the Tubman presidency into three periods. During the first period ( 1944-1955 ), he made successful efforts to bring loyal personal and political supporters into the government. As a Monrovia outsider he created a new political base of indigenous Liberians and disaffected members of the political elite. He also began to implement the policies that would characterize his presidency: the pursuit of national unification through accelerated assimilation of indigenous Liberians into the mainstream of an essentially repatriate-created society; advocacy of his Open Door Policy for foreign economic involvement in development; and diplomatically aligning with the Western countries in their East/West power conflicts.

During the second period ( 1955-1968 ), Tubman attempted to modernize the country’s economic and social institutions. The right to vote had been extended earlier to indigenous citizens, although a restrictive property clause was maintained. By 1964 a series of administrative reforms included the transformation of the former hinterland provinces to county status, dividing Liberia into nine counties-the original five coastal counties, plus four new interior counties: Lofa, Bong, Nimba and Grand Gedeh . The coastal and interior regions had been separated by lack of roads, disparities in education, means of communication and even by different laws. This reorganization was designed to remove distinctions between the coast and interior and to advance the goal of greater national integration of the indigenous peoples.

Although the legacy of the past still reflected differences in education, lifestyle and worldview between inhabitants of the coast and the interior, educational and political opportunities began to make inroads into the interior during the 1960s. These major internal political reforms brought representational parity between approximately 30,000 repatriates and one million indigenes, but the historic economic ascendancy of the repatriates and the absolute political power by the presidency still remained.

Through his Open Door policy Tubman continued to facilitate and encourage foreign businesses to locate and invest in Liberia, including major companies such as the Liberian Mining Company (LMC), the Liberian American Swedish Mineral Company (LAMCO), Bong Mining Company and the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (already established in the late 1920s). Concession agreements were signed with over sixty companies, including agricultural and forestry concerns. Within a period of 25 years, Liberia attracted foreign investments exceeding one billion U.S. dollars. Although Liberia seemed to benefit from its phenomenal economic growth during the 1950s and 1960s, this prosperity was not accompanied with commensurate human development and equity. The Liberian economy depended on foreign investors who usually exported their unprocessed extracted products to processing industries in more economically developed countries, depriving Liberia of jobs and revenues that could have supported a better educational, medical and economic infrastructure. Instead, Liberia’s national economy developed into a dual system in which the concession sector had little connection with the rest of the economy.

During the decolonization era President Tubman enjoyed great international stature as one of Africa’s leading statesmen and. His presidency coincided with Africa’s dramatic transition from a continent of colonies to a continent of independent states. In 1944 as Tubman began his first term as President, only four independent states existed in Africa : Egypt, Ethiopia, South Africa and Liberia . By the time of his death in 1971, there were forty independent African states.

When the British colony of Gold Coast became the independent country of Ghana in 1957, it set in motion African attempts to establish the political direction for a re-emerging Africa . Tubman believed in a future determined through consultations among Africa’s leaders and he favored an organization that featured African political cooperation and consultation among its leaders, rather than the continental government model favored by Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah . A series of conferences, including the 1959 Sanniquellie Conference in Liberia, the Casablanca Conference in 1961 and a number of smaller meetings and behind-the-scenes talks ensued. On May 25, 1963, thirty-three independent African countries signed the Charter for the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia . Liberian President Tubman and his Secretary of State, J. Rudolph Grimes, played key roles in drafting and negotiating the final document.

Tubman’s foreign policy usually aligned Liberia with the Western countries in Cold War politics, opposing countries and movements perceived to be leaning towards socialism or communism. Tubman would sometimes, however, associate Liberia’s foreign policy with the non-aligned states, notably on issues of decolonization.

During the third period of the Tubman era, the final years of his presidency ( 1968-1971 ), the country struggled with economic recession and fiscal stringency. The Tubman administration faced growing opposition resulting in the intensification of political paternalism.

Tubman died on July 23, 1971 in a London clinic following a prostate operation. He was succeeded by his Vice President, William R. Tolbert, Jr . Tubman was survived by his wife, Antoinette Louise Padmore Tubman and his children, including Wilhelmina Tubman-Tucker, William V. S. Tubman, Jr., William Eli Tubman (deceased) and John Hilary Tubman .

