Lehmann, John, 1907-1987

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Epithet: writer and critic

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000208.0x0001d8

John Lehmann was an English author, poet, journalist, editor, and publisher. He was founder and editor (1936-1950) of NEW WRITING, manager (1938-1946) of Hogarth Press, founder and director (1946-1952) of John Lehmann, Ltd. (publishers), founding editor (1953-1961) of LONDON MAGAZINE, and visiting professor at various universities. He also wrote and edited numerous works, including FORTY POEMS (1942), THE AGE OF THE DRAGON: POEMS, 1930-1951, EDITH SITWELL (1952), I AM MY BROTHER (1960), DEMETRIOS CAPETANAKIS, A GREEK POET IN ENGLAND (1947), and SHELLEY IN ITALY: AN ANTHOLOGY (1947).

From the description of Lehmann family papers, 1649-1990 (bulk 1930-1975) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 81195869

(Rudolph) John Frederick Lehmann, was born on June 2, 1907 at Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, England. Lehmann was educated at Eton, and studied history and modern languages at Trinity College, Cambridge. There his close friendship with Julian Bell, nephew of Virginia Woolf, plunged him into the Bloomsbury circle. By 1931 he was working at the Hogarth Press, owned by Woolf and her husband, Leonard. Hogarth Press published his first volume of poems, A Garden Revisited (1931). He briefly left publishing and lived for a time in Austria and the U.S.S.R. as a poet and a journalist prior to the start of World War Two.

His first periodical, New Writing, appeared in 1935 and by 1940 the series reached a broad audience both in Britain and on the frontlines of World War Two. Formatted to fit into the side pockets of combat trousers, it averaged monthly sales of up to 75,000.

Lehmann returned to Hogarth Press in 1938 as a partner and general manager and worked as editor of several anthologies showcasing the works of promising new writers. In 1946 Lehmann established his own publishing company, John Lehmann Limited. After the demise of Lehmann Ltd., he founded and edited London Magazine . He relinquished control over the periodical in 1961 and subsequently wrote several biographies, including Rupert Brooke: His Life and His Legend and Thrown to the Woolfs: Leonard and Virginia Woolf and the Hogarth Press, and three autobiographies which were collected, revised, and condensed into the book In My Own Time: Memoirs of a Literary Life . Lehmann also wrote several volumes of poetry, including A Garden Revisited and Other Poems and Collected Poems, 1930-1963, and the novels Evil Was Abroad and In a Purely Pagan Sense .

He frequently lectured in the US in the late 1960s and early 1970s. After a long illness and unsuccessful hip operations severely limited his mobility, John Lehmann died on April 7, 1987. The New York Times Book Review, called Lehmann "the greatest British literary editor of his time. . . . There is scarcely a writer [of his generation] in Britain . . . who hasn't at one time or other been grateful for his passionate scrutiny."

Sources :

Gale Literary Databases, "(Rudolph) John (Frederick) Lehmann," (accessed August 31, 2006).

David Hughes. "Lehmann, (Rudolph) John Frederick (1907-1987)," rev., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.

Petra Rau, University of Portsmouth. "John Lehmann." The Literary Encyclopedia . 21 Mar. 2002. The Literary Dictionary Company.

From the guide to the John Lehmann Collection 1984-002., (Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries)

(Rudolph) John Frederick Lehmann, was born on June 2, 1907 at Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, England. Lehmann was educated at Eton, and studied history and modern languages at Trinity College, Cambridge. There his close friendship with Julian Bell, nephew of Virginia Woolf, plunged him into the Bloomsbury circle. By 1931 he was working at the Hogarth Press, owned by Woolf and her husband, Leonard. Hogarth Press published his first volume of poems, A Garden Revisited (1931). He briefly left publishing and lived for a time in Austria and the U.S.S.R. as a poet and a journalist prior to the start of World War Two. His first periodical, New Writing, appeared in 1935 and by 1940 the series reached a broad audience both in Britain and on the frontlines of World War Two. Formatted to fit into the side pockets of combat trousers, it averaged monthly sales of up to 75,000.

Lehmann returned to Hogarth Press in 1938 as a partner and general manager and worked as editor of several anthologies showcasing the works of promising new writers. In 1946 Lehmann established his own publishing company, John Lehmann Limited. After the demise of Lehmann Ltd., he founded and edited London Magazine. He relinquished control over the periodical in 1961 and subsequently wrote several biographies, including Rupert Brooke: His Life and His Legend and Thrown to the Woolfs: Leonard and Virginia Woolf and the Hogarth Press, and three autobiographies which were collected, revised, and condensed into the book In My Own Time: Memoirs of a Literary Life. Lehmann also wrote several volumes of poetry, including A Garden Revisited and Other Poems and Collected Poems, 1930-1963, and the novels Evil Was Abroad and In a Purely Pagan Sense.

