Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976

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James M. Crawford was a linguist who mainly studied Native American languages, including Cocopa, Yuchi, and Mobilian trade language. He came to the field of linguistics halfway through his lifetime after pursuing a career in forestry in the West and Southwest. After receiving his PhD in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley, he returned to his birthplace, Georgia, where he taught in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Georgia at Athens.

From the guide to the Recordings of Native American languages, Bulk, 1963-1973, 1953, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1967-68, 1970-73, (American Philosophical Society)

Dorothea V. Kaschube is an anthropologist.

From the guide to the Crow Texts, 1978, (American Philosophical Society)

Harry Hoijer was an anthropologist and linguist.

From the description of Papers, 1930-1934, 1956. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122608814

Harry Hoijer was born to immigrant Swedish parents in Chicago in 1904. He studied mathematics and engineering at the University of Chicago (B.A. 1927) and only began his research into American Indian languages as a graduate student at the University of Chicago (M.A. 1929, Ph.D. 1931). He continued at Chicago as instructor in anthropology until 1940, when he was appointed Assistant Professor in the newly formed Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. At Chicago, Hoijer was most influenced by Edward Sapir, with whom he shared a lifelong professional association.

At UCLA, Hoijer was instrumental in developing the Graduate Program in Linguistics, chairing the interdepartmental program from 1959 to 1963, when the Department of Linguistics was established. His own affiliation at UCLA remained with the Department of Anthropology. With Ralph L. Beals he co-authored An Introduction to Anthropology (1953; 4th ed., 1971).

Hoijer was a visiting professor in regular and summer sessions at several universities, and taught in nine of the summer linguistic institutes sponsored by the Linguistic Society of America. From 1950 until his retirement he chaired the Committee on Research in American Indian Languages, sponsored by the American Council of Learned Societies. He served as President of the American Anthropological Association in 1958 and President of the Linguistic Society of America in 1959. He was also a consultant to the UNESCO Commission on Language and Mentality.

Hoijer placed his scholarship at the service of the community. He introduced a statement for the defense in the Sleepy Lagoon murder trial, refuting the prosecution's contention that the defendants had inherited a blood lust from the Aztec ancestors. He also joined the fight against the abusive and infamous Loyalty Oath controversy at the University of California, and was subpoenaed by the California Committee on Un-American Activities.

His many publications reflect his dedication to both linguistics and anthropology. His doctoral fieldwork on the Coahuiltecan language, Tonkawa, in Oklahoma resulted in the publication of an important sketch in the Handbook of American Indian Languages (1933). With the later publication of Tonkawa Texts (1972), Hoijer created a lasting testimony to Tonkawa culture. His later studies were concentrated on the Athapascan languages of the American Southwest and the Pacific Coast. Like the inaugural work on Tonkawa, they were the result of extensive fieldwork.

In addition to his own publications, Hoijer inherited a corpus of materials from Edward Sapir, as well as the responsibility of acting as Sapir's literary executor. The Navajo Lexicon published in 1974, was Hoijer's last major work. Like Navajo Texts (1942), it was the product of a collaboration between Hoijer and Sapir. Hoijer also served in editorial capacities on the International Journal of American Linguistics and the American Anthropologist .

An extensive bibliography of Hoijer's publications was published by William Bright in IJAL 30 (1964):169-174; this is supplemented by select bibliographies in two necrological essays: by Victoria Fromkin, in Language 53 (1977):169-173, and by Ralph L. Beals, in the American Anthropologist 79 (1977):105-110.

