Papers, 1802-2002 (bulk 1934-2002)


Papers, 1802-2002 (bulk 1934-2002)

This massive collection documents the life and work of Jonathan Evans Rhoads in multiple dimensions and through all major periods of his 94 long years of career. The first series represents his personal and family experiences. It consists of five sub-series including his personal and biographical material; correspondence and other records related to his family members; files of his social interest and participation in activities not directly related to his professional interest; traveling material; as well as his financial records. This sub-series also includes a group of 39 audio cassettes of interviews done in the preparation of a biography of Rhoads that continued from 1992 to 1996. The second series documents all aspects of Rhoads' professional activities as a surgeon, medical faculty and a senior university administrator. The bulk of the correspondence sub-series reflects his communication with hundreds of individuals or institutions on all kinds of subjects of mutual professional interests. Among his correspondents are Clyde Barker, Baruch Blumberg, Britton Chance, David Y. Cooper, Stanley J. Dudrick, Loren C. Eiseley, Claire Fagin, William T. Fitts, Jr., Gaylord P. Harnwell, C. Everett Koop, Leonard D. Miller, Francis D. Moore, I.S. Ravdin, Louis Silverstein, and the United States House of Representatives and Senate. Included in this sub-series is also a litigation file related to a case between a chordoma patient and physicians of the surgical department of the University Hospital. The sub-series of Administrative files comprises mainly correspondence and other files in relation to his leadership for the Department of Surgery, the University Hospital, the Medical Board, the Harrison Department of Surgical Research, the Penn School of Medicine and the general administration of the University. Also included are files from 1938 to 1979 that reflect the significant amount of work Rhoads did at the Pennsylvania Hospital. The Teaching files include instructional schedules, course syllabus and lecture notes for various classes and programs in which Rhoads participated as a senior faculty. The Research files include records of two major research projects sponsored by the National Research Council--the Adhesions study and the Burns project--as well as relevant reference material. This sub-series also includes some correspondence between Rhoads and his patients, his operating notes, and other patient records. The Professional meetings sub-series documents meetings sponsored by various institutions which Rhoads attended. Also included in this sub-series are records of his being invited as visiting professor to lecture to medical schools across the continent of North America. The Addresses, manuscripts and publishing files consist of material of five different categories of presentations and publications. There are hundreds of addresses and presentations Rhoads was invited to make on all kinds of subjects or occasions; remarks he made at over a dozen memorial services in honor of his deceased friends and colleagues; manuscripts, finished or unfinished, as well as draft outlines and notes on various topics; correspondence related to publishing matters; and finally, reprints of some 400 published articles. Rhoads' leadership and participation in all major medical and other professional institutions of national and international reputations is best represented in the sub-series IIG, the files of Professional Organizations. Substantially represented in this sub-series are files of such leading organizations of medicine and medical sciences as American Association for Cancer Research (38 folders), American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (42), American Cancer Society (320), American College of Surgeons (360), American Medical Association (44), American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (78), American Surgical Association (143), American Trauma Society (168), Annals of Surgery (139), Association of American Medical Colleges (88), Cancer journal (137), College of Physicians of Philadelphia (140), General Motors Cancer Research Foundation (119), Institute of Medicine (43), International Federation of Surgical Colleges (377), International Society of Surgery (52), International Surgical Group (45), National Cancer Advisory Board (182), National Cancer Institute (34), National Institute of General Medial Sciences (45), National Institutes of health (38), National Research Council (264), Pennsylvania Medical Society (46), Philadelphia County Medical Society (102), Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (47), Society of Clinical Surgery (53), Society of University Surgeons (70), etc. Also represented in this sub-series are the following major professional organizations: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Board of Surgery, American College of Physicians, American College of Radiology, American Physiological Society, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Society of Nutritional Support Services, Association for Academic Surgery, Association of Community Cancer Centers, Children Hospital of Philadelphia, Coriell Institute for Medical Research, Council of Medical Specialty Society, Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Halsted Society, Health Systems Agency for Southeastern Pennsylvania Steering Committee, International Cancer Congress, International Congress of Nutrition, International Union Against Cancer, James Ewing Society, James IV Association of Surgeons, John Morgan Society, John Rhea Barton Surgical Research Foundation, John Scott Award Advisory Committee, Johns Hopkins Medical and Surgical Association, (to be continued) (to continue) Life Insurance Medical Research Fund, Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania, National Academy of Sciences, National Library of Medicine, Pan-Pacific Surgical Association, Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia Health Management Corporation, Philadelphia Professional Standard Review Organization, Ravdin-Rhoads Surgical Society, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Society of Surgical Oncology, Surgeons Travel Club, Surgical Infection Society, Surgical Travel Club, U.S. National Committee for the International Union Against Cancer, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, United States Public Health Service, Veterans Administration, Wistar Association, Working Group on Disability in U.S. Presidents, World Health Organization, etc. Rhoads' extra-curricula interest is fully documented in Series III of Civic Organizations. Main entries in this sub-series are files of the following institutions: American Friends Service Committee (19 folders), American Philosophical Society (374), Bryn Mawr College (68), Buckingham Mountain Foundation (96), Cosmos Club (23), Friends Hospital (130), Germantown Friends School (104), Haverford College (242), Benjamin and Mary Siddons Measey Foundation (148), Pennwalt Corporation (21), Philadelphia Public Health Advisory Commission (16), Philadelphia School District (73), Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (65), Westtown School (65). Also to be found in this sub-series are files of John Scott Award Advisory Committee, Thomas B. and Jeannette E. Laws McCabe Fund, and Philadelphia Traffic Court Committee. The fourth series consists of awards and cirtificates of recognition given to Rhoads in appreciation of his distinguished services in various fields. Series V comprises photographs, including both Rhoads' portraits and group pictures taken at professional meetings or other social functions; audio-visual tapes; issues of ISIS journal and other memorabilia items Rhoads collected. Series VI consists of a large number of architectural drawings of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania prepared in the period of 1968-1973. Series VII are papers of Theresa Rhoads, mostly her correspondence and research files when she was working at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Westtown Boarding School (corporateBody)

