Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904

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John Brown Gordon (1832-1904), Confederate General, Georgia Governor (1886-1890), and U.S. Senator (1873-1880, 1891-1897), born in Upson County, Georgia.

From the description of Letters to Henry F. Emery, 1901-1903. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478315

One of Georgia's most renowned political and military figures of the nineteenth century, John Brown Gordon was born on a plantation situated along the banks of the Flint River in Upson County on February 6, 1832. As a child he moved with his family to Walker County, in the northwestern corner of the state, where his father operated a coal mine. Gordon attended the University of Georgia, achieving senior status in only two years (1851-52). He held the highest grade point average of his class but inexplicably dropped out before graduation. Moving to Atlanta in 1854, Gordon married and read law but attracted few clients, forcing him to return to his father's mine, which he was managing when the Civil War erupted in 1861. ... He won election as governor of Georgia (1886-90) and again as a U.S. senator (1891-97). Along with former Confederate leaders Alfred H. Colquitt and Joseph E. Brown, Gordon formed the so-called Bourbon Triumvirate, which dominated Georgia politics for nearly a quarter of a century." - "John B. Gordon." New Georgia Encyclopedia. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org (Retrieved August 1, 2008)

From the description of John B. Gordon letter, 1890. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 276867637

Confederate Army officer and U.S. Senator, from Atlanta, Ga.

From the description of Papers, 1872-1949; (bulk 1877-1899). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19657405

United States senator from Georgia.

From the description of Autograph document signed : [n.p.], to the President [Cleveland?], [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269561380

From the description of Autograph letter signed on U.S. Senate Chamber stationery : "Kirkwood," to an unidentified judge, [no year] June 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269577330

Born in Upson City, Ga.; lawyer; enlisted as captain, Company I, 6th Alabama Infantry in 1861; promoted to major general (14 May 1864) and commanded Early's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.

From the description of Autograph letter signed, 1864 May 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70972828

From the description of John Brown Gordon Civil War letter, 1864 May 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 166428734

John Brown Gordon (1832-1904) was a soldier and statesman. Gordon was born in Upson County, Georgia to Rev. Zacharian Herndon Gordon and Melinda Cox. His great great-grandfather, Adam Gordon, emigrated from Aberdeenshire, Scotland in 1760, settling near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Gordon studied at the University of Georgia in 1853. However, he did not graduate. He studied law privately, and was admitted to the Georgia bar, practicing law in Atlanta, Georgia. Gordon was involved in the development of coal mines in northwest Georgia. In 1854, he married Fanny Haralson of Lagrange, Georgia. Gordon was elected captain of the "Racoon Roughs," a company of mountaineers, who went to the front in Virginia during the Civil War. Fanny accompanied Gordon throughout the war. In 1862, Gordon was promoted to Brigadier General and Major General in 1864. Near the end of the war, Gordon was promoted to Lieutenant General, one of only three Georgians to reach that rank at the time. During the war, he commanded the Second Army Corps which formed one wing of Lee's army at Appomattox. Gordon was involved in the Battles of Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Spotsylvania. Following the war, Gordon resumed his law practice in Atlanta. In 1868, he accepted the democratic nomination for Governor, but lost to R. B. Bullock. Gordon served in the U. S. Senate in 1873-1880 and 1891-1897. He was Governor of the State of Georgia from 1886-1890.

