Texas A&M University

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The history of Texas A&M University, the first public institution of higher education in Texas, began in 1871, when the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas was established as a land-grant college by the Texas Legislature. Classes began on October 4, 1876. Although Texas A&M was originally scheduled to be established under the Texas Constitution as a branch of the yet-to-be-created University of Texas, subsequent acts of the Texas Legislature never gave the university any authority over Texas A&M. In 1875, the Legislature separated the administrations of A&M and the University of Texas, which still existed only on paper.

For much of its first century, enrollment at Texas A&M was restricted to men who were willing to participate in the Corps of Cadets and receive military training. During this time, a limited number of women were allowed to attend classes but forbidden from gaining a degree. During World War I, 49% of A&M graduates were in military service, and in 1918, the senior class was mustered into military service to fight in France. During World War II, Texas A&M produced over 20,000 combat troops, contributing more officers than both the United States Military Academy and United States Naval Academy combined.

Shortly after World War II, the Texas Legislature redefined Texas A&M as a university and the flagship school of the Texas A&M University System, making official the school's status as a clear and separate institution from the University of Texas. In the 1960s, the state legislature renamed the school Texas A&M University, with the "A&M" becoming purely symbolic. Under the leadership of James Earl Rudder, the school became racially integrated and coeducational. Membership in the Corps of Cadets became voluntary.

