Collection. 1952-1960.

ArchivalResource

Collection. 1952-1960.

36 microcards of interviews with men prominent in race relations and civil rights work, taped under the auspices of the Oral History Research Office of Columbia University. Persons interviewed were Will W. Alexander (Dean Albertson, interviewer), 1952, 8 cards; Roger Nash Baldwin (Dr. Harlan B. Phillips, interviewer), 1953-54, 11 cards; William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (William Ingersoll, interviewer), 1960, 2 cards; George Schuyler (William Ingersoll, interviewer), 1960, 8 cards; J. Waties Waring (Dr. Harlan Phillips, interviewer -- 1955 and Louis M. Starr, 1956-57), 5 cards; and Roy Wilkins (William Ingersoll, interviewer), 1960, 2 cards. Included among the numerous subjects of the set were American Civil Liberties Union, American Communist Party, Commission on Interracial Cooperation, Harlem Renaissance, National Urban League, Rosenwald Fund, NAACP, Ku Klux Klan, Rockefeller Foundation, and Universal Negro Improvement Association. Publications represented, among others, were the Crisis, Call, Messenger, and Pittsburgh Courier. Personal names are numerous and among them are the following: Jessie Daniel Ames, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Mrs. George Haynes, Marcus Garvey, and A. Philip Randolph.

36 Microcards.

Related Entities

There are 26 Entities related to this resource.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k17w53 (corporateBody)

Organizational History and List of Officers Organizational History 1909 Issued the “Call,” a statement calling for a conference to protest discrimination and violence against African Americans Convened the National Negro Conference on May 31 and June 1, New York, N.Y. E...

Randolph, A. Philip, 1889-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jj4bwm (person)

Asa Philip Randolph (born April 15, 1889, Cresent City, Florida-died May 16, 1979, New York City), African-American labor leader and early civil rights spokesman. Influenced by the socialism of Eugene Debs, Randolph began publishing his magazine The Messenger in 1917. He opposed U.S. entry into the first World War. In 1925 he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. His associations with Bayard Rustin and James Farmer influenced his dedication to nonviolence. Randolph was a founder of ...

Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t54jqj (person)

Roger Nash Baldwin (January 21, 1884 – August 26, 1981) was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). He served as executive director of the ACLU until 1950. Many of the ACLU's original landmark cases took place under his direction, including the Scopes Trial, the Sacco and Vanzetti murder trial, and its challenge to the ban on James Joyce's Ulysses. Baldwin was a well-known pacifist and author. Baldwin was born in Wellesley, Massachusetts, the son of Lucy Cushing (...

Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bs9hss (person)

Charlotte Hawkins Brown (June 11, 1883-January 11, 1961) was born in Henderson, North Carolina, the daughter of Caroline Frances Hawkins and Edmund H. Hight. The family moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the late 1880's, where CHB attended public schools. During her senior year of high school Alice Freeman Palmer, formerly president of Wellesley College, encouraged her to attend the State Normal School at Salem and provided financial support. In 1901 CHB accepted a job as teacher...

Communist Party of the United States of America

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r31rnp (corporateBody)

The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), a Marxist-Leninist party aligned with the Soviet Union, was founded in 1919 in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution by the left wing members of the Socialist Party USA. These split into two groups, with each holding founding conventions in Chicago in September 1919: one which established the Communist Labor Party, and a second which established the Communist Party of America. In a 1920 Joint Unity Convention, a minority faction of t...

Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g55fc3 (person)

Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, womanist, and civil rights activist. Bethune founded the National Council for Negro Women in 1935, established the organization's flagship journal Aframerican Women's Journal, and resided as president or leader for myriad African American women's organizations including the National Association for Colored Women and the National Youth Administration'...

Ingersoll, William B.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dj5fbt (person)

Columbia University Oral History Collection.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fn4z2d (corporateBody)

Haynes, George H. (George Henry), 1866-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m04557 (person)

Garvey, Marcus, 1887-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vt1sg1 (person)

Starr, Louis Morris, 1917-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6028r5w (person)

(Columbia M.A., 1953; Ph.D., 1954), author, professor of journalism and Director of the Oral History Research Office at Columbia, 1961-1980. From the description of Papers on his "Bohemian Brigade" and "Joseph Pulitzer," 1867-1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122610713 ...

Commission on Interracial Cooperation

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tj2d0h (corporateBody)

The Commission on Interracial Cooperation was founded in 1918 by a group of prominent blacks and whites who wished to address the social, political, and economic problems facing African Americans. Incorporated in 1929 in Georgia, the Commission consisted of state and local committees throughout the South. Will W. Alexander, a white Methodist minister served as director for twenty-five years. The organization was dissolved in 1944 and succeeded by the Southern Regional Council. From t...

