Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862

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Native of Kentucky; educated privately and at Transylvania University; graduate of West Point; served in the Black Hawk War; commanded the Army of Texas during the late 1830's; served in the Mexican War with the 1st Texas Rifle Volunteers; commissioned paymaster in the United States Army and later commanded the Department of Texas; resigned to join the Confederate Army in 1861 and commanded the Western Department from 1861 through the Battle of Shiloh, April 1862, where he was mortally wounded.

From the description of Letter, 1849 December 2. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 15716906

Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Albert Sidney Johnston, 1792-1896. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455277

Albert Sidney Johnston commanded the 2nd Cavalry regiment in Texas at the time of this letter, though previously he had served as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas and he would later die commanding his Confederate troops at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862.

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston Letter, 1856, (Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Civil War general who died in the battle of Shiloh.

From the description of Papers, 1861. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571221

Soldier in the U.S. Army, for the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate Army.

From the description of Albert Sidney Johnston : miscellaneous papers, 1831-1859. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49243979

A graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1826, Johnston served as an officer in the United States Army, the Texas Army, and the Confederate Army. He also served as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. Johnston was colonel of the 1st Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War. He was killed April 6, 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee while in command of the Western Department of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Collection, 1828-1958, (bulk 1828-1861). (University of Texas at Arlington). WorldCat record id: 30349288

Soldier. Graduated West Point, 1826; commander of Texas army, 1837; secretary of war of the Republic of Texas, 1828-1840; served in U.S. Army in Mexican War; and Confederate general killed at the Battle of Shiloh (Tenn.), 6 April 1862.

From the description of Broadside, ca. April 1862. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49243992

Officer in the United States and in the Confederate States armies.

From the description of Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122497013

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Johnston was a leader during the Texas revolution and a member of the U. S. Army who resigned to become a Confederate general. He was killed at the Battle of Shiloh.

From the description of Special Orders No. 8, April 3, 1862. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 443060770

Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate general, U. S. Army colonel and paymaster, brigadier general and Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas, was born at Washington, Kentucky, February 2, 1803. He attended Transylvania University and the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in June 1826. In 1826 he served at Sackett's Harbor, New York; in 1827 at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, with the Sixth Infantry; and as regimental adjutant in the Black Hawk War in Illinois. He married Henrietta Preston on January 20, 1829. On April 22, 1834, he resigned his commission and in 1835 moved near St. Louis. His wife died on August 12, 1835. In 1836 he moved to Texas and enlisted as a private in the Texas Army. Johnston was appointed adjutant general by Thomas Jefferson Rusk on August 5, 1836. He became senior brigadier general in command of the army on January 31, 1837. He was appointed secretary of war for the Republic of Texas by president Mirabeau B. Lamar on December 22, 1838. He remained Secretary of War from 1838 to 1840. He led an expedition against the Cherokee in East Texas in December 1839.

Johnston was colonel of the First Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War and was inspector general at Monterrey, Mexico, with W. O. Butler. Johnston became paymaster in the United States Army on December 2, 1849, and was assigned to the Texas frontier. He was in the Great Plains in 1855 with William S. Harney, and was appointed colonel of the Second Cavalry on April 2, 1856. Johnston was brevet brigadier general in the expedition to escort the Mormons to Salt Lake City from 1858 to 1860. In 1860 he was sent to the Pacific Department and stationed at San Francisco. He resigned his commission in the United States Army in 1861 at the beginning of the Civil War and refused the federal government's offer of a command. He returned to Texas.

Johnston was appointed as a general in the Confederate Army by Jefferson Davis and assigned command of the Western Department in charge of Confederate operations in Tennessee and Kentucky. He took Bowling Green, Kentucky, moved his line of defense to Nashville, Tennessee, in February 1862, and then to Corinth. In 1862 he attacked Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. Johnston was killed while leading his forces at the battle of Shiloh, on April 6, 1862.