He frequently lectured in the US in the late 1960s and early 1970s. After a long illness and unsuccessful hip operations severely limited his mobility, John Lehmann died on April 7, 1987. The New York Times Book Review, called Lehmann "the greatest British literary editor of his time ... There is scarcely a writer [of his generation] in Britain ... who hasn't at one time or other been grateful for his passionate scrutiny."

From the description of John Lehmann collection, 1981-1984. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 690674897

On the staff of Hogarth Press from 1931-1932.

Part owner and general manager of Hogarth Press from 1938-1946.

From the description of MSS in Texas, galley proofs, 1969. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 39792414

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf JACQUES BRUNIUS: correspondence of Jacques B. Brunius (d. 1967) and others, with various authors, the literary agency of John Farquharson Ltd., the Hogarth Press and the Pilot Press; 1944-1946. Partly French. Relating to proposals by Editions de la R..., 1944-1946 British Library
referencedIn Barker, George, 1913-1991. George Barker collection, 1930-1966. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
creatorOf Vol. CCLXCI (ff. 209). 1956-1959.includes:f. 1 Patrick Berkeley Moynihan, 2nd Baron Moynihan: Letters to Marie Stopes from Patrick Berkeley Moynihan: 1955, 1956.f. 2 Charles Morgan, author: Letter to Marie Stopes from Charles Morgan: 1956: Signed..., 1956-1959 British Library
creatorOf Abse, Dannie. Nimbus magazine archive, 1945-1962. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf LETTERS OF DAME EDITH LOUISA SITWELL, D.B.E., to John Frederick Lehmann; 1943-1953, n.d. See B.M.Q., xxx, 1966, pp. 17-22. Three volumes. Folio., 1943-1953 British Library
creatorOf King, Francis Henry. Collection, 1923-1992. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Bowen, Elizabeth, 1899-1973. Papers of Elizabeth Bowen, 1934-1946 (bulk 1944-1946). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Lehmann, John, 1907-. John Lehmann collection, 1981-1984. University of Houston, M.D. Anderson Library
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn E. M. Forster Collection TXRC98-A22., 1908-1971 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-. Christopher Isherwood correspondence with John Lehmann, 1931-1973. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Howard, Elizabeth Jane. Papers of Elizabeth Jane Howard, 1933-2009. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986. Christopher Isherwood correspondence with John Lehmann, 1931-1973. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hoy, Peter C. Papers, 1962-1964 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Strachey/Holroyd Papers. Vol. xlvii (ff. 146). 1968-1993.includes:ff. 1-3 George K. Simson, of the University of Hawaii: Letters to M. Holroyd: 1964-2001: Partly photocopy.ff. 5-6 Robert Halsband: Letters to M. Holroyd: 1968.f. 7 Christopher ..., 1968-1993 British Library
creatorOf Edward Upward: Correspondence (1986), 1986 British Library
creatorOf Koukol, Joe (Joseph F.), 1915-2007,. Interview with Joe Koukol / by John Lehmann. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Bernard Shaw collection of papers, 1873-1960, 1889-1950 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965. T.S. Eliot letters and poem, 1946-1959. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf LEONARD AND VIRGINIA WOOLF: letters to John Lehmann; 1941. Typewritten. Purchased 30 Jan. 1970. Paper; ff. 5. British Library arrangement. Contents: 1. ff. 1, 3. Two letters from Virginia Woolf about her last book, Between the Acts (1941); 20, 28 Mar..., 1941 British Library
creatorOf MS Mus. 1531. Michael Hurd Papers: Letters from correspondents Jacobson-Wordsworth and unknown correspondent; 1952-2001, n.d.ff. 95. 305 x 250mm.includes:f. 1. Michael Hurd, composer and author: Maurice Jacobson: Letter from Maurice Jacobson to M..., 1952-2001 British Library
creatorOf Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950. Bernard Shaw collection of papers, 1873-1960 bulk (1889-1950). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Sir William Rothenstein correspondence and other papers, 1887-1957. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Durrell, Lawrence. Lawrence Durrell collection. [1950-2001]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
referencedIn Nimbus Magazine Records TXRC94-A20., 1945-1962 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Collection TXRC99-A14., 1922-1956 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986. Papers of Christopher Isherwood, 1864-1997, (bulk 1925-1985). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf STRACHEY PAPERS (20TH CENTURY SERIES). Vol. XXII (ff. 99). 1. f. 1. Constant Lambert; 1926. 2. f. 2. Katherine Lambton, wife (1921) of Col. H. E. Joicey, D.S.O.; 1921. 3. f. 3. Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne; 1918. 4..., 1895-1931 British Library
referencedIn Francis Henry King Collection TXRC92-A51., 1939-1992 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers of Herberth Herlitschka, 1924-1974 Reading University : Special Collections Services
