David Davis papers, 1815-1964 (bulk 1815-1886).

ArchivalResource

David Davis papers, 1815-1964 (bulk 1815-1886).

Primarily copies of correspondence, legal documents, speeches, pamphlets, and newsclippings relating to Davis family matters or to Davis's career as a lawyer; a judge in the Eighth Judicial Circuit of Illinois, 1848-1862; Abraham Lincoln's campaign manager; Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1862-1877; and U.S. Senator, 1877-1883. Most materials were collected by Willard L. King while writing a biography of Davis. Also present are a few original Davis items plus correspondence, prepublication manuscript, and reviews relating to King's book, 1950s-1964. Topics of the Davis materials include social and economic conditions in Illinois; life in Bloomington, Ill., and family affairs; political parties, especially the Whig and Republican parties, nationally and in Illinois; presidential campaigns and elections (1856-1876); Mormons in Illinois; the Mexican War; Davis's circuit-riding relationship with Lincoln, his riding partner; the antislavery movement; the rivalry between Norman B. Judd and John Wentworth; the Lincoln-Douglas debates; newspaper activities in Missouri and Chicago during the 1860s; the Civil War and particularly Missouri during the war; Davis as the administrator of Lincoln's estate; and the selection of a successor to Chief Justice Chase. Correspondents include Davis's wife Sarah Walker Davis and his son George Perrin Davis, Orville Browning, Ambrose E. Burnside, Simon Cameron, Aaron Lucius Chapin, Salmon P. Chase, Henry Clay, Grover Cleveland, Henry Winter Davis, Theophilus Lyle Dickey, Stephen A. Douglas, Ninian Edwards, Jesse W. Fell, John C. Fremont, James A. Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, John J. Hardin, James Harlan, Ozias M. Hatch, Rutherford B. Hayes, John F. Henry, William H. Herndon, Joseph Holt, Robert G. Ingersoll, Norman B. Judd, Ward Hill Lamon, Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, Robert Todd Lincoln, Thomas Lincoln, Stephen T. Logan, J.E. McClure, Joseph Medill, Lambdin P. Milligan, Richard J. Oglesby, William W. Orme, Ebenezer Peck, Julius Rockwell, Winfield Scott, William H. Seward, Caleb Smith, Edwin M. Stanton, John T. Stuart, Noah H. Swayne, Leonard Swett, Samuel J. Tilden, Samuel H. Treat, Lyman Trumbull, John P. Usher, Clement L. Vallandigham, Elihu B. Washburne, Thurlow Weed, Gideon Welles, John Wentworth, Horace White, Henry Clay Whitney, and Richard Yates. Correspondence about an autobiography by Davis is filed in box 1, but a copy of the autobiography is not present. This autobiography was owned by J. Grant Burke of Washington, D.C. ca. 1975.

1 oversize folder.

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Edwards, Ninian, 1775-1833

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Medill, Joseph, 1823-1899

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American journalist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chicago, to J.M. dalzell, 1881 Aug. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270636685 Journalist & major stockholder/director of the Chicago Tribune. Active participant in the formation of a "compact" Republican party and personal friend of Abraham Lincoln's. From the description of Joseph Medill letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1893 Sep 8. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 317...

Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908

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Grover Cleveland, born in Caldwell, NJ, 18 March 1837; moved to Buffalo, NY in 1855; Erie County Sheriff, 1871-1874; Mayor of Buffalo, 1882; Governor of New York, 1883-1884; President of the United States, 1885-1889, 1893-1897; married Frances Folsom, 1886; died at Princeton, NJ, 24 June 1908....

Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869

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American jurist and politician. From the description of Letter signed : "War Department," to William Pitt Fessenden, 1862 May 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270580939 U.S. secretary of war 1862-1868. From the description of Telegram (draft) : ms. : Washington, D.C., to Ulysses S. Grant, Appomattox C.H., Va., 1865 Apr. 9. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122380613 Secretary of War; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. ...

Usher, John Palmer, 1816-1889

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John P. Usher lived in Lawrence, Kan.; was an attorney, Railroad official, entrepreneur, and the chief counsel for the Union Pacific Railroad from 1865 to 1889. From the description of John P. Usher papers [microform], 18uu. (Kansas State Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 61660762 Lawyer and U.S. secretary of the interior. From the description of John Palmer Usher correspondence, 1865 April 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981246 ...