American Civil Liberties Union

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65x61pb (corporateBody)

Founded in 1920 in New York City by Roger Baldwin and others; the ACLU was an outgrowth of the American Union Against Militarism's National Civil Liberties Bureau, which in 1920 changed its name to the American Civil Liberties Union. From the description of Collection, 1917- (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 42740878 The Southern Women's Rights Project (SWRP) located in Richmond is affiliated with the American Civil Liberties Union. The project deal...

Rockefeller Foundation

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67x729t (corporateBody)

The Rockefeller Foundation was established in May 1913 by John D. Rockefeller, by act of the New York State Legislature, "to promote the well-being of mankind throughout the world". From its earliest years, several separate organizations and divisions have carried on the Foundation's work in carefully selected fields. In 1913, the International Health Board (originally the International Health Commission) was formed in order to extend the work of the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission for the Eradi...

Ku-Klux Klan.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hj0bp3 (corporateBody)

National urban league

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n33p05 (corporateBody)

The National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, later the National Urban League, resulted from the 1910 merger of three welfare organizations in New York, N.Y.: the Committee for Improving Industrial Conditions among Negroes in New York, the Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, and the National League for Protection of Colored Women. From the description of Records of the National Urban League, 1910-1986 (bulk 1930-1979). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130941 ...

Universal negro improvement association

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6808tbr (corporateBody)

International black fraternal and philanthropic organization founded in 1914 by Marcus Garvey. Originally designed to promote Pan-Africanism, it later developed into a radical political organization which advocated the repatriation of blacks to Africa. From the description of Records 1921-1986. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17975241 The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) was founded in Jamaica on August 1, 1914...

Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s46r5z (person)

Civil rights leader and journalist; d. 1981. From the description of Papers, 1915-1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 31605113 Roy Wilkins was born in St. Louis, Missouri, grew up in St. Paul, Minnesota and graduated from the University of Minnesota. Wilkins edited the KANSAS CITY CALL, a Black newspaper, from 1923 to 1931. Wilkins became Assistant Secretary of the NAACP in 1931 and became Executive Secretary in 1955. Under his leadership the NAACP grew to 350,000 members. ...

Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington), 1920-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62z15k5 (person)

Julius Rosenwald Fund

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md2s4m (corporateBody)

Founded by Julius Rosenwald; incorporated Oct. 30, 1917 in Chicago, Ill., as a non-profit corporation with the purpose of promoting "the well-being of mankind;" after Rosenwald met Booker T. Washington in 1911, funds focus was on Negro interests. From the description of Julius Rosenwald Fund records, 1917-1948. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 70972601 In 1917, Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932), President of Sears, Roebuck and Company, initiated the Julius R...

Schuyler, George S. (George Samuel), 1895-1977

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j966hc (person)

African American writer and journalist; author of the satirical fantasy "Black no more." From the description of Papers of George Samuel Schuyler [manuscript], 1932-1966. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647833639 Author, journalist; interviewee d.1977. From the description of Reminiscences of George Samuel Schuyler : oral history, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309724720 George S. Schuy...

Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gk06z2 (person)

W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Educated at Fisk University, he did graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate. Du Bois became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Due to his contributions in the African-American community he was seen as a member of a Black elite that supported some aspects ...

Albertson, Dean, 1920-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h131jj (person)

Dean Albertson's 384-level history classes at the University of Massachusetts Amherst conducted interviews with social activists of the 1960s and early 1970s, participants and observers in the Springfield, Massachusetts North End riots of 1975, and war and nuclear power resisters. From the description of Dean Albertson's History 384 oral history interview transcripts and student papers, 1975-1977. (University of Massachusetts Amherst). WorldCat record id: 53085888 ...

Waring, Julius Waties, 1880-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j103dr (person)

Judge. From the description of Reminiscences of Julius Waties Waring : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309728157 Federal judge, lawyer, and civil rights advocate; of Charleston, S.C. From the description of Letter, 1921 May 24, Charleston, S.C., to Julian Mitchell, Charleston, S.C. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 54862038 From the description of Letter, 1935 Apr. 27, Charleston, S...

Ames, Jessie Daniel, 1883-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6125rtk (person)

North Carolina resident (Polk County) and general field secretary of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation. From the description of Papers, 1902-1946. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 31311677 From the description of Papers, 1920-1946. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122525094 Jessie Daniel Ames, civil rights worker of Atlanta, Ga., Georgetown, Tex., and Tryon, N.C. Beginning in 1922, Ames served separate roles as secretary and vice-...

Alexander, Will Winton, 1884-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68c9wc6 (person)

Agriculturist, authority on race relations, educator. From the description of Oral history interview with Will Winton Alexander, 1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309722753 ...