American Philosophical Society (corporateBody)

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Many students of the Class of 1943 of the School of Medicine participated in the war efforts, either serving in the Navy on the hospital ship or at Hospital Base 20, both operated by the University. From the description of Class of 1943 papers, 1943-1972. (University of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122528514 ...

Barker, Clyde F. (person)

United States. National Cancer Advisory Board (corporateBody)

Haverford college (corporateBody)

Haverford College was founded in 1833 as a Quaker school for boys. Today it is a coeducational, non-sectarian college applying the Quaker values of consensus and honor code. From the description of Archival records, 1831-[ongoing]. (Haverford College Library). WorldCat record id: 60246925 ...

International Surgical Group. (corporateBody)

Institut national du cancer (É.-U.) (corporateBody)

SBIR program is a highly competitive program that encourages domestic small businesses to engage in Federal Research/Research and Development (R/R&D) that has the potential for commercialization. Through a competitive awards-based program, SBIR enables small businesses to explore their technological potential and provides the incentive to profit from its commercialization. From the guide to the NCI Small Business Innovation Research Program records, 198?-20?, (History of Medicine...

Measey Foundation (corporateBody)

Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (corporateBody)

American college of surgeons (corporateBody)

Society dedicated to promoting the highest standards of surgical care through education of and advocacy for its Fellows and their patients, and to safeguarding standards of care in an optimal and ethical practice environment; established in 1913 in Chicago, Ill.; preceded in organization by the journal Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics which began in 1905, and the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America, which began in 1910. From the description of Records / a. 1890-[ongoing]...

American friends service committee (corporateBody)

Quaker organization formed to promote peace and reconciliation through its social service and relief programs. From the description of American Friends Service Committee records, 1933-1988 (bulk 1933-1938). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983753 The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was organized in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States. A ...

American Surgical Association. (corporateBody)

The American Surgical Association was founded in 1880 with the following stated purpose: "the cultivation and improvement of the science and the art of surgery, the elevation of the medical profession and such other matters as may come legitimately within its sphere." Founder Samuel D. Gross began the regimen of yearly meetings in 1880. As of 1882 the meetings were recorded in the printed Minutes of the American Surgical Association. These meetings, along with the record of the meetings, are the...

