JANE GAY DODGE, 1881-1963

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The bulk of this collection concerns E. Jane Gay, JGD's aunt. The daughter of Ziba Gay (1796-1864), and Mary (Kennedy) Gay (1798-1873), EJG was born in 1830 in Nashua, New Hampshire. She was educated in New York, where she was a classmate of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923). She left New York in the 1850's and, with Catherin Melville, opened a school for young ladies in Macon, Georgia, in 1856. When the school closed in 1860, EJG moved to Washington, D.C., where she and CM administered a school for young children. From 1861 until the end of the Civil War, EJG worked with Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887); as a result, she came into possession of some of DLD's correspondence, which was eventually passed on to JGD and is included in this collection. After the Civil War, EJG was a tutor to President Andrew Johnson's grandchildren and then worked as a clerk in a deadletter office (1866-1883). Sometime before 1888, EJG renewed her friendship with Alice Cunningham Fletcher and in 1889 accompanied ACF when she was made a special agent for the U.S. Department of the Interior to apportion tribal lands among the Winnebagos of Nebraska and the Nez Perces of Idaho. EJG mastered the techniques of photography in the summer of 1888 and consequently was able to serve as official photographer for the expedition (1889-1893). EJG then lived in Washington until 1906, when she and another niece, Emma Jane Gay (1859-1924), visited Europe. During their stay in England, EJG and Emma Jane Gay produced Choup-nit-ki, With the Nez Perce, 2 hand-bound volumes of photographs and letters describing EJG's and ACF's work among the Indians and social conditions on the frontier in the late 19th century. EJG decided to remain in Winscombe, Somerset, England, with her friend, Dr. Caroline Sturge, and died there in 1919. For further information about ACF see the article in Notable American Women, volume I (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971).

From the guide to the Papers, 1882-1951, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers, 1882-1951 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Atlee, Washington Lemuel, 1808-1878 person
associatedWith Bache, Alexander Dallas, 1806-1867 person
associatedWith Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910 person
associatedWith Bonaparte, L. M. person
associatedWith Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889 person
associatedWith Carpenter, Mary person
correspondedWith Chief Joseph person
associatedWith Corcoran, William Wilson, 1798-1888 person
associatedWith Cronin, John J person
associatedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Fletcher, Alice Cunningham, 1838-1923 person
associatedWith Gay, Emma Jane, 1830-1919 person
associatedWith Gay, Emma Jane, 1859-1924 person
associatedWith Hay, John Milton, 1838-1905 person
associatedWith Hepworth, George Hughes, 1833-1902 person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879 person
correspondedWith Horace Binney, Jr. person
associatedWith Horsford, Eben Norton, 1818-1893 person
associatedWith La Flesche, Francis, 18?? -1932 person
associatedWith Livermore, Mary (Ashton) Rice, 1820-1905 person
associatedWith Longfellow, William person
associatedWith Nicolay, John George, 1832-1901 person
associatedWith Otis, Sally (Foster) person
associatedWith Russell, George W person
associatedWith Seward, Frances (Miller) person
associatedWith Spinner, Francis Elias, 1802-1890 person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Thaw, Mary Copley person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States


Birth 1881

Death 1963

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Ark ID: w63p6fp8

SNAC ID: 47418254