Papers of the Carter and Wellford family of Sabine Hall, 1650 (1736-1874) 1936.


Brockenbrough, William, fl. 1763,. Papers of the Carter and Wellford family of Sabine Hall, 1650 (1736-1874) 1936.

Papers of the Carter and Wellford family of Sabine Hall, 1650 (1736-1874) 1936.

The papers of the Carter and Wellford families contain deeds, patents, stocks and bonds, wills maps, surveys, and indentures as well as correspondence. The early correspondence of Landon Carter (1710-1778) deals with tobacco production and sale, land purchases, and management of his plantation. Family and neighborhood news is frequently conveyed. Later correspondence contains many references to political troubles with England, action taken in Virginia, and events in the first years of the Revolution such as the Stamp Act, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Virginia Convention, and includes several letters to the editor of the Virginia Gazette on the political situation. The diary of Landon Carter, 1763-1778, records daily farming activities, with many comments on his slaves, remarks on the Revolution and its ultimate effect, and reflections on his estrangement from his son Robert Wormeley Carter, the second (1792-1861). The correspondence of Robert Wormeley Carter the second contains more local and agricultural news with a few letters generated by the latter's political career touching on national politics. Of interest are mentions of the War of 1812 and the evacuation of slaves at the approach of British warships, a letter from John Tyler on Andrew Jackson's fiscal policies, and comments on the Whig Party and the Virginia Reform Convention of 1851. One Civil War letter mentions the death of an acquaintance and two affadavits, 1863, concern slaves who fled to Union forces. Interspersed in the large segment of R.W. Carter II's estate settlement papers are several comments on reconstruction in Virginia. Correspondence of Dr. Armistead Nelson Wellford, is chiefly business in nature but also includes his official Civil War pardon signed by President Andrew Johnson. Papers of his son Robert Carter Wellford and grandson Armistead Nelso Wellford include University of Virginia report cards and correspondence with Cassius Francis Lee, Jr., and Earl G. Swem discussing the respective sale and preservation of the Sabine Hall Papers. Correspondence of women in the family includes discussions of schooling, social events, and sickness and deaths. Of interest are a comment on Charlotte Brontë's "Vilette" and a commonplace book of Elizabeth Merry Tayloe's poems. Other items of interest include the agricultural journals, 1813-1860, and mill book containing a slave register, 1831-1845, of the second R.W. Carter; a list of "Negroes Baptized in Richmond County 1723-1724"; election returns for Lancaster and Richmond Counties, 1836; an 1872 brochure urging immigration to the Northern Neck; agricultural essays and medical observations of the 1st Landon Carter and an inventory of his estate; and physician's account ledgers of Beverley R. Wellford. Seventeenth century items include land patents, from William Berkeley, 1650-1665; a surveys, 1650-1684; deeds of sale and indentures; and the will of John Rice. Correspondents include Norborne Berkeley, baron de Botetourt, William Brockenbrough, Charles Carter, Samuel Chase, Raleigh Colston, Richard Corbin, Francis Fauquier, the Rev. Isaac W. Giberne, Arthur Lee, Francis Lightfoot Lee, Henry Lee, Richard Lee, Richard Henry Lee, Robert E. Lee (a receipt), George Mason, William Meade, Thomas Nelson, Robert Carter Nicholas, John Page, vice chairman of the Committee of Safety, Peter Pelham, Alexander Purdie, Peyton Randolph, William Rind, Joseph Royle, Earl G. Swem, Edward T. Tayloe, John Tayloe, John Tyler, and Dr. A.N. Wellford.

1,075 items.

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