Papers of Benjamin Huger [manuscript], 1780-1877 (bulk 1821-1877).

ArchivalResource

Huger, Benjamin, 1805-1877. Papers of Benjamin Huger [manuscript], 1780-1877 (bulk 1821-1877).

Papers of Benjamin Huger [manuscript], 1780-1877 (bulk 1821-1877).

Huger's papers trace his army career from West Point through the Mexican and Civil wars to retirement in Fauquier County, Va. During the Mexican War he served as Winfield Scott's chief of ordnance and the bulk of the papers are from this command. They include personal and official correspondence, statistics, accounts, orders, reports, maps and a small account book that originally belonged to a paymaster in the Mexican Army. The collection also contains correspondence from family in Charleston, S. C., from family and friends abroad, from friends serving in the Seminole Indian wars in Florida and from an 1850 tour of European ordnance manufacturers. An interesting group attempts to prove Huger's innocence in the Talcott affair involving an unauthorized purchase of shot. The Civil War papers contain correspondence from his sons in Texas and a letter book recording prisoner exchanges and truces for burial and search details. Post war papers of Huger and his sons try to vindicate his conduct in the battle of Seven Pines. The collection also contains an extract from the journal of Robert Kirkwood describing the battle of Camden, S. C. in 1780. Correspondents include Judah P. Benjamin, Charles M. Conrad, Jefferson Davis, Josiah Gorgas, Hugh Swinton Legaré, Fitzhugh Lee, Robert E. Lee, Joel R. Poinsett, George Wythe Randolph, Daniel E. Sickles, Gustavus W. Smith, Leroy Pope Walker and John E. Wool. There are also documents signed by John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay and John Letcher.

3 reels: positive ; 35 mm.

Related Entities

There are 23 Entities related to this resource.

Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rp3z99 (person)

John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina who served as the seventh vice president of the United States from 1825 to 1832. He is remembered for strongly defending slavery and for advancing the concept of minority states' rights in politics. He did this in the context of protecting the interests of the white South when its residents were outnumbered by Northerners. He began his political career as a nationalist, mo...

Clay, Henry, 1777-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gc2thc (person)

Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American attorney and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the Senate and House. He was the seventh House speaker and the ninth secretary of state. He received electoral votes for president in the 1824, 1832, and 1844 presidential elections. He also helped found both the National Republican Party and the Whig Party. For his role in defusing sectional crises, he earned the appellation of the "Great Compromiser" and was part of the "Grea...

Sickles, Daniel Edgar, 1819-1914

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tg0mn2 (person)

In 1819, Sickles was born in New York City to Susan Marsh Sickles and George Garrett Sickles, a patent lawyer and politician. (His year of birth is sometimes given as 1825, and Sickles was known to have claimed as such. Historians speculate that Sickles chose to appear younger when he married a woman half his age.) He learned the printer's trade and studied at the University of the City of New York (now New York University). He studied law in the office of Benjamin Butler, was admitted to the ba...

Walker, Leroy Pope, 1817-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62z1dnz (person)

Lawyer, politician, and Confederate secretary of war (1861). From the description of Papers, 1861-1868. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41150151 Leroy Pope Walker was the first Confederate Secretary of War and later Brigadier General. John Beauchamp Jones was the author of "A Rebel War Clerk's Diary" (Philadelphia, 1866), which presented a vivid picture of wartime Richmond. Therein he described seeing Walker in Montgomery on 19 May 1861, and, telling him of hi...

Benjamin, J. P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3f7j (person)

U.S. senator from Louisiana; Confederate cabinet member, and lawyer. In Feb. 1862, Benjamin was the Confederate Secretary of War. From the description of Judah Philip Benjamin correspondence, 1862 Feb. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 419566560 Judah P. Benjamin was an attorney, planter, politician, and Confederate cabinet member. He was born in St. Thomas, British West Indies and came to New Orleans in 1828. Benjamin was elected to the Louisiana Legislature in 1842, became...

Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6td9wfd (person)

Charleston and Georgetown, S.C. attorney, plantation owner, and politician. Poinsett served as the U.S. Secretary of War under President Martin Van Buren from 1837 to 1841. From the description of Letters, 1837-1839. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 37522812 U.S. diplomat and secretary of war. An amateur of natural history, he imported and cultivated the Mexican flower named in his honor, and was one of the founders in 1840 of the National Institu...

Conrad, Charles Magill, 1804-1878

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v1337f (person)

U.S. secretary of war, U.S. senator and representative of Louisiana, and Confederate army officer. From the description of Charles Magill Conrad appointment, 1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79456101 Lawyer; member of U.S. Congress; Secretary of War under President Fillmore. From the description of Letters, 1848-1853. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32878741 American lawyer and statesman; Secretary of War. From the descript...

Lee, Robert Edward, 1807-1870

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sk28nd (person)

Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) served as General of the Confederate Army in the U.S. Civil War and was president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia from 1865 to 1870. Lee spent the first twenty-three years of his military career in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. From 1837 to 1841 he was superintending engineer for the harbor of St. Louis and the upper Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Robert E. Lee was a United States Army officer, 1829-1861; commander of Virginia forces in the ...