Weed, Thurlow, 1797-1882

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Thurlow Weed, politician and journalist, was born in Cairo, N.Y., on 15 November 1797. He married Catherine Ostrander in 1818. Weed was a leader of the anti-Masonic movement of the 1820's and 30's, a New York assemblyman from 1829-1831, and a key member of the Whig Party and then the Republican Party. From 1824-1826 Weed was the owner and editor of Rochester Telegraph. He published Anti-Masonic Enquirer, and from 1829-1863 he worked as a reporter and editor for the anti-Masons' paper, Albany Eve...

Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878

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Hardin, John J., 1810-1847

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Lawyer, Jacksonville, Illinois; Whig politician; Illinois House of Representatives, 1836-1842; served in Black Hawk War; killed in action, Mexican War. From the description of Letter: Vandalia, [Ill.], to Daniel Webster, Washington City, D.C., 1839 Jan. 22. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 33195880 From the description of Letter: Jacksonville, [Ill.], to [Joseph?] Heslep, 1840 June 25. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 331...

Trumbull, Lyman, 1813-1896

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Lawyer from Belleville, Illinois; United States Senator (1855-1873); State Supreme Court Justice (1848-1853); State Representative, St. Clair County (1840-1842); Illinois Secretary of State (1841-1843); unsuccessful candidate for Governor (1880). From the description of Letter, September 29, 1842. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 71275513 Lawyer from Belleville, Illinois; United States Senator (1855-1873); State Supreme Court Justice (1848-1853); S...

Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kx652n (person)

James Garfield, twentieth President of the United States, was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in 1831. After embarking on an academic career, he joined the Ohio volunteer infantry regiment, and in 1863 was appointed Major General in the same regiment. He served as a member of the U. S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1880, when he was elected President. His inauguration took place on March 4, 1881, but his term of office was unfortunately brought to an abrupt end with his assassination by C...

Swett, Leonard, 1825-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6126knn (person)

Leonard Herbert Swett, son of Leonard Swett and Laura Quigg, was born in 1858 in Bloomington, Illinois and traveled extensively in the American West as a surveyor with the United States Geological Survey. He married Rose Maria Skillings (1864-1914) in 1889 and they had at least one child, Laura Rose Swett, born in 1897. From the guide to the Leonard H. Swett papers, 1867-1934, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library) Leonard Swett (1825-1889), active in Illinois politics ...

Davis, Henry Winter, 1817-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw2p66 (person)

Henry Winter Davis (1817-1865) was an American statesman and orator and U.S. Representative from Maryland (1856-1865). From the description of Henry Winter Davis letters, 1852-1866. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70271313 Henry Winter Davis was a U.S. Representative from Maryland. From the description of Henry Winter Davis papers, 1863-1866. (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 708221414 H.W. Davis was an American...

Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )

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The Republican Party is a national political party in the United States, and was founded in 1854. In the 1864 election, the party took the name National Union Party to allow the participation of Democrats. From the description of Republican Party tickets, 1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 496362231 From the guide to the Republican Party tickets, 1864, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections) ...

Treat, Samuel Hubbel, 1811-1887

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fn28gr (person)

Illinois Supreme Court Justice, 1841-1855. U.S. District Court Judge, Southern District Illinois, 1855-1887. Died after 48 years of continuous judicial service. From the description of Papers, 1842-1874. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 55941358 ...

Davis, Sarah, 1844-1879.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q035jq (person)

Lamon, Ward Hill, 1828-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d51m20 (person)

Ward Hill Lamon, a close friend and a biographer of Abraham Lincoln. A native of Virginia, he moved to Illinois in 1847. He became Lincoln's law partner, and in the 1850's worked for his political career. In 1861, Lamon accompanied Lincoln to Washington. In the same year he was appointed Marshal of the District of Columbia. After Lincoln's assassination, Lamon practiced law in a partnership with Jeremiah S. Black. Black's son, Chauncey F. Black ghostwrote Lamon's Life of Abraham Lincoln (1872). ...

Lincoln, Robert Todd, 1843-1926

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6445mkd (person)

American lawyer and statesman. From the description of Letter signed : War Department, Washington City, to the Attorney General, 1883 Feb. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593081 From the description of Letter signed : War Department, Washington City, to the Attorney General, 1882 May 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593085 From the description of Letter signed : War Department, Washington City, to the Attorney General [Benjamin H. Brewster], 1881 Dec. 10. (...

Henry, John F., 1847-1879.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65j5cnv (person)

Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sb4468 (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Letter, 1845 March 4, Cincinnati, [Ohio], to Robert F. Paine, Columbus, O[hio]. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 13541605 Salmon P. Chase served as the Secretary of the Treasury from 1861 to 1864. He oversaw the creation of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (1862) and implemented the introduction of the income tax and the national currency. From the description of Letter press book of the Secretary of the Treasury. 1863, Ju...