Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979

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Charles Fahy (1892-1979) was born in Rome, Georgia. A graduate of local schools, he later attended the University of Notre Dame and the Georgetown University School of Law, receiving an L.L.B. in 1914. He was admitted to the bar in Washington, D.C., and practiced law there for ten years. Interrupting his practice during World War I, he served as a Navy pilot and was awarded the Naval Cross for distinguished and heroic service. In 1924, Fahy moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico for reasons of health, remaining there until April 1933 when he became First Assistant Solicitor of the Department of the Interior, marking the beginning of Fahy''s federal service. While with the Department of the Interior, he also served as Vice-Chairman, and later Chairman, of the Petroleum Administrative Board, administering the Petroleum Code under the National Recovery Administration. In September 1935, he was appointed General Counsel of the newly established National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), a position he held for the next five years. At this time, Mr. Fahy was involved, along with the Solicitor General, in the preparation and presentation of the government''s argument in five Supreme Court test cases involving the constitutionality of the National Labor Relations Act. He also argued a number of other cases involving the NLRB before the Supreme Court. Fahy began work at the Department of Justice in October 1940 as Assistant Solicitor General. He succeeded Francis Biddle as Solicitor General when Biddle was appointed Attorney General in November 1941. That same winter, he traveled to London as a member of Roosevelt''s Base Lease Commission negotiating terms of the United States'' agreement with Great Britain leasing military and air bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, the Caribbean, and South America. As Solicitor General, Fahy also served as a member of the Civil Service Board of Legal Examiners which established standards for lawyers entering government service. Fahy''s principal responsibility as Solicitor General, however, was the preparation of all government cases in the Supreme Court of the United States. He personally argued many of the government''s cases before the Court, including cases arising from the wartime relocation of Japanese citizens on the West Coast, the deportation proceedings against Harry Bridges, the Cramer treason case, the denaturalization of William Schneiderman (argued against Wendell Willkie), and cases involving the validity of wartime price controls. Resigning as Solicitor in July 1945, Fahy was appointed Legal Adviser and Director of the Legal Division of the United States Military Government of Germany. He remained in Germany until June of 1946 when he was named Legal Adviser to the Department of State, a position he held little more than a year. Fahy also was involved in the formation of the United Nations. In April 1945 he served as an adviser to the International Committee of Jurists, meeting in Washington to revise the statute of the World Court. Later that same year he was an adviser to the United States delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco. In 1946 and 1947 he was the U.S. member of the Legal Committee of the General Assembly, and also served as an Alternate Representative on the United States Delegation to the General Assembly in 1947 and 1949. In 1948, Harry S. Truman appointed Fahy as Chairman of the President''s Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces. He also held the post of Chairman of the Personnel Security Review Board of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1949 and 1950. In October 1949, President Truman appointed Fahy as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

From the description of Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10677886

Jurist, lawyer, U.S. solicitor general, and U.S. delegate to the United Nations.

From the description of Charles Fahy papers, 1857-1985 (bulk 1942-1975). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982299

Attorney, World War I naval aviator, chairman of the United States Petroleum Administrative Board, 1933-1935, general counsel National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), 1935-1940, Solicitor General of the United States, 1941-1945, advisor to U.S. delegations to United Nations General Assembly, 1946, chairman President's Committee on General Assembly, 1946, chairman President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in Armed Services, 1948-1950, and judge, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, 1949-1967.

From the description of Papers, 1876-1974. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 24427427

Lawyer; judge.

From the description of Reminiscences of Charles Fahy : oral history, 1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309737465

Lawyer.

Fahy began his long career in federal service in 1933 serving with the National Labor Relations Board, Justice Department, and the Armed Forces. Fahy was also involved in the formation of the United Nations.

From the description of Papers, 1933-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155522860

