Sumner, Jethro, 1733?-1785

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U.S. Continental army officer.

From the description of Letter and note of Jethro Sumner, 1780-1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064689

Brigadier General of the Continental Army.

From the description of ALS, 1780 January 28 : Halifax Town, to Governor Richard Caswell. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13911082

Jethro Sumner (1733?-1785) was a brigadier general in the Contintental Army. Sumner served in the Virginia militia, 1755-1761; was justice of the peace, 1768, and sheriff, 1772-1777, of Bute (now Warren) County, N.C.; and was colonel of the 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Continentals, 1776-1778, and brigadier-general 1779-1780.

From the description of Jethro Sumner papers, 1775-1791 (bulk 1781-1782) [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 23765361

From the guide to the Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791, (bulk 1781-1782), (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Jethro Sumner was born in 1733 in Nansemond County, Virginia, the son of Jethro Sumner and Margaret Sullivan. From 1755-1761, he served in the Virginia Militia; he was promoted to lieutenant in 1758, commanded Fort Bedford in 1760, and ended the French and Indian War as a captain. In 1764, he moved to Warren, North Carolina, where he married Mary Hurst, daughter of a wealthy planter, in 1765. They had three children. He soon opened a tavern and became involved in local politics, first as a justice of the peace in 1768, and then as the Warren County sheriff from 1772 to 1777.

Sumner was elected major in the Halifax district minutemen in 1775, and the following year became a colonel of the Third Battalion of North Carolina Continentals. He participated in the defense of Charleston in June 1776, and served under Washington at Brandywine, Germantown, and Valley Forge. In 1778, he suffered from an illness and returned home to recruit replacements for the Continental units. Sumner was made brigadier general by the Continental Congress in January 1779, and the following June, led a brigade in the Battle of Stono Ferry. In 1780, he joined the defense of North Carolina against Cornwallis' invasion and resigned in protest when General William Smallwood was given command of the state troops in October. General Nathanael Greene persuaded him to return to the field shortly thereafter, and he performed his most important service commanding a brigade that reinforced Greene at Eutaw Springs in September 1781. He retired in 1783, his health seriously impaired, and died two years later.

From the guide to the Jethro Sumner papers, Sumner, Jethro papers, 1780-1781, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Nathanael Greene Papers, 1775-1785 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Sumner, Jethro, 1733?-1785. Jethro Sumner papers, 1780-1781. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786. Nathanael Greene papers, 1775-1785. Library of Congress
creatorOf Doherty, George, 18th century. George Doherty letter to Jethro Sumner, 1780. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. Letter : Hillsborough, [N.C.], to [Jethro?] Sumner, 1780 Oct. 1. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Jethro Sumner papers, Sumner, Jethro papers, 1780-1781 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791, (bulk 1781-1782) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Sumner, Jethro, 1733?-1785. Letter and note of Jethro Sumner, 1780-1784. Library of Congress
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Davie, Preston, b. 1881. Preston Davie collection, 1560-1903. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn John McKnitt Alexander letter to Brigadier General Jethro Sumner, 1780 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Sumner, Jethro, 1733?-1785. Jethro Sumner papers, 1775-1791 (bulk 1781-1782) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. Letter : Hillsborough, [N.C.], to [Jethro?] Sumner, 1780 Oct. 1. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Nathanael Greene papers, Greene, Nathanael, papers, 1762-1852, 1780-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Nathanael Greene papers, 1762-1852, bulk 1780-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Sumner, Jethro, ca. 1735-1785. ALS, 1780 January 28 : Halifax Town, to Governor Richard Caswell. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, John McKnitt, 1733-1817 person
associatedWith Armstrong, Martin, d. 1808. person
associatedWith Ashe, John Baptista, 1748-1802. person
associatedWith Blount, Reading. person
associatedWith Burke, Thomas, ca. 1747-1783. person
associatedWith Caswell, Richard, 1729-1789. person
associatedWith Christmas, William. person
associatedWith Davidson, William Lee, 1746-1781. person
associatedWith Davie, Preston, b. 1881. person
associatedWith Davie, William Richardson, 1756-1820. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Doherty, George. person
associatedWith Doherty, George. person
associatedWith Doherty, George, 18th century. person
associatedWith Eaton, Thomas. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. person
correspondedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786. person
associatedWith Hewes, Joseph, 1730-1779. person
associatedWith Jones, Willie, ca. 1741-1801. person
associatedWith Lamb, Gideon. person
associatedWith Lamb, Gideon. person
associatedWith Lillington, John A. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Benjamin, 1733-1810. person
associatedWith Lock, Francis. person
associatedWith Lock, Francis. person
associatedWith Long, Nicholas. person
associatedWith Martin, Alexander, 1740-1807. person
associatedWith Mountflorence, James C. person
associatedWith Seawell, Benjamin, 1743-1821. person
associatedWith Society of the Cincinnati. corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. person
associatedWith Tatum, Howell, fl. 1775-1815. person
associatedWith Thackston, James. person
associatedWith Thackston, James. person
correspondedWith United States. Continental Army corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Williamson, Hugh, 1735-1819. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sherrills Ford (N.C.)
United States
Charlotte (N.C.)
United States
Charlotte (N.C.)
North Carolina
United States
Sherrills Ford (N.C.)
Subject
Desertion, Military
Eutaw Springs, Battle of, S.C., 1781
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
King's Mountain, Battle of, S.C., 1780
Occupation
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1733

Death 1785

Information

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