From the description of John Brown Gordon letter, 1898. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 47188690

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf McCabe, W. Gordon (William Gordon), 1841-1920. Papers of W. Gordon McCabe [manuscript], 1757-1920. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fleming, William Henry. William Henry Fleming Papers, 1877-1882. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
creatorOf Colquitt, Alfred Holt, 1824-1894. Letter signed : Atlanta, Georgia, to Senator John B. Gordon, 1877 Mar. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Papers, 1872-1949; (bulk 1877-1899). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Letter, to Henry Whitney Cleveland, Savannah, Ga., regarding his request for Federal patronage [manuscript] 1880 May 28. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Drew family. Papers, 1856-1975. Florida State Archive
referencedIn Ash, John H., d. 1918. John H. Ash papers, 1860-1865. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Hatcher, Thurston. Thurston Hatcher Photographs circa 1916, 1948-1952 Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn United Confederate Veterans. United Confederate Veterans collection, 1891-1906 (bulk 1903-1906). Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Thomas F. Bayard Papers, 1780-1899, (bulk 1860-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gordon, Armistead C. (Armistead Churchill), 1855-1931,. Miscellaneous Virginia letters [manuscript], 1821, 1905, 1911. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. John B. Gordon letter, 1890. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Hotchkiss, Jedediah, 1828-1899. Jedediah Hotchkiss papers, 1835-1908 (bulk 1875-1898). Library of Congress
referencedIn Historical events-- artifacts, 1750-1945. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn The cipher dispatches : scrapbook, 1876-1879. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf McDaniel, Henry D. (Henry Dickerson), 1836-1926. Henry Dickerson McDaniel business and political records, 1822-1935 (bulk 1877-1902). Georgia Department of Archives and History Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Autograph letter signed, 1864 May 27. Navarro College
creatorOf Tyler, John, 1819-1896. Papers, 1825-1928, 1856-1895. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Sparks, William Tennis, 1849-. Autobiography of William Tennis Sparks, 1933. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon family. John Brown Gordon family papers, [ca. 1841-1979]. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Physician's ledger and Georgia woman's scrapbook, 1848-1864 and 1885-1896. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Autograph document signed : [n.p.], to the President [Cleveland?], [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Featherston, Lucius Horace, 1814-1886. Papers, 1877-1900 bulk 1880-1882. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Jedediah Hotchkiss Papers, 1835-1908, (bulk 1875-1898) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Letter to Mr. Hemphill [manuscript], 1899 May 13. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Civil War veteran cabinet card [picture] 1896. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Felton, Rebecca Latimer, 1835-1930. Rebecca Latimer Felton papers 1851-1930. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. John Brown Gordon Civil War letter, 1864 May 27. Navarro College
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Photographs of Confederate officers, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hambleton, James P. (James Pinkney), 1830-1897. James P. Hambleton papers, 1857-1893. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Hammond, Isaac,. Collection, 1839-1875 (bulk 1861-1865). Library of Virginia
referencedIn Bruce, Martha Anna, fl. 1898,. Original manucripts from the Valley of the Shadow administrative files [manuscript], 1855, 1869, 1898. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Speer, E.A. E.A. Speer photographs of John B. Gordon funeral procession, 1904. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Diary, 1899-1900. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1821-1919 (inclusive), 1892-1898 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883. Alexander Hamilton Stephens papers, 1784-1886 (bulk 1850-1883). Library of Congress
referencedIn Turner, W. R. Map showing roads used by General Lee in his retreat from Richmond and Petersburg and General Grant's advance on Appomattox. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. John Brown Gordon letter, 1898. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Barksdale, Nelson,. Papers of the Proctors of the University of Virginia [manuscript] 1819-1905. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brown, Armstead, b.1875. Family photographs, 1880-1951. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Letters to Henry F. Emery, 1901-1903. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Johnstone Family. Papers, 1753-1989. Francis Marion University, James A Rogers Library, James A. Rogers Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Letter : Atlanta, Ga., to Mr. Hemphill, 1899 May 13. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Autograph letter signed on U.S. Senate Chamber stationery : "Kirkwood," to an unidentified judge, [no year] June 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Culberson, A. B., fl. 1875. Autograph letter signed : Atlanta, to John B. Gordon, 1875 Jan. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Carrington Family papers, 1749-1929 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Special order (unnumbered) : to Col. T.M.R. Talcott, commanding the engineering forces : manuscript signed for General Lee by his adjutant, W.H. Taylor, 1865 Apr. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rigby, William Titus, 1841-1929. Papers of William Titus Rigby, 1839-1988. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Alexander Hamilton Stephens Papers, 1784-1886, (bulk 1850-1883) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Early family. Papers, 1764-1956. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898. Thomas F. Bayard papers, 1780-1899 (bulk 1860-1898). Library of Congress
creatorOf Gordon, John Brown, 1832-1904. Letter, 1902 Nov. 17, Atlanta, Ga., to Harold G. Rugg / J.B. Gordon. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn United Confederate Veterans. N.B. Forrest Camp. United Confederate Veterans, N.B. Forrest Camp collection, 1885-1941. Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Library
referencedIn Confederate officers photograph album, n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Twiggs, Hansford Dade Duncan, 1837-1917. H. D. D. Twiggs diaries, 1883-1888. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Orr family. Orr family papers, 1825-1970. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Ash, John H., d. 1918. person
correspondedWith Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898. person
associatedWith Brown, Armstead, b.1875. person
associatedWith Callaway, James. person
associatedWith Carrington family family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908, person
associatedWith Cleveland, Henry Whitney, person
associatedWith Colquitt, Alfred Holt, 1824-1894. person
correspondedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army of Northern Virginia. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army of Northern Virginia. Corps, 2nd. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate Survivors Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Culberson, A. B., fl. 1875. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Drew family. family
associatedWith Early family. family
associatedWith Emery, Henry Faison, b. 1848. person
associatedWith Featherston, Lucius Horace, 1814-1886. person
associatedWith Felton, Rebecca Latimer, 1835-1930. person
associatedWith Fleming, William Henry. person
correspondedWith Frierson, Sarah person
associatedWith Gordon family. family
associatedWith Hambleton, James P. (James Pinkney), 1830-1897. person
associatedWith Hammond, Isaac, person
associatedWith Hatcher, Thurston. family
associatedWith Hemphill, George, Mr., fl. 1899, person
associatedWith Hemphill, Mr., fl. 1899, person
correspondedWith Hotchkiss, Jedediah, 1828-1899. person
associatedWith Johnstone Family. family
associatedWith Jones, Charles C. (Charles Colcock), 1831-1893. person
associatedWith Lathrop, Stanley Edwards, person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Louisville and Nashville Railroad corporateBody
associatedWith McCabe, W. Gordon (William Gordon), 1841-1920. person
associatedWith McDaniel, Henry D. (Henry Dickerson), 1836-1926. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Orr family. family
correspondedWith Pendleton, Alexander Swift, 1840-1864 person
correspondedWith Pendleton, William Nelson, 1809-1883 person
associatedWith Rigby, William Titus, 1841-1929. person
associatedWith Rugg, Harold Goddard, 1883-1957. person
associatedWith Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931. person
associatedWith Sparks, William Tennis, 1849- person
associatedWith Speer, E.A. person
correspondedWith Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883. person
associatedWith Thomas, Edward Lloyd, d. 1898. person
associatedWith Turner, W. R. person
associatedWith Twiggs, Hansford Dade Duncan, 1837-1917. person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1819-1896. person
associatedWith United Confederate Veterans. corporateBody
correspondedWith United Confederate Veterans. N.B. Forrest Camp. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Wingate, Charles E. L. (Charles Edgar Lewis), b. 1861 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
Florida
United States
United States
Confederate States of America
Virginia
Georgia
Georgia--Atlanta
Georgia--Athens
Georgia--Atlanta
Virginia
United States
Confederate States of America
Georgia
Subject
Advertising, Newspaper
North Anna River, Battle of, Va., 1864
General
Taxation
Veterans
Librarians--Correspondence
Migration, Internal
Legislators
Legislators--Correspondence
Real estate investment
Occupation
Generals--Confederate States of America
Function

Person

Birth 1832-02-06

Death 1904-01-09

Information

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