Biographical Note

  • 1892, Aug. 27: Born, Rome, Ga.
  • 1910 - 1911 : Attended University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Ind.
  • 1914: LL.B., Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Admitted to District of Columbia bar
  • 1914 - 1924 : Practiced law in the District of Columbia except for the period when he served in the armed forces
  • 1917 - 1919 : Naval aviator during World War I
  • 1924 - 1933 : Practiced law in Santa Fe, N.Mex.
  • 1929: Married Mary Agnes Lane
  • 1933 - 1935 : First assistant solicitor, Department of the Interior
  • 1935 - 1940 : General counsel, National Labor Relations Board
  • 1940 - 1941 : Assistant solicitor general
  • 1941: Member, President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Naval and Air Base Commission to London
  • 1941 - 1945 : Solicitor general
  • 1942: LL.D., Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1945: Adviser to U.S. delegation to San Francisco Conference, United Nations
  • 1945 - 1946 : Legal adviser to military governor of Germany
  • 1946 - 1947 : Legal adviser, Department of State
  • 1948 - 1950 : Chairman, President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services
  • 1949 - 1979 : Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
  • 1979, Sept. 17: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Charles Fahy Papers, 1857-1985, (bulk 1942-1975), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Beatrice Chauvenet Photograph Collection, 1905-1984 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 2 : Interviews re the National Labor Board (1933-1934), 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979. Papers, 1933-1957. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 1 : Interviews re general issues relating to the NLRB, 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1921-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Prettyman, E. Barrett (Elijah Barrett), 1891-1971. Papers of E. Barrett Prettyman, 1901-1971 (bulk 1945-1965). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 4 : Interviews re the NLRB in the Wagner Act era (1935-1947), 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Leventhal, Harold, 1915-1979. Papers, 1932-1980 (bulk 1964-1979). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harold Leventhal Papers, 1932-1980, (bulk 1964-1979) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979. Papers, 1876-1974. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
creatorOf Charles Fahy Papers, 1857-1985, (bulk 1942-1975) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Papers, 1927-1969 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Hackworth, Green Haywood, 1883-1973. Papers of Green Haywood Hackworth, 1912-1973 (bulk 1944-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn Legal Profession in Indiana, 1976-1980 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
creatorOf Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979. Charles Fahy papers, 1857-1985 (bulk 1942-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 8 : Interviews re review, appeals and enforcement of decisions, 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Catholic Association for International Peace (U.S.). Records, 1926-1970. Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library, John P. Raynor Library
referencedIn United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 7 : Interviews re Division of Economic Research, 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Fahy, Charles, 1892-1979. Reminiscences of Charles Fahy : oral history, 1958. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Charles Fahy Papers. 1948 - 1950. Subject Files
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1947 Harvard Law School, HarvardUniversity
referencedIn Leventhal, Harold, 1915-1979. Harold Leventhal papers, 1932-1980 (bulk 1964-1979). Library of Congress
referencedIn Green Haywood Hackworth Papers, 1912-1973, (bulk 1944-1945) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Bar Association of the District of Columbia. corporateBody
associatedWith Berger, Raoul, 1901- person
associatedWith Bridges, Harry, 1901-1990. person
associatedWith Catholic Association for International Peace (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Chauvenet, Beatrice person
associatedWith Committee Appointed to Review the Decartelization Program in Germany (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Fahey family. family
associatedWith Fahey family. family
associatedWith Fahy, Thomas, 1844-1917. person
correspondedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965 person
associatedWith Georgetown University. corporateBody
associatedWith Hackworth, Green Haywood, 1883-1973. person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Hart, Henry Melvin. person
correspondedWith Hesburgh, Theodore Martin, 1917- person
correspondedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith International Court of Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Keenan, Joseph Berry, 1888-1954 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
correspondedWith Leventhal, Harold, 1915-1979. person
correspondedWith Levy, Philip, d. 1970 person
correspondedWith O'Meara, Joseph, 1898- person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Phillips, Harlan B., person
correspondedWith Prettyman, E. Barrett (Elijah Barrett), 1891-1971. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
correspondedWith Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973 person
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations. Committee of Jurists. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations Conference on International Organization (1945 : San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Court of Appeals (District of Columbia Circuit) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Courts of Appeals. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. Office of Solicitor General. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior. Petroleum Administrative Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Labor Relations Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in Armed Services. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Solicitor General. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Notre Dame. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Ellen Axson. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Germany
New Mexico--Santa Fe
Great Britain
New Mexico
United States
Germany
United States
United States
Germany
United States
Germany
1945-
Washington (D.C.)
Great Britain
1933-1945
Subject
International courts
National socialism
Lend-lease operations (1941-1945)
Petroleum industry and trade
Industries--Germany
Criminal law--United States
Air pilots--Interviews
Deportation
Industry
Practice of law--New Mexico--Santa Fe
Civil law
World War, 1914-1918--Aerial operations, American
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Judicial review
Reconstruction (1939-1945)
Courts--Washington (D.C.)
Criminal law
Lawyers--Interviews
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps
Cartels--Germany
Practice of law
Political parties
Cartels
International trusteeships
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
Denazification
Civil law--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians
New Deal, 1933-1939
Appellate procedure
Courts
Industrial relations
International organization
Practice of law--Washington (D.C.)
Labor and laboring classes
Judges--Interviews
Occupation
Jurists
Public officials
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1892-08-27

Death 1979-09-17

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6571nm3

SNAC ID: 24419819