Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966Alternative names
Lawyer and judge, of Cleveland, Ohio.
From the description of Papers, 1856-1967, bulk 1901-1967. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17937526
First woman lawyer to be appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, for the 6th circuit, 1934, Allen (1884-1966) had been a judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and earlier, judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
From the description of Papers, 1921-1958 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006548
Judge, feminist, author, and lecturer.
From the description of Papers of Florence Ellinwood Allen, 1907-1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71060606
Florence Ellinwood Allen was born on March 23, 1884 in Salt Lake City. Her mother, Corinne Tuckerman, was a member of the first class admitted to Smith College. Her father, Clarence Emir Allen, was a professor of Latin and Greek at Western Reserve University and placed a strong emphasis on education. Florence took an interest in books from a young age, and her father once said, "If Florence were a boy, I'd make a lawyer out of her." A gifted pianist, Allen moved to Berlin after high school to study music and work as a music critic. She returned to the United States and attended the University of Chicago. In 1913, she received an L.L.B. from New York University Law School.
Florence Ellinwood Allen, Judge United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, 1940
Allen started her own legal practice in Cleveland, Ohio and was active in the women's suffrage movement. She was the attorney for the Cleveland Woman Suffrage Party and became the first woman to argue before a supreme court, winning a municipal suffrage case in Ohio. She was also active in the Peace Movement in the 1920s. In 1920, the first year women were constitutionally guaranteed the right to vote, she was elected as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, becoming the first woman in history to be elected to a judicial office. In 1922, she was elected to the Ohio Supreme Court, making her the first woman to serve as a judge of the highest court of a state. She served as an Ohio Supreme Court Judge for almost twelve years and in 1934, President Roosevelt appointed her to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. No woman had previously been appointed to the United States Court of Appeals.
Judge Allen was a popular lecturer and published several books, including Patris, The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation, and This Constitution of Ours. She was an outspoken opponent of war and wrote extensively on the topic. She was also interested in international law and was a strong advocate for the International Court. She received numerous honors and awards in her lifetime, including honorary degrees from twenty-five colleges and universities, the National Achievement Award in 1938, the Order of the Coif in 1955 by George Washington University, and a citation for advancing the status of women in the legal profession from the National Association of Women Lawyers. In 1959, a portrait of Judge Allen was given to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in honor of her contribution to the law. Judge Allen died at the age of eighty-two in her home in Cleveland, Ohio on September 12, 1966.
From the guide to the Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers MS 2., 1920-1966, (Sophia Smith Collection)
Lawyer, judge, suffragist, pacifist.
Received LLB from NYU, 1913; First woman judge of a state supreme court, Ohio, 1928; and the first woman appointed as a federal judge, to US Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit, 1934-59. Allen was also active in the Ohio suffrage movement, 1914-20 and peace movement ca. 1920s. The collection includes writings of Florence's mother, Corinne Tuckerman Allen, who was in first class admitted to Smith College (1874), and organizer of the Congress of Mothers (1916).
From the description of Papers, 1920-1966. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 36822893
1884, Mar. 23:
Born, Salt Lake City, Utah
B.A., Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
M.A., Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
LL.B., New York University, New York, N.Y.
Judge, court of common pleas, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
1922- 1934: Associate justice, Ohio Supreme Court
1934- 1959: Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Published This Constitution of Ours. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
Published The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation. New York: Macmillan
1959- 1966: Senior judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Published To Do Justly. Cleveland: Press of Western Reserve University
1966, Sept. 12:
Died, Waite Hill, Ohio
From the guide to the Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers, 1907-1965, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Public utilities--Law and legislation|
|Women judges--United States|
|War and society|
|Women and peace--History--20th century--Sources|
|Judges--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc|
|Women lawyers--United States|
|Women judges--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc|
|War (International law)|