From the guide to the William V.S. Tubman Papers, 1904-1992, (Liberian Collections http://www.onliberia.org)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Westerman, George W. George W. Westerman papers, 1886-1988 (bulk 1934-1985). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Warren d'Azevedo Collection, 1935-2001 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
referencedIn Bai T. Moore Papers, 1919-2004 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
referencedIn New York State Colonization Society Records, 1849-1968 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bai T. Moore Papers, 1919-2004 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
referencedIn Avery family. Johnston and Virginia Hall Avery private papers, 1916-1976. University of North Carolina Wilmington, William Randall Library
referencedIn Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910-. Papers, 1942-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn [Liberia--Speeches pamphlets]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ferris, Fred G. Oral history interview with Fred G. Ferris, 1988. Billy Graham Center Archives, BGC Archives
referencedIn Lester Walton papers, 1905-1977 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn George W. Westerman papers, 1886-1988 (bulk 1934-1985 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Warren d'Azevedo Collection, 1935-2001 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
creatorOf Stettinius, Edward R. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949. Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. papers [manuscript], 1924, 1949-1950. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Herbert Brownell Jr. Additional Papers. 1897 - 1996. Photographs Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Barnett, Claude, 1889-1967. Claude A. Barnett papers, 1918-1967 (bulk 1928-1963). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Fahnbulleh, Varney Jakema. A concise synopsis of the Tubman national unification policy [microform] : a special literary work done for Dr. William V. S. Tubman and presented during his 72nd birthday celebration in Gbarnga, Bong County, on November 29, 1967 as a birthday presentation / by Varney Jakema Fahnbulleh. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf William V.S. Tubman Papers, 1904-1992 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
referencedIn Harley, George W. (George Way), 1894-1966. Papers, 1911-1975 bulk 1925-1960. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Walton, Lester A., 1882-1965. Lester Walton Papers, 1905-1977. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Davis, Griffith J. Griffith J. Davis Photographs and Films, 1947-1991 and undated. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn New-York State Colonization Society. New-York State Colonization Society records, 1849-1968. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. Horace Mann Bond records, 1853-1960 (bulk 1945-1957). Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
referencedIn William V.S. Tubman Papers, 1904-1992 Liberian Collectionshttp://www.onliberia.org
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Addy, David A. person
correspondedWith Adighibe, Beatrice Freeman person
correspondedWith Adighibe, Julius person
associatedWith African Methodist Episcopal Church, corporateBody
correspondedWith Ajavon, Ad. N. person
correspondedWith Alan L. Grant Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Alice person
correspondedWith Alpha, Isaac person
associatedWith American South African Line, Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Ancient Free and Accepted Masons corporateBody
correspondedWith Anderson, James person
associatedWith Antoinette Tubman's person
associatedWith Armed Forces of Liberia corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur Barclay person
associatedWith Associated Consulting Engineers, corporateBody
associatedWith Avery family. family
correspondedWith Bailey, Harper S. person
correspondedWith Baker, Samuel Perry person
associatedWith Bank of Monrovia corporateBody
correspondedWith Baptist World Alliance corporateBody
associatedWith Barclay, Edwin person
correspondedWith Barnes person
associatedWith Barnett, Claude, 1889-1967. person
correspondedWith Barrolle, Jimmy person
correspondedWith Bobby Niadoo person
associatedWith Bong Mining Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Booker Washington Agricultural and Industrial Institute of Liberia corporateBody
correspondedWith Bowen-Carr, Edith R. person
correspondedWith Bowier person
associatedWith Boy Scouts of Liberia corporateBody
correspondedWith Brewer person
correspondedWith Browne, Jacob person
correspondedWith Bryant, Timothy person
correspondedWith Buckle, Janet person
