George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914.

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Engelmann, George, 1809-1884. George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914.

George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914.

This is a collection of chiefly letters and botanical notebooks. Lecture notes and Engelmann's doctoral thesis are among the earliest papers. A series on herbaria and collectors includes plant exchange lists and other records concerning the Bernhardi and Engelmann herbaria and early plant collections coordinated by Engelmann in the western United States. The botanical notebooks are primarily notes on species from the botanical literature, herbarium specimens, and live plants in field and garden. Drawings and manuscripts by Engelmann, Arthur Schott, Paulus Roetter and others, and correspondence are found throughout. The correspondence (primarily letters to Engelmann) relates to botany, botanical surveys and expeditions sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and other U.S. government agencies. Letters discuss the following expeditions: the Emory expedition in New Mexico, the Fremont expedition in the Rocky Mountains and California, Hayden expedition on the upper Missouri River and Colorado, and the Nicollet, Powell, Simpson, Wheeler, Whipple and Wilkes expeditions. Many of the letters include descriptions of local and national politics. There is extensive correspondence with Smithsonian representatives.

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Smithsonian Institution

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The Smithsonian Institution was established on August 10, 1846, is a group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. Originally organized as the United States National Museum.James Smithson (1765-1829), a British scientist, left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusio...

Whipple, Amiel Weeks, 1817?-1863

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Union general. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Ft. Corcoran, to Major Hunt, 1862 Sept. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270587485 ...

Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905

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The United States Army's Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian was headed by Lieutenant George M. Wheeler. Although this survey was merged into the United States Geological Survey in 1879, Wheeler continued to supervise publication of results of his survey until his retirement in 1888. From the description of Letter book relating to Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1879 Oct 18-1880 Jun 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82678574 From the description...

Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.)

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Lindheimer, Ferdinand, 1802-1879

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Editor, Neu Braunfelser Zeitung, a German language newspaper; a German immigrant who settled in New Braunfels, Texas and collected plants for George Engelmann. From the description of Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer papers, 1854-1909. (Missouri Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 61773030 ...

Bernhardi, Johann Jacob, 1774-1850

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Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887

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Soldier who served during the Mexican and Civil wars and surveyor of United States territory west of the Mississippi River with the Topographical Engineers. From the description of Papers of William Emory, 1861-1873. (University of Maryland Libraries). WorldCat record id: 25058262 American army officer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to William Stanbery, 1867 Apr. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270614403 From the d...

Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877

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Wilkes was a career U.S. naval officer who, as captain of the San Jacinto, provoked the Trent Affair in 1861. From the description of Letter, November 1861. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 61770003 Charles Wilkes, American naval officer and explorer, was born on April 3, 1798 in New York, NY. He surveyed Narragansett Bay in 1832-1833, which led to his appointment to a depot of charts and instruments, which later became the Naval Observatory. In 18...

Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902

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Wallace Earle Stegner is an author. From the guide to the Papers, 1868-1879, relating to John Wesley Powell and the Colorado River, 1868-1879, (American Philosophical Society) John Wesley Powell was a geologist, ethnologist, and director of the United States Geological Survey; he was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1889. From the guide to the John Wesley Powell correspondence, 1869-1879, of the Powell Survey, 1869-1879, (American Philosophical So...

Shaw, Henry, 1800-1889

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Founder of Missouri Botanical Garden, 1859; merchant, real estate developer, and philanthropist in St. Louis, Missouri. From the description of Henry Shaw papers, 1818-1949. (Missouri Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 61772646 ...

Engelmann, George, 1809-1884

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George Engelmann was a botanist and physician in St. Louis, Missouri and was chief scientific advisor to Henry Shaw on the development of the Missouri Botanical Garden. He bought the Bernhardi herbarium and the first books for the library on a trip to Europe for Henry Shaw in 1857-1858. His herbarium was given to the Garden by his son after his death. From the description of George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914. (Missouri Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 61772595 Botanis...

Hooker, William Jackson, Sir, 1785-1865

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William Jackson Hooker was the premier English botanist of his time. His early interest in natural history was refined to botany by the fortuitous discovery of a rare moss. His education included travels through Europe, after which he became regius professor of botany at Glasgow. He published extensively, and founded and edited several journals; his main interests were ferns, mosses, and fungi, and he was a pioneer of economic botany. He was appointed first director of Kew Gardens, which became ...

Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911

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Sir Joseph D. Hooker (1817-1911), botanist, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, England. From the description of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker collection, 1828-1909. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477374 English botanist and traveler. From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : [London] Mar. 25 1878, to an unidentified recipient at the Daily Telegraph, 1878 Mar. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666429 Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker was...

Roetter, Paulus, 1806-1894.

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Artist; produced botanical drawings for the works of George Engelmann, Louis Aggassiz, and various government expeditions and surveys concduted west of the Mississippi River. From the description of Botanical sketches by Paulus Roetter, 1848-1880. (Missouri Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 61772637 ...

Missouri Botanical Garden. Herbarium.

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United States exploring expedition (1838-1842)

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The United States Exploring Expedition under the command of Charles Wilkes left U.S.A. Aug. 1838, returning July 1842. The ships in the expedition were the Flying Fish, Oregon, Peacock, Porpoise, Relief, Seagull and Vincennes. The expedition visited the Antarctic, Sydney Harbour, Bay of Islands, N.Z., various islands in the Pacific and areas on the coast of South America and U.S.A. From the description of Records [microform]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225845806 ...

Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843

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J.N. Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, settled in the United States in 1832. In 1836-1837 he explored the sources of the Mississippi River, and in 1838-1839 he led two United States Army Corps of Topographical Engineers expeditions to map the region between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, in which he was assisted by John Charles Frémont. John James Abert served as commander of the Topographical Bureau and Corps of Topographical Engineers, 1829-1861. From the descript...

Schott, Arthur, 1814-1875

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Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887

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Geologist who began his career as a teacher in Oberlin, Ohio. From the description of Ferdinand V. Hayden papers, 1846-1865. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 18376030 Surveyor and geologist. From the description of Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570213 F. V. Hayden (1829-1887) was a physician turned geologist, explorer, and naturalist; originally of Westfield,...

Gray, Asa, 1810-1888

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Botanist, ardent supporter of Charles Darwin, first professor appointed to the faculty of the University of Michigan, and Professor of Botany at Harvard University. From the description of Asa Gray collection, 1871-1885. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 68802268 Asa Gray is an American botanist. He was made Professor of Natural History at Harvard University in 1842 and held that position until 1873. He was the author of several works including Manual of the bota...

Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890

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JCF served as Territorial Governor of Arizona 1878-1881. From the description of ALS, 1879 July 2 : [New York], to Mr. [Charles Edward] Lester. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15615926 Narciso Botello, secretary of the Ayuntamientos in 1836, secretary to Governor Flores in 1847. From the description of Articulos de capitulacion hecha el dia trece de Enero de mil ochocientos, cuarenta y siete por D. José Antonio Carrillo Comandante de Escu...

Simpson, J. H. (James Hervey), 1813-1883

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James Hervey Simpson was a West Point cadet who served with the Topographical Corps to explore and survey the Green Bay, Wis., area. He later surveyed the Santa Fe Trail in the late 1840s and mapped out routes to California in the 1850s within the Utah Territory, where he was named chief of topographical engineers. From the description of Abstract of disbursements on account of survey of N.W. lakes (Green Bay survey) made during the 2nd & 3rd quarter of the year : ms., 1843. (Uni...