Sources: Barton, Henry W., Texas Volunteers in the Mexican War, Waco: Texian Press, 1970. pp. 20, 26, 47- 48, 57. Catton, Bruce, The Civil War, New York: The Fairfax Press, 1980, 27, 54-59, 308. Fehrenbach, T. R., Lone Star, A History of Texas and the Texans, New York: Wings Books, 1968. pp. 247-267, 251, 255, 351, 355, 454-458, 462-463, 499-500. Frazier, Robert W., Forts of the West, Military Forts and Presidios and Posts Commonly Called Forts West of the Mississippi River to 1898, Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965. pp. 152, 166, 178. Houston, Andrew Jackson, Texas Independence, Houston: The Anson Jones Press, 1938, 88. pp. 260-261. Johnston, William Preston, The Life of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, His Services in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1878. Koury, Michael J., Arms for Texas, A Study of the Weapons of the Republic of Texas, Fort Collins: The Old Army Press, 1973. pp. 13, 16, 34, 36-39, 78-84. Nance, Joseph Milton, Attack and Counter-Attack, The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1842, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 71-89, 97-100, 112-113, 159-163, 217, 275. Oates, Stephen B., ed., The Republic of Texas, Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1968. (Published for The American West Magazine and the Texas State Historical Association.) Roland, Charles P., Albert Sidney Johnston, Soldier of Three Republics, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 6-184. Sword, Wiley, The Battle of Shiloh, Harrisburg: Eastern Acorn Press, 1982. (Published for the National Park Service.) pp. 9-16, 22, 32-33, 37-39. Tyler, Ron, ed., The New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 3, Austin: The Texas State Historical Association, 1996. pp. 970. Ward, Geoffrey C., The Civil War, An Illustrated History, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1991. pp. 12-116.

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston Collection GA18., 1828-1960, 1828-1863, (Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library)

Albert Sidney Johnston was born in Kentucky and graduated from West Point in 1826. Johnston served in the United States Army and the Texas Army, and he served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. During the 1850s he was colonel of the United States 2nd Cavalry. Johnston was killed in the Civil War during the Battle of Shiloh, 1862.

Samuel Cooper served as adjutant general of the United States Army. During the Civil War he was adjutant general and inspector general of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84159661

Albert Sidney Johnston was born in Kentucky and graduated from West Point in 1826. Johnston served in the United States Army and the Texas Army, and he served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. During the 1850s he was colonel of the United States 2nd Cavalry. Johnston was killed in the Civil War during the Battle of Shiloh, 1862.

Samuel Cooper served as adjutant general of the United States Army. During the Civil War he was adjutant general and inspector general of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150691