Kirkwood, Robert, 1730-1791

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n32gf4 (person)

Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xk8d2z (person)

Mary Ann Lamar Cobb (1818-1889), wife of Gen. Howell Cobb (1815-1868). From the description of Letter to Mary Ann Lamar Cobb, 1888 Oct. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476494 Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) was born in Kentucky. He attended Transylvania University for a short time before enrolling at West Point in 1824, at the age of 16. He graduated in 1828 and immediately joined the First Infantry. His regiment was engaged in the Blackhawk War of 1831. In 1833, he became a...

Huger, Benjamin, 1805-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sn0k7p (person)

Charleston, S.C. plantation owner, U.S. Army officer, and Confederate general. From the description of Letter : Fort Monroe, to "My dear Major," 1846 May 29. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36866120 Confederate general. From the description of Autograph notes, 1848 Nov. 17 [on opposite page]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269546738 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Fortress Monroe, [18]48 Nov. 28. (Unknown). ...

Letcher, John, 1813-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw1pdh (person)

Governor of Virginia. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Richmond, Va., to President Buchanan, 1860 June 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591184 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Lexington, Va., to Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, 1813-1884. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590807 Native of Virginia; graduate of Washington College; lawyer, newspaper editor, presidential elector in 1848, and member of Virginia's constitutional c...

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xf1qn8 (person)

Charles Nicoll Bancker was a merchant and financier. From the guide to the Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894, 1733-1894, (American Philosophical Society) The Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) was a French patriot who enlisted in the Continental Army with the rank of Major-General. He was second-in-command to General Washington. He also participated in the French Revolution until 1790 when he was forced out of the country under the rule of the Jacobi...

Aztec Club of 1847

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jh7znq (corporateBody)

The Aztec Club was a veteran fraternal order of United States (U.S.)Army officers who served in the Mexican War and their descendents. It was formed by officers of the U.S. Army at Mexico City in 1847. Most members served in Major General Winfield Scott's Army. In 1888 its name was changed to the Aztec Club of 1847 by its constitution. From the description of The Aztec Club archives, 1847-1964. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 47922580 ...

Smith, Gustavus Woodson, 1822-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bz67rm (person)

Gustavus Woodson Smith (1822-1896), civil and military engineer and Confederate Major General, born in Kentucky. From the description of Gustavus Woodson Smith papers, 1858-1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478117 Army officer and engineer. Appointed major-general in the provisional Confederate Army in September 1861 and held various commands off and on until the end of the war, including several days as acting secretary of war. From the description of State...

Wool, John Ellis, 1784-1869

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w66v85 (person)

Wool, a New York native, was a career U. S. army officer who began his service during the War of 1812, led victorious troops at the Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican War, and commanded several departments in the eastern United States until he retired on August 1, 1863. From the description of Orders No. 302, May 28, 1847. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 301369825 John Ellis Wool (1784-1869) was an American military officer who fought in the...

Gorgas, Josiah, 1818-1883

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mp5f85 (person)

General and Chief of Ordnance for the Confederate States Army; later, president of the University of Alabama. From the description of Extracts from my notes written chiefly soon after the close of the war, [ca. 1865]. (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 29452282 Born in Dauphin County, Pa., Josiah Gorgas graduated from West Point in 1841 and was assigned to the ordnance corps. He served in the Mexican-American War and was promoted to captain in 1855. In 1853, he mar...

United States Military Academy

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67x01xt (corporateBody)

West Point, N.Y., was originally utilized as a strategic defense location during the American Revolution. West Point is geographically located on a 100 ft. plateau overlooking the Hudson River. After the American victory Congress created a Corps of Invalids (veterans) that were transferred to West Point for the purpose of instructing candidates for commission. In 1802 Congress legally established the United States Military Academy at West Point. The Academy produced many leaders of American forc...

Talcott, George, 1786-1862

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g73vbj (person)

Legaré, Hugh Swinton 1797?-1843

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67m0k8t (person)

Legare was a lawyer and legislator whose career included terms in the South Carolina legislature and in Congress (elected 1836). In 1841, President Tyler appointed him attorney-general. From the description of Letter to B. Northrup, 22 September 1841. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234341782 Lawyer, editor, and politician, from Charleston, S.C. From the description of Papers, 1837-1843. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19865911 ...

United States. Army

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km312r (corporateBody)

The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution, Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 and United States Code, Title 10, Subtitle B, Chapter 301, Section 3001. As the largest and senior branch of the U.S. military, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which wa...

Randolph, George Wythe, 1818-1867

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx6k4c (person)

Confederate secretary of war. From the description of Letter : to Bettie D. George, Charlottesville, Va., 1862 September 25. (Charlottesville-Albemarle History Collection). WorldCat record id: 29536517 Army general and Secretary of War for the Confederate States of America. From the description of George Wythe Randolph letter, 1862 July 17. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 259801913 ...

Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61262zg (person)

Fitzhugh Lee, grandson of Henry "Light-Horse Harry" and nephew of Robert E. Lee was Major General of the Confederate Army. After the war, he wrote about and taught the history of the South during the Civil War and wrote a biography of Robert E. Lee. In 1885-1889, he served as governor of Virginia. From the description of Papers of Fitzhugh Lee, 1863-1889 (bulk 1885-1889). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122446276 Fitzhugh Le...