associatedWith Bureau of Accounts corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of African Affairs corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Archives, Patents and Trademarks corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Audits corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Civil Service corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Concessions corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Customs corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Information corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Labor corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Mines corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Natural Resources and Surveys, corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Police corporateBody
correspondedWith Bureau of Printing corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Public Health and Sanitation corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Revenues corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Revenues Reports corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Statistics corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Youth corporateBody
correspondedWith Campbell, Thomas T. person
correspondedWith Caroline person
correspondedWith Cassell, Arthur B. person
correspondedWith Cecilia person
correspondedWith Chesson, Joseph J. F. person
associatedWith Clarence L. Simpson Sr. person
correspondedWith Coleman, Olivia Gertrude person
associatedWith College of West Africa corporateBody
correspondedWith Coo-Coo's Nest corporateBody
correspondedWith Cooper, Augustus W. person
correspondedWith Cooper, Ellen G. person
correspondedWith Cooper, Emma J. person
correspondedWith Cooper, Eugenia Gene Simpson person
correspondedWith Cooper, Georgina Payne person
correspondedWith Cooper, Jas. H. R. person
correspondedWith Cooper, Llewellyn person
correspondedWith Cornelia person
correspondedWith Cox-Johnson, Bertha person
correspondedWith Cox-Koenig, Henrietta person
correspondedWith Creinna person
associatedWith Cuttington College corporateBody
associatedWith Cuttington College and Divinity School corporateBody
correspondedWith Dagbe, Agnes N. person
correspondedWith Danielette person
associatedWith Davis, Griffith J. person
correspondedWith Davis O. Natty B. person
associatedWith d'Azevedo, Warren person
correspondedWith Dean, Ellen person
correspondedWith Dearie person
correspondedWith Dennis, Evangeline person
correspondedWith Dennis, Francis A. person
correspondedWith Dennis, Laurence A. person
associatedWith Department of Agriculture and Commerce corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Commerce and Industry corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Education corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Information and Cultural Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Internal Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Justice corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Natural Defense corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Planning corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Post Office corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Public Works and Utilities corporateBody
associatedWith Department of State corporateBody
associatedWith Department of Treasury corporateBody
correspondedWith Diggs, Joseph H. person
correspondedWith Dolly person
associatedWith Dr. F.A. Price person
correspondedWith Dukuly, Millie person
correspondedWith Dukuly, Victoria Edythe person
correspondedWith Dunbar, Blanche person
correspondedWith Duncan, Eloise Equi person
correspondedWith Dupigny-Leigh, Col. T. W. person
associatedWith Edwin Barclay person
correspondedWith Ellis, Ruth person
correspondedWith Ellis, Sam person
correspondedWith Ellis, Willis P. D. person
associatedWith Episcopal Church corporateBody
correspondedWith Ethel person
associatedWith Export-Import Bank of the United States of America corporateBody
associatedWith Fahnbulleh, Varney Jakema. person
correspondedWith Fannie person
correspondedWith Fanny person
associatedWith F.A. Price person
correspondedWith Farmah, Ola person
correspondedWith Fecomp person
associatedWith Ferris, Fred G. person
associatedWith Firestone corporateBody
correspondedWith Firestone Plantations Company corporateBody
associatedWith First Methodist Church: corporateBody
correspondedWith Florence person
correspondedWith Frecilia person
correspondedWith Freeman, Benjamin G. person
correspondedWith Freeman, Hawah person
correspondedWith Freeman, Rebecca person
correspondedWith Garber, Joseph W. person
correspondedWith Gardiner, Faikai person
correspondedWith Gardiner, Francis R. T. person
correspondedWith Gardiner, Sr. Frank person
correspondedWith Garvey, Amy Ashwood person
correspondedWith Gauchy, R. person
correspondedWith General D - Delaney-Dioh person
correspondedWith General S - Snetter-Swen person
correspondedWith Gibson, G. W. person
correspondedWith Gibson, LeRoye A. person
correspondedWith Gibson, Myrtle person
correspondedWith Gibson, W. Fred person
correspondedWith Grand United Order of Odd Fellows: corporateBody
associatedWith Grand United Order of Odd Fellows: Souvenir Programmes, corporateBody
correspondedWith Gray, Phebian Freeman person
correspondedWith Gray, Williametta E. person
correspondedWith Greene, Perry A. person
associatedWith Harley, George W. (George Way), 1894-1966. person
correspondedWith Harris, Edith E. person
