Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966

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Lawyer and judge, of Cleveland, Ohio.

From the description of Papers, 1856-1967, bulk 1901-1967. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17937526

First woman lawyer to be appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, for the 6th circuit, 1934, Allen (1884-1966) had been a judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and earlier, judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Cuyahoga County, Ohio.

From the description of Papers, 1921-1958 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006548

Judge, feminist, author, and lecturer.

From the description of Papers of Florence Ellinwood Allen, 1907-1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71060606

Florence Ellinwood Allen was born on March 23, 1884 in Salt Lake City. Her mother, Corinne Tuckerman, was a member of the first class admitted to Smith College. Her father, Clarence Emir Allen, was a professor of Latin and Greek at Western Reserve University and placed a strong emphasis on education. Florence took an interest in books from a young age, and her father once said, "If Florence were a boy, I'd make a lawyer out of her." A gifted pianist, Allen moved to Berlin after high school to study music and work as a music critic. She returned to the United States and attended the University of Chicago. In 1913, she received an L.L.B. from New York University Law School.

Florence Ellinwood Allen, Judge United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, 1940

Allen started her own legal practice in Cleveland, Ohio and was active in the women's suffrage movement. She was the attorney for the Cleveland Woman Suffrage Party and became the first woman to argue before a supreme court, winning a municipal suffrage case in Ohio. She was also active in the Peace Movement in the 1920s. In 1920, the first year women were constitutionally guaranteed the right to vote, she was elected as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, becoming the first woman in history to be elected to a judicial office. In 1922, she was elected to the Ohio Supreme Court, making her the first woman to serve as a judge of the highest court of a state. She served as an Ohio Supreme Court Judge for almost twelve years and in 1934, President Roosevelt appointed her to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. No woman had previously been appointed to the United States Court of Appeals.

Judge Allen was a popular lecturer and published several books, including Patris, The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation, and This Constitution of Ours. She was an outspoken opponent of war and wrote extensively on the topic. She was also interested in international law and was a strong advocate for the International Court. She received numerous honors and awards in her lifetime, including honorary degrees from twenty-five colleges and universities, the National Achievement Award in 1938, the Order of the Coif in 1955 by George Washington University, and a citation for advancing the status of women in the legal profession from the National Association of Women Lawyers. In 1959, a portrait of Judge Allen was given to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in honor of her contribution to the law. Judge Allen died at the age of eighty-two in her home in Cleveland, Ohio on September 12, 1966.

From the guide to the Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers MS 2., 1920-1966, (Sophia Smith Collection)

Lawyer, judge, suffragist, pacifist.

Received LLB from NYU, 1913; First woman judge of a state supreme court, Ohio, 1928; and the first woman appointed as a federal judge, to US Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit, 1934-59. Allen was also active in the Ohio suffrage movement, 1914-20 and peace movement ca. 1920s. The collection includes writings of Florence's mother, Corinne Tuckerman Allen, who was in first class admitted to Smith College (1874), and organizer of the Congress of Mothers (1916).

From the description of Papers, 1920-1966. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 36822893

Biographical Note

  • 1884, Mar. 23: Born, Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1904: B.A., Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1908: M.A., Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1913: LL.B., New York University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1920: Judge, court of common pleas, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
  • 1922 - 1934 : Associate justice, Ohio Supreme Court
  • 1934 - 1959 : Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
  • 1940: Published This Constitution of Ours. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1952: Published The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation. New York: Macmillan
  • 1959 - 1966 : Senior judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
  • 1965: Published To Do Justly. Cleveland: Press of Western Reserve University
  • 1966, Sept. 12: Died, Waite Hill, Ohio

