Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950

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American journalist.

From the description of Agnes Smedley collection, 1911-1981 (bulk 1938-1948). (Scottsdale Public Library). WorldCat record id: 28979405

Agnes Smedley was born in Missouri in 1892 and lived in a number of western towns until she arrived at the Tempe Normal School in 1911. She attended the Normal School as a "Special Student" from 1911-1912, receiving special consideration for admission from president Arthur J. Matthews.

Sometime after her education at Tempe Normal School Smedley adopted the cause of Indian independence as a result of her acquaintance with revolutionary leader Lala Rajpat Rai. She worked for the Indian cause as a journalist first in New York and later in Germany from 1917-1928. After suffering a nervous breakdown and separating herself from the Indian independence movement she settled in China in 1929 serving as a foreign correspondent for a number of American and German periodicals including the Frankfurter Zeitung . During her twelve year residence in China she marched with the Red Army and became acquainted with many of China's most famous political leaders including Mao Tse Tung and Chou En Lai.

In 1941 Smedley returned to the United States and lived at the writer's colony known as "Yaddo" through the middle forties. During this time she was a regular contributor to The Saratogian (Saratoga Springs, New York) and wrote feature articles and reviews for The New Masses, The Nation and The New Republic . Agnes Smedley was the author of a number of books including Daughter of Earth (1929), China Fights Back (1939) and Battle Hymn of China (1943).

In 1949 Smedley was accused of espionage by US Army Intelligence and spent many of her last days in political isolation. She died May 6, 1950 and is buried at Peking, China.

Stephen Mackinnon is professor of history at Arizona State University and holds an appointment to the Center for Asian Studies at that institution.

From the guide to the Smedley-MacKinnon Collection, 1911-1986, (Bulk 1920-1950)., (Arizona State University Libraries University Archives)

Agnes Smedley was born in Missouri in 1892 and lived in a number of western towns until she arrived at the Tempe Normal School in 1911. She attended the Normal School as a Special Student from 1911 to 1912, receiving special consideration for admission from president Arthur J. Matthews.

Sometime after her education at Tempe Normal School Smedley adopted the cause of Indian independence as a result of her acquaintance with revolutionary leader Lala Rajpat Rai. She worked for the Indian cause as a journalist first in New York and later in Germany from 1917 to 1928. After suffering a nervous breakdown and separating herself from the Indian independence movement she settled in China in 1929 serving as a foreign correspondent for a number of American and German periodicals including the Frankfurter Zeitung . During her twelve year residence in China she marched with the Red Army and became acquainted with many of China's most famous political leaders, including Mao Tse Tung and Chou En Lai.

In 1941 Smedley returned to the United States and lived at the writer's colony known as Yaddo through the middle forties. During this time she was a regular contributor to The Saratogian (Saratoga Springs, New York) and wrote feature articles and reviews for The New Masses, The Nation and The New Republic . Agnes Smedley was the author of a number of books including Daughter of Earth (1929), China Fights Back (1939) and Battle Hymn of China (1943).

In 1949 Smedley was accused of espionage by US Army Intelligence and spent many of her last days in political isolation. She died on May 6, 1950 and is buried at Peking, China.

Sources: Bound Feet and Free Minds: Agnes Smedley Reclaimed, Village Voice, February 7, 1917, p.67-68 [see vol. 46]; Who Was Who in America, Vol. 3, 1960 [see vol. 44].

From the guide to the Agnes Smedley Photograph Collection, 1911-1981, (Arizona State University Libraries University Archives)

Agnes Smedley was born in Missouri in 1892 and lived in a number of western towns until she arrived at the Tempe Normal School in 1911. She attended the Normal School as a "Special Student" from 1911-1912, receiving special consideration for admission from president Arthur J. Matthews.

