Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868

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Frederic Baraga was born on June 29, 1797 in a Slovene province of Dobrinic, Carniola, later known as Slovenia. After receiving his preparatory education in Ljubljana, where his talent for languages was marked, he studied law at the University of Vienna. Upon graduation in 1821 he broke his engagement to marry, renounced his inheritance, and entered Ljubljana's seminary. He was ordained September 21, 1823. In 1830 he emigrated to the United States, and devoted thirty- six years of his life to the Ojibwa and Ottawa. In 1843 he was apponted to the parish at L'Anse (Michigan) on Keweenaw Bay. His books on the grammar and vocabulary of the Ojibway language are still accepted as standard texts. He died on January 19, 1868.

From the description of The Frederic Baraga papers. 1831-1896. (Catholic University of America). WorldCat record id: 133154166

Missionary among the Chippewas in Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan (1831-1853). Consecrated a bishop in 1853, he served as Bishop of Sainte-Marie (1857-1865) and of Sault Sainte-Marie and Marquette (1865-1868).

From the description of Papers, 1809-1908. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 24960327

Baraga was born on June 29, 1797 in Slovenia, which was then part of the Austrian empire. He studied law at the University of Vienna, graduating in 1821. On Sept. 21, 1823, he was ordained a priest. In 1829 he applied to work as a missionary in the Diocese of Cincinnati, which included the states of Ohio and Michigan and the Territory of the Hurons to the west. He arrived in Cincinnati in 1831. He worked at Indian missions in Arbre Croche (now Harbor Springs, Mich.) and La Pointe (Wis.), and established missions at Grand River (now Grand Rapids, Mich.) and L'Anse (Mich.). Baraga wrote 32 books, including the first Chippewa (Ojibwa) grammar and dictionary, as well as prayer books and catechisms in Ottawa, Chippewa, French, German, English, and Slovenian. He was named Bishop of Michigan in 1852. His diocese then included Michigan's Upper Peninsula, a lot of the Lower Peninsula, northern Wisconsin, and the northern shore of Lake Superior, all of which he constantly visited. He died on Jan. 19, 1868. (Information from the Catholic Encyclopedia and the collection. The Clarke Historical Library also has a collection of his books.).

From the description of Papers, 1809-1908. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 43207715

Called the "Indian Apostle of the Northwest", Baraga served the Chippewas and the Ottawas in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and Wisconsin from 1831-1868. He studied the Chippewa language, translating religious books, and writing Theoretical and practical grammar of the Otchipwe language (1850), and Dictionary of the Otchipwe language (1853).

From the description of [Letter] : Sau[l]t Ste. Marie, Mich., to Mr. [James B.] Kirker, New York [N.Y.], 1859 Oct. 31. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 52851378