From the guide to the Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers, 1907-1965, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972. Dorothy Kenyon papers, 1850-1998 (bulk 1888-1971). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Gellhorn, Edna Fischel, 1878-1970. Papers, 1919-1960 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Collection of papers relating to Judge Florence Allen [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Papers, 1893-1962 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Judson, Emily Chubbuck, 1817-1854. Emily Chubbuck Judson miscellany, 1936-1964. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Batten, Pluma Burroughs Penton, 1894-. Papers, 1948-1964 (inclusive), 1950-1956 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Allen, Clarence, 1900-. Clarence Allen oral history interview : Tape and transcript, 1980 February 5 [sound recording] / conducted by James Comish. American Primers
referencedIn Papers, 1870s-1989 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Sage Colleges. Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1947, Florence Ellinwood Allen. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1963 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Lederle, Arthur F., 1887-. Arthur F. Lederle papers, 1914-1967, (bulk 1933-1960). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Woman's Rights Collection (WRC) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. Papers, 1926-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers MS 2., 1920-1966 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972, 1929-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn National Lanier Centennial Committee. National Lanier Centennial Committee records, 1939-1945. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. Papers, 1797-1963 (inclusive), 1897-1963 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series II, 1894-1948 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1896-1927 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Enit Kaufman, American Portraits, Papers, TXRC99-A1., 1914-1958 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1919-1960 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Howard, Nathaniel R., 1898-1980. Papers, series II, 1929-1980. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers, 1907-1965 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Papers. 1860 - 1964. Correspondence with Harry S. Truman. 1945 - 1962. Harry S. Truman, June 1947-1948. 1945 - 1962. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Eleanor Roosevelt
referencedIn Papers, 1851-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers of Maud Wood Park, 1844-1979 (bulk 1886-1951). Library of Congress
creatorOf Shepherd, Arthur, 1880-1958. A psalm of the mountains / poem by Florence Ellinwood Allen ; set to music (chorus and orchestra) by Arthur Shepherd. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
referencedIn Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955. Papers, 1880-1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Interviews, 1973-1977 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, b. 1862. Series VI of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1869-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1926-1981 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1869-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1948 (1950-1956) 1964 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers of Florence Ellinwood Allen, 1907-1965. Library of Congress
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1935-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). Alumnae Tea is delightful occasion con't, OAC Review, v.52, no.8, Midsummer 1940, p. 506. University of Guelph
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers, 1921-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Personal Files. 1945 - 1953. Roosevelt, Eleanor: General [1 of 3]. 1945 - 1953. Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Harry S. Truman
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Autograph letter signed Florence E. Allen to: "My Dear Mr. Fullerton" August 25, 1925. Wellesley College
referencedIn Papers, 1880-1955 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Elliott, Harriet Wiseman, 1884-1947. Harriet W. Elliott papers, 1900-1947. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Papers, 1877-1983 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Rawalt, Marguerite, 1895-. Papers, 1870s-1989 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dorothy Kenyon Papers MS 85., 1850 - 1998 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf Allen, Florence E. Speech, April 11th. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. Papers, 1893-1962 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Young, Louise Merwin, 1903-. Papers, 1946-1980 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Beers, George E. (George Emerson), 1865-1947. Letters from state and federal judges to George E. Beers concerning a report of the Committee on Uniformity of Judicial Decisions of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, 1934. Yale University, Law School Library
