Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934

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Nathaniel Britton worked on plant varieties from Central and South America.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_170_pid_EACP167

Nathaniel Lord Britton (1857-1934) was a leading founder and first Director of the New York Botanical Garden. He was born at New Dorp, Staten Island, N.Y. He received his Ph.D. in Geology from Columbia College in 1881 where he studied with John Strong Newberry. In 1886 he was named Professor of Geology and Botany at Columbia. From 1890 through the 1920's, Britton was a leading figure in the Torrey Botanical Club. In 1892 Britton presented his system of nomenclature, called "The American Code". As a botanical explorer, Britton traveled to the Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada, Colombia, Florida, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the other West Indies. His primary field was Cactaceae. He married the bryologist Elizabeth Gertrude Knight in 1885. He died in the Bronx, N.Y. in 1934.

From the description of Nathaniel Lord Britton records, 1875-1934. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155483368

Nathaniel Lord Britton (1857-1934) was the founder and first Director of the New York Botanical Garden. He was born at New Dorp, Staten Island, N.Y. He received his Ph. D. in Geology from Columbia College in 1881 where he studied with John Strong Newberry. In 1886 he was named Professor of Geology and Botany at Columbia. From 1890 through the 1920's Britton was a leading figure in the Torrey Botanical Club. In 1892 Britton presented his system of nomenclature, called "The American Code". As a botanical explorer, Britton traveled to the Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada, Colombia, Florida, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the other West Indies. His primary field was Cactaceae. He wrote or co-wrote floras of Puerto Rico, Bermuda, Staten Island, and the Bronx. His illustrated flora of the northern United States and Canada is still in print. He married the bryologist Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton in 1885. He died at Bronx, N.Y. in 1934.

From the description of Nathaniel Lord Britton records 1875-1934. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 42369426

Botanist.

Britton was a co-founder of the Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences.

From the description of Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934 papers, 1762-1935. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155571382

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. Nathaniel Lord Britton records 1875-1934. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Records 1895-1940. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
referencedIn Gleason, Henry A. (Henry Allan), 1882-1975. Henry A. Gleason papers 1882-1946. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Wilson, Percy, 1879-1944. Percy Wilson records, 1908-1940. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Franz Boas Papers, 1862-1942 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Sterns, E. E. (Emerson Ellick), 1846-1926. Emerson Ellick Sterns papers 1889. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn New York Botanical Garden. Office of the Director and Secretary of the Board of Managers. Records, 1888-1939. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn New York Academy of Sciences. Porto Rico Survey. Records, 1913-1949. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Rost, Ernest Christian, 1867-1940. Papers of Ernest Christian Rost, 1918-1937. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. Nathaniel Lord Britton records, 1875-1934. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf Britton, N. L. An enumeration of the plants collected by M.E. Penard in Colorado during the summer of 1892, 1895. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Morong, Thomas, 1827-1894. Letter to Thomas Morong, 1874-1888 (inclusive). Harvard University, Botany Libraries
creatorOf Degener, Otto, 1899-. Otto Degener records 1920-1987. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Deane, Walter, 1848-1930. Papers of Walter Deane, 1881-1929 (bulk). Harvard University, Botany Libraries
referencedIn Barnard College. Academic Commitee of Board of Trustees. Barnard College early administrative correspondence, 1883-1891. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934 papers, 1762-1935. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Gleason, Henry A. (Henry Allan), 1882-1975. Henry A. Gleason papers, 1882-1946. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn S. F. (Sidney Fay) Blake correspondence, ca. 1920s- 1950s, Circa 1920-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Andrews, Albert Le Roy, 1878-1964. Albert L. Andrews correspondence, 1899-1964. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Wilson, Percy, 1879-1944. Percy Wilson records 1908-1940. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Horne, Frances Worth, 1873-1967. Frances Worth Horne papers 1924-1966. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Autograph collection, 1757-1931, 1800-1916 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Albert Leroy Andrews correspondence, 1899-1964. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Boas, Franz, 1858-1942. Correspondence, 1862-1942. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Deam, Charles Clemon, 1865-1953. [Papers], 1896-1952. Indiana State Library - ISL
referencedIn Weber, Lilian. Oral history project interview transcript, 1973. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Scientific Alliance of New York. Records, 1890-1907. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Society. Office of the Secretary and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Madison Grant correspondence, 1901-1910. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Degener, Otto, 1899-. Otto Degener records, 1920-1987. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Sterns, Emerson E., 1846-1926. Correspondence, 1889-1936. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Horne, Frances Worth, 1873-1967. Frances Worth Horne papers, 1924-1966. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Blake, S. F. (Sidney Fay), 1892-1959. Correspondence, ca. 1920s- 1950s. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Small, John Kunkel, 1869-1938. Papers and photographs, 1902-1938. Florida State Archive
referencedIn Bronx Society of Arts and Sciences. Records, 1915-1919. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Le Roy, 1874-1956. person
associatedWith Andrews, Albert Le Roy, 1878-1964. person
correspondedWith Barnard College. Academic Commitee of Board of Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Blake, S. F. (Sidney Fay), 1892-1959. person
associatedWith Boas, Franz, 1858-1942. person
associatedWith Bronx Society of Arts and Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Botanic Garden. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Addison, 1830-1913. person
associatedWith Deam, Charles Clemon, 1865-1953. person
associatedWith Deane, Walter, 1848-1930. person
associatedWith Degener, Otto, 1899- person
associatedWith Fawcett, William, 1851- person
associatedWith Gleason, Henry A. (Henry Allan), 1882-1975. person
associatedWith Horne, Frances Worth, 1873-1967. person
associatedWith Leon, hermano, b. 1871. person
associatedWith MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. person
associatedWith Millspaugh, Charles Frederick, 1854-1923. person
associatedWith Morong, Thomas, 1827-1894. person
associatedWith New York Academy of Sciences. Porto Rico Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Botanical Garden. Office of the Director and Secretary of the Board of Managers. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. Office of the Secretary and Chairman of the Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Rose, J. N. (Joseph Nelson), 1862-1928. person
associatedWith Rost, Ernest Christian, 1867-1940. person
associatedWith Scientific Alliance of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Small, John Kunkel, 1869-1938. person
associatedWith Sterns, E. E. (Emerson Ellick), 1846-1926. person
associatedWith Sterns, Emerson E., 1846-1926. person
associatedWith Weber, Lilian. person
associatedWith Wilson, Percy, 1879-1944. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Florida
Colorado
Jamaica
Canada
Andros Island (Bahamas)
Jamaica
Bahamas
Bahamas
Andros Island (Bahamas)
Cuba
Cuba
Florida
Subject
Natural history
Ecology
cactus
Botany
Occupation
Botanists
Function

Person

Birth 1859-01-15

Death 1934-06-25

Americans

English

Information

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