Sometime after her education at Tempe Normal School Smedley adopted the cause of Indian independence as a result of her acquaintance with revolutionary leader Lala Rajpat Rai. She worked for the Indian cause as a journalist first in New York and later in Germany from 1917-1928. After suffering a nervous breakdown and separating herself from the Indian independence movement she settled in China in 1929 serving as a foreign correspondent for a number of American and German periodicals including the Frankfurter Zeitung . During her twelve year residence in China she marched with the Red Army and became acquainted with many of China's most famous political leaders including Mao Tse Tung and Chou En Lai.

In 1941 Smedley returned to the United States and lived at the writer's colony known as "Yaddo" through the middle forties. During this time she was a regular contributor to The Saratogian (Saratoga Springs, New York) and wrote feature articles and reviews for The New Masses, The Nation and The New Republic . Agnes Smedley was the author of a number of books including Daughter of Earth (1929), China Fights Back (1939) and Battle Hymn of China (1943).

In 1949 Smedley was accused of espionage by US Army Intelligence and spent many of her last days in political isolation. She died May 6, 1950 and is buried at Peking, China.

From the guide to the Agnes Smedley Collection, 1911-1981, (Bulk 1938-1948)., (Arizona State University Libraries University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers, 1874-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Jack Belden Papers, 1935-1989 Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Russell, Maud. Maud Russell Papers, 1914-1990, bulk (1918-1989). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Guide to the Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs, 1920s-1998 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn International Committee for Political Prisoners records, 1918-1942, 1924-1938 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1934. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Agnes Smedley Collection, 1911-1981, (Bulk 1938-1948). Arizona State University Libraries University Archives
creatorOf Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950. Letter, 1944, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950. Smedley-MacKinnon collection, 1911-1981 (bulk 1920-1950). Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Jane Burr Papers MS 25., circa 1860s-1958 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Foster, John B. (John Burt), 1911-. John B. Foster papers, 1928-1984. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Microfilm copy of New York Bureau of Legal Advice Records, 1917-1919 Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series V, 1913-1945 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. Papers, 1925-1972 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Roe, Gwyneth King, 1868-1968. Papers, 1880-1968. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn China War Reporting Conference (1982 : Scottsdale, Ariz.). Records, 1982. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Maud Russell papers, 1914-1990, 1918-1989 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Smedley-MacKinnon Collection, 1911-1986, (Bulk 1920-1950). Arizona State University Libraries University Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs, 1920s-1998 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
creatorOf International Committee for Political Prisoners. International Committee for Political Prisoners records, 1918-1942, bulk (1924-1938). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966. Papers, 1681-1966 (bulk 1900-1960) Houghton Library
creatorOf Agnes Smedley Photograph Collection, 1911-1981 Arizona State University Libraries University Archives
creatorOf Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950. Agnes Smedley collection, 1911-1981 (bulk 1938-1948). Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Jaffe, Philip J. (Philip Jacob), 1895-1980. Philip J. Jaffe papers, 1920-1980. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Papers, 1925-1972 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Belden, Jack, 1910-. Jack Belden papers, 1936-1989. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Belden, Jack, 1910- person
correspondedWith Burr, Jane, 1882-1958 person
associatedWith China War Reporting Conference (1982 : Scottsdale, Ariz.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith Foster, John B. (John Burt), 1911- person
associatedWith Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Granich, Grace, 1895-1971. person
associatedWith Granich, Max, 1896-1987 person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith International Committee for Political Prisoners. corporateBody
associatedWith Jaffe, Philip J. (Philip Jacob), 1895-1980. person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
associatedWith MacKinnon, Stephen R. person
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New York Bureau of Legal Advice. corporateBody
associatedWith Roe, Gwyneth King, 1868-1968. person
associatedWith Russell, Maud person
associatedWith Russell, Maud. person
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Smedley, Agens, 1892-1950. person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
Subject
World War, 1939-1945
Sino--Japanese War, 1937-1945
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1892-02-23

Death 1950-05-06

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6fb542r

SNAC ID: 3513007