Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933

Alternative names
Birth 1869-08-01
Death 1933-10-08

Biographical notes:

American socialist leader.

From the description of Morris Hillquit miscellanea, 1924-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754871697

Morris Hillquit (1896-1933) was a socialist leader, lawyer, author and prominent theoretician of the Socialist Pary. He ran twice for mayor of New York City and five times for the House of Representatives, always unsuccessfully.

From the guide to the Morris Hillquit Papers, 1906-1959, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

Morris Hillquit is considered by some to have been the foremost spokesman and theoretician of the Socialist Party of America from its founding in 1901 until his death in 1933. As author, politician and labor attorney, Hillquit took a centrist position in the Party and worked to further the Social Democratic ideals of political activism, unionism and international brotherhood among workers.

Morris Hillquit emigrated to the United States from Russia in 1896 and worked first in the New York City garment trade until joining the staff of the ARBEITER ZEITUNG in 1890. A member of the Socialist Labor Party, Hillquit led the "Rochester faction" in its secession from the SLP in 1899. This group merged with the Social Democratic Party in 1901 to form the Socialist Party of America. As a member of the United Hebrew Trades, Hillquit helped to organize garment workers in New York City while obtaining an LL. B. from New York Law School in 1893. Hillquit was a member of the negotiating committee which settled the 1910 New York Cloakmakers' Strike which led to the Protocol of Peace, establishing machinery to conciliate labor disputes in the garment industry. Hillquit served as general counsel for the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union from 1913 to 1933 and was a leader in the Socialist Party from 1901 until his death in 1933.

From the description of Morris Hillquit papers, 1886-1948. [microform]. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64755366

Biographical/Historical Note

American socialist leader.

From the guide to the Morris Hillquit miscellanea, 1924-1934, (Hoover Institution Archives)


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  • Collective bargaining
  • Women socialists--United States
  • Socialism Great Britain
  • Shirtwaist Makers' Strike, New York, N.Y., 1909
  • Elections
  • Communism
  • Progressivism (United States politics)
  • Socialism--United States
  • Clothing workers--Labor unions
  • Anarchism
  • Reformers
  • Socialist parties
  • Families
  • Socialists
  • Labor unions--Political activity
  • Press, Socialist
  • Labor movement
  • Peace movements
  • World War, 1914-1918--Protest movements
  • Radicalism
  • Socialism
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Cloakmakers' Strike, New York, N.Y., 1909
  • Labor unions
  • Lawyers
  • Socialists--United States


  • Lawyers


  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (N.Y.) (as recorded)