Barker, George, 1913-1991

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George Granville Barker (1913-1991), the English poet, was born in Essex. He taught in Japan and the United States as well as in England. His highly dramatic poems, often concerned with themes of remorse and pain, led critics to place him, perhaps misleadingly, among the 'New Apocalypse' movement. Barker's published works include: 30 Preliminary Poems (1933); Eros in Dogma (1944); News of the World (1950); The True Confession of George Barker (1950); The View From a Blind I (1962); Thurgarton Church (1969); The Alphabetical Zoo (1972); and Collected Poems (1987).

From the guide to the Miscellaneous literary papers and letters of, or relating to, George Barker, 1935-1987, (Leeds University Library)

Contemporary English poet. Barker was author of THIRTY PRELIMINARY POEMS (1933), JANUS (1935), EROS IN DOGMA (1944), THE DEAD SEAGULL (1950), NEWS OF THE WORLD (1950), VISION OF BEASTS AND GODS (1954).

From the description of George Granville Barker papers, 1948. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 463434681

George Barker (1913-1991), a contemporary English writer and poet, was born in Loughton, England. He began writing early and by his early twenties he had already been published by T.S. Eliot at Faber and Faber, who also helped him to gain appointment as Professor of English Literature in 1939 at Tohoku University (Sendai, Miyagi, Japan). Early volumes of note by Barker include Thirty Preliminary Poems (1933), Poems (1935) and Calamiterror (1937), which was inspired by the Spanish Civil War. He eventually traveled to the United States where he began his longtime liaison with writer Elizabeth Smart, by whom he had four of his fifteen children, and about whom he wrote his 1945 novel By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept and his 1950 novel, The Dead Seagull. His Collected poems were edited by Robert Fraser and published in 1987 by Faber and Faber.

From the description of George Barker collection, 1930-1966. (Southern Illinois University). WorldCat record id: 301591666

English poet and author George Barker was born in Loughton and raised in Chelsea. He dropped out of school at fourteen, and drifted about, writing; his first novel and first book of poems were published when he was twenty. He became a highly-regarded enfant terrible, traveling and writing prolifically and occasionally holding an academic post. His poetry was deeemed wildly uneven in quality, but his best work was highly praised; he approached themes such as death, sexuality, and despair with an emotional intensity at once empathic and uncomfortable. He also wrote novels and plays.

From the description of George Barker manuscripts, poem, and play, circa 1950-1964. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 61691266

George Barker, poet, novelist and artist, was born in Loughton, Essex, England, of Irish and English parentage. Barker was educated at the Regent Street Polytechnic. In 1933, he published Alanna Autumnal, a novel, and Thirty Preliminary Poems. He was visiting professor of English Literature at the Imperial Tohoku University in Japan in 1939. From 1940 to 1943, he lived in the United States, and from 1960 to 1965, in Rome. He taught at State University of New York College at Buffalo, 1965-1966; the University of Wisconsin 1971 1972, and at Florida International University in 1974. He was also Arts Fellow at York University in 1966. His later works included Calamiterror, Sacred and Secular Elegies, News of the World, The True Confession of George Barker, Dreams of a Summer Night, and Poems of Places and People. One of Barker's liaisons was with the Canadian writer Elizabeth Smart (1913-1986) who drew from their relationship in her novel, By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept. Smart bore 4 of Barker's 15 children.

From the description of George Barker collection. [1931-1977]. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 646006338

Author.

From the description of Papers, 1953-1954. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 36934966

British Catholic author and poet.

Barker grew up in relative poverty and left school at age 14 to pursue writing. In 1932, he submitted a typescript to editor John Middleton Murray, who hired him as a reviewer. Working for Murray introduced Barker to an influential circle of writers and promoted his career as a poet. Barker published his first book, Poems (1935), with the support of T.S. Eliot. Barker continued to publish with varying success; his best work is considered to be Anno Domini (1983). Barker's personal life was tumultuous, but settled somewhat in 1967 when he and his wife Elizabeth (Elspeth) Langlands moved to Norfolk. Barker died from emphysema in 1991.

