Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.


Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-. Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.

Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.

Early education; studies biophysics at Universität Frankfurt and Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut (Friedrich Dessauer, Rievsky); physics training (Erwin Madelung, Meissner); Dessauer's political troubles. Fellowship to Institut Radium (Marie Curie), 1933; building geiger counters (Frédéric Joliot-Curie); life and staff at Institut (Irene Joliot-Curie, Jean Perrin, Hans von Halban, Peter Preiswerk, Lew Kowarski, Rosenblum); Institut's role in development of nuclear physics (P.M.S. Blackett, Giuseppe Occhialini); first nuclear physics conference in Zurich (Paul Scherrer), 1933; London Conference of 1934 (Max Born, Maurice Goldhaber); F. Joliot-Curie thinking about accelerators and about building a cyclotron (Pierre Weiss); Gentner continues gamma ray work (Lise Meitner). Gentner leaves Institut after Curie's death; fellowship at Institute for Medical Research, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut, Heidelberg (Walther Bothe), 1935-1938; also lectures at Frankfurt on radioactivity, gamma rays, x-rays, and cosmic rays; builds the first Van der Graaf machine in Germany, 1936; first to use gamma rays to look for nuclear photo effect (Fowler, Lauritsen). Travels to United States to study cyclotrons (James Fisk), 1938; spends several months at University of California, Berkeley (E.O. Lawrence, Donald Cooksey); the fission story (Niels Bohr, J.R. Oppenheimer); calibrating ionization chamber and experimental work in fission; life and pre-war. Politics at Berkeley and Stanford University (Felix Bloch); visits California Institute of Technology (Fowler, Lauritsen, Max Delbrück); travels to Washington, DC (George Gamow, Edward Teller, Fleming, Merle Tuve); and ends tour in New York City (John R. Dunning, Lawrence, Bohr). Returns to Europe; visits John Cockcroft at University of Cambridge. Returns with wife to Germany in April, 1938; plans for Siemens to build cyclotron in Heidelberg canceled. Sent to Paris to interview F. Joliot-Curie on whereabouts of heavy water, July 1940; private meeting afterwards; works in Paris with F. Joliot-Curie on cyclotron, 1940-1942; returns to Heidelberg to build own cyclotron, 1942-1944. Difficulties of re-establishing nuclear physics in Germany after World War II (Cockcroft, Konrad Adenauer); building up new laboratories; CERN, DESY.

Preliminary transcript.

Related Constellations

There are 24 Constellations related to this resource.

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t836n5 (person)

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who made tremendous contributions to his field, transforming accepted notions of atomic structure, helping to develop nuclear fission, and advocating for international cooperation in crafting responsible nuclear policy. Bohr was born in Copenhagen in 1885 into a family that encouraged his academic pursuits. Christian Bohr, his father, was professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. Bohr credited his father for awakening hi...

Institut Curie

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b7079 (corporateBody)

Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v420jw (person)

Madelung, Erwin, 1881-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zp69mg (person)

Weiner, Charles.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f19158 (person)

Charles Irwin Weiner is an historian. From the guide to the Joseph Henry's lectures on natural philosophy: teaching and research in physics, 1832-1847, 1965, 1965, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pz79qg (person)

Died 1980. From the description of Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78514924 ...

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fj2jcp (person)

Physicist. From the description of Merle Antony Tuve papers, 1901-1982 (bulk 1941-1966). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979847 Biographical Note 1901, June 27 Born, Canton, South Dakota 1922 B.S., University of Minnesota,Minneapolis, Minn. ...

Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m90czm (person)

Konrad Adenauer was born in 1876 in Cologne, Germany. He was chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963. He died in 1967. From the description of Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10581751 Chancellor of West Germany, 1949-1963. From the description of Konrad Adenauer miscellaneous papers, 1953-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869086 Politician, statesman and C...

Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fq9vrq (person)

Physicist. Cockcroft died in 1967. From the description of Private office papers, 1939-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80180932 ...

Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zg6v56 (person)

Physicist, professor in Berlin, member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. From the description of Collection. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155004843 ...

