Papers, 1832-1970 bulk 1920-1969.

ArchivalResource

Papers, 1832-1970 bulk 1920-1969.

The bulk of the Florence Rose Papers date from 1921 to 1970 and focus on both her personal and professional life. Major subjects reflected in the collection include the birth control movement in the U.S., the legal and political aspects of American birth control struggles, the history of relations between African-Americans and Planned Parenthood, the politics of American hunger relief and prevention efforts in developing countries, efforts to promote cultural understanding between nations in the immediate post-WWII period, and the life and legacy of birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger. The major birth control organizations are represented including the American Birth Control League, the Birth Control Federation of America, the National Committee for Federal Legislation on Birth Control, and the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau, all of which merged into the Planned Parenthood Federation of America. Individuals represented in the papers include notable 20th century social reformers, birth control advocates, and public figures such as Margaret Sanger, Pearl S. Buck, Havelock Ellis, Carrie Chapman Catt, Morris Ernst, Clarence Gamble, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Harriet Pilpel, Emma Goldman, and H.G. Wells.

15 linear ft. (37 boxes)

Information

SNAC Resource ID: 7605759

Smith College, Neilson Library

Related Entities

There are 19 Entities related to this resource.

Meals for Millions Foundation (Los Angeles, Calif.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mm74hn (corporateBody)

The Meals for Millions Foundation of Los Angeles was a non-profit organization dedicated to the eradication of hunger in the world through “three-cent meals.” The plan for such a program was formulated by Clifford Clinton (of Clifton cafeterias in Los Angeles), who, with the assistance of Dr. Henry Borsook of Caltech organized the foundation in 1946. The basic product of the foundation, known as Multi-purpose Food, was a tasteless additive that could be mixed with virtually anything....

Lader, Lawrence, 1919-2006

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hv3dx9 (person)

Author and activist Lawrence Lader (1919- ) has written extensively on abortion rights and family planning in the United States. He was founding chair of the National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws (now the National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League) in 1969, and was instrumental in the campaign that produced the 1970 New York State law legalizing abortion. Beginning in 1976 he served as president of the Abortion Rights Mobilization, and has worked for the introduction ...

Ernst, Morris L. (Morris Leopold), 1888-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65v4b4f (person)

Morris Ernst (August 23, 1888 – May 21, 1976) was an American lawyer and prominent attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). In public life, he defended and asserted the rights of Americans to privacy and freedom from censorship, playing a significant role in challenging and overcoming the banning of certain works of literature (including James Joyce's Ulysses and Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness) and in asserting the right of media employees to organise labor unions. He als...

Rose, Florence, 1903-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6912vbj (person)

Florence Rose, born in New York City on June 20, 1903, was the youngest of three children and the only daughter of Jewish Hungarian immigrants who probably used the surname Rosenbaum. Rose was raised along with her brothers Felix and Leon in Brooklyn. In addition to secretarial training, her education included study at both Hunter College and Columbia University, but it is not clear whether she ever completed a degree. After concluding her education, Rose held a variet...

World Center for Women's Archives (New York, N.Y.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g8457n (corporateBody)

World Center for Women's Archives was an organization established by Rosika Schwimmer and Mary Ritter Beard in the hopes of creating an educational collection which women could consult to learn about the history of women. The center was located in the Biltmore Hotel at 41 Park Avenue in New York City. It closed in 1940, but the efforts made to establish a center to collect records encouraged several colleges and universities to begin develop similar archives of women's history. It was one of the...

Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xt6kxw (person)

Margaret Louise Higgins was born in Corning, New York, on September 15, 1879, the sixth of eleven children and the third of four daughters born to Anne Purcell Higgins and Michael Hennessey Higgins, a stone mason. Her two elder sisters worked to supplement the family income, and financed her education at Claverack College, a private coeducational preparatory school in the Catskills. After leaving Claverack, Higgins took a job teaching first grade to immigrant children, but decided after a short ...

Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g55fc3 (person)

Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, womanist, and civil rights activist. Bethune founded the National Council for Negro Women in 1935, established the organization's flagship journal Aframerican Women's Journal, and resided as president or leader for myriad African American women's organizations including the National Association for Colored Women and the National Youth Administration'...