International Federation of Surgical Colleges (corporateBody)

Cancer journal. (corporateBody)

Annals of Surgery. (corporateBody)

University of Pennsylvania. (corporateBody)

In 1919 Edward Bushnell was appointed publicity agent for the University of Pennsylvania. His appointment began a long and expanding effort at public relations at the University. In 1954 the Department of Public Relations expanded its work to include two new units, Motion Picture Services and the Office of Radio and Television. These two offices operated until 1975 when they were phased out of a stream-lined department. From the description of University Film Collection, 1915-1989. (...

Chance, Britton (person)

Britton was born in 1913. From the description of Britton Chance, American biophyscist and physical biochemist, 1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81507963 Britton Chance was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in 1913. Chance obtained both his B.S. (1935) and M.S. (1936) from the University of Pennsylvania. While his enthusiasm as a boy with yachting with his parents at sea cultivated his interest in applications of electronics, his principal studies at colle...

American medical association (corporateBody)

Cooper, David Y. 1924- (person)

David Young Cooper, was born on 14 August 1924 in Henderson, North Carolina. He prepared for college at the Woodbury Forest School in Orange, Virginia, where he took a strong interest in science. He studied chemistry at University of North Carolina from 1942 to 1944 and earned its degree of Bachelor of Science in Medicine in 1946. While a student at North Carolina he entered the United States Naval Reserve (USNR) and served two years of active duty, 1943-45. In 1946 he entered the U...

Harnwell, G. P. (Gaylord Probasco), 1903-1982 (person)

Physicist, college president, educator and author; B.S., Haverford College, (1924), M.A. and Ph.D., Princeton U., (1926, 1927); faculty, Princeton U., (1928-1938); faculty, Dept. of Physics, U. of Pennsylvania, (1938-1975); President, U. of Pennsylvania (1953-1970); notable for his research and writings in atomic and nuclear physics and acoustics as well as for his leadership in numerous civic, scientiFIC and educational organizations and institutions. From t...

Institute of Medicine (U.S.) (corporateBody)

School District of Philadelphia, Pa. (corporateBody)

Association of American Medical Colleges (corporateBody)

The Association of American Medical Colleges is a non-profit association founded in 1876 to work for reform in medical education. Originally representing only medical schools, the Association now comprises the 125 accredited U.S. medical schools, the 16 accredited Canadian medical schools, 400 major teaching hospitals and health systems, 90 academic and professional societies representing nearly 100,000 faculty members, and the nation's medical students and residents. Additionally,...

National Research Council (U.S.) (corporateBody)

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of further knowledge and advising the federal government. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. From the descriptio...

Bryn Mawr college (corporateBody)

Buckingham Mountain Foundation. (corporateBody)

International Society of Surgery. (corporateBody)

Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013 (person)

Dr. C. Everett Koop was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in February 1981, and sworn in as Surgeon General on November 17, 1981. Additionally, he was appointed director of the Office of International Health in May 1982. Before joining PHS, Dr. Koop, a pediatric surgeon with an international reputation, was surgeon-in-chief of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and professor of pediatric surgery and pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr...

Moore, Francis D. (Francis Daniels), 1913-2001 (person)

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Friends Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.) (corporateBody)

National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Brief biographies of selected NIH Directors: Rolla E. Dyer directed the National Institutes of Health from 1942 to 1950. Specializing in infectious diseases, Dyer joined the Public Health Service in 1916. As NIH Director he was instrumental in the establishment of the Clinical Center, the National Heart Institute, the National Institute of Dental Research, and the National Institute of Mental Health. An international authority on nutrition and dietary deficiency disease, William H. Sebrell began...

Germantown Friends School (Philadelphia, Pa.) (corporateBody)

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (corporateBody)

Mount Holly Monthly Meeting was established in 1776 by Burlington Quarterly Meeting out of Burlington Monthly Meeting. In 1827, after the Hicksite Separation in Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, the Meeting split into Hicksite and Orthodox branches. The Orthodox Meeting was discontinued in 1828 ; its members were transferred to Burlington Monthly Meeting (Orthodox). Mount Holly Monthly Meeting (Hicksite), which reunited with Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox) in 1955, was the forerunner of the cu...

