Grenville, George, 1712-1770

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George Grenville, British Whig statesman and Prime Minister from 16 April 1763 - 13 July 1765.

From the description of George Grenville manuscript material : 2 items, 1732-1767 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 261127049

English statesman.

From the description of Document signed : [London], 1763 May 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270509636

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Stowe, to his brother in Italy, 1731 Dec. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270503750

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Treasury Chambers, to an unidentified recipient, 1748/9 Mar. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270505555

From the description of Document signed : [London], 1754 Nov. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270509610

From the description of Document signed : [London], 1751 Oct. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270509644

Grenville, George (1712-1770), Whig prime minister, entered Parliament in 1741 as member for Buckingham, which he continued to represent till his death. In Parliament he was part of the "Boy Patriot" party which opposed Sir Robert Walpole. In December 1744 he became a lord of the admiralty in the administration of Henry Pelham in 1747 a Lord of the Treasury; and in 1754 Treasurer of the Navy and Privy Councillor. In 1758, he introduced and carried Navy Act of 1758 that speeded up the payment of seamen's wages. When his brother Richard and brother-in-law William Pitt resigned from the ministry, he remained in the administration of Lord Bute, functioning as Leader of the House of Commons. In May 1762 he was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department; in October First Lord of the Admiralty; and in April 1763 First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer. Prominent measures of his administration included the prosecution of John Wilkes and the passing of the American Stamp Act in 1765. However, when Rockingham agreed to accept office in 1765, the king dismissed Grenville. He never held office again.

From the description of Correspondence, 1742-1762. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702186223

British Prime Minister George Grenville (1712-1770) was born to Richard Grenville and Hester Temple. He studied law at Oxford and became a member of Parliament in 1741, sitting for the borough of Buckingham, which he represented until his death in 1770. Initially, Grenville allied with his uncle Lord Cobham and William Pitt. The Pelham ministry appointed him lord of the admiralty in 1744, and the lord of the treasury in 1747. Grenville married Elizabeth Wyndham in 1749 and they had nine children.

During the Duke of Newcastle's administration, Grenville served as treasurer of the navy beginning in 1754. Grenville's tenure in this post was interrupted twice. In 1755 he was dismissed for criticism of Newcastle's foreign policy; he returned to office in 1756 with the Devonshire ministry, but resigned the following year after the dismissal of Pitt and Temple. He again returned to office in June 1757, and continued to hold the position until 1762. Notably as treasurer, Grenville helped pass the Navy Act of 1758, which improved payment methods for naval workers. Grenville earned a reputation in the House of Commons as an effective speaker and an expert in parliamentary maneuverings, and maintained close associations with Temple and Pitt. However, he cut ties with Pitt in 1762, in favor of Lord Bute, who made him secretary of state for North America and first lord of the admiralty. In 1763, King George II appointed Grenville prime minister. In addition to his domestic initiatives, Grenville was a leading voice behind efforts to tax the American colonies, specifically through the Stamp Act (1765). Relations between Grenville and the king soured, and George II dismissed Grenville from the cabinet in 1765. He spent his remaining years as a member of the opposition party in the House of Commons. He died on November 13, 1770.