correspondedWith Haynes, Catherine J. Tubman person
correspondedWith Haynes, Kate person
correspondedWith Henries, Richard person
correspondedWith Hes person
associatedWith H. Lafayette Harmon person
correspondedWith Hodge, Anna person
correspondedWith Hodge, Nellie person
correspondedWith Hoff, Beatrice person
correspondedWith Howe, Sally Hnee person
associatedWith Inter-Caribbean Shipping Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith International Order of Good Templers corporateBody
correspondedWith Jackson, Victor Emmanuel person
correspondedWith Jenkins person
correspondedWith Jim person
correspondedWith Jocelia person
correspondedWith Johnson, Carney person
correspondedWith Johnson, David B. person
correspondedWith Jones, Edward Sumo person
correspondedWith Jones, Ernest C. B. person
correspondedWith Joyce person
associatedWith Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910- person
correspondedWith King, Adeline person
correspondedWith Kpoto, Keikura Bayeh person
associatedWith LAMCO corporateBody
correspondedWith Lati person
correspondedWith Lawrence, Christmas person
correspondedWith L. C. person
correspondedWith Leona person
associatedWith Liberia Baptist Missionary and Education Convention corporateBody
correspondedWith Liberia Mining Company corporateBody
associatedWith Liberia Mining Company Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Liberia National Youth Organization corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian Co-Operative Association, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian Engineering and Construction Company corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian Frontier Force, corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian Import-Export Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian International Airways corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian National Airways corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian National Guard corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian National Shipping Lines corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian National Youth Council corporateBody
associatedWith Liberian Telephone Exchange corporateBody
associatedWith LIBSCO corporateBody
correspondedWith Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. corporateBody
correspondedWith Liz person
correspondedWith Loasana, Komel person
correspondedWith Lomax, Louise person
correspondedWith Maggie person
associatedWith MAIDA (STEWART) SPRINGER KEMP, 1910- person
correspondedWith Makeda person
correspondedWith Martin, Tom Y. person
correspondedWith Mary Frances person
correspondedWith Mason, Mayetta person
correspondedWith Massaquoi, Winifred (Wini) person
correspondedWith Maurice person
correspondedWith McClain, Priscilla person
correspondedWith McGill, Angie person
associatedWith Methodist Church corporateBody
correspondedWith Michael Dean person
correspondedWith Mitchell, David person
correspondedWith Mitchell, Wede Jones person
correspondedWith Monger, Amos C. person
associatedWith Monrovia College corporateBody
associatedWith Monrovia Development Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Monrovia Industrial and Maritime Corporation, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Monrovia Port Management Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Moore, Bai T. person
correspondedWith Moore, Walter William person
correspondedWith Morgan, Edwin A. person
associatedWith Morgan State College corporateBody
correspondedWith Morris, George D. N. person
correspondedWith National Bureau of Investigation corporateBody
associatedWith National Federation of Liberian Women corporateBody
correspondedWith National Intelligence and and Security Service corporateBody
associatedWith National Police Force corporateBody
associatedWith National Teachers Association of Liberia corporateBody
correspondedWith Nebo, Albert person
correspondedWith Nelson, Claudia C person
correspondedWith Nervy person
associatedWith New-York State Colonization Society corporateBody
associatedWith New-York State Colonization Society. person
associatedWith N.P. Mander Ltd. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nurse, Charles D. B. person
correspondedWith Nurse, Richard N. person
correspondedWith Obiamiwe, Elizabeth Lizzie H. Wilson person
correspondedWith Olie, Bob person
correspondedWith Order of the Eastern Star: corporateBody
associatedWith Organization of African States (OAU) corporateBody
correspondedWith Padmore, George (Geo.) person
correspondedWith Padmore, Mai person
correspondedWith Page, Parnella person
associatedWith Pan American Airways Inc., corporateBody
correspondedWith Patsy person
associatedWith Patten Memorial Church corporateBody
correspondedWith Payne, Samuel W. person
correspondedWith Pearson, Penella person
correspondedWith Pelham, T. E. Cess person
associatedWith President Tubman's person
correspondedWith Price, Rose person
correspondedWith Prudence person
associatedWith Public Utilities Authority corporateBody
correspondedWith Rachel person
correspondedWith Railey, Gretel person
correspondedWith Raulla person
associatedWith Raymond Concrete Pile Company, corporateBody