American Association for the Surgery of Trauma. (corporateBody)

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Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.) (corporateBody)

Silverstein, Louis (person)

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Society of Clinical Surgery (corporateBody)

The Society of Clinical Surgery was founded in 1903 as a surgical travel club. Meetings are held in hospitals and clinics, where members attend presentations and demonstrations to keep abreast of current surgical ideas and techniques. From the description of Society of Clinical Surgery records, 1903-1998 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702168934 The Society of Clinical Surgery was founded on 11 July 1903 by Harvey Cushing as a "surgical travel club" ...

Ravdin, Isidore S. (Isidore Schwaner), 1894- (person)

Surgeon. From the description of Reminiscences of Isidor Schwaner Ravdin : oral history, 1962. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309723418 Isidor Schwaner Ravdin was born in Evansville, Indiana in October 10, 1894. He remained in Indiana to receive his high school and college education, earning his Bachelors of Science from Indiana University in 1916. He attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, receiving his me...

Wood, Francis C. (Francis Clark), 1901- (person)

Francis Clark Wood, Philadelphia, Pa., cardiologist and educator, was born in South Africa in 1901. He married Mary Louise Woods in 1926; they had three children. Wood died on 16 Dec. 1990. Wood received a B.A. from Princeton University, 1922, and an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, 1926. After a residency in the Hospital of the Univerity of Pennsylvania, he began to study cardiology with Charles C. Wolferth and specialized in the development of precordial leads...

Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977 (person)

Loren Corey Eiseley was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, in 1907. He graduated from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln with a B.S. degree in English and geology/anthropology in 1933. He received an A.M. degree in anthropology in 1935 and a Ph. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1937. In 1937, Eiseley married Mabel Langdon. The Eiseleys moved to Kansas, then Ohio, then Pennsylvania, where Eiseley held a number of administrative posts at universities. He was active in several professional and aca...

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Society of University Surgeons. (corporateBody)

The Society of University Surgeons was organized in 1938 in Baltimore, MD. by George G. Finney, I. Ridgeway Trimble, and Warfield M. Firor to bring together young men trained in surgery as residents in university hospitals. It was incorporated in 1941. The original trustees were Samuel J. Stabins, Louis M. Rousselot, Frank Glenn, L.C. Foster, Robert Zollinger, and Frank B. Walton. Since a surgeon needed to complete their residency before membership in the National Surgic...

Miller, Leonard D. (person)

Rhoads, Jonathan E. (person)

Jonathan Evans Rhoads was born on May 9, 1907 in a Philadelphia Quaker family that had a traditional interest in medicine. His father, Edward G. Rhoads, and his granduncle James were both physicians. Edward graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1885 and became chief resident at the Pennsylvania Hospital after serving internship first at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital. He later had his own practice, working in a broad range of fields from obstetrics...

American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (corporateBody)

College of Physicians of Philadelphia (corporateBody)

The Francis Clark Wood Institute for the History of Medicine was established in 1976 to promote to the scholarly community the rich historical resources of the College's historical library and the Mütter Museum. The Institute sponsors conferences, occasional seminars, and short-term travel grants to researchers who require the resources of the museum and library. According to the History of Science Society, “the Wood Institute is the historical programming arm of the College of Phys...

Pennsylvania Medical Society (corporateBody)

American cancer society (corporateBody)

Fagin, Claire M. (Claire Mintzer) (person)

Dudrick, Stanley J. (person)

Philadelphia Public Health Advisory Commission. (corporateBody)

Johnson, Julian Philip (person)

University of Pennsylvania. Hospital (corporateBody)

Pennwalt Corporation (corporateBody)

Pennwalt Corporation was incorporated in Pennsylvania on September 1, 1850, as the Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company. It was renamed the Pennsalt Chemicals Corporation on April 27, 1957. Upon absorbing Wallace & Tiernan, Inc., a manufacturer of pharmaceuticals, on March 31, 1969, it was renamed the Pennwalt Corporation. In 1989, the properties of Pennwalt were acquired by the Société Nationale Elf Aquitane, a French petrochemical firm, and merged into Elf Atochem, N.A. ...

Fitts, William B. (person)

Southern Surgical Association (U.S.) (corporateBody)

National Panel of Consultants on the Conquest of Cancer (U.S.) (corporateBody)

General Motors Cancer Research Foundation (corporateBody)

American Association for Cancer Research. Meeting (corporateBody)