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2hcz (person)

15 January 1908 Born, Budapest, Hungary 1926 1928 Student, Karlsruhe Technical Institute, Karlsruhe, Germany 1928 Student, University of Munich, Germany 1929 1931 Research associate, University of Leipzig, Germany 1930 Ph.D., University of Leipzig 1931 1933 Research associate, Guttingen, Germany 1934 Married Augusta (Mici) Harkanyi ...

European Organization for Nuclear Research

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kq1xzf (corporateBody)

The European Organization for Nuclear Research/Organisation europénne pour la recherche nucléaire, widely known as CERN, was established in Geneva, Switzerland in 1954 to coordinate and perform research on fundamental particles. The member states are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. From the description of Records, 1952-1987. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80830917 From the ...

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Center)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv98fh (corporateBody)

Born, Max, 1882-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v5g64 (person)

Physicist (solid state physics, quantum mechanics, lattice dynamics, wave functions, molecules). On the physics faculty at Universität Göttingen (1908-1914, 1921-1933); Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin (1914-1919); and University of Edinburgh (1936-1956). From the description of Lecture notebooks, 1905-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79287462 From the description of Papers, ca. 1945-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77749891 From the description of P...

Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hn5zjp (person)

Maurice Goldhaber (b. April 18, 1911, Lemberg, Austria-Hungary–d. May 11, 2011, East Setauket, NY) studied physics at University of Berlin and received his PhD from Cambridge University. In 1934, Goldhaber and James Chadwick established that the neutron has a great enough mass over the proton to decay while working at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England. Goldhaber moved to the University of Illinois in 1938 and published research about beta participles with his wife, Gertrude Scharff-...

Kowarski, Lew

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j10pnx (person)

Kowarski (1907-1979). Physicist (nuclear physics). Director of scientific services, Commissariat à l'énergie atomique (France), 1946-1952; staff member to senior physicist, European Organization for Nuclear Research from 1953; and adviser, French delegation, United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-1948. From the description of Papers, 1907-1981, (bulk 1930-1981). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83225211 Physicist (1907-1979) (nuclear physics). Director of scientific s...

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ns0wbw (person)

Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Nobel prizewinning physicist, inventor of the cyclotron and the founder and first director of the University of California Radiation Laboratory, was born on August 8, 1901 in Canton, South Dakota. His parents Carl Gustavus and Gunda Jacobson Lawrence were the children of Norwegian immigrants. Ernest Lawrence attended St. Olaf College and later the University of South Dakota, where he received his A.B. degree in 1922. He had originally thought to become a medical doctor, ...

Gamow, George, 1904-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6154j8k (person)

George Gamow: physicist, astronomer, and author. Born Georgii Antonovič Gamov. Barbara Merrihew Perkins: editor and translator. From the description of George Gamow and Barbara Gamow papers, 1915-1975 (bulk 1950-1975). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981157 Russian-born American physicist, early advocate of the "Big Bang" theory of the origin of the universe. Professor of Physics at George Washington University, 1934-1956. While a student at the Institute of Theoretical Ph...

Joliot-Curie, Irène, 1897-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv16c2 (person)

Fisk, James Brown.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ff3v8d (person)

Bothe, W. (Walther), 1891-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j1065v (person)

Bothe (1891-1957). From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79292850 ...

Blackett, P. M. S. (Patrick Maynard Stuart), Baron Blackett, 1897-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mk6f4q (person)

M. A. (Cantab.) Fellow of King's College Cambridge. University lecturer in physics, Cambridge. Served with the Royal Navy, 1914-1919. Professor of Physics, Birkbeck College, University of London. Professor of Physics, University of Manchester. F. R. S. 1933. Langworthy Professor of Physics at Manchester University (1937). Air Defense Committee (1936) Head of the Physics Department at Imperial College, London (1953-1965); Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Fellow, 1965-1974. He was awarded th...

Universität Frankfurt am Main.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65r0hp4 (corporateBody)

Joliot-Curie, Frédéric

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66q31rb (person)