correspondedWith Rea person
correspondedWith Reeves-Gorgla, Myrtle person
correspondedWith Reeves, Thelma ES T. person
associatedWith Resamny Brothers Corporation corporateBody
correspondedWith Richards, Augusta person
associatedWith Rick's Institute corporateBody
correspondedWith Rillis person
correspondedWith Roberts person
correspondedWith Rode, C. H. person
correspondedWith Roland person
correspondedWith Romeo person
correspondedWith Roosevelt person
correspondedWith Ross, D. F. person
associatedWith Rubber Planters Association of Liberia corporateBody
correspondedWith Ruhle, Effua C. Pratl person
correspondedWith Ryan, Fred person
associatedWith Saint Teresa's Convent corporateBody
associatedWith Saturday Afternoon Club, Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Scott-Ricks, Mae person
associatedWith Seventh-Day Adventist corporateBody
correspondedWith Shadlyn person
correspondedWith Sherman, Charles Dunbar person
correspondedWith Simpson, Chas. H. D. person
correspondedWith Smith, Fred V. B. person
correspondedWith Snyder, Evelyn person
associatedWith Stettinius, Edward R. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949. person
correspondedWith Stryker, Emma person
associatedWith St. Thomas Episcopal Church corporateBody
correspondedWith Summerville, Louise person
correspondedWith Tarloe, Aloysius J. person
correspondedWith Tebade person
associatedWith Temple University corporateBody
associatedWith The American Foundation for Tropical Medicine corporateBody
associatedWith The Church of the Lord corporateBody
associatedWith The Episcopal Church corporateBody
associatedWith The First Methodist Church: corporateBody
associatedWith The First United Methodist Church corporateBody
associatedWith The Liberian Company corporateBody
associatedWith The Liberian Girl Guides Association corporateBody
associatedWith The Liberia War Veterans Association Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith The Supreme Court corporateBody
associatedWith The Tubman Sinoe Women Political and Social Group corporateBody
correspondedWith Thomas, Ida person
correspondedWith Thomson, Sam David person
correspondedWith Thorne, Franco person
correspondedWith Tolbert, Henrietta person
correspondedWith Tolbert, Mable ('Mabel') person
correspondedWith Toulia T person
correspondedWith Traub, Z. Dumh person
correspondedWith Trotman, Buskin person
correspondedWith True Whig Party - corporateBody
correspondedWith Tubman, Alex person
correspondedWith Tubman, Alexander person
correspondedWith Tubman, Antoinette person
correspondedWith Tubman-Cooper, Rebecca person
correspondedWith Tubman, Elizabeth person
correspondedWith Tubman, Fatu person
correspondedWith Tubman, John H. person
correspondedWith Tubman, Lavoisier person
correspondedWith Tubman, Maria E. person
correspondedWith Tubman, Samuel Czar person
correspondedWith Tubman, Wilhelmina Coocoo person
correspondedWith Tubman, William Alfred person
correspondedWith Tubman, William E. person
correspondedWith Tubman, William V. S. Shad Jr. person
correspondedWith Tubman, Wilmot person
correspondedWith Tucker, Laura W. person
correspondedWith Tuning, Clarence O. person
correspondedWith United Brothers of Friendship and Sisters of the Mysterious Ten: corporateBody
associatedWith United Brothers of Friendship & Sisters of the Mysterious Ten corporateBody
correspondedWith United Methodist Church: corporateBody
correspondedWith United Nations corporateBody
associatedWith United States Foreign Economic Administration corporateBody
associatedWith United States Trading Company corporateBody
associatedWith University of Liberia corporateBody
associatedWith University of Liberia/Liberia College corporateBody
correspondedWith Vat person
correspondedWith Vic person
correspondedWith Vict person
associatedWith Walton, Lester A., 1882-1965. person
correspondedWith Washington, Cynthia person
correspondedWith Watchen person
correspondedWith Watson, J. B. person
correspondedWith Watts, Samuel S. person
associatedWith Westerman, George W person
associatedWith Westerman, George W. person
associatedWith Wilhelmina Coocoo Tubman person
associatedWith William Eli Tubman's person
associatedWith William E. Tubman's person
associatedWith William R. Tolbert person
correspondedWith Williams person
associatedWith William V.S. Tubman person
correspondedWith Williette, Cos person
correspondedWith WIlson, A. Dash, Jr. person
correspondedWith Wilson, Dash person
correspondedWith Wilson, Fan person
correspondedWith Wilson, J. Hilary person
correspondedWith Wokie person
associatedWith World Health Organization corporateBody
associatedWith W.V.S. Tubman person
associatedWith W. V. S. Tubman Jr. person
correspondedWith Yaa person
correspondedWith Yancy, Allen person
correspondedWith Yancy, Ernest person
correspondedWith Yancy, Fulton person
associatedWith Young Men's Christian Association, Inc. (YMCA) corporateBody
associatedWith Young Women's Christian Association, Inc. (YWCA) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1895-11-29

Death 1971-07-23

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np3b6k

Ark ID: w6np3b6k

SNAC ID: 41788411