Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

ArchivalResource

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

The correspondence spans Russell's entire career, including his student years at Princeton University and Cambridge University. Primarily professional correspondence, the collection reflects his work with the International Astronomical Union on stellar spectra, with the American Astronomical Society, the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Ordnance Ballistic Advisory Committee, the Meteor Crater Exploration and Mining Company, and Ginn and Company. Topics include virtually all aspects of stellar astronomy, from binary and variable star systems to stellar atmospheres and interiors. Much of the correspondence with Otto Struve and Edwin Frost constitutes Russell's reviews of papers submitted to the Astrophysical Journal of a broad range of topics in astronomy, spectroscopic astrophysics and theoretical astrophysics. Correspondents include Walter S. Adams, Robert G. Aitken, Edward E. Barnard, William W. Campbell, Theodore Dunham, Edwin B. Frost, George R. Harrison, Albert G. Ingalls, Arthur S. King, Zdenek Kopal, Willem Jacob Luyten, William F. Meggers, Donald H. Menzel, John E. Merrill, Samuel Alfred Mitchell, Edward C. Pickering, Alexander G. Russell, Gordon M. Russell, Frederick Albert Saunders, Frank Schlesinger, Frederick H. Seares, Harlow Shapley, Charlotte Moore Sitterly, Joel Stebbins, and Otto Struve.

41 microfilm reels.

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American philosophical society

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Benjamin Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society in 1743 in Philadelphia, patterning it after the Royal Society of London. It's purpose was the promotion of the study of science and the practical arts of agriculture, engineering trades, and manufactures. Subjects of today's "philosophy" were generally excluded from the societies of the 17th and 18th centuries and the word "philosophy" meant to them "love of knowledge," and was essentially the equivalent of today's "science." Interest...

Saunders, Frederick A. (Frederick Albert), 1875-1963

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Luyten, Willem Jacob, 1899-1994

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Luyten died in 1994. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79918246 Willem J. Luyten was born on 7 March 1899 in Semarang, Dutch East Indies (now Java, Indonesia). He earned his B.A. in 1918 from the University of Amsterdam and his M.A. in 1920 and Ph.D. in 1921 from the University of Leiden, Holland (now Leiden University, the Netherlands). Before coming to the University of Minnesota, Dr...

Ginn and Company.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ng8jsh (corporateBody)

National Research Council (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64v086p (corporateBody)

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of further knowledge and advising the federal government. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. From the descriptio...

Mitchell, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1874-1960

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67d353p (person)

University of Virginia professor of Astronomy; director of the McCormick Observatory. From the description of Papers of Samuel Alfred Mitchell [manuscript], ca.1898-1945. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647972932 ...

International Astronomical Union.

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Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

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Astronomer (stellar evolution, astrophysics of stars, double stars) and administrator. On the astronomy faculty at Princeton University from 1905, director of the observatory, 1912-1947; research associate at Mt. Wilson Observatory, 1922-1942; and at Harvard College Observatory, 1947-1952. From the description of Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publicatio...

Struve, Otto, 1897-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tx3gk4 (person)

Astronomer (astrophysics of stars, spectroscopy, interstellar studies, origin of universe) and administrator. On the staff of Yerkes Observatory, 1921-1932, director, 1932-1950; editor, ASTROPHYSICS JOURNAL, 1932-1947; on the astrophysics faculty, department chair, and director, Leuschner Observatory, University of California, Berkeley, 1950-1959; and director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1959. From the description of Selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945. (Unk...

Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard,), 1901-1976.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq12dm (person)

Menzel died in 1976. From the description of Autobiography, 1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80630339 Donald Howard Menzel was an astrophysicist. From the description of Papers concerning UFOs, 1952-1976. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523365 From the description of Autobiography, September 1974. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122624215 From the guide to the Papers concerning U...

Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nc66wx (person)

Astronomer (modern astrometry) and administrator. Head, International Latitude Observatory, 1899-1903; astronomer, Yerkes Observatory, 1903-1905; director, Allegheny Observatory, 1905-1920; and head, Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 1920-1941; and director, Yale Observatory, 1920-1941. From the description of Allegheny Observatory correspondence [microform], 1905-1920. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80601819 Astronomer (modern astrometry) and administrator. Head, In...

Harrison, George Russell, 1898-1979

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Kopal, Zdeněk, 1914-1993

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Astronomer. Taught at Harvard and MIT during and after Second World War. Head of Astronomy Department, University of Manchester, 1951-1981. Died 1993. From the description of Papers, ca. 1950s-1980s. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83770241 Kopal died in 1993. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, ca. 1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84429774 ...

Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pn96xk (person)

Astronomer (galaxies, photometry, spectroscopy) and administrator. Astronomer, Mount Wilson Observatory, 1914-1921; director, Harvard Observatory, 1921-1952; on the astronomy faculty at Harvard from 1952. From the description of Papers [microform], 1910-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80523781 Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer. Shapley served as director of the Harvard College Observatory and was a professor at Harvard University, eventually he became the Pai...

Campbell, William Wallace, 1862-1938

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Meteor Crater Exploration and Mining Company.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6676nvf (corporateBody)

Merrill, John Ellsworth, 1902-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gq90cr (person)

John B. Merrill may be John Bill Merrill (1881-1947) who was a carpenter and who worked at the Mica Crystal Co. in Warren. (Source: Bixby, Roland. History of Warren, 1986. p. 300) From the description of John B. Merrill diary, 1914. (New Hampshire Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 183179030 ...

Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6417059 (person)

Physicist (physical optics, spectroscopy). Staff member, National Bureau of Standards, 1914-1958; chief of Spectroscoptic Section, 1920-1958. From the description of Papers, 1917-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83715373 From the description of Addition to papers, 1870-1973 (bulk: 1906-1966). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79391414 Physicist (physical optics, spectroscopy). Staff member, National Bureau of Standards, 1914-1958; chief of spectroscoptic section, 1...

Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61837m0 (person)

Epithet: Director, Harvard Astronomical Observatory British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000342.0x0000b9 Pickering (Harvard, S.B., 1865) taught astronomy at Harvard and was director of the Harvard College Observatory. From the description of Papers of Edward Charles Pickering, 1850-1918 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76972845 ...

Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dz0g3b (person)

Frederick Hanley Seares (1873-1964) was a staff astronomer at the Mount Wilson Observatory known for his photometric studies and his editorial work. He was appointed Assistant Director of the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1925, a position he held until his retirement in 1940. He was Director of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1940-46) and was a recipient of the Society's Bruce Gold Medal. From the description of Papers of Frederick Hanley Seares, 1909-1945 (bulk 1909-1940). (H...

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

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The National Academy of Sciences, founded in Washington, D. C., in 1863, grew out of a desire for a body of scientists to give advice on scientific matters to the federal government. Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian, was a force behind its creation. From the description of National Academy of Sciences, 1863-1887 Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78403445 ...

Adams, Walter S. (Walter Sydney), 1876-1956

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Adams was the astronomer of stellar spectroscopy at Mount Wilson Observatory, 1904-1923, and Director, 1923-1946. From the description of Correspondence, 1881-1939. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165432 Astronomer. From the description of Papers, 1923-1956. [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79843223 Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956, APS 1915), astronomer, explored the uses of spectroscopy, investigate...

Ingalls, Albert G. (Albert Graham)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g35f0 (person)

Aitken, Robert Grant, 1864-1951

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Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bv89p8 (person)

Astronomer. Dartmouth College, A. B. 1886; A. M. 1889; D. Sc. 1911; D. Sc. (hon.) Cambridge University, 1912; studies physics and astonomy, Princeton, Strassburg (Germany), Astrophysical Observatory, Potsdam, Germany. Taught physics and astronomy at Dartmouth, 1887-1898; professor of astrophysics, University of Chicago, 1898- (and director of observatory, 1892); director of Yerkes Observatory, 1905-1932, emeritis. From the description of Papers, 1899-1904; 1908, 1923-1924. (Unknown)....

American Association for the Advancement of Science

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Edmund W. Sinnott was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at the time of this correspondence. Walter G. Berl was an editor for the Association. From the description of Letters, 1948-1971, to Lewis Mumford. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155878457 ...

American astronomical society

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c57cnp (corporateBody)

Founded in 1899 as the Astronomical and Astrophysical Society of America, in 1914 the name was changed to the American Astronomical Society. Its purpose is the advancement of astronomy and closely related branches of science. The Society became an Associate Member of the American Institute of Physics in 1958, and has been a full Member Society since 1966. It is also affiliated with the International Astronomical Union. From the description of Records of the Education Office, 1962-198...

Moore, Charlotte Emma, 1898-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w37zbn (person)

Astronomer and astrophysicist. Upon completing her B.A. in mathematics at Swarthmore College in 1920 Charlotte Moore took a job as assistant to Henry Norris Russell at Princeton University. There she audited courses and became coauthor of papers on binary stars and an influential book on the masses of stars. In the late 1920s she worked at the Mt. Wilson Observatory with Charles E. St. John and Harold D. Babcock on the solar spectrum. She earned her Ph. D. at the University of California at Berk...