Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967

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James M. Crawford was a linguist who mainly studied Native American languages, including Cocopa, Yuchi, and Mobilian trade language. He came to the field of linguistics halfway through his lifetime after pursuing a career in forestry in the West and Southwest. After receiving his PhD in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley, he returned to his birthplace, Georgia, where he taught in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Georgia at Athens.

From the guide to the Recordings of Native American languages, Bulk, 1963-1973, 1953, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1967-68, 1970-73, (American Philosophical Society)

Dell Hathaway Hymes, an anthropologist, linguist, and educator, is best known for his studies of the language and culture of Native Americans at the Warm Springs reservation in Central Oregon.

From the guide to the Introduction to Swadesh Book, The Origin and Diversification of Language, 1971, (American Philosophical Society)

Helen Heffron Roberts was a songwriter.

From the guide to the Songs, 1935-1955, of the Nootka Indians of Western Vancouver Island, 1935-1955, (American Philosophical Society)

A Wisconsin native, Lounsbury completed his undergraduate education at the University of Wisconsin - Madison, and took an MA degree there. He then went to Yale University and was awarded a Ph.D. for work on Oneida phonology and morphology in 1949. While in the Ph.D. program he started teaching, and remained at Yale for the rest of his career. Retiring in 1979, Lounsbury was appointed Sterling Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, a post he held until his death at age 84.

Influenced by his graduate advisor, Morris Swadesh, Lounsbury undertook (1939-1940) the WPA-funded Oneida Language and Folklore Project, Green Bay, Wisconsin. This work eventually culminated in his MA thesis and dissertation. Lounsbury undertook pioneering work in descriptive and comparative Iroquoian linguistics, and made very significant contributions to the decipherment of Maya hieroglyphic texts. He was also an important innovator in the formal analysis of kinship terminologies and structural semantics. Fieldwork was conducted among the Oneida and all other speakers of surviving Iroquoian languages, Natchez, two Mayan and six Brazilian Indian languages. Lounsbury was a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences (1969), and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1976) and American Philosophical Society (1987).

From the guide to the Floyd Glenn Lounsbury papers, ca. 1935-1998, Circa 1935-1998, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Whorf, Benjamin Lee, 1897-1941. Benjamin Lee Whorf papers, 1898-1957 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967. Papers, ca. 1915-1967. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967. [United States, Northwest Coast, Penutian, 1953] [sound recording] / collected by Morris Swadesh and Robert Melton. Indiana University, Archives of Traditional Music
referencedIn American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society, 1882-1958 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Introduction to Swadesh Book, The Origin and Diversification of Language, 1971 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960. A.L. Kroeber papers, 1869-1972. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985. Songs, 1935-1955, of the Nootka Indians of Western Vancouver Island. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dell H. Hymes Papers, 1947-1992 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986. Papers, 1836-1968. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn C. F. Voegelin Papers, 1934-1970 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Stories in Chitimacha, 1933, 1934 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Recordings on tape from originals given to the Library of Congress by the American Philosophical Society Library, 1936, 1948-1952, 1962 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Songs, 1935-1955, of the Nootka Indians of Western Vancouver Island, 1935-1955 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Lee Whorf papers, 1898-1971 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American Languages. Franz Boas Collection of Materials for American Linguistics, 1927-1942. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Floyd Glenn Lounsbury papers, ca. 1935-1998, Circa 1935-1998 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Recordings of Native American languages, Bulk, 1963-1973, 1953, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1967-68, 1970-73 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967. Nootka aspect (typescript) / by Morris Swadesh, circa 1930s. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Whorf, Benjamin Lee, 1897-1941. Benjamin Lee Whorf papers, 1914-1957 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960. A.L. Kroeber papers, 1869-1972. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn John Alden Mason Papers, 1904-1967 American Philosophical Society
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Angoon (Alaska)
Subject
Chitimacha Indians--Folklore
Cocopa Indians--Domestic life
Mobilian trade language
Cocopa language
Eagle dance
Navajo Indians
Yuchi Indians
Indians of Mexico--Languages--Writing
Mayan languages--Writing
Seneca Indians--Music
Nahuatl Indians--Folklore
Yuchi Indians--History
Coyote (Legendary character)--Legends
Cherokee language
Trail of Tears, 1838-1839
Biology--United States
Cocopa Indians--Folklore
Indians of North America--Music
Cocopa Indians--Social life and customs
Yuchi Indians--Social life and customs
Seneca Indians--Rites and ceremonies
Incas--Social life and customs
Koasati language
Embryology--United States
Morphology
Choctaw language
Navajo language
Songs, Papiamento
Yuki language
United States. Works Progress Administration
Indians of South America--Languages
Papiamento
Basket making
Creation--Mythology
Nootka Indians--Music
Shepherds--Folklore
Oneida Indians--Wisconsin
Infants--Language
Shoshoni language
Chickasaw language
Waimiri Indians--Social life and customs
Alabama Indians--Music
Illustrations--Color
Cocopa Indians--Music
Yavapai language
Marriage customs and rites--Russia
Indians of South America--Andes Region--Social life and customs
Chontal language--Dictionaries
Kumiai language
Tolowa language
Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
Mohave Indians--Music
Nootka Indians
Chitimacha language
Nootka language
Tlingit Indians--Music
Alabama language
Nootka Indians--Folklore
Oneida Indians
Indians of North America--Migrations
Tlingit Indians--History
Yavapai Indians--Music
Indians of Central America--Languages--Writing
Quechua Indians--Social life and customs
Lacandon Indians--Social life and customs
Alabama Indians--Folklore
Yuchi language
Iroquoian languages
Oneida language
Birds--Songs and music
Tolowa Indians--Music
Makah Indians--Folklore
Cocopa Indians--Education
Yuchi Indians--Educiation
Animals--Folklore
Russian language--Texts
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1909-01-22

Death 1967-07-20

Americans

Wakashan languages,

English

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