Wounded Knee Legal Defense/Offense Committee records, 1966-1990 (bulk 1973-1976).
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The American Indian Movement (AIM) is an American Indian advocacy group in the United States, founded in July 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota....
Kenneth Earl Tilsen was born on November 4, 1927, in New Leipzig, North Dakota, one of five children. Tilsen's family lived briefly in Michigan, then moved to St. Paul, Minnesota, where Tilsen attended first-grade classes. Tilsen's awareness of social inequities and the disenfranchised began early in life. Tilsen's father founded Tilsen Homes, the Twin Cities' first builder of integrated housing. Tilsen spent his formative years in St. Paul's Selby-Dale neighborhood, the...
The FBI established this classification when it assumed responsibility for ascertaining the protection capabilities and weaknesses of defense plants. Each plant survey was a separate case file, with the survey, supplemental surveys, and all communications dealing with a plant insofar as plant protection was concerned, filed together. On June 1, 1941, and January 5, 1942, the Navy and Army, respectively, assumed responsibility for surveying defense plants in which they had interests. Thereafter, ...
Epithet: witness of Wolley Ch xi.83 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000700.0x000231 Epithet: Ensign; of the English expeditionary force at Bombay British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001344.0x00025c ...
The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was formed in 1824. An agency of the federal government of the United States within the US Department of the Interior, it is responsible for the administration and management of land held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives. From the guide to the Navajo Land, motion picture, undated, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah) A Statistics Section was organ...
Robert Robideau joined the American Indian Movement (AIM) in 1973. Indian inmates, Clyde Bellecourt, Dennis Banks, and Edward Benton-Banai founded AIM in 1968 in the Stillwater State Penitentiary. The organizers endeavored to teach the many Indian inmates about their spiritual history and how to stay out of jail once paroled. The movement aimed to revitalize a sense of pride in traditional Indian values and to correct the conditions under which Indians lived: 70-80% unemployment; inadequate hous...
The U.S. Marshals were formed by the Judiciary Act of 1789 in order to give the federal government enforcement power to apprehend fugitives and perform other odd jobs- such as the U.S. census (until 1870). Marshals were permitted to swear in Special Deputies and form posses to apprehend federal fugitives. Marshals could serve subpoenas, writs, warrants, summonses, handled all federal prisoners, and were able to distribute funds as ordered by federal courts. From the description of U....
On February 27, 1973, approximately 300 Indians on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, led by members of the Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization (OSCRO) and the American Indian Movement (AIM), occupied the village of Wounded Knee. During the 71-day siege, the occupants established the Independent Oglala Nation and demanded the U.S. Government's recognition of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty with the Sioux Nation, the removal of the Oglala Sioux tribal council, and new electi...
Annie Mae Aquash, also known as Naguset Eask, (b. March 27, 1945, Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia-d. circa mid-December 1975) was a First Nations activist from Nova Scotia, Canada, who moved to Boston in the 1960s and joined American Indians in education and resistance. She was part of the American Indian Movement in the Wounded Knee incident at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, United States in 1973. Aquash participated in the 1972 Trail of Broken Treaties and occupation of the Department of Inte...