Freedom of Information Act materials on the Civil Rights movement, 1958-1969.

ArchivalResource

Freedom of Information Act materials on the Civil Rights movement, 1958-1969.

Memoranda, correspondence, logbooks and printed matter documenting the activities of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the civil rights movement in the United States, obtained by David J. Garrow through the Freedom of Information Act from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other United States government agencies. Sizeable files are also available on two King associates and suspected communists Stanley Levison and Clarence B. Jones. Additional files relate to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Congress of Racial Equality, the Council of Federated Organizations and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. The FBI maintained extensive files on the 1965 Selma to Montgomery Freedom March, racial conflicts and the registration of African American voters in Alabama and other southern states. Other holdings relate to the civil rights record of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, the March on Washington movement (1942-43, 1959, 1963), the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project, the FBI's Black Nationalist Groups Informant Program, and to prominent individuals such as Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., Archibald Carey, Roy Wilkins and Donald Wilson Jackson.

16 microfilm reels

Information

SNAC Resource ID: 6806653

New York Public Library System, NYPL

Related Entities

There are 21 Entities related to this resource.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k17w53 (corporateBody)

Organizational History and List of Officers Organizational History 1909 Issued the “Call,” a statement calling for a conference to protest discrimination and violence against African Americans Convened the National Negro Conference on May 31 and June 1, New York, N.Y. E...

Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr., 1908-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b960dp (person)

Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (November 29, 1908 – April 4, 1972) was a Baptist pastor and an American politician, who represented the Harlem neighborhood of New York City in the United States House of Representatives from 1945 until 1971. He was the first African-American to be elected from New York to Congress. Re-elected for nearly three decades, Powell became a powerful national politician of the Democratic Party, and served as a national spokesman on civil rights and social issues. He also urg...

United States. Subversive Activities Control Board

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The United States Subversive Activities Control Board was created in 1950 in conjunction with enactment of the Internal Security Act of 1950. This act, known as the McCarran Act after its author Senator Pat McCarran, did not outlaw the Communist Party but sought to secure its control through regulation (or perhaps more likely, its dissolution rather than submit to such control). It required registration with the United States government of domestic "communist-action organizations" (defined as or...

Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f809zw (corporateBody)

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v64j5 (corporateBody)

SNCC was founded in 1960 at the close of the Raleigh Conference, held at Shaw University, Raleigh, NC. It was a meeting of Southern student sit-in leaders and northern student supporters. In May, 1960, the committee held its first meeting in Atlanta. SNCC was composed of representatives from 16 southern states and the District of Columbia. Its basic purpose was the coordination of activities within the civil rights movement. From the description of Collection, 1960-1961. (Swarthmore ...

X, Malcolm, 1925-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w658220q (person)

Black activist. From the description of Radio broadcast of an interview with Malcolm X, 1962. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309736449 Black nationalist. From the description of Reminiscences of Malcolm X : lecture, [196-?]. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513305 African American nationalist leader and minister of the Nation of Islam who sought to broaden the civil rights struggle ...

Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hx1pnz (person)

Ralph David Abernathy (1926-1990) was a minister, civil rights leader, and confidant of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. From the description of Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570514 ...

Southern Regional Council

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wx18ct (corporateBody)

The Help Our Public Education (HOPE) project was established in 1958 by a group of community leaders and concerned citizens to disseminate information regarding school integration in Georgia. After the Supreme Court's school desegregation decision of 1954, HOPE anticipated that many of Georgia's public schools would close, because the state would refuse to comply. HOPE believed an informed public would take the necessary action through elected representatives to keep Georgia's public schools ope...

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nk79db (corporateBody)

The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was organized during the summer of 1964 by members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and other participants of the Mississippi Freedom Summer of 1964. The MFDP attempted in August 1964 to secure delegate representation at the Democratic National Convention because the Mississippi Democratic Party had included a clause rejecting civil rights and opposing the national party's commitment to that cause. The activities of the MFDP promote...

Council of Federated Organizations (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61p2twc (corporateBody)

United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mw65wc (corporateBody)

The FBI established this classification when it assumed responsibility for ascertaining the protection capabilities and weaknesses of defense plants. Each plant survey was a separate case file, with the survey, supplemental surveys, and all communications dealing with a plant insofar as plant protection was concerned, filed together. On June 1, 1941, and January 5, 1942, the Navy and Army, respectively, assumed responsibility for surveying defense plants in which they had interests. Thereafter, ...

Congress of Racial Equality

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h74548 (corporateBody)

Organized ca. 1942 by an interracial group of University of Chicago students and theological seminary students, and by members of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.); purpose was to eliminate all racial segregation and discrimination by means of interracial, direct nonviolent action; by 1966, CORE's official policy shifted to Black power and Black separatism while rejecting the former principles of non-violence. From the description of Collected records, 1942-1972. (Swarthmore Co...

Garrow, David J., 1953-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6546g18 (person)

King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qs5m3z (person)

Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia –d. April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee) was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize and in 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to M...

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv7ctx (corporateBody)

Operation Breadbasket, a project of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference's Program Dept., began in Atlanta, (Ga.) A loosely organized group of black ministers visited local business to encourage hiring blacks. If negotiation failed, the ministers would urge their congregants to buy selectively until negotiations resumed. From the description of Operation Breadbasket files, 1962-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476641 The very beginnings of the SCLC can be trace...

Levison, Stanley D., 1912-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62249w1 (person)

Mississippi Freedom Project

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv51dz (corporateBody)

Jackson, Donald Wilson, 1938-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6002ndt (person)

Gay rights activist and journalist. From the description of Don Jackson papers, 1969-1970. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 81891857 ...

Jones, Clarence B.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m37ctd (person)

Garvey, Marcus, 1887-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vt1sg1 (person)

Carey, Archibald

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2wtb (person)