From the guide to the Harry Hoijer Collection, 1930-1976, Bulk, 1930-1934, 1930-1976, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Loucheux Recordings, 1964 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society, 1882-1958 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Merton, Robert King, 1910-2003. Letters-Manuscript, 1930-1952. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
creatorOf Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976. Papers, 1930-1934, 1956. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dell H. Hymes Papers, 1947-1992 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Recordings of Native American languages, Bulk, 1963-1973, 1953, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1967-68, 1970-73 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society [ACLS Collection], 1853, 1882-1959 American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Harry Hoijer Collection, 1930-1976, Bulk, 1930-1934, 1930-1976 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Crow Texts, 1978 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Materials Recorded at Copper Center, Alaska, 1968-1969 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbey, Aron person
associatedWith Albert, Christine person
associatedWith American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American Languages. corporateBody
associatedWith Bettisse, Fulton person
associatedWith Bullock, Matthew person
associatedWith Celestine, Phoebie person
associatedWith Cocopa, Mary person
associatedWith Couro, Ted person
associatedWith Crawford, James Mack, 1925-1989 person
associatedWith De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004 person
associatedWith Frank, Neddie person
associatedWith Frank, Seymour person
associatedWith Garcia, Florence person
associatedWith Gazzam, Warren person
associatedWith George, Mrs. person
associatedWith Haile, Berard, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Hayes, Lillian person
associatedWith Hayes, Victor person
associatedWith Hoijer, Dorothy person
associatedWith Huck, Charlie person
associatedWith Hymes, Dell H. person
associatedWith Imataichi, David person
associatedWith Jackson, Gil person
associatedWith Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Kaschube, Dorothea V. person
associatedWith King, Laura person
associatedWith Langley, Arzelie person
associatedWith Langley, Rosaline person
associatedWith Lavan, Leonard person
associatedWith Logan, Frank person
associatedWith Lopez, Sam person
associatedWith Lopez, Sam, Mrs. person
associatedWith Mandelbaum, David person
associatedWith McCall, Mary person
associatedWith Melton, Robert person
associatedWith Merton, Robert King, 1910-2003. person
associatedWith Miller, Hope person
associatedWith Miller, Sam person
associatedWith Miller, Wick R. person
associatedWith Ostrander, H. J. person
associatedWith Poncho, Maggie person
associatedWith Pulte, William person
associatedWith Sandoval, Chic person
associatedWith Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939. person
associatedWith Sapir, Edward and Harry Hoijer person
associatedWith Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 person
associatedWith Thomas, Esther person
associatedWith Thomas, Frank person
associatedWith Thomas, Josephine person
associatedWith Thomas, Mary person
associatedWith Thomas, Vivian person
associatedWith Timms, Lester person
associatedWith Timms, Lester, Mrs. person
associatedWith Turner, Paul R., 1929- person
associatedWith Turner, Shirley person
associatedWith Uldall, Hans Jørgen, 1907-1957 person
associatedWith Underwood, Isaac person
correspondedWith Unidentified correspondent person
associatedWith University of Chicago. corporateBody
associatedWith Wildcat, Nancy person
associatedWith Woodward, Frederick person
associatedWith Zárate, Clemente person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Koasati language
Chiricahua language
Alabama Indians--Folklore
Mescalero language
Indians of Mexico--Languages
Cherokee language
Crow Indians
Cocopa Indians--Domestic life
Navajo Indians
Mobilian trade language
Shoshoni language
Coyote (Legendary character)--Legends
Yavapai Indians--Music
Russian language--Texts
Galice language
Chiricahua Apache language
Gwich'in language
Crow language
Yuchi Indians
Yavapai language
Cocopa Indians--Music
Trail of Tears, 1838-1839
Yuki language
Kumiai language
Cocopa language
Choctaw language
Tolowa Indians--Music
Yuchi Indians--Educiation
Cocopa Indians--Education
Tolowa language
Cocopa Indians--Social life and customs
Navajo language
Crow Indians--Social life and customs
Indians of North America--Languages
Chickasaw language
Jicarilla language
Yuchi language
Mohave Indians--Music
Alabama Indians--Music
Athapascan languages
Carrier language
Cocopa Indians--Folklore
Alabama language
Yuchi Indians--History
Yuchi Indians--Social life and customs
Sarsi language
Chontal language--Dictionaries
San Carlos Apache language
Lipan Apache language
Birds--Songs and music


Birth 1904-09-06

Death 1976-03-04



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