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867,. Lee family papers [microform] 1652 [1769-1870] 1890. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hunter, Nathaniel Wych and Malcolm Kenmore, Family Papers, 1860-1877 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter, 1849 December 2. University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus, Joseph Anderson Cook Library
referencedIn Eberstadt Collection AR 76-62., 1699-1959 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858. American Primers
referencedIn Starr, James Harper. Starr, James Harper, Papers, 1796-1905 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Pollard, Charles T. (Charles Teed), 1842-1873. Confederate officers photograph album, undated. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ballinger (William Pitt) Papers BALLINGER, WILLIAM PITT., 1815-1909 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf MS 1370, Nauvoo Legion (Utah) Adjutant General. Nauvoo Legion (Utah) records 1851-1870 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Confederate States of America. Army of the Mississippi. Orders, 1862 Apr. 3, Corinth, Miss., for the battle of Shiloh. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Prince, Henry, d. 1892. Letter: to Col. A. S. Johnston /by Henry Prince, 1857 Apr 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ballinger, William Pitt, 1825-1888. Ballinger and Associates Collection 1836-1907. Houston Area Library Auto Network
referencedIn Cope, James Austin, 1894-1963. James Austin Cope letters, 1931 March. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Papers of Albert Sidney Johnston, 1792-1896. Library of Congress
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Orders no. 62, San Antonio, Tex., 1856 Sept. 13. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : to Colonel S. Cooper, 1855 Oct 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sidney Lanier Collection, 1878-1940 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall : miscellaneous papers, 1835-1863. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Papers, 1861. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Ficklen, John Rose, 1858-1907. John R. Ficklen papers, 1832-1906. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Albert G. Brackett Letters Doc 5173., 1846-1863 Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Northrup, Lucius Bellinger, 1811-1894. Letter : to Gen. A.S. Johnston, Texas, ca. 1840. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf Albert Sidney Johnston Letter, 1856 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Young, Brigham, 1801-1877. Brigham Young papers, 1847-1866. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Buell, Don Carlos, 1818-1898. Papers, 1841-1862. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Starr, James Harper, Papers 78-67., 1796-1905 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : to Assistant Adjutant General Fitz-John Porter / by Albert Sidney Johnston, 1857 Sep. 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : to Major / by Albert Sidney Johnston, 1858 Jan 4. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ayer, H. G., d. 1864. Diary, 1862. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Sam Houston Hearne Collection 21794369., 1820-1929 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Sam Houston papers, 1821-1863. Rice University, Fondren Library
referencedIn Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Letters of Robert E. Lee, 1830-1860. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Parker family. Parker family papers, 1820-1884. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Army papers, 1835-1846 University of Texas at Austin. General Libraries
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Collection, 1828-1958, (bulk 1828-1861). University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Johnson, Charles James. Charles James Johnson papers, 1827-1866 (bulk 1861-1862). Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Eldredge, Horace Sunderlin, 1816-1888. Letters from Brigham Young and other papers, 1850-1897 (bulk 1858-1862). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hobbs, Edward Dorsey, 1810-1888. Edward Dorsey Hobbs : papers, 1834-1882. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn James Family. James Family Papers, 1865-1927 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn United States. War Dept. Secretary. Records. [microfilm]. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Albert Sidney Johnston papers, 1839-1888. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : to Amos Beebe Eaton / by Albert Sidney Johnston, 1857 Sep 24. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Cooke, Philip St. George, 1809-1895. Letter, 1886. American Primers
referencedIn Sea, Andrew McBrayer, Collector, b. 1876. Collection, 1781-1936. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn King, Thomas Rex. Diary, 1862-1865. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Wier, Thomas Dabney, 1833-1898. Thomas D. Wier diary [manuscript], 1861-1863, 2006. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ballinger and Associates Collection MSS 0043., 1836-1907, 1854-1907 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter: to the Assistant Adjutant General, Headquarters of the Army / by Albert Sidney Johnston, 1857 Sep 11. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Albert Sidney Johnston genealogy letter, [19--?]. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Flanagan, James W., collector. J.W. Flanagan collection, 1760-1882, (bulk 1785-1849). San Jacinto Museum of History
referencedIn Confederate officers photograph album, n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Tidball, John C. (John Caldwell), 1825-1906. Reminiscence of John C. Tidball, undated. Library of Congress
