France. Marine

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Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Henri-Hector d'Estaing was born in Ravel, France, on November 24, 1729, the son of Charles-François d'Estaing, the Marquis de Salliant, and Marie-Henriette Colbert de Maulevrier. He served as a military officer during the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. He spent most of the latter conflict in India, where he was promoted to lieutenant general in 1762, and was governor of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) from 1764-1766. D'Estaing was promoted to vice admiral in 1777 and commanded the first French military expedition to aid the rebelling North American colonists in 1779. After spending time along the coast of New England and in the Caribbean in 1778 and 1779, the fleet sailed to Georgia, where d'Estaing helped lead an unsuccessful attack on Savannah. Following the defeat in Georgia, he returned to France, where he took part in the siege of Gibraltar and held various military positions before his promotion to admiral in 1792. Despite his sympathy toward the French revolutionary cause, d'Estaing remained loyal to the aristocracy and was executed on April 28, 1794. He and his wife, Marie-Sophie Rousselot, had one child.

From the guide to the Charles Henri, comte d'Estaing signal book, Estaing, Charles Henri, comte d' signal book, ca. 1780, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

French ships of the fleet of Admiral de Grasse drove off the 19 British ships of Admiral Graves in early September, 1781 (in the so-called Second Battle of the Virginia Capes). This isolated the forces of Cornwallis at Yorktown, contributing to his surrender.

From the description of France, Navy, Collection, 1781. (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 475149031