In the second half of the 20th century, the university was recognized for its research with the designations sea-grant university and space-grant university. The school was further honored in 1997 with the establishment of the George Bush Presidential Library on the western edge of the campus.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Robert Teague Milner Papers 1930., 1852-1913 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Hildebrand, Ira P. (Ira Polk), 1876-1944. Ira Polk Hildebrand papers, ca. 1883-1944. University of Texas, Tarlton Law Library, Jamail Center for Legal Research
referencedIn Kirkbride, Chalmer G., (Chalmer Gatlin), 1906-1998. Oral history interview with Chalmer G. Kirkbride 1993 July 15 Chemical Heritage Foundation, Othmer Library of Chemical History
referencedIn Inventory of the Ide Peebles Trotter Papers TAMU MSS 00101., 1922-1964 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Deep Sea Drilling Project. Publications, 1985-1992. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Batts (Robert Lynn) Papers, 1820-1935, 1949 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Horton, Mildred Francis, 1895-1998. Mildred Francis Horton papers, 1913-1960. Texas Woman's University Library, Mary Evelyn Blagg-Huey Library
referencedIn Southwest Athletic Conference Records, S 1254. 1., 1914-1996 and undated Southwest Collection/Special Collections Libary, Texas Tech University
referencedIn Oskar Morgenstern papers, 1866-1992 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Inventory of the Samuel Erson Asbury Papers Texas MSS 00044., 1872-1960 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Malcom Black papers 2007-009., 1860-1923, 1989 Austin Seminary Archives, Stitt Library, Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
referencedIn Cole, James Reid, 1839-1917. Cole, James Reid, papers, 1852-1926 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Cox, Frank W. I bleed maroon / by Frank W. Cox III ; foreword by Randy Matson. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Martin, Sam L. (Samuel Lawton), 1901-1961. Martin, Sam L., papers, 1926-1956 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Inventory of the John Q. Anderson Papers TAMU MSS 00040., 1953-1966 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Anderson, John Q. Papers, 1953-1966. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Inventory of the American Association of Housing Educators Records TAMU ARCH 00038., 1965-1989 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Cole, James Reid Papers 1939; 1941; 1954., 1852-1926 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Spilhaus, Athelstan. Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1988. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Levin, Harry. Harry Levin Papers. 1920-1995. Houghton Library
referencedIn Edmundson, Clarence. Clarence S. "Hec" Edmundson scrapbooks, 1904-1955. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Inventory of the the Mariposa Ranch Papers Dykes MSS 00082., 1890-1962 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Nance, Joseph Milton. Nance, Joseph Milton, papers, 1875-1994 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Kelsey, Mavis Parrott, 1912-. Papers of Mavis Parrott Kelsey, M.D. : manuscript collection no. 50 of the Harris County Medical Archive / Mavis P. Kelsey, 1870-1986. Houston Academy of Medicine, Texas Medical Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library
referencedIn Asbury, Samuel E. (Samuel Erson), 1872-1962. Papers, 1872-1960. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Groot, Pieter, reminiscences 93-255., [ca. 1976] Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Inventory of the Sterling C. Evans Papers: TAMU MSS 00135., 1845-1996 (bulk: 1939-2001) Cushing Memorial Library,
creatorOf Agricultural Chemicals Conference. Collection, 1955-1957, 1961. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Inventory of the Henry C. Dethloff Papers TAMU MSS 00062., 1970-1976 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn William Pahlmann Associates. Publicity books of William Pahlmann Associates, 1936-1976. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Economic History of Indiana in the Twentieth Century, 1976-1980 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Inventory of the Texas A & M University Academic Council Records TAMU ARCH 00001., 1946-1985 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Weiner, Lawrence, papers 91-090; 92-050; 92-129; 92-222; 93-180; 94-095., 1958-1994 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Moore, Henry, Mrs., 1884-. Oral history interview with Mrs. Henry Moore, 1970 March 13. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Batts, R. L. (Robert Lynn), 1864-1935. Batts, Robert Lynn, papers, 1885-1935. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Prairie View A & M University. General historical records, 1935-1989. Prairie View A&M University, John B. Coleman Library
referencedIn Traxler, Ralph N. Autobiography, ca. 1965. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Dethloff, Henry C. The Henry Dethloff Texas A&M University Centennial History. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Lagow, Charles M., 1909-. Oral history interview with Charles M. Lagow, 2000 October 11. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Inventory of the William A. Owens Papers (Part Two) LIT/Owens MSS 00089., 1940-1980 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Martin, Sam L. papers 98-265., 1926-1956 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Briscoe, Allen Lee, 1945-. Oral history interview with Lee Briscoe, 2006 November 22. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Dugan, Haynes W. The great class of 1934, Texas A&M. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Goree, Langston James, V. Goree, Langston James, V, papers, 1952-1992; 1977-1992. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Indian-American Community in Fort Wayne, 1999-2000 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Elgin-Butler Brick Company drawings, 1959-1980 Alexander Architectural Archive, The University of Texas at Austin.
referencedIn Puryear family. Puryear family papers, 1889-1940 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Albert Starke Drischell collection, Drischell, Albert Starke collection, 1943-1945 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Langford, Ernest, 1891-1981. [Here we'll build the college manuscript collection.] Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Inventory of the H. O. Kelly Correspondence Dykes MSS 00111., 1948-1990; bulk 1948-1958 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Langford, Ernest, 1891-1981. [Getting the college under way manuscript collection.]. Texas A&M University, Evans Library & Annex; Main campus library complex
referencedIn Weiner, Lawrence, 1932-. Weiner, Lawrence, papers, 1958-1994 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Inventory of the Mercurio Martinez Papers Texas MSS 00083 ., 1767-1963 (bulk: 1910-1963) Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Wallace, Barton B., Jr., 1925-. Oral history interview with Barton B. Wallace, Jr., 2003 September 19. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Inventory of the Francis C. Turner Papers TAMU ARCH 00126., 1929-1997 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics. World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) (Geophysics and Oceanography): Oral history interviews, 1992-1994. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn "Oceanography: The Making of a Science" Videotapes, 2000 Oregon State University University Archives