referencedIn Papers, 1797(1897-1963) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Humphrey, Helen Florence, 1909-1963. Papers, 1942-1963 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1874-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Jones, Gwladys Webster, 1891-. Papers, 1929-1939 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. Papers, 1898-1961, 1921-1961 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Kaufman, Enit, 1908?-1961. American Portraits Papers, 1914-1958 (bulk 1940-1944). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers, 1920-1966. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. Papers: Series V-VII, 1906-1947 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers, 1856-1967, bulk 1901-1967. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Family Planning Oral History Project. Records, 1909-1984 (inclusive), 1973-1977 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Maud Wood Park Papers, 1844-1979, (bulk 1886-1951) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, b. 1862. Papers, 1877-1983 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Stantial, Edna Lamprey. Papers, 1836-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Review of Reviews (New York, N. Y.), Golden Book Magazine, editorial correspondence, 1921-1935. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Allen, Florence E. Foreign news in United States newspapers since the World War. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964. Papers, 1918-1960 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Clarence, 1900- person
associatedWith Allen, Corinne Tuckerman, 1865-1931 person
associatedWith Allen family. family
associatedWith Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964. person
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Astor, Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, Viscountess, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Batten, Pluma Burroughs Penton, 1894- person
associatedWith Beers, George E. (George Emerson), 1865-1947. person
associatedWith BELLE SHERWIN, 1868-1955 person
associatedWith Bowen, Catherine Drinker, 1897-1973. person
associatedWith Bricker, John W. (John William), 1893-1986. person
associatedWith BURNITA (SHELTON) MATTHEWS, 1894- person
associatedWith Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCullouch, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947. person
associatedWith Corinne Marie (Tuckerman) Allen (Mrs. Clarence Emir Allen), 1856-1931 person
associatedWith Davis, Frank, Jr. person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Edna Fischel Gellhorn, 1878-1970 person
associatedWith Elliott, Harriet Wiseman, 1884-1947. person
associatedWith Family Planning Oral History Project family
associatedWith Family Planning Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Fullerton, Hugh S. (Hugh Stuart), 1873-1945. person
associatedWith Gellhorn, Edna Fischel, 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. person
associatedWith Harriet Wright (Burton) Laidlaw, 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Hauser, Elizabeth J., 1873- person
associatedWith Helen Florence Humphrey, 1909-1963 person
associatedWith Howard, Nathaniel R., 1898-1980. person
associatedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Humphrey, Helen Florence, 1909-1963. person
associatedWith International Federation of Women Lawyers. corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Gwladys Webster, 1891- person
associatedWith Judson, Emily Chubbuck, 1817-1854. person
associatedWith Kaufman, Enit, 1908? -1961 person
associatedWith Kellor, Frances, 1873-1952. person
correspondedWith Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972 person
associatedWith Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. person
associatedWith Lausche, Frank John, b. 1895. person
correspondedWith Lederle, Arthur F., 1887- person
associatedWith Levinson, Salmon C. person
associatedWith Marguerite Rawalt, 1895- person
associatedWith MARY ELISABETH DREIER, 1875-1963 person
associatedWith MARY (MOLLY) WILLIAMS DEWSON, 1874-1962 person
associatedWith Mary (Ritter) Beard, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Maud May (Wood) Park, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, b. 1862. person
associatedWith National Congress of Mothers corporateBody
associatedWith National Lanier Centennial Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Ohio. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Park, Maude Wood, 1871-1955. person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. person
associatedWith Pluma Burroughs (Penton) Batten, 1894- person
associatedWith Rawalt, Marguerite, 1895- person
associatedWith Review of Reviews (New York, N. Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Shepherd, Arthur, 1880-1958. person
associatedWith Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955. person
associatedWith Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995. person
associatedWith Stantial, Edna Lamprey. person
associatedWith Tennessee Valley Authority. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Court of Appeals (6th Circuit) corporateBody
associatedWith Upton, Harriet Taylor. person
associatedWith Young, Louise Merwin, 1903- person
associatedWith Young, Stephen Marvin, 1890- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Outer space
Ohio
Ohio
United States
Ohio
United States
Subject
Public utilities--Law and legislation
Women judges--United States
War and society
Women's rights
Women and peace--History--20th century--Sources
Political science
Courts
Judges--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc
Courts--Ohio
Women lawyers--United States
Women lawyers--History
Women--Suffrage--History--Sources
Women lawyers
Women--Suffrage
Peace
International law
Women judges--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc
War (International law)
Women--Suffrage--United States--History--Sources
Women judges
Occupation
Lecturers
Authors
Lawyers
Feminists
Jurists
Judges
Function

Person

Birth 1884-03-23

Death 1966-09-12

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 2959736