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Le Jazon logbook, 1745-1746 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn France. Ministère de la marine et des colonies. Le Duc de Bourgogne, La Danae, La Belle-Poule, L'Union, and L'Amphitrite logbooks, 1761-1776. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Choiseul correspondence, 1777-1781 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Nepean, Evan, 1751-1822. Papers of Evan Nepean, 1803. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jewett, George Frederick. Naval history collection, 1900-1955. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Marine, 1772-1780. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Destouches, Charles-René-Dominique Sochet, 1727-1794. Papers of Charles-René-Dominique Sochet Destouches, 1754-1804 (bulk 1780-1781). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Louis XV, King of France, 1710-1774. Naval Ministry report, 1745 Mar 19. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Price, Ezekiel, 1727-1802. Diary : manuscript, 1781. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf France. Marine. Liste generale des vaisseaux et autres batiments du Roy aux departements de Brest, Toulon et Rochefort, 1765. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Chevalier de Monteil logbook, Monteil, Chevalier de, logbook, 1776-1787, 1781-1782 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn François-Jules Harmand papers, 1845-1956, 1845-1922 (bulk). Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Le Jazon (Ship). Le Jazon logbook, 1745-1746. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Clermont-Tonnerre, Aimé-Marie-Gaspard, duc de, 1779-1865. [Letters] 1817-1823. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn John Holker papers, Holker, John papers, 1770-1872 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
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referencedIn Mémoire instructif pour la Commissaire de Marine chargé de l'armement des vaisseaux du roy, ca. 1756. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Castries, Charles-Eugène-Gabriel. Charles-Eugène-Gabriel, maréchal de Castries papers 1722-1814. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874,. Etats appréçiés de la dépense de la construction, armement et equipement d'un vaisseau de 100 canons, d'un de 80, d'un de 74 et d'un de 64 pour une campagne de 6 mois : manuscript, 1768. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Hamilton, Gavin. [Gavin Hamilton a.l.s. aboard the Vengeance near Plymouth, England : to his father, James Hamilton at Hucheson, near Glasgow, 30 Nov. 1759]. Society of the Cincinnati Library
creatorOf Charles Henri, comte d'Estaing signal book, Estaing, Charles Henri, comte d' signal book, ca. 1780 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Tapson, John. John Tapson journal 1806-1814. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Mariners' Museum (Newport News, Va.). The London Naval Conference and the expansion of the Navy : clippings from various newspapers from Oct. 27, 1935 to Nov. 25, 1938 / [compiled by] the Mariners' Museum. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn Louis-Marie de La Revellière-Lépeaux papers, 1789-1872, 1789-1815 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Grenville, George, 1712-1770. George Grenville papers, 1755-1757. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Holker, John, 1745-1822. John Holker papers, 1770-1872. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Monteil, Chevalier de. Chevalier de Monteil logbook, 1776-1787, bulk 1781-1782. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Harmand, François-Jules, 1845-1921. François-Jules Harmand papers, 1845-1956, 1845-1922 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Le Duc de Bourgogne, La Danae, La Belle-Poule, L'Union, and L'Amphitrite logbooks, 1761-1776 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Louis-Alexandre Andrault, Comte de Langeron, and Charles-Claude, Marquis de Langeron, Papers, 1761-1785 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Evenemens remarquable de Toulon : État de la Marine française [et] État de la Marine anglaise, 1778-1781 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Martin, J. A., Lt. Comdr. Manitowoc. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf France. Marine. Evenemens remarquable de Toulon : État de la Marine française [et] État de la Marine anglaise, 1778-1781. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Naval History Society. Naval History Society Collection, 1721-1993 (bulk, 1781-1936). New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Louis XV, King of France, 1710-1774. [Collection of 40 manuscript documents relating to the French naval headquarters at Toulon, 1750-1796]. Society of the Cincinnati Library
referencedIn Charles Henri, comte d’Estaing Journal Militaire, Estaing, Charles Henri de Journal Militaire, 1781-1783 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Louis XVI, King of France, 1754-1793. French Revolution and Napoleonic period official correspondence, 1789-1815. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781. Maurepas collection, 1694-1749 (bulk 1740-1749). Cornell University Library
referencedIn de la Villesbret family. de la Villesbret family papers, 1534-1937. Tulane University, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library
referencedIn Gervèse, Henri, 1880-1959. World War I postcard album [manuscript], 1914-1918. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Journal ou Campagne des Armées de Terre et de Mer ..., 1781-1782. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn J. and J. Amory. Records, 1761-1797 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
referencedIn Estaing, Jean Baptiste Charles Henri Hector, 1729-1794. Reports, 1778-1779. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Fautray, Lechde. Letter to M. Kervegness. Brest, France. 1777 May 3. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Signaux de reconnaissance : manuscript, 18--. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Journal des dépenses de la colonie de la Nouvelle Orléans, 1766 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Seignelay, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, marquis de, 1651-1690. Memorandum : Sceaux (Hauts-de-Seine), 1683 29 July. Newberry Library
referencedIn Jean Bon Saint-André journal, Saint-André, Jean Bon journal, [1794] William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781. Maurepas letter and print re "The Alliance," 1780. Cornell University Library
referencedIn La Revellière-Lépeaux, Louis-Marie de, 1753-1824. Louis-Marie de La Revellière-Lépeaux papers, 1789-1872 (bulk 1789-1815). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf France. Marine. Records, 17th-20th centuries. Library of Congress
referencedIn Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902,. Autographs of European political and military figures, 1571-1917. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Robert Challe, Journal d'un Voyage fait aux Indes Orientales English translation, Challe, Robert, Journal d'un Voyage fait aux Indes Orientales English translation, [1720s-1730s?] William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
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referencedIn Journal historique de mes voyages en ameriques ... : journal, 1779 January 5-1782 October 12. Library of Congress
referencedIn Langeron, Louis-Alexandre Andrault, comte de, 1761-1831. Louis-Alexandre Andrault, comte de Langeron, and Charles-Claude, marquis de Langeron, papers, 1761-1785. Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. Continental Army. Virginia Brigade. [Orderly book of the Virginia Brigade] Camp Chesterfield, Petersburg, Cabin Point, Cypress Mills [and elsewhere] 25 Oct. 1780-17 April 1781. Society of the Cincinnati Library
referencedIn Journal de la campagne, faitte en 1781 et 1782 et 1783 sur le vaisseau du roy l'Hercule : diary, 1781-1783. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Loti, Pierre, 1850-1923. Correspondence, 1866-1905. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Jeunot, Pierre Joseph, fl. 1773-1783. Journal of Pierre Joseph Jeunot, 1776-1821. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf France. Marine. France, Navy, Collection, 1781. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn John Tapson journal, Tapson, John journal, 1806-1814 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Babeuf, Gracchus, 1760-1797. French Revolution manuscript collection, 1668-1868 (bulk 1788-1815). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Mariners' Museum (Newport News, Va.). The Navy of Great Britain and notes of the navies of France, Germany, Italy & Japan : clippings from various newspapers / [compiled by] the Mariners' Museum. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn George Grenville papers, Grenville, George, papers, 1755-1757 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Jolidon Revolutionary collection, 1778-1783. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Archives nationales (France) corporateBody
associatedWith Castries, Charles-Eugène-Gabriel. person
associatedWith Challes, Robert, 1659-ca. 1720 person
associatedWith Châteauveron, de. person
associatedWith Choiseul, Louis Marie Gabriel César de, 1734-1796 person
correspondedWith Clermont-Tonnerre, Aimé-Marie-Gaspard, duc de, 1779-1865. person
associatedWith de la Villesbret family. family
associatedWith Destouches, Charles-René-Dominique Sochet, 1727-1794. person
associatedWith Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902, person
associatedWith Estaing, Charles Henri, comte d', 1729-1794 person
associatedWith Estaing, Jean Baptiste Charles Henri Hector, 1729-1794. person
associatedWith Fautray, Lechde. person
associatedWith France. Armée corporateBody
associatedWith France. Ministère de la marine et des colonies. corporateBody
associatedWith France. Ministère de la marine et des colonies corporateBody
associatedWith Grasse, François Joseph Paul de Grasse, comte de, 1722-1788. person
associatedWith Grenville, George, 1712-1770. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Gavin. person
associatedWith Harmand, François-Jules, 1845-1921. person
associatedWith Harper, John, Sir. person
associatedWith Holker, John, 1745-1822. person
associatedWith Holker, Nancy Davis Stackpole, 1777-1857 person
associatedWith J. and J. Amory. corporateBody
associatedWith Jeunot, Pierre Joseph, fl. 1773-1783. person
associatedWith Jewett, George Frederick. person
associatedWith Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792. person
associatedWith Landais, Peter, 1731?-1820. person
associatedWith Langeron, Charles-Claude, marquis de, 1720-1792 person
associatedWith Langeron, Louis-Alexandre Andrault, comte de, 1761-1831. person
associatedWith La Revellière-Lépeaux, Louis-Marie de, 1753-1824. person
associatedWith Le Jazon (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Le Jazon (Ship). corporateBody
correspondedWith Loti, Pierre, 1850-1923. person
associatedWith Marchant, Leslie Ronald person
associatedWith Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781. person
associatedWith Monteil, ? person
associatedWith Monteil, Chevalier de. person
associatedWith Naval History Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Nepean, Evan, 1751-1822. person
associatedWith Price, Ezekiel, 1727-1802. person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785 person
associatedWith Saint-André, Jean-Bon, 1749-1813 person
associatedWith Seignelay, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, marquis de, 1651-1690. person
associatedWith Spain. Armada corporateBody
associatedWith Tapson, John person
associatedWith Tapson, John person
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. Virginia Brigade. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Yorktown (Va.)
United States
Toulon (France)
United States
France
Subject
Signals and signaling--Early works to 1800
Signals and signaling
Ships
Signal flags
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1789

Active 1815

French

French

Information

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