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6524nmh (person)

Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman (1860-1935) was the leading public intellectual of the women’s movement in the early 20th century. Born into the prestigious Beecher family, she struggled through a lonely childhood and disastrous marriage, which caused a nervous breakdown. Her mental health returned once she separated from her husband; she later gave him custody of their young daughter, and he had a happy second marriage to one of her close friends. She moved to California, and threw herself int...

Planned parenthood federation of America

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bp3xkr (corporateBody)

In 1921 Margaret Sanger founded the national lobbying organization, American Birth Control League (ABCL) which in 1942 became Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). Between 1921 and 1942 the organization underwent two transformations. In 1923 Sanger opened the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (BCCRB) for the purposes of dispensing contraceptives under the supervision of licensed physicians and studying their effectiveness. The ABCL provided institutional backing for ...

Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m728ct (person)

Historian, feminist, and author. Married historian Charles Beard. From the description of Papers, 1935-1958 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006703 From the description of Letters, 1937-1942 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008676 Beard was an American author and historian. From the description of Correspondence: [1938?]-1959. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155180912 Mary Ritter Bear...

Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6193wj9 (person)

H. G. Wells, Herbert George Wells (b. September 21, 1866, Bromley, Kent, England-d. August 13, 1946, London, England), best remembered for imaginative novels such as The Invisible Man and The War of the Worlds, prototypes for modern science fiction, was a prolific writer and one of the most versatile in the history of English letters. He produced an average of nearly three books a year for more than fifty years, in addition to hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. His works ranged from f...

Gamble, Clarence James, 1894-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6br9bbj (person)

Gamble (1894-1966) (Harvard, M.D. 1920) became involved in the birth control movement in 1929 when he helped to establish the Maternal Health Clinic and Committee in Cincinnati and became associated with a Philadelphia clinic. In 1933 he chaired the board of Philadelphia Maternal Health Centers, and began a term as president of the Pennsylvania Birth Control Federation. He later served in an executive capacity with the Birth Control Federation and Planned Parenthood Federation of America. He pro...

Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66w9g8f (person)

Pearl S. Buck was the daughter of American missionary parents, and spent the first seventeen years of her life in China. Her third novel, The Good Earth, won the Pulitzer Prize, and a Nobel Prize for literature followed, citing The Good Earth as well as her biographies of her parents. Critical reception for her works has been mixed since these early successes. A prolific and optimistic author, most of her fiction is set in China, and she displays great affection for the place and her characters....

Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x63kt6 (person)

Emma Goldman (1869-1940) was an anarchist, feminist, author, editor, and lecturer on politics, literature and the arts. She was born in Lithuania and died in Canada. Her lectures and publications attracted attention throughout the U.S. and Europe. She was associated with the anarchist journal Mother Earth from 1906 to 1917 and was imprisoned for publicly advocating birth control in 1916 and pacifism in 1917. In 1919 she was deported to Russia but had to leave because of her criticism of the Bols...

Maazel, Lorin

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wq05vd (person)

American conductor and violinist of French birth. From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : Los Angeles, 14 June 1942, to William Keresey in New York 1942 June 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270915854 ...

Scott, Michael, 1907-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z7qj0 (person)

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr4p19 (person)

Carrie Lane Chapman Catt, suffragist, early feminist, political activist, and Iowa State alumna (1880), was born on January 9, 1859 in Ripon, Wisconsin to Maria Clinton and Lucius Lane. At the close of the Civil War, the Lanes moved to a farm near Charles City, Iowa where they remained throughout their lives. Carrie entered Iowa State College in 1877 completing her work in three years. She graduated at the top of her class and while in Ames established military drills for women, became the first...

Skala, Lilia

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65q5hg0 (person)

Ellis, Havelock, 1859-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z03c1n (person)

British essayist, editor physician and psychologist. He studied human sexual behavior and his research for Man and Women (1894) led to his major work, the seven volume, Studies in the Psychology of Sex (1897-1928). His last writings were the essays on literature and art reprinted in Views and Reviews (1932). From the description of Havelock Ellis papers, 1871-1939 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702166017 From the guide to the Havelock Ellis papers, 1871-1939, (M...