Dawes, Charles Gates, 1865-1951

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Charles Gates Dawes (August 27, 1865 – April 23, 1951) was an American banker, general, diplomat, composer, and Republican politician who was the 30th vice president of the United States from 1925 to 1929. For his work on the Dawes Plan for World War I reparations, he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.

Born in Marietta, Ohio, Dawes attended Cincinnati Law School before beginning a legal career in Lincoln, Nebraska. After serving as a gas plant executive, he managed William McKinley's 1896 presidential campaign in Illinois. After the election, McKinley appointed Dawes as the Comptroller of the Currency, and he remained in that position until 1901 before forming the Central Trust Company of Illinois. Dawes served as a general during World War I, holding the position of chairman of the general purchasing board for the American Expeditionary Forces. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding appointed Dawes as the first Director of the Bureau of the Budget. Dawes also served on the Allied Reparations Commission, where he helped formulate the Dawes Plan to aid the struggling German economy, though the plan was eventually replaced by the Young Plan.

The 1924 Republican National Convention nominated President Calvin Coolidge without opposition. After Frank Lowden declined the vice presidential nomination, the convention chose Dawes as Coolidge's running mate. The Republican ticket won the 1924 presidential election and Dawes was sworn in as vice president in 1925. Dawes helped pass the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill in Congress, but the bill was vetoed by President Coolidge. Dawes was a candidate for re-nomination at the 1928 Republican National Convention, but Coolidge's opposition to Dawes helped ensure that Charles Curtis was nominated for the vice presidency instead. In 1929, President Herbert Hoover appointed Dawes to be the Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Dawes also briefly led the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which organized a government response to the Great Depression. He resigned from that position in 1932 to return to banking, and he died in 1951 of coronary thrombosis.

Archival Resources
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creatorOf Dawes, Charles Gates, 1865-1951. Charles Gates Dawes letters to Will Owen Jones, [manuscript], 1921 Jan 8 and 1921 Oct 19. University of Virginia. Library
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referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
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creatorOf Dawes, Charles Gates, 1865-1951. Melody [microform] / Dawes. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
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referencedIn Charles Evans Hughes Papers, 1836-1950, (bulk 1905-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Dawes, Charles Gates, 1865-1951. Melody [microform] / Dawes. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
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referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
Relation Name
associatedWith Ackerman, Carl W. (Carl William), 1890-1970 person
associatedWith Barker, James M., 1886-1974. person
associatedWith Bartley, E. Ross (Edward Ross), 1892-1969. person
associatedWith Beer family family
associatedWith Beer family. family
associatedWith Bruccoli, Matthew J. (Matthew Joseph), 1931-2008 person
associatedWith Chamberlain, J. Dudley. person
employeeOf City National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago corporateBody
correspondedWith Cortelyou, George B. (George Bruce), 1862-1940. person
associatedWith Davis, Joseph Stancliffe, 1885-1975. person
relativeOf Dawes, E. C. (Ephraim Cutler), né 1840 person
sibling of Dawes, Henry M. (Henry May), 1877-1952 person
sibling of Dawes, Rufus C. (Rufus Cutler), 1867-1940 person
childOf Dawes, Rufus R. (Rufus Robinson), 1838-1899 person
descendantOf Dawes, William, 1745-1799 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dominican Economic Commission. corporateBody
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descendantOf Doty, Edward, d. 1655. person
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associatedWith Fields, James Thomas, 1817-1881 person
correspondedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959 person
associatedWith Fraser, Leon, 1889-1945. person
associatedWith Gale, Lydia Hammond. person
associatedWith Goldsmith, Alan Gustavus, 1892-1961. person
associatedWith Harbord, James G. (James Guthrie), 1866-1947. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Harrison, Harry P, 1903- , person
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associatedWith Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964. person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948 person
associatedWith Hunter, Charles N., ca. 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Jones, Will Owen, 1862-1928, person
associatedWith Klichenstein, Paul A. person
associatedWith Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948. person
associatedWith Landis, Kenesaw Mountain, 1866-1944. person
associatedWith Letts, Fred Dickinson, 1875- , person
associatedWith Lichtenstein, Walter, 1880-1964 person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Marietta College corporateBody
associatedWith Marriner, J. Theodore, 1892-1937. person
associatedWith McCormick, Cyrus Hall, 1859-1936. person
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associatedWith McCutcheon, John T. (John Tinney), 1870-1949. person
correspondedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901 person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955 person
associatedWith Michener, Earl Cory, 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Moore, John Trotwood, 1858-1929. person
correspondedWith O'Laughlin, John Callan, 1873-1949. person
associatedWith Parsons, Geoffrey, 1879-1956. person
associatedWith Peck, Frederick Stanhope, 1868-1947, person
associatedWith Platt, Frances Carson, person
associatedWith Platt, Frances Carson, collector. person
associatedWith Preus, J. A. O. (Jacob Aall Ottesen), 1883-1961. person
correspondedWith Pritchett, Henry S. (Henry Smith), 1857-1939. person
associatedWith Richard Brown, Scandrett 1891-1969. person
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associatedWith Scobey, Frank E. (Frank Edgar), 1866-1931. person
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associatedWith Sousa Archives for Band Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Sousa, John Philip, 1854-1932, person
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associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
associatedWith Trueblood, Thomas C. (Thomas Clarkson), 1856-1951. person
employeeOf United States. Bureau of the Budget corporateBody
employeeOf United States. Department of State corporateBody
employeeOf United States. Department of the Treasury corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of Cincinnati. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Wekesser, Henry P. person
associatedWith Willis, Frank Bartlett, 1871-1928. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
London ENG GB
Chicago IL US
Evanston IL US
Lincoln NE US
Marietta OH US
Subject
Band music, Arranged--Parts
Occupation
Army officers
Lawyers
Composers
Bankers
Businessmen
Diplomats
Ambassadors
Vice Presidents--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1865-08-27

Death 1951-04-23

Male

Americans

English

Information

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