Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933

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Participated in Hayden Geological Survey. Named six Colorado mountains.

From the description of Explorations in the Rocky Mountains, 1872-1887, [1932?]. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 16905051

William Henry Holmes, archaeologist and artist, served as chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution from 1902-1920.

From the description of Letter : Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, to My dear Mr. [E.A.] Burbank, 1908 Sept. 18. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 37834392

Epithet: Knight 1856; of the British Guiana civil service

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000703.0x000284

William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was an anthropologist, archaeologist, artist, and geologist. Born near Cadiz, Ohio, Holmes graduated in 1870 from McNeely Normal School in Hopedale. After teaching for a brief period, Holmes left Ohio for Washington, D.C., where he studied art under Theodore Kauffman. In Washington, Holmes became acquainted with the Smithsonian and soon began sketching natural history specimens for staff members of the National Museum. In 1872, Holmes was appointed artist-topographer to the United States survey of the territories under Ferdinand V. Hayden, and in 1874 was appointed assistant geologist. Holmes' survey in New Mexico and Arizona eventually led to his career in archeology and his interest in the cliff-dwellings of the southwest. Holmes joined the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in 1880 and remained with the survey until 1889 when he transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). Between 1882 and 1889, Holmes was also honorary curator of aboriginal ceramics, United States National Museum (USNM). Holmes left the BAE to serve as head curator of anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum in Chicago, 1894-1897, and subsequently held positions as head curator of the Department of Anthropology, USNM, 1897-1902, and chief of the BAE, 1902-1909. Holmes served as curator of the National Gallery of Art from 1907 to 1920, and as head curator of the Department of Anthropology from 1910 to 1920. When the National Gallery of Art (now known as the National Collection of Fine Arts) became a separate bureau of the Smithsonian, Holmes severed his ties with the USNM and served as director of the National Gallery from 1920 until his retirement in 1932.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_42_pid_EACP41

Member of the Hayden Geological Survey, named six Colorado mountains.

From the description of Papers : 1873. (Colorado Newspaper Project, Colorado Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 27210233

Painter and museum director; Washington, D.C.

Holmes served as Curator of the National Gallery of Art from 1907 to 1920 (now known as the National Museum of American Art) and its director from 1920-1932.

From the description of William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1932. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82903227

