Carroll, John, 1735-1815

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Carroll, the first Roman Catholic bishop of the United States and first Archbishop of Baltimore, was born 8 January 1735 in Upper Marlborough, Maryland, to Daniel and Eleanor Carroll. He was educated at Saint Omer's in Flanders as a Jesuit and returned to Maryland in 1774 where he resided until his death in 1815. He served for twenty five years as bishop and archbishop and contributed greatly to the growth of the American church. During his reign the clergy more than doubled its numbers and three seminaries were founded for their education. In addition, Catholic colleges for men were founded in Maryland at Georgetown (1788), Baltimore (Saint Mary's, 1799), and at Emmitsburg (Mount Saint Mary's, 1808). Academies for girls were begun at Georgetown (Visitation, 1799), Emmitsburg (Saint Joseph's, 1809), and Bardstown, Kentucky (Nazareth, 1814). Carroll left a legacy of religious tolerance and political loyalty to the state which clearly demonstrated the compatibility of Catholicism and human freedom in a democracy. He died in 1815.

From the description of The John Carroll papers. 1755-1815. (Catholic University of America). WorldCat record id: 163572091

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ciquard, François, 1754-1824. Prayer book, 1812. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf John Carroll, 1773-1805 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Sisters of Charity (New York, N.Y.). Elizabeth Ann Seton collection, [ca. 1783-1980] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Baltimore (Md.). Archives. 1735-1863? [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Thomas Carter Correspondence Selections and Related Material, 1901-1971 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
referencedIn Badin, Stephen T. (Stephen Theodore), 1768-1853. Papers, 1768-1843 (bulk 1830-1846). University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Diocese of Baltimore (Md.). Bishop (1789-1808 : Carroll). [Letters to the Indians at St. John's River, ME, 1791-1792]. New England Historic Genealogical Society, NEHGS
referencedIn Brent, John Carroll, 1814-1876. Papers, 1841-1850 (bulk 1841-1845). Library of Congress
creatorOf Carroll, John, 1735-1815. Letters and papers, 1784-1816 [microform]. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Ademiluyi, Stephen A. Durham North Carolina metropolitan study area report : based on projected population figures for the year 2000 / Stephen A. Ademiluyi, John B. Carroll, Russell C. Ford. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Tardiveau, Barthelemi, d. 1801. Letters, 1788-1789. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jesuits. Records, 1772-1835. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Dick, Alexander, fl. 1806-1809. Journal : of Alexander Dick, 1806-1809. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Carroll, John, 1735-1815. The John Carroll papers. Catholic University of America
referencedIn Miscellany regarding German redemptioners, 1771-1819 and n.d. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn John Gilmary Shea papers, 1683-1890, 1853-1890 University of Dayton
referencedIn Brent, John Carroll, 1814-1876. John Carroll Brent letterbook, 1841-1850 (bulk 1841-1845). Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Ademiluyi, Stephen A. person
associatedWith Badin, Stephen T. (Stephen Theodore), 1768-1853. person
associatedWith Brent, John Carroll, 1814-1876. person
correspondedWith Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911 person
associatedWith Catholic Church corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Baltimore (Md.) corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Baltimore (Md.). Archbishop (1808-1815 : Carroll) corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Diocese of Baltimore (Md.). Bishop (1789-1808 : Carroll) corporateBody
associatedWith Ciquard, François, 1754-1824. person
associatedWith Dick, Alexander, fl. 1806-1809. person
associatedWith Hanley, Thomas O'Brien. person
associatedWith Jesuits. corporateBody
associatedWith John Gilmary Shea person
associatedWith Sisters of Charity (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Tardiveau, Barthelemi, d. 1801. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States


Birth 1735-01-08

Death 1815-12-03



Ark ID: w6mp5d3h

SNAC ID: 52785612