Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966

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Zimand was an investigator for the National Child Labor Committee. She was a 1916 Vassar graduate.

From the description of Papers, 1917-[ca. 1966] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155520399

Gertude Folks Zimand was an investigator for the National Child Labor Committee. She was a 1916 Vassar graduate.

Savel Zimand was born in Rumania. He came to the United States in 1913. He was a writer, educator and advocate for public health and economic reform.

From the description of Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand papers, 1911-1958. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 51576694

Gertrude Folks Zimand was born in 1894 in New York City, the daughter of noted social worker and reformer Homer Folks. She graduated from Vassar College in 1916 and married Savel Zimand, journalist and health educator, in 1926. After assisting with rehabilitation work in Europe at the end of World War I and teaching at the University of Cincinnati, Zimand began working for the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC), which had been founded by her father in 1904. She worked as a field investigator; edited the agency's magazine, American Child ; and was research director and associate general secretary. In 1943 she became general secretary, a position she held until her retirement in 1955.

Gertrude Zimand's professional life was devoted to child welfare reform and eliminating the exploitation of children as laborers. She spent the majority of her career supporting the activities of the NCLC, which included campaigns for state laws to keep children in school until age 14, eight-hour work days for children ages 14 and 15, a federal child labor amendment, and other related welfare reforms. When successive pieces of child labor legislation reform passed during the New Deal under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, she redirected the NCLC into a National Committee on Employment of Youth. The Committee focused on the employment troubles of teenagers and young adults, especially the poor, minority groups, and those that had dropped out of school.

A prolific writer, Zimand wrote many articles and books, including Young Workers in the United States (1953), Young Workers and Their Vocational Needs (1955), and Children in the Theater (1941). That she was a significant force in child welfare reform is attested to by former Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell, who, upon her retirement in 1955, praised "the impact of her work, directly on the lives of children throughout the United States." Zimand passed away on May 10, 1966, at the age of 71.

From the guide to the Gertrude Zimand papers, 1915-1966, (University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives [swha])

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Papers, 1917-[ca. 1966] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Gertrude Zimand papers, 1915-1966 University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives
creatorOf Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Gertrude Zimand papers, 1915-1966. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand papers, 1911-1958. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Committee for Devastated France. corporateBody
associatedWith Folks family. family
associatedWith Folks, Homer, 1867-1963. person
associatedWith Geddes, Patrick, Sir, 1854-1932. person
associatedWith Green, Alice Stopford, 1848-1929. person
associatedWith Ismail, Mirza M., Sir, 1883- . person
associatedWith National Child Labor Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Russell, George William, 1867-1935. person
associatedWith Smillie, Robert, 1857-1940. person
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Social Welfare History Archives Center. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Social Welfare History Archives Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Yeats, Jack Butler, 1871-1957. person
associatedWith Yonkers High School (Yonkers, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Yonkers High School (Yonkers, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Zimand, Savel, 1891-. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
France
United States
United States
France
Subject
International relief
Journalists
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
Women
Women in war
Youth
Youth
Child labor
Child labor
Child labor
Children
Child welfare
Child welfare
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1894

Death 1966

Information

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