creatorOf Strachey/Holroyd Papers. Vol. xli (ff. 272). Correspondents L to Z.includes:ff. 1-2 Jean Lambert, son-in-law of André Gide: Letters to M. Holroyd: 1969, 1979: Partly signed.ff. 8-24 Duncan James Corrowr Grant, painter: Quentin Bell, professor, ... British Library
creatorOf Thompson, Dunstan, 1918-1975. Papers of Dunstan Thompson, 1865-2009 (bulk 1918-2008). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Toucheff, James. Rupert Brooke in the South Seas, 1913-1914. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Thomas, Dylan, 1914-1953. Dylan Thomas collection. [1935-1953]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
creatorOf Strachey/Holroyd Papers. Vol. liv (ff. 255). 1. ff. 1-96. General correspondence of the Strachey Trust from its proposal and foundation; 1969-2001. Includes correspondence with the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art.2. ff. 97-183. ..., 1969-2001 British Library
creatorOf John Lehmann Collection 1984-002. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
creatorOf Bean, Arthur Parsons. Papers of Arthur Parsons Bean [manuscript], 1948-1981. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan), 1879-1970. E. M. Forster Collection, 1908-1971. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Lehmann, John, 1907-1987. Book reviews, 1971-1972, and n.d. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Miscellaneous Letters and Papers.Paper; ff. 62. British Library arrangement., 1668-1962 British Library
creatorOf Lehmann, John, 1907-1987. Lehmann family papers, 1649-1990 (bulk 1930-1975) Princeton University Library
creatorOf Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf Collection, 1922-1956. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1875-2004 (inclusive), 1936-2000 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Derek Parker Collection TXRC96-A45., 1955-1970 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Lehmann, John. Lehmann, John : [photography bio file]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Ewald Osers Correspondence: Letters to Ewald Osers (b.1917) with some copies of ‘out’ letters arranged chronologically; 1 Aug. [1942?]-6 July 1971. Partly autograph, partly typewritten. The correspondents include: Hugh MacDiarmid (b.1892, d.1978), ..., 1941-1971 British Library
referencedIn Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-3), 1863-1938 (inclusive), 1890-1933 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Prince, F. T. (Frank Templeton), 1912-2003. Frank Prince collection. [ca. 1940]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
referencedIn David Gascoyne papers, 1822-2010, n.d. British Library: Western Manuscripts
creatorOf Brown, Walter E.,. Interview with Walter E. Brown / by John Lehmann. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
creatorOf Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf collection of papers, 1882-1984 bulk (1912-1940). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lehmann, John, 1907-1987. MSS in Texas, galley proofs, 1969. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Durrell, Lawrence George, 1912-. Letters, 1932-1968. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Edward Upward: Correspondence (1987), 1987 British Library
creatorOf Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932. Autograph letter signed from Lytton Strachey, Hungerford, G.W.R., to John Lehmann, London [manuscript], 1931 November 5. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Parker, Derek. Collection, 1955-1970. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965. T.S. Eliot collection. [1932-1963]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
referencedIn Worsley, T. C. (Thomas Cuthbert), 1907-. The sad end of Pugh Griffiths : manuscript, [ca.1969-1970]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Smith, Stevie, 1902-1971. Stevie Smith letters and poems, 1946-1966. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Virginia Woolf collection of papers, 1882-1984, 1912-1940 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Fuller, Roy Broadbent, 1912-. Roy Fuller letters and poems, 1941-1942, n.d. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Alport Papers. Vol. I. Various correspondence and papers; 1922-1970, n.d.Contents:1. Letters received; 1931-1970, n.d.. Includes autograph letters from W. H. Auden, Lennox Berkeley, Robert Buhler, Harold Ede, T. S. Eliot, Derek Hill, Ivon Hitchens,..., 1922-1970 British Library
creatorOf Sitwell, Edith, 1887-1964. Letters, 1917-1960. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Vol. xxvii (ff. 129). J-Ma.includes:f. 1 Elizabeth Jenkins, biographer: Letter to M. Holroyd: 1964.f. 3 Dorelia John, wife of Augustus John: Letter to M. Holroyd: 1965.ff. 6-12 Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes, surgeon and bibliophile: Letters to M... British Library
creatorOf Sitwell, Georgia Doble. Georgia Doble Sitwell Collection, 1901-1974. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965. T. S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot papers, 1918-1971. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Victoria Ocampo papers, 1908-1979. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn LIDDELL HART, Adrian John (1922-1991), 1926-1991 King's College London, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