referencedIn Cumming, Alfred, 1802-1873. Papers : 1792-1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Clendenen, Clarence C. (Clarence Clemens). The Column from California, 1972. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Wagstaff, David, 1910-. [Military manuscript collection]. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Young, Brigham, 1801-1877. Letter : to Colonel Kane / by Brigham Young, 1858 Oct 22. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Laura Ann Perry Friendship Book (MS 280), 1858-1870, 1858-1862 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Online Archive of California. Correspondence between Joseph H. Barnard and Stanley F. Horn, 1944 May 2 - May 27. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Mobley, Francis Lawton, 1836-1862. Francis Lawton Mobley Papers, 1861-1916, undated, 1861 - 1862. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn United States. Army. Dept. of Utah. Letters, 1857-1859. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn J. W. Flanagan collection MC019. 46996323., 1760-1882, (Bulk: 1785-1849) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Roberts, Dan Elmer. Papers. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
creatorOf Albert Sidney Johnston Collection GA18., 1828-1960, 1828-1863 Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family papers, 1823-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Biography -- Johnston, Albert Sidney. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Civil War Miscellany 66-054; 82-352; 87-036; 91-067; 91-179; 92-146; 2009-261., 1855-1894. Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864. Papers of Leonidas Polk, 1856-1868 (bulk 1861-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Broadside, ca. April 1862. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Cumming, Alfred, 1802-1873. Alfred Cumming papers, 1792-1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Lowry Family Photograph Album 89-268., ca. 1860s Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1802-1862. Letter, 1857 October 21, South Pass [to] Assistant Adjutant General, New York City. Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library
referencedIn Ballinger, William Pitt, 1825-1888. Ballinger, William Pitt, papers, 1815-1909. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn PH 1716, Young, Brigham 1801-1877. Brigham Young photographs circa 1860-1870 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm). Photograph of Albert Sidney Johnston, ca. 1840-1862. American Primers
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Special Orders No. 8, April 3, 1862. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Cumming, Alfred, 1793-1889. Correspondence. [microfilm]. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn Ferguson, Samuel Wragg, 1834-1917. Samuel Wragg Ferguson papers, 1857-1915. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Civil War miscellany, 1855-1891; 1855-1866. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Bollaert, William, 1807-1876. Notes : Cherokees Memos : to publish for an article on the Cherokees, 1843. Newberry Library
referencedIn Houston Endowment Texana collection MC042. 48149722., 1805-1936, (Bulk: 1839-1848) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
referencedIn Hunter, Malcolm Kenmore, 1837-1866. Hunter, Nathaniel Wych and Malcolm Kenmore, Family Papers, 1860-1877 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Civil War generals clipping files. ca. 1880-1920 (bulk). Porterville Public Library
creatorOf Porter, Lucia Chauncey. Correspondence, 1853-1917. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Quitman, F. Henry. F. Henry Quitman letter, 1862 Apr. 21. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Ayer, H. G., d. 1864. Diary, 1862. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Albert Sidney Johnston : miscellaneous papers, 1831-1859. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn James Family Papers 71-133; 85-097., 1865-1927 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Johnston, William Preston, 1831-1899. William Preston Johnston : miscellaneous papers, 1863-1898. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Confederate honor roll : [vertical file / artist unknown ; school of Howard Chandler Christy]. Morris Museum of Art Library
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Confederate States of America
Texas
Fort McKavett (Tex.)
Fort Crittenden (Utah)
Utah
South Pass (Wyo.)
Fort Belknap (Tex.)
Brazoria County (Tex.)
United States
Texas
United States
Fort Kearny
United States
Utah--Camp Floyd
Texas
Fort Mason (Mason, Tex.)
United States
United States
United States
Fort Mason (Tex.)
Mississippi
United States
Confederate States of America
Texas
Stephens County (Tex.)
Jefferson Barracks (Saint Louis, Mo.)
Camp floyd (Utah)
Fort Mason (Mason, Tex.)
Texas
Galveston (Tex.)
Texas
United States
Fort Chadbourne (Tex.)
United States
United States
Confederate States of America
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862
Fort Leavenworth (Kan.)
United States
Texas
Subject
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862--Sources
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources
Indians of North America--History--19th century
Military
Frontier and pioneer life
Mormons
Politics, Government, and Law
Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875
Utah Expedition, 1857-1858
Generals--United States--Correspondence
Generals--Correspondence
Indians of North America--History
Military Bases
Soldiers--History--Sources
Land grants
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862
Indians of North America
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
Soldiers--Utah--Fort Crittenden--History--Sources
Shiloh, Battle of, 1862--Sources
Generals--Biography
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Soldiers--19th century.--United States
Army officers
Soldiers--United States
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Birth 1803-02-02

Death 1862-04-06

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