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. Correspondence to Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1897. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986. Fritiof Fryxell papers, 1822-1986. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Fritiof Fryxell papers, 1822-1986 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Boas, Franz, 1858-1942. Correspondence, 1862-1942. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Garfield, Mollie. Mollie Garfield papers regarding President James Garfield, 1874-1883. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States. 1879 - 1907. Pottery from mounds
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. Papers : 1873. History Colorado
creatorOf Samson, William Holland, 1860-1917. Letters : from John S. Clark, Auburn, N.Y. 1907 Feb. 12-Aug. 1. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Franz Boas Papers, 1862-1942 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States. 1879 - 1907. Indians at Piney Branch Quarry
creatorOf Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States. 1879 - 1907. Pottery heads
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [i.e. 1932] Cullings, largely personal, from the scrap heap of three score years and ten, devoted to science, literature and art. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942. Letter : Fort Defiance, Arizona Territory, to William Henry Holmes, 1877 Apr 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sperry, James L. James L. Sperry papers, [ca. 1852-1899]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States. 1879 - 1907. Indians at Piney Branch Quarry
creatorOf Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States. 1879 - 1907. Indians at Piney Branch Quarry
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1932. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn León, Nicolás, 1859-1929. Papers : pertaining to the history and antiquities of Chiapas, Mexico, 1897-1909. Newberry Library
creatorOf Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. Mollie Garfield papers regarding President James Garfield, 1874-1883. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records of the Smithsonian Institution. 1871 - 1952. Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States
creatorOf Steere, Joseph Beal, 1842-1940. Joseph B. Steere papers, 1861-1941. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Vol. IX, ff. 234, A-Ma.includes:f. 1 James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess and (1868) 1st Duke of Abercorn: Letter to G. Roper: 1873. f. 3 Charles John Abraham, Bishop of Wellington: Letter to R. Owen: 1858. f. 4 Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet: Letter... British Library
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. Letter : Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, to My dear Mr. [E.A.] Burbank, 1908 Sept. 18. Newberry Library
referencedIn Taft, Robert, 1894-1955. Correspondence and notes relating to frontier artists Carvalho, Cushing, Eakins, Egloffstein, Holmes, Moran [microform] / Robert Taft. Northern Arizona University, Cline Library
creatorOf Emerson, Nathaniel Bright, 1839-1915. Papers of Nathaniel Bright Emerson, 1766-1944 (bulk 1860-1915). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. Papers of Horatio Nelson Rust, 1799-1906 (bulk 1870-1906). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Bickmore, Albert S. (Albert Smith), 1839-1914. Papers, 1854-1914 (bulk 1865-1903). American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Joseph Beal Steere Papers, 1861-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. Explorations in the Rocky Mountains, 1872-1887, [1932?]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942. Letter : Fort Defiance, Arizona Territory, to William Henry Holmes, 1877 Apr 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Nathaniel Bright Emerson Papers, 1766-1944 The Huntington Library
creatorOf Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. Mollie Garfield (Mary Garfield Stanley-Brown) papers regarding President James Garfield, 1874-1883. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Chittenden family. Papers, 1856-1930. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Yale Peruvian Expedition (1911). Yale Peruvian Expedition papers, 1908-1948 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Mollie Garfield papers regarding President James Garfield, 1874-1883 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Bushnell, David I. (David Ives), 1875-1941. [Bushnell, David Ives, Jr., 1875-1941 collection records, 1845-1951]. Harvard University, Tozzer Library
creatorOf Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. William Henry Holmes : [vertical file]. Morris Museum of Art Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bickmore, Albert S. (Albert Smith), 1839-1914. person
associatedWith Boas, Franz, 1858-1942. person
associatedWith Brooke, Richard Norris, 1847-1920. person
associatedWith Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949. person
associatedWith Bushnell, David I. (David Ives), 1875-1941. person
associatedWith Butler Institute of American Art. corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Chittenden family. family
associatedWith Corcoran School of Art Washington, D.C. corporateBody
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
correspondedWith Emerson, Nathaniel Bright, 1766-1944 person
associatedWith Emerson, Nathaniel Bright, 1839-1915. person
associatedWith Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953. person
associatedWith Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900- person
associatedWith Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986. person
associatedWith Garfield, Mollie person
associatedWith Garfield, Mollie. person
associatedWith Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Geological Survey of the Territories (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith George G.(George Gustav), Heye 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942. person
associatedWith La Farge, John, 1835-1910. person
associatedWith León, Nicolás, 1859-1929. person
associatedWith Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932. person
associatedWith Messer, Edmund Clarence, 1842-1919. person
associatedWith Miller, E. H. (Eleazer Hutchinson), 1831-1921. person
associatedWith Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926. person
associatedWith Moser, James Henry, 1854-1913. person
associatedWith National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Dept. of Anthropology corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962. person
associatedWith Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Ream, Vinnie, 1847-1914. person
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. person
associatedWith Samson, William Holland, 1860-1917. person
associatedWith Smithsonian American Art Museum. Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution corporateBody
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. corporateBody
associatedWith Sperry, James L. person
associatedWith Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. person
associatedWith Steere, Joseph Beal, 1842-1940. person
associatedWith Taft, Robert, 1894-1955. person
associatedWith United States National Museum. Dept. of Engineering and Industries. corporateBody
associatedWith Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940. person
associatedWith Ward, Samuel Gray. person
associatedWith Weller, Carl F., 1853-1920. person
associatedWith Weyl, Max, 1837-1914. person
associatedWith Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948. person
associatedWith Yale Peruvian Expedition (1911) corporateBody
associatedWith Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 3-1949. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Colorado
Colorado
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Holy Cross, Mount of the (Colo.)
Subject
Mountains--Manuscripts
Names, geographical
Manuscripts, American
Artists
Museum Directors
Painters--History--20th century--Sources
Mountains--Names
Occupation
Artists
Archaeologists
Geologists
Anthropologists
Function

Person

Birth 1846-12-01

Death 1933-04-20

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 41640891