Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975

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Physical chemist, director of the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Munich, professor of chemistry at the University of Michigan.

From the description of Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1987. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 80453897

From the description of Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1975. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34422856

Major affiliations include: Technische Hochschule Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany (1911-1917); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany (1917-1935); and University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA (1936-1957). Died 1975.

From the description of Correspondence, 1935-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78404535

Born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1887, Fajans was educated in Germany and received a Ph.D from the University of Heidelberg in 1909. He did postdoctoral studies with Richard Willstater at Zurich University and with Ernest Rutherford in Manchester, England. In 1911 he joined the staff of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. From 1917 to 1935 he was a professor at the University of Munich, serving as the Director of the Institute of Physical Chemistry from 1932 to 1935. He was also director of the Institute for Physico-Chemical Measurements.

Before coming to the University of Michigan in 1936, Fajans had established an international reputation for his scientific achievements in many fields of both chemistry and physics. He was already an authority on many phases of radioactivity, refractivity, adsorption, molecular structure, crystal structure, photochemistry, and thermochemistry. In the early days of his studies in radioactivity, while working at Manchester, Karlsruhe, and Munich, Fajans was one of the first to develop the idea of matter as composed of isotopes of the several elements, and to make clear the nature of the transformation in the natural radioactive series. Fajans' studies on radioactivity established the radioactive displacement laws (Fajans-Soddy Displacement Laws) and helped place radioelements in the periodic system. The Fajans-Paneth-Hahn rule resulted from his work on the precipitation and absorption of radioelements and dye-ions. With Oswald Göhring, he discovered the Uranium x2 form of protactinium-234. His quanticule theory of chemical binding was the focus of his later work. Fajans retired from the university in 1957. He died in 1975.