From the description of George Barker collection, circa 1932-1970, undated. (Boston College). WorldCat record id: 35986532

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-. Letter to H. G. P(orteus). Norfolk, Eng. 1934 Apr. 24. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Louis MacNeice collection of papers, 1934]-1966 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. Typed letter signed George Barker to: Mr. Derwood July 15, 1940. Wellesley College
creatorOf Ackerley, J. R. (Joe Randolph), 1896-1967. Joe Randolph Ackerley collection of papers, 1919-1969. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, 1932-2005 Houghton Library
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. Letter to [Hugh] Porteus. Norfolk. 1934 Aug. 10. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Lawrence & Wishart records, 1927-1951 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Pudney, John, 1909-1977. Papers, 1850-1977 (bulk 1926-1976). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker collection, circa 1932-1970, undated. Boston College. John J. Burns Library
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker collection, 1930-1966. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn David Gascoyne papers, 1822-2010, n.d. British Library: Western Manuscripts
creatorOf Williams, Oscar, 1900-1964. Papers, 1920-1966. Indiana University
referencedIn Literary manuscripts of John Heath-Stubbs, with some letters to George Barker and other related material, 1948-1989 Leeds University Library
creatorOf Miscellaneous literary papers and letters of, or relating to, George Barker, 1935-1987 Leeds University Library
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker collection. [1931-1977]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
creatorOf Barker, George Granville, 1913-. George Granville Barker papers, 1948. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. Papers, 1953-1954. Indiana University
referencedIn Derek Parker Collection TXRC96-A45., 1955-1970 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn T. S. Eliot Collection TXRC07-A6., 1905, 1917-1979 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf White, Eric Walter, 1905-1985. Correspondence files concerning publishing the Poetry Book Society Christmas 1966 supplement in memory of John Hayward, 1966. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965. T.S. Eliot Collection, 1905, 1917-1979. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker manuscripts, poem, and play, circa 1950-1964. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf MacNeice, Louis, 1907-1963. Louis MacNeice collection of papers, [1934]-1966. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Durrell, Lawrence George, 1912-. Letters, 1932-1968. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker papers, 1930-1971 (bulk 1930-1931; 1971). University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Holy Door records, 1965-1966. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
creatorOf Heath-Stubbs, John, 1918-2006. Literary manuscripts of John Heath-Stubbs, with some letters to George Barker and other related material. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
creatorOf Parker, Derek. Collection, 1955-1970. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Barker, George, 1913-1991. Correspondence of George Barker. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
referencedIn William Empson papers, 1811-1996 (inclusive), 1911-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn John Pudney Papers TXRC95-A1., 1850-1977, (bulk 1926-1976) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Lawrence & Wishart. Lawrence & Wishart records, 1927-1951. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Manuscripts and proofs of New Directions books, 1937-1997. Houghton Library
referencedIn Joe Randolph Ackerley collection of papers, 1919-1969 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Ackerley, John person
associatedWith Ackerley, J. R. (Joe Randolph), 1896-1967. person
correspondedWith Betjeman, John, 1906-1984 person
associatedWith Cutts, Leonard. person
associatedWith Derwood, Gene, 1909-1954. person
associatedWith Durrell, Lawrence George, 1912- person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965 person
correspondedWith Empson, William, 1906-1984 person
correspondedWith Gascoyne, David Emery, 1916-2001 person
associatedWith Gawsworth, John, 1912-1970. person
correspondedWith Grigson, Geoffrey, 1905-1985 person
associatedWith Heath-Stubbs, John, 1918-2006. person
associatedWith Herring, Robert. person
associatedWith Higham, David. person
associatedWith Lawrence & Wishart. corporateBody
associatedWith Lawrence & Wishart. corporateBody
associatedWith Lehman, John. person
correspondedWith Lehmann, John, 1907-1987 person
correspondedWith Lindsay, Jack, 1900-1990 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
associatedWith MacNeice, Louis, 1907-1963. person
correspondedWith Muir, Edwin, 1887-1959 person
associatedWith Murry, John Middleton, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Derek, 1932- person
associatedWith Porteus, Hugh Gordon, person
associatedWith Potts Paul person
associatedWith Pudney, John, 1909-1977 person
associatedWith Roberts, Denys Kilham, 1903-1976. person
correspondedWith Savage, D. S. (Derek S.) person
correspondedWith Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995 person
correspondedWith Symons, Julian, 1912-1994 person
correspondedWith Treece, Henry, 1911-1966 person
associatedWith White, Eric Walter, 1905-1985. person
associatedWith Williams, Oscar, 1900-1964. person
correspondedWith Yeats, W. B. (William Butler), 1865-1939 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
England
Subject
Literature
English literature--Catholic authors--History--Sources
Poetry, Modern--20th century
Authors, English--20th century--Archives
Letters--20th century
Letters 20th century
Poets, English--20th century--History--Sources
Poets, English--20th century--Archives
Poets, English--20th century
Authors, English--20th century--History--Sources
English poetry--20th century
English literature Correspondence 20th century
Occupation
Authors, English
Poets, English
Function

Person

Birth 1913-02-26

Death 1991-10-27

Britons

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6m90729

SNAC ID: 22820155