Department of Education.

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Agency History

California's 1849 Constitution provided for the election of a state Superintendent of Public Instruction and for a system of common schools. Supervision of California's educational system was carried out by the State Board of Education with the Superintendent of Public Instruction acting as its executive officer. The first foundations of a State Department of Education were laid in 1913 when the Legislature provided for the appointment of three commissioners (in elementary, secondary, and vocational education) to assist the Superintendent ( Stats. 1913, ch. 694). An official Department of Education was created by law in 1921 succeeding to the powers and duties of the State Board of Education ( Stats. 1921, ch. 605). The State Board continued on as a governing body with the Superintendent acting as Director of Education. Initially the Department included Divisions of Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, Physical Education, Normal and Special Schools, Immigrant Education, Statistics, Credentials, Attendance, and a Legal Division.

As a result of two studies commissioned by the Legislature, the Mills Report of 1944 and the Strayer Report of 1945, the Department carried out a major reorganization consolidating twenty-two divisions into six: Divisions of Departmental Administration, Special Schools and Services, Instruction, Libraries, Public School Administration, and State Colleges and Teacher Education.

The Department's activities greatly expanded as federal appropriations increased with the passage of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The California State Legislature appropriated more funds for new education programs with the Miller-Unruh Basic Reading Act of 1965, the McAteer Act of 1963, S.B. 1302 of 1972 (early childhood education), and the Bilingual Education Act of 1972.

In 1972 the Department attempted an innovative reorganization, the Education Program Matrix, to improve service to local education agencies, to coordinate the Department's various educational programs, and to improve departmental communications. (See EDUCATION PROGRAM MATRIX.) The Matrix was dissolved in 1975 and replaced by Education Program Management.

From the guide to the Department of Education Records, (California State Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Department of Education. Letter, 1914, February 4, New York City [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, Staten Island, New York / unsinged. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Warren d'Azevedo Collection, 1935-2001 Liberian Collections
referencedIn Southeast Women's Employment Coalition Records, (bulk, 1868-1991, 1981-1990) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn William V.S. Tubman Papers, 1904-1992 Liberian Collections
referencedIn John Gay Collection, 1916-2002 Liberian Collections
referencedIn Papers of the National Youth Agency, 1964-2009 De Montfort University Archives and Special Collections.
referencedIn Raymond Smyke, 1951-2003 Liberian Collections
referencedIn Evsey D. Domar Papers, and undated (bulk, ), 1939-1995, 1957-1989 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records of the Project on the Status and Education of Women (Association of American Colleges), (inclusive), (bulk), 1969-1991, 1971-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Department of Education Records California State Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith d'Azevedo, Warren person
correspondedWith Domar, Evsey D. person
associatedWith Gay, John person
associatedWith Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940, person
associatedWith National Youth Agency corporateBody
associatedWith Project on the Status and Education of Women (Association of American Colleges) person
associatedWith Smyke, Raymond J. person
associatedWith Southeast Women's Employment Coalition corporateBody
associatedWith Tubman, William V.S. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
California. Dept. of Education
Educational administration and organization
Education policy and development

Corporate Body

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Ark ID: w6sn4fnx

SNAC ID: 15579415