Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005

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Rosa Louis Lee Parks (1913-2005) became an icon of the civil rights movement after she was arrested and jailed for refusing to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus in 1955. Her courage led to the Montgomery bus boycott and eventual court order outlawing segregation and discrimination on buses in that city. She was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal, the United States' highest civilian honor, in July of 1999.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Posters Commemorating the Establishment of the Federal District Court System Under the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1789 - 1789 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Metcalf, George R., 1914-. George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Dannett, Sylvia G. L., 1909-. Sylvia G.L. Dannett papers, 1900-1965. Livingstone College, Andrew Carnegie Library
referencedIn She's Nobody's Baby collection, 1980-1987 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). Ethnic Heritage Studies: Developing a Programmed Literature Unit. Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies Library
referencedIn Alabama. Attorney General's Office. Montgomery Bus Boycott trial transcript, 1956. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.). Highlander Folk School Audio Collection. Auburn University.
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Distinguished visitors clippings 1903-2007. Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Papers of Ruth Batson, (inclusive), (bulk), 1919-2003, 1951-2003 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Clark, Septima Poinsette, 1898-1987. Interview [sound recording], 1973. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom John F. Kennedy Library
creatorOf Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. Reminiscences of Rosa Louise McCauley Parks : oral history, 1978. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Horton, Myles, 1905-1990. Papers, 1851-1990. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. Interview with Rosa Parks : oral history transcript / tape recorded interview conducted by Marcia M. Greenlee in 1978. Black Women Oral History Project, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978-1984. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Associated Press. [Photograph of Rosa Parks] [picture] / Associated Press. Shenandoah University, Alson H. Smith, Jr. Library
referencedIn The Militant Mood: A Gallery of Black Activists Reviews the Civil Rights Decade United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Civil Cases. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Aurelia S. Browder et al. v. W. A. Gayle et al., No. 1147. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Police Report on Arrest of Rosa Parks
referencedIn Lola M. Jones videotapes, 1983-1995 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Ingram, Judith Allen. Marymal Dryden--Judith Allen Ingram collection 1985-1995. Georgia State University
creatorOf Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. Rosa L. Parks papers, 1955-1976. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Borman Family Papers, 1923-1991, 1960-1987 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Sturkey, Don. Don Sturkey photographic materials, 1951-1989. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Robinson, Bernice, 1914-1994. Bernice V. Robinson papers, 1957-1985 (bulk 1960-1980). College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Highlander Research and Education Center (Knoxville, Tenn.). Highlander Research and Education Center collection, 1937-1938 and undated [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Borman family. Borman family photograph series. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn Probate Case File on Parks, Rosa United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. Mayor Norman Rice photographs, 1990-1997. Seattle Municipal Archives
referencedIn Rabin, Jack, 1945-. Jack Rabin collection on Alabama civil rights and southern activists, 1941-2004 (bulk 1956-1974). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Black Women Oral History Project. Records, 1976-1997 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dawes Enrollment Jacket for Cherokee, Cherokee by Blood, Card #10543 United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn Lane, Artis. The Beginning. University of Kansas Archives / MSS / Rare Books, Kenneth Spencer Research Library
referencedIn Black Women Oral History Project. Interviews, 1976-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Lithograph, "The Beginning, " n.d., n.d. University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Kansas Collection.
referencedIn Phenix, Lucy Massie. "You got to move" research files, 1979-1983. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Montgomery Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People minutes, 1954-1955. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Civil Cases. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Aurelia S. Browder et al. v. W. A. Gayle et al., No. 1147
referencedIn Clark, Septima Poinsette, 1898-1987. Septima P. Clark papers, ca. 1910-ca. 1990. College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn ADF Reception/Program: Guests Rosa Parks and Carol Rowan United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Headquarters Photographic Assignment File Documenting Agency Officials, Events, and Facilities, 1968 - 12/14/2004 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. Rosa Parks : file of newspaper clippings and micellanea. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Civil Cases. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Aurelia S. Browder et al. v. W. A. Gayle et al., No. 1147. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Diagram of the Bus Showing Where Rosa Parks Was Seated
referencedIn Gioffre, Marisa. Bread and roses : a documentary play with music on the history of American women from the 19th century to the present : typescript, 1975. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Photographic Prints of the "New Freedom Bell Trail" and of U.S. Constitution Bicentennial Celebrations, 1987 - 1987 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Brown, Jeanetta Welch, 1910-. Papers, 1946-1987 (bulk 1961-1976). Bureau of National Affairs Library
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Civil Cases. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Aurelia S. Browder et al. v. W. A. Gayle et al., No. 1147. 9/1938 - 11/26/1968. Fingerprint Card of Rosa Parks
referencedIn June 3, 1973 - Alabama State Commencement Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Cummings, Charles H. Rosa Parks scrapbook, 1955-1956. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster. Transcript of oral history, 1974. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Carter, Eugene W., b.1894. Montgomery bus boycott papers, 1956-1957. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster. Papers: Series II, 1929-1991 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn [Rosa Parks jigsaw kit] North Central College, Oesterle Library
referencedIn Papers, 1919-1991 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Moody, Mary Edith, 1926-. Mary Edith Moody oral history interview, 2002. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Feldman, Eugene. Papers, 1856-1978. Alabama Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990 person
associatedWith African Methodist Episcopal Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Attorney General's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America. Black Women Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Black Women Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Black Women Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Borman family. family
associatedWith Borman Family family
associatedWith Brown, Jeanetta Welch, 1910- person
associatedWith Carter, Eugene W., b.1894. person
associatedWith Clark, Septima Poinsette, 1898-1987. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Conyers, John, 1929- person
associatedWith Cummings, Charles H. person
correspondedWith Dannett, Sylvia G. L., 1909- person
correspondedWith Davis, Angela Yvonne, 1944- person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster. person
associatedWith Feldman, Eugene. person
associatedWith Gioffre, Marisa. person
associatedWith Greenlee, Marcia M. person
associatedWith Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Highlander Research and Education Center (Knoxville, Tenn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Horton, Myles, 1905-1990. person
associatedWith Ingram, Judith Allen. person
correspondedWith Jackson, Jesse, 1941- person
associatedWith Jones, Lola M. person
correspondedWith King, Coretta Scott, 1927-2006 person
associatedWith Lane, Artis. person
honoredBy March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (1963 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Metcalf, George R., 1914- person
associatedWith Michigan State University. Libraries. American Radicalism Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Moody, Mary Edith, 1926- person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith Phenix, Lucy Massie. person
associatedWith Rabin, Jack, 1945- person
associatedWith Robinson, Bernice, 1914-1994. person
associatedWith Ruth Batson person
associatedWith Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. corporateBody
associatedWith Sturkey, Don. person
associatedWith Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.) corporateBody
associatedWith Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs. corporateBody
correspondedWith Young, Coleman A. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Detroit MI US
Montgomery AL US
Tuskegee AL US
Subject
African Americans--Civil rights
Segregation in transportation--History--20th century
Segregation
Archival resources
Discrimination in public accommodation
Civil rights demonstrations
African American women--Biography
Civil rights workers--Interviews
Civil rights movement
Civil rights movements--History--20th century
African Americans--Segregation
Race discrimination
Occupation
African American civil rights workers
Function

Person

Birth 1913-02-04

Death 2005-10-24

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w63k42x2

SNAC ID: 83277179