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Seelye, James E., Jr. A thesis entitled Bishop Baraga's Indians, c 2006. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn L'Etourneau, Joseph. Joseph L'Etourneau correspondence, 1833 May 31. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Lawe, John, 1780-1846. John Lawe papers, 1818-1832. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Gregorich, Joseph, 1889-. Joseph Gregorich collection. State Archive of Michigan
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. Papers, 1809-1908. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. The Frederic Baraga papers. Catholic University of America
referencedIn News and Information Services (University of Michigan) photograph series D (faculty and staff portraits), 1946-2006, 1950-1990 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Catholic Church. Diocese of Marquette (Mich.). Collection, 1808-1895 bulk 1839-1895. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Mackinac Island Collection, 1803-1992. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Murray, Nicholas F. Nicholas F. Murray papers, 1856-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. Frederic Baraga papers, 1828-1933 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Detroit (Mich.). Collection, 1797-1870. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Finotti, Joseph M. (Joseph Maria), 1817-1879. Papers, 1844-1881. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Crebassa, Peter 1807-1898. Peter Crebassa Collection, 1831-1891. Michigan Technological University, J.R. Van Pelt & Opie Library; Michigan Tech
creatorOf St. Joseph Mission (La Pointe, Wis.). Baptismal register, 1835-1854. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Church of the Holy Name (Assinins, Mich.). Church of the Holy Name records, 1843-1896. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Elliott, Richard R., 1823-1908. Richard R. Elliott papers, 1823-1908 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Floyd Glenn Lounsbury papers, ca. 1935-1998, Circa 1935-1998 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. [Letter] : Sau[l]t Ste. Marie, Mich., to Mr. [James B.] Kirker, New York [N.Y.], 1859 Oct. 31. Newberry Library
referencedIn Peter Barbeau papers, 1789-1909 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Bardon, John A., 1863-1940. John A. Bardon papers, 1845-1880, 1935. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Leopoldinen-stiftung im Kaisertume Österreich. Records, 1827-1916. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Northwest missions manuscripts and index., 1766-1926. Minnesota Historical Society
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. [Letters] to P.B. Barbeau / Bishop Frederic Baraga. Marquette County Historical Society
referencedIn Logan, Robert A., 1892-. Cree language studies, 1950-1972. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Hyma, Albert, 1893-1978. Papers, 1954-1972. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Nute, Grace Lee, 1895-1990,. Northwest missions manuscripts and index, 1766-1926. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Gust, Theresa. Father Baraga - Apostle of the Chippewas. 1843-1853. Typed manuscript complied by Theresa Gust, student at N.M.U. Marquette County Historical Society
referencedIn Barbeau, Peter. Papers [microform], 1789-1909. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Kotnik, Bertrand. Bertrand Kotnik notebook, 1975. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. Frederic Baraga correspondence and related papers, undated and 1797, 1835-1868, 1972. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Baraga, Frederic, 1797-1868. Papers, 1809-1908. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Baraga family. family
associatedWith Barbeau, Peter. person
associatedWith Barbeau, Peter Boisdore. person
associatedWith Bardon, John A., 1863-1940. person
associatedWith Bishop Baraga Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Bishop Baraga Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Detroit (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Diocese of Marquette (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Diocese of Sault Sainte Marie. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Diocese of Sault Sainte Marie-Marquette. corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Holy Name (Assinins, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Crebassa, Peter 1807-1898 person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Elliott, Richard R., 1823-1908 person
associatedWith Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 person
associatedWith Finotti, Joseph M. (Joseph Maria), 1817-1879. person
associatedWith Gust, Theresa. person
associatedWith Haas, Mary R., (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 person
associatedWith Haller, Joseph. person
associatedWith Hyma, Albert, 1893-1978. person
associatedWith Jacker, Edward, 1827- person
associatedWith Kirker, James B. person
associatedWith Kotnik, Bertrand. person
associatedWith Lawe, John, 1780-1846. person
associatedWith Lefevre, Peter Paul, 1804-1869. person
associatedWith Leopoldinen-stiftung im Kaisertume Österreich. corporateBody
associatedWith L'Etourneau, Joseph. person
associatedWith Logan, Robert A., 1892- person
associatedWith Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn person
associatedWith Murray, Nicholas F. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nute, Grace Lee, 1895-1990, person
associatedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. person
associatedWith Seelye, James E., Jr. person
associatedWith St. Joseph Mission (La Pointe, Wis.). corporateBody
associatedWith Sturtevant, William C. person
associatedWith Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862. person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Michigan Superintendency. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. News and Information Services corporateBody
associatedWith Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Wisconsin--La Pointe
Michigan--Grand Rapids
Grand Rapids (Mich.)
Ojibway (Mich.)
Michigan--L'Anse
United States
Michigan--Sault Sainte Marie
Mackinac Island (Mich. : Island)
Chippewa Tribe
Michigan--Marquette Region
Michigan--Harbor Springs
Sault Sainte Marie (Mich.)
Subject
Ojibwa Indians--Catechisms
Missionaries
Indians of North America--Missions
Missions
Ojibwa Indians--Missions
Ojibwa language--Grammar
Religion
Catholic Church
Ottawa Indians--Catechisms
Manuscripts, American
Occupation
Missionaries
Function

Person

Birth 1797-06-29

Death 1868-01-19

French

German,

Slovenian,

Latin,

Ojibwa,

French,

English

Information

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