creatorOf Pudney, John, 1909-1977. Papers, 1850-1977 (bulk 1926-1976). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995. Letters, [between 1940 and 1965]. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
creatorOf Vol. CCLXC (ff. 201+32*). 1954, 1955.includes:ff. 1, 8, 18 Robert Gibbings: Correspondence with Marie Stopes of Robert Gibbings: 1954: Partly copy.ff. 4, 6, 12, 23 Frederick Winston Furneaux Smith, 2nd Earl of Birkenhead: Correspondence with Mari..., 1954-1955 British Library
referencedIn Bradbury, M. mss. II, 1949-1993 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf Bennett, Arnold, 1867-1931,. Papers of the Sitwell family, 1914-1999. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Strachey/Holroyd Papers. Vol. lxi (ff. 131). Social correspondence of Michael Holroyd, including invitations to private views, dinners (in particular, the Cranium Club), prospectuses and notes accompanying presentation copies of books, etc.; 1964-2..., 1964-2000 British Library
referencedIn Georgia Doble Sitwell Collection TXRC03-A?., 1901-1974 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf KEITH DOUGLAS PAPERS. Vol. XVII. Letters, etc., of and relating to Keith Douglas; circa 1941-1944. Partly typewritten copies.ff. 116. 257 x 201mm. 1. ff. 1-16. Letters of Douglas to T. S. Eliot, M. J. Tambimuttu and J. C. Hall relating to his poetry;..., 1936-1952 British Library
referencedIn Edward Upward: Supplementary Papers, 1920-2009 British Library: Western Manuscripts
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Barker, George, 1913-1991. person
associatedWith Bean, Arthur Parsons. person
associatedWith Bowen, Elizabeth, 1899-1973. person
associatedWith Bradbury, Malcolm, 1932-2000 person
associatedWith Brown, Walter E., person
associatedWith Capetanakis, Demetrios. person
associatedWith Durrell, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Durrell, Lawrence George, 1912- person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965. person
associatedWith Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan), 1879-1970 person
associatedWith Fuller, Roy Broadbent, 1912- person
associatedWith Gascoyne, David Emery, 1916-2001 person
associatedWith Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Herlitschka, Herberth person
associatedWith Hogarth Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Howard, Elizabeth Jane. person
associatedWith Hoy, Peter C. person
associatedWith Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986. person
associatedWith King, Francis Henry. person
associatedWith King, Francis Henry, 1923- person
associatedWith Koukol, Joe (Joseph F.), 1915-2007, person
associatedWith Lehmann, Alice Marie Davis, 1873-1956. person
associatedWith Lehmann, Beatrix, 1903-1979. person
associatedWith Lehmann family. family
associatedWith Lehmann, Frederick, 1826-1891. person
associatedWith Lehmann, Nina Chambers, 1830-1902. person
associatedWith Lehmann, R. C. (Rudolf Chambers), 1856-1929. person
associatedWith Lehmann, Rosamond, 1901-1990. person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
associatedWith Nimbus: A Magazine of Literature, the Arts, and New Ideas corporateBody
correspondedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1891- person
associatedWith Parker, Derek, 1932- person
associatedWith Prince, F. T. (Frank Templeton), 1912-2003. person
associatedWith Pudney, John, 1909-1977. person
associatedWith Rassine, Alexis, 1919-1992. person
correspondedWith Rothenstein, William, Sir, 1872-1945 person
associatedWith Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950. person
associatedWith Sitwell, Edith, 1887-1964. person
associatedWith Sitwell, Georgia Doble, 1906-1980 person
associatedWith Smith, Stevie, 1902-1971. person
associatedWith Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995. person
associatedWith Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932. person
associatedWith Sunday telegraph (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Dylan, 1914-1953. person
associatedWith Thompson, Dunstan, 1918-1975. person
associatedWith Toucheff, James. person
correspondedWith Upward, Edward Falaise, 1903-2009 person
correspondedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941 person
associatedWith Worsley, T. C. (Thomas Cuthbert), 1907- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Norwich, Norfolk
St Marylebone, Middlesex
England
Subject
Poets, Greek--20th century
Authors, English
Authors, English--20th century
Private presses--20th century
Poets, English--20th century
Authors--20th century
Publishers and publishing--20th century
Humanities libraries
Editors--20th century
Poets--20th century
Novelists, English--20th century
Poets, English--20th century--Biography
Artists--20th century
English literature--20th century
English poetry--20th century
Occupation
Photographers
Publisher
Function

Person

Birth 1907-06-02

Death 1987-04-07

Britons

English

Information

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