From the guide to the George Grenville papers, Grenville, George, papers, 1755-1757, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. George Grenville manuscript material : 2 items, 1732-1767 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lyttelton, George Lyttelton, Baron, 1709-1773. Autograph letter signed : Hagley, to George Grenville, 1763 Sept. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. George Grenville papers, 1755-1757. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Great Britain. Sovereign (1727-1760 : George II). Warrant, 1753 June 21. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770,. Autographs of British politicians, 1691-1788 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Journal of the most remarkable events of the reign of King George the third, from the beginning of the year 1769, being a supplement to the memoires of Mr. Horace Walpole, carried on by himself, 1771. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Rosslyn, Alexander Wedderburn, Earl of, 1733-1805. Autograph letter signed : Lincolns Inn Fields, to George Grenville, 1768 May 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Autograph signature to an order, 1753 March 24th and 1754 Nov. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Correspondence, 1742-1762. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Autograph letter signed : Stowe, to his brother in Italy, 1731 Dec. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Junius. 3 letters to George Grenville, London, 1768 Feb 6, Sep 3, Oct 20. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Grenville family. Grenville family papers. Correspondence, 1572-1919, (bulk 1740-1880). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Great Britain Navy receipts and payments, 1754-1762 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, Earl, 1711-1779. Autograph letter signed with initial : [n.p.], to his brother, George Grenville, 1769 Jan. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Autograph letter signed : Treasury Chambers, to an unidentified recipient, 1748/9 Mar. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Resolutions of Lords touching two Carolina bills. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Document signed : [London], 1754 Nov. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin collection, Franklin, Benjamin collection, 1766-1788 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, 1737-1806,. Autograph letter signed from Earl George Macartney, London, to the Honorable Edmond Malone, London [manuscript], 1799 June 2. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn A new ballad for the day, or, The statesman unhing'd--to the tune of A cobbler there was and he lived in a hall : anonymous manuscript lines, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume II, miscellany, 1755-1831. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Royal warrants to the Privy Seal for payments, 1758-1761 Senate House Library, University of London
referencedIn Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909. Autograph collection, [undated]. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Great Britain. Navy. Great Britain Navy receipts and payments, 1754-1762. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Letter : [Twickenham], to Thomas Pitt, 1764 June 5. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Rodney, George Brydges Rodney, Baron, 1719-1792. Report to George Grenville about Martinique, 1762. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Document signed : [London], 1751 Oct. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Document signed : [London], 1763 May 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hunter, William, 1718-1783. Two introductory lectures: handwritten bound draft, 1764-1783. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, Earl, 1711-1779. Autograph letter signed with initial : [n.p.], to his brother, George Grenville, 1759 Jul. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, George, 1712-1770. Autograph letter signed : Wotton, to Thomas Astle, 1769 Nov. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Grenville family. Grenville family papers, 1714-1784 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Hutton, Matthew, 1693-1758. Autograph letter in third person : Lambeth, [no year] May 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Autograph album, 1667-1823. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn English miscellaneous manuscripts collection, 1362-1945 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Northington, Robert Henley, Earl of, 1708?-1772. Autograph letter signed : London, to George Grenville, 1765 Apr. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Grenville family. Grenville family papers : Special subjects, 1639-1915 (bulk 1780-1880). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Buckinghamshire, John Hobart 2nd, Earl of, 1722-1793. Autograph letter signed : [London], to George Grenville, 1765 Dec. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grenville, James, d. 1783. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.] to his brother, George Grenville, 1757 July 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Report to George Grenville about Martinique, 1762 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Letters to Francis Seymour-Conway, 1743-1784. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn English Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1362-1945 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Lyttelton, Richard, Sir, d. 1770. Autograph letter signed : Tunbridge Wells, to George Grenville, 1757 Aug. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf George Grenville papers, Grenville, George, papers, 1755-1757 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Grenville, Elizabeth (Wyndham), d. 1769. Autograph letter unsigned : London, to her husband, George Grenville, 1753 July 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Grenville family. Grenville family papers, 1716-1789 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Astle, Thomas, 1735-1803, person
associatedWith Berkeley, Augustus Berkeley, Earl of, 1715-1755, person
associatedWith Breadalbane, John Campbell, Earl of, 1695 or 6-1782, person
associatedWith Buchan, Henry David Erskine, Earl of, 1710-1767. person
associatedWith Buckinghamshire, John Hobart 2nd, Earl of, 1722-1793. person
associatedWith Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, 1713-1792. person
associatedWith Carolina. corporateBody
associatedWith Chatham, Hester Grenville Pitt, Countess of, 1720-1803. person
associatedWith Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. person
associatedWith Darlington, Henry Vane, Earl of, ca. 1705-1758, person
associatedWith Devonshire, William Cavendish, Duke of, 1720-1764. person
associatedWith Downshire, Wills Hill, Marquis of, 1718-1793. person
associatedWith France. Marine. corporateBody
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
associatedWith George II, King of Great Britain, 1683-1760. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Royal Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Sovereign (1727-1760 : George II) corporateBody
associatedWith Grenville, Elizabeth Wyndham, 1719-1769. person
associatedWith Grenville, Elizabeth (Wyndham), d. 1769. person
associatedWith Grenville family. family
associatedWith Grenville family. family
associatedWith Grenville family. family
associatedWith Grenville family. person
associatedWith Grenville family. family
associatedWith Grenville, James, d. 1783. person
associatedWith Harcourt, Simon Harcourt, Earl, 1714-1777. person
associatedWith Hardwicke, Philip Yorke, Earl of, 1720-1790, person
associatedWith Holderness, Robert D'Arcy, Earl of, 1718-1778. person
associatedWith Hunter, William, 1718-1783. person
associatedWith Hutton, Matthew, 1693-1758. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Junius. person
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805 person
associatedWith Liverpool, Charles Jenkinson, Earl of, 1727-1808. person
associatedWith Lyttelton, George Lyttelton, Baron, 1709-1773. person
associatedWith Lyttelton, Richard, Sir, d. 1770. person
associatedWith Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, 1737-1806, person
associatedWith Minto, Gilbert Elliot, Lord, 1693-1766. person
associatedWith Newcastle, Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, Duke of, 1720-1794, person
associatedWith North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792, person
associatedWith Northington, Robert Henley, Earl of, 1708?-1772. person
associatedWith Nourse, J. (John), d. 1780. person
associatedWith Pelham, Henry, 1695?-1754, person
associatedWith Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham, 1708-1778. person
associatedWith Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham, 1708-1788 person
associatedWith Potter, Thomas, 1718-1759. person
associatedWith Powis, Henry Arthur Herbert, Earl of, 1703-1772. person
associatedWith Rodney, George Brydges Rodney, Baron, 1719-1792. person
associatedWith Rosslyn, Alexander Wedderburn, Earl of, 1733-1805. person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. person
associatedWith Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, Earl, 1711-1779. person
associatedWith Turner, John, Sir, 1752-1797, person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Wilkes, John, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
North Carolina
Great Britain
United States
Great Britain
Europe
Great Britain
United States
Subject
Hessians
Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
Nobility--Social life and customs--18th century
Prime ministers--Correspondence
Austrian Succession, War of, 1740-1748
Elections
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1712-10-14

Death 1770-11-13

Britons

English

Information

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