Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013

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Dr. C. Everett Koop was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in February 1981, and sworn in as Surgeon General on November 17, 1981. Additionally, he was appointed director of the Office of International Health in May 1982. Before joining PHS, Dr. Koop, a pediatric surgeon with an international reputation, was surgeon-in-chief of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and professor of pediatric surgery and pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Koop was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. on Oct. 14, 1916, graduated from Dartmouth College in 1937 and received his M.D. degree from Cornell Medical College in 1941. After serving an internship at the Pennsylvania Hospital, he pursued postgraduate training at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, from which he received the degree of Doctor of Science (Medicine) in 1947. After promotions up the academic ladder, he was named professor of pediatric surgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania in 1959 and professor of pediatrics in 1971. As surgeon general, Dr. Koop advised the public on health matters such as smoking and health, diet and nutrition, environmental health hazards, and the importance of immunization and disease prevention. He oversaw the activities of the 6,000 member PHS Commissioned Corps. Specific responsibilities included serving as an ex-officio member of the Board of Regents, National Library of Medicine; Board of Regents, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Board of Directors, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; and the Board of Governors, Gorgas Memorial Institute.

From the description of C. Everett Koop papers, 1933-2005 (bulk 1980-1998). (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 50155745

Dr. C. Everett Koop was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in February 1981, and sworn in as Surgeon General on November 17, 1981. Additionally, he was appointed Director of the Office of International Health in May 1982.

Before joining PHS, Dr. Koop, a pediatric surgeon with an international reputation, was Surgeon-in-Chief of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Professor of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Koop was born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 14, 1916, graduated from Dartmouth College in 1937 and received his M.D. degree from Cornell Medical College in 1941. After serving an internship at the Pennsylvania Hospital, he pursued postgraduate training at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, from which he received the degree of Doctor of Science (Medicine) in 1947. After promotions up the academic ladder, he was named Professor of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania in 1959 and Professor of Pediatrics in 1971.

As Surgeon General, Dr. Koop advised the public on health matters such as smoking and health, diet and nutrition, environmental health hazards, and the importance of immunization and disease prevention. He oversaw the activities of the 6,000 member PHS Commissioned Corps. Specific responsibilities included serving as an ex-officio member of the Board of Regents, National Library of Medicine; Board of Regents, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Board of Directors, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; and the Board of Governors, Gorgas Memorial Institute.

Dr. Koop has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards including seventeen honorary doctorates. He was awarded the Denis Brown Gold Medal by the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons; the William E. Ladd Gold Medal of the American Academy of Pediatrics in recognition of outstanding contributions to the field of pediatric surgery; the Order of Duarte, Sanchez, and Mella, the highest award of the Dominican Republic, for his achievement in separating the conjoined Domician twins; and a number of other awards from civic, religious, medical and philanthropic organizations. He was awarded the Medal of the Legion of Honor by France in 1980, inducted into the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1982, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. In May 1983, Dr. Koop was awarded the Public Health Service Distinguished Service Medal in recognition of his extraordinary leadership of the U.S. Public Health Service.

Dr. Koop is a member of the American Surgical Association, the Society of University Surgeons, the American Pediatric Surgical Association, and other professional societies. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American Academy of Pediatrics. He also holds membership in many international organizations. He is the author of more than 200 articles and books on the practice of medicine.

From the guide to the C. Everett Koop Papers, 1933-2005 (bulk 1980-1998), (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-. C. Everett Koop papers, 1933-2005 (bulk 1980-1998). National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Records, 1855 - 2006 College of Physicians Historical Medical Library
referencedIn Pertschuk, Michael, 1933-. Michael Pertschuk papers, 1949-2002 (bulk 1977-2001). Library of Congress
referencedIn Ravdin, Isidore S. (Isidore Schwaner), 1894-. Papers, 1912-1972. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Michael Pertschuk Papers, 1949-2002, (bulk 1977-2001) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rogers, Fred. Dartmouth College : speech (document) Saint Vincent College, Saint Vincent Library
referencedIn Rochester Institute of Technology. College of Science,. John Wiley Jones Symposium (Rochester, N.Y.) collection 1975-1990 RIT Library, Wallace Library
referencedIn Rhoads, Jonathan E. Papers, 1802-2002 (bulk 1934-2002) University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn University of Central Florida Photographs, 1965-2006 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Central Florida Libraries,
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health. 1950 - 1992. Sound Recordings of Surgeon General C. Everett Koop
referencedIn Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971. Files on the Pew Memorial Foundation, 1948-1957. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn News and Information Services (University of Michigan) Faculty and Staff Files, 1944-2005, 1960-1995 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Voices from the Food Revolution: People Who Changed The Way Americans Eat, An oral history project conducted by Judith Weinraub, 2009-2011 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf C. Everett Koop Papers, 1933-2005 (bulk 1980-1998) History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Henry J. Heimlich Archival Collection, 1924-2011, 1956-2000 University of Cincinnati, Health Sciences Library, Henry R. Winkler Center for the History of the Health Professions
creatorOf Records of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. 1922 - 1994. Sound Recordings Relating to the Information Superhighway
referencedIn Foster Gunnison, Jr. Papers., undated, 1945-1994. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Faye Glenn Abdellah Papers, 1952-1989 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. SMOKING AND TOBACCO ADDICTION - RUSSELL/KOOP/RAMSTROM
referencedIn Polly Fitz Collection, undated, 1981-1986. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health. 1950 - 1992. Moving Images Related to Surgeon General C. Everett Koop
referencedIn University of Southern California Office of the Provost records, Bulk, 1973-2007, 1939-2007 USC Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Nungesser, Lon G. Hope for Humanity Papers, 1970-1988. University of Michigan
referencedIn Tom McCall Forum Collection, 1982-2007 Pacific University Archives
referencedIn Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Films and videos of BGEA crusades, 1949-2004, n.d. Billy Graham Center Archives, BGC Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abdellah, Faye Glenn person
associatedWith American Medical Association corporateBody
associatedWith Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Children's Hospital of Philadelphia corporateBody
associatedWith Children's Hospital of Philadelphia corporateBody
associatedWith Gunnison, Foster. person
associatedWith Heimlich, Henry J. person
associatedWith Nungesser, Lon G. person
associatedWith Pertschuk, Michael, 1933- person
associatedWith Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971. person
associatedWith Ravdin, Isidore S. (Isidore Schwaner), 1894- person
associatedWith Rhoads, Jonathan E. person
associatedWith Rochester Institute of Technology. College of Science, corporateBody
associatedWith Rogers, Fred. person
associatedWith The images were created by the Office of News and Information corporateBody
associatedWith Tom McCall Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Tyler, Alice C. person
associatedWith Tyler, John C., 1887-1973 person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Public Health Service corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Surgeon-General's Office corporateBody
associatedWith University of Connecticut. School of Allied Health. person
associatedWith University of Michigan. News and Information Services. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Southern California. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Southern California. Office of the Provost. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Abortion, Induced
Education, Medical
Health care reform
Child welfare
Substance--Related Disorders
Pediatrics
Health planning
Disabled persons
Health policy
Smoking
Hospitals, Pediatric
Disabled Children
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1916-10-14

Death 2013-02-25

English

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