referencedIn Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008. On the occasion of the 80th birthday celebration for Clarence Melvin Zener, 1985. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Runge, J. Forrest, 1892-1963. Papers, 1876-1970. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn William Pahlmann Associates. Client photo presentation books of Wiliam Pahlmann Associates, 1935-1976 (bulk 1946-1968). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Rose Archibald Johnson Papers 75-58., 1830-1903 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Reiff, Joan Hunter. Joan Hunter Reiff letters, 1949-1952. Texas Woman's University Library, Mary Evelyn Blagg-Huey Library
referencedIn Anderson, John Q. John Q. Anderson papers, 1953-1980. Stephen F. Austin State University, East Texas Research Center
referencedIn Dale, Rick, 1955-. Oral history interview with Rick Dale, 2007 November 26. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics. Warm Core Rings (WCR) (Geophysics and Oceanography): Oral history interviews, 1992-1994. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn Cooper, Oscar Henry. Cooper, Oscar Henry, papers, 1880-1932, 1940 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Van Overbeek, Will. Van Overbeek, Will, photographs, 1980-1982. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Records, 1960-1980, (bulks 1967-1974). Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Tri-University Consortium. Tri-University Consortium Annual report, 1974-1975. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Inventory of the William A. Owens Papers (Part One) LIT/Owens MSS 00088., 1922-1979 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Milner, Robert Teague. Robert Teague Milner Papers, 1852-1913 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Inventory of the E. J. Kyle Papers TAMU MSS 00078., 1902-1957. Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Inventory of the Samuel Erson Asbury Papers Texas MSS 00044., 1872-1960 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Inventory of the Jesse L. Easterwood Notebook: TAMU MSS 00139 ., 26 Jan. 1908-6 Feb. 1909 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Atkins, Irvin Milburn, 1904-. Oral history interview with Irvin M. Atkins, 1986 March 14. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Groot, Pieter, 1926-. Groot, Pieter, reminiscences, [ca. 1976] University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Calvert, Hugh W., 1918-. Oral history interview with Hugh W. Calvert, 2003 September 10. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Rose, Archibald Johnson. Rose Archibald Johnson Papers, 1830-1903 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Cooper, Oscar Henry Papers 1936., 1880-1932, 1940 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Nance, Joseph Milton, Papers 97-036; 97-143., 1875-1994 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agricultural Chemicals Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of Housing Educators corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics. corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, John Q. person
associatedWith Anderson, John Q. person
associatedWith Anderson, John Q. person
correspondedWith Asbury, Samuel E. (Samuel Erson), 1872-1962 person
associatedWith Asbury, Samuel E. (Samuel Erson), 1872-1962 person
associatedWith Asbury, Samuel E. (Samuel Erson), 1872-1962. person
associatedWith Atkins, Irvin Milburn, 1904- person
associatedWith Batts, R. L. (Robert Lynn), 1864-1935 person
associatedWith Batts, R. L. (Robert Lynn), 1864-1935 person
associatedWith Batts, R. L. (Robert Lynn), 1864-1935. person
associatedWith Black, Malcom, 1854-1948. corporateBody
associatedWith Briscoe, Allen Lee, 1945- person
associatedWith Calvert, Hugh W., 1918- person
associatedWith Cole, James Reid person
associatedWith Cole, James Reid, 1839-1917. person
associatedWith Cooper, Oscar Henry person
associatedWith Cooper, Oscar Henry person
associatedWith Cox, Frank W. person
associatedWith Dale, Rick, 1955- person
associatedWith Deep Sea Drilling Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Dethloff, Henry C. person
associatedWith Dethloff, Henry C. person
associatedWith Drischell family family
associatedWith Dugan, Haynes W. person
associatedWith Easterwood, Jesse L. person
associatedWith Edmundson, Clarence. person
associatedWith Elgin-Butler Brick Company corporateBody
associatedWith Evans, Sterling C. person
associatedWith Goree, Langston James, V. person
associatedWith Groot, Pieter, 1926- person
associatedWith Groot, Pieter, 1926-. person
associatedWith Hildebrand, Ira P. (Ira Polk), 1876-1944. person
associatedWith Horton, Mildred Francis, 1895-1998. person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Kelly, Harold Osman, 1884-1955 person
associatedWith Kelsey, Mavis Parrott, 1912- person
associatedWith Kirkbride, Chalmer G., (Chalmer Gatlin), 1906-1998 person
associatedWith Kyle, Edwin Jackson, 1876- person
associatedWith Kyle, Edwin Jackson, 1876- person
associatedWith Kyle, Edwin Jackson, 1876- person
associatedWith Lagow, Charles M., 1909- person
associatedWith Langford, Ernest, 1891-1981. person
associatedWith Langford, Ernest, 1891-1981. person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
correspondedWith Mariposa Hacienda (Mexico) person
correspondedWith Mariposa Hacienda (Mexico) person
associatedWith Martinez, Mercurio person
associatedWith Martin, Sam L. (Samuel Lawton), 1901-1961 person
associatedWith Martin, Sam L. (Samuel Lawton), 1901-1961. person
associatedWith Milner, Robert Teague person
associatedWith Milner, Robert Teague person
associatedWith Moore, Henry, Mrs., 1884- person
associatedWith Morgenstern, Oskar, 1902- person
associatedWith Nance, Joseph Milton person
associatedWith Nance, Joseph Milton person
correspondedWith Owens, William A., 1905- person
correspondedWith Owens, William A., 1905- person
correspondedWith Owens, William A., 1905- person
associatedWith Prairie View A & M University. corporateBody
associatedWith Puryear family. family
associatedWith Reiff, Joan Hunter. person
associatedWith Rose, Archibald Johnson, 1830-1903 person
associatedWith Runge, J. Forrest, 1892-1963. person
associatedWith Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008. person
associatedWith Southwest Conference (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Spilhaus, Athelstan. person
associatedWith Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas A & M University. Academic Council person
associatedWith Traxler, Ralph N. person
associatedWith Tri-University Consortium. corporateBody
correspondedWith Trotter, Ide Peebles, 1895- person
associatedWith Trotter, Ide Peebles, 1895- person
associatedWith Turner, Francis Cutler, 1908- person
associatedWith Van Overbeek, Will. person
associatedWith Wallace, Barton B., Jr., 1925- person
associatedWith Weiner, Lawrence, 1932- person
associatedWith Weiner, Lawrence, 1932-. person
associatedWith William Pahlmann Associates. corporateBody
associatedWith William Pahlmann Associates. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
College Station TX US
Subject
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Establishment 1871-04-17

Information

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