From the guide to the Kasimir Fajans Papers, 1912-1987, 1936-1975, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937. Correspondence, 1906-1937. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Kolos, Wlodzimierz, 1928-1996. Files of Wlodzimierz Kolos. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Voight, Adolf Frank, 1914-. Response to 1981 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1982. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-. Oral history interview with Karl F. Herzfeld, 1962 June 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Kasimir Fajans Papers, 1912-1987, 1936-1975 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966. Oral history interview with Georg von Hevesy, 1962 May 25 and 4 February 1963. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-. Oral history interview with Karl F. Herzfeld, 1978 May 11. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Swinne, Richard. Richard Swinne letters, 1913-1916. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wertenstein, Ludwik, 1887-1945. Files of Ludwik Wertenstein, 1908-1944. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Hantzsch, A. (Arthur), 1857-1935. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994. Oral history interview with Linus Carl Pauling, 1964 March 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951. Typewritten letters signed (2) : Berlin and Heidelberg, to Professor K. Fajans, 1925 June 12 and 1933 Sept. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937. Ernest Rutherford correspondence, 1906-1937. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975. Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1975. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Bueche, Arthur Maynard, 1920-1981. Autobiography, 1965. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Kisti︠a︡kovskiĭ, V. A. (Vladimir Aleksandrovich), 1865-1952. Papers, 1886-1950. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975. Correspondence, 1935-1972. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Lummer, O. (Otto), 1860-1925. Correspondence, 1899-1922. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975. Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1987. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Laue, Max von, 1879-1960. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Sawyer, Ralph A. (Ralph Alanson), 1895-1978. Ralph A. Sawyer papers, 1918-1978. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Sahni, Ruchi Ram, 1863-1949. Memoirs, 1920. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
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associatedWith Abraham, Max, 1875-1922 person
associatedWith Amaldi, Edoardo, 1908-1989 person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society and American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrade, E. N. da C., (Edward Neville da Costa), 1887-1971 person
associatedWith Back, Ernst, 1881-1959 person
associatedWith Bauer, Edmond, 1880-1963 person
associatedWith Becquerel, Jean, 1878-1953 person
associatedWith Benedicks, Carl Axel Fredrik, 1875-1953 person
associatedWith Berliner, Arnold, 1862-1942 person
associatedWith Bernstein, Richard B. (Richard Barry), 1923-1990. person
associatedWith Birge, Raymond T., (Raymond Thayer), 1887-1980 person
associatedWith Bodenstein, Max, 1871-1942. person
associatedWith Bohr, Niels Henrik David, 1885-1962 person
associatedWith Born, Max, 1882-1970. person
associatedWith Bragg, William Henry, Sir, 1862-1942. person
associatedWith Bredig, Georg, b. 1868. person
associatedWith Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981 person
associatedWith Bridgman, P. W. (Percy Williams), 1882-1961. person
associatedWith Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987 person
associatedWith Bueche, Arthur Maynard, 1920-1981. person
associatedWith Cady, George H. (George Hamilton), 1906-1993. person
associatedWith Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967 person
associatedWith Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962 person
associatedWith Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978. person
associatedWith Coster, Dirk, 1889-1950 person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962 person
associatedWith Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966. person
associatedWith Dieke, Gerhard Heinrich, 1901-1965 person
associatedWith Dirac, P. A. M., (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984 person
associatedWith Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944 person
associatedWith Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955. person
associatedWith Engler, Karl, 1842-1925. person
associatedWith Euler, Hans von, 1873-1964. person
associatedWith Euler, Hans von, 1873-1964. person
associatedWith Ewald, Peter Paul, 1888- person
associatedWith Fajans Family. family
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954 person
associatedWith Fiekers, Bernard A., 1906-1973. person
associatedWith Fokker, A. D., (Adriaan Daniel), 1887-1972 person
associatedWith Foote, Paul D. (Paul Darwin), 1888-1971. person
associatedWith Fowler, A., (Alfred), 1868-1940 person
associatedWith Franck, James, 1882-1964. person
associatedWith Frankenburger, L. person
associatedWith Frankenburger, L. person
associatedWith Frankenburger, L. person
associatedWith Franz, E. person
associatedWith Franz, E. person
associatedWith Franz, E. person
associatedWith Fromherz, Hans, 1902- person
associatedWith Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979 person
associatedWith Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham, 1902-1978 person
associatedWith Haber, Fritz, 1868-1934. person
associatedWith Hantzsch, A. person
associatedWith Hantzsch, A. person
associatedWith Hantzsch, A. person
associatedWith Hantzsch, A. (Arthur), 1857-1935. person
associatedWith Hassel, Odd, 1897- person
associatedWith Hassel, Odd, 1897-1981. person
associatedWith Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Herzberg, Gerhard, 1904-1999. person
associatedWith Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892- person
associatedWith Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966. person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943 person
associatedWith Honigschmid, Otto. person
associatedWith Honigschmid, Otto. person
associatedWith Honigschmid, Otto. person
associatedWith Joliot-Curie, Frédéric person
associatedWith Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980 person
associatedWith Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926 person
associatedWith Kapitsa, P. L., (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984 person
associatedWith Kasha, Michael, 1920- person
associatedWith Kayser, H., (Heinrich), 1853-1940 person
associatedWith Kemble, Edwin C., (Edwin Crawford), 1889-1984 person
associatedWith Kisti︠a︡kovskiĭ, V. A. (Vladimir Aleksandrovich), 1865-1952. person
associatedWith Klein, Oskar, 1894-1977 person
associatedWith Kolos, Wlodzimierz, 1928-1996. person
associatedWith Kolthoff, I. M. (Izaak Maurits), 1894-1993. person
associatedWith Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952 person
associatedWith Kuhn, Richard, 1900-1967. person
associatedWith Ladenburg, Rudolf Walter, 1882-1952 person
associatedWith Lange, Erich, 1896- person
associatedWith Langevin, Paul, 1872-1946 person
associatedWith Laue, Max von, 1879-1960. person
associatedWith Lembert, Max E. (Max Ernest), d. 1925. person
associatedWith London, Fritz, 1900-1954 person
associatedWith Lummer, O. (Otto), 1860-1925. person
associatedWith McLennan, J. C., (John Cunningham), 1867-1935 person
associatedWith Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951. person
associatedWith Mie, Gustav, 1868-1957 person
associatedWith Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953 person
associatedWith Mulliken, Robert Sanderson, 1896-1986 person
associatedWith Nernst, Walter, 1864-1941. person
associatedWith Niggli, Paul, 1888-1953. person
associatedWith Nishina, Yoshio, 1890-1951 person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967 person
associatedWith Ostwald, Wilhelm, 1853-1932. person
associatedWith Paneth, Fritz, 1887-1958. person
associatedWith Paschen, F., (Friedrich), 1865-1947 person
associatedWith Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994. person
associatedWith Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958. person
associatedWith Planck, Max, 1858-1947 person
associatedWith Richards, Theodore W. (Theodore William), 1868-1928. person
associatedWith Rosenfeld, L., (Leon), 1904-1974 person
associatedWith Rosseland, Svein, 1894-1985 person
associatedWith Rossini, Frederick D. (Frederick Dominic), 1899- person
associatedWith Rubens, Heinrich, 1865-1922 person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927 person
associatedWith Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Sahni, Ruchi Ram, 1863-1949. person
associatedWith Sawyer, Ralph A. (Ralph Alanson), 1895-1978. person
associatedWith Scheel, Karl, 1866-1936 person
associatedWith Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961 person
associatedWith Seaborg, Glenn Theodore, 1912-1999. person
associatedWith Soddy, Frederick, 1877-1956. person
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951. person
associatedWith Standinger, Hermann, 1881-1965. person
associatedWith Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957 person
associatedWith Swinne, Richard. person
associatedWith Szwarc, Michael M., 1909- person
associatedWith Taylor, Hugh Scott, 1890- person
associatedWith Taylor, Hugh S. (Hugh Stott), 1890-1974. person
associatedWith Thomson, J. J., Sir, (Joseph John), 1856-1940 person
associatedWith Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988 person
associatedWith Universität München. corporateBody
associatedWith Universität München. corporateBody
associatedWith Universität München. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of Chemistry. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of Chemistry. corporateBody
associatedWith Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981. person
associatedWith Van Artsdalen, Ervin R. person
associatedWith Van Vleck, J. H., (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980 person
associatedWith Voight, Adolf Frank, 1914- person
associatedWith Voigt, Woldemar, 1850-1919 person
associatedWith Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957 person
associatedWith Walden, Paul, 1863-1957. person
associatedWith Warburg, Emil Gabriel, 1846-1931 person
associatedWith Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002 person
associatedWith Wertenstein, Ludwik, 1887-1945. person
associatedWith Weyl, Woldemar A. (Woldemar Anatol), 1901- person
associatedWith Wieland, H. (Heinrich), b. 1877. person
associatedWith Willstätter, Richard, 1872-1942. person
associatedWith Wycoff, Ralph W. G. (Ralph Walter Graystone), 1897- person
associatedWith Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Michigan--Ann Arbor
Subject
World War, 1939-1945
Offices
Jewish refugees
Refugees, Jewish
Scientists--Michigan--Ann Arbor
Laboratories--Germany
Chemistry
Solid state physics
Scientists
Occupation
Physicists
Function

Person

Birth 1887-05-27

Death 1975-05-18

English,

German

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