Interviews of the Black Women Oral History Project, 1976-1981

ArchivalResource

Interviews of the Black Women Oral History Project, 1976-1981

Interviews of the Black Women Oral History Project, 1976-1981

1976-1981

The Black Women Oral History Project collection consists of audiotapes and transcripts of the oral histories of 72 African-American women from across the United States. The interviews discuss family background, marriages, childhood, education and training, significant influences affecting their choice of primary career or activity, professional and voluntary accomplishments, union activities, the ways in which being black and a woman had affected their options and the choices made. For each oral history, the interviewer cooperated with the memoirist to record as full an account of her life as possible. The project's procedure was that after the tapes were transcribed, each memoirist was given an opportunity to edit and correct her oral history before the final copy was prepared. Due to the editing process afforded the memoirists, there are occasions when the transcripts do not precisely follow the audio recordings. All of transcripts are open for research with the exception of Merze Tate, which is not yet complete. All of the tapes are preserved at the Schlesinger Library, but the following five interviews are closed until 2027: Kathleen Adams, Margaret Walker Alexander, Lucy Mitchell, Ruth Temple, and Era Bell Thompson. In 1991, the Schlesinger Library in cooperation with Meckler Corporation, published a 10 volume set of many of the transcripts. For additional information on the project, see The Black Women Oral History Project: A Guide to the Transcripts (HOLLIS record), edited by Ruth Edmonds Hill and Patricia Miller King. Further information can be found in the Records of the Black Women Oral History Project. In 1981, photographer Judith Sedwick offered to photograph many of the participants, this project resulted in the exhibit Women of Courage (HOLLIS record) and the corresponding publication. All of these photographs are cataloged in HOLLIS Images, Harvard University's Visual Information Access database.

7 linear feet ((7 cartons) plus 353 audiotapes)

eng, Latn

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Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943

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Hedgeman, Anna Arnold, 1899-1990

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Thurman, Sue Bailey

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Lancaster, Abna, 1907-

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Waddles, Charleszetta, 1912-2001.

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Pentecostal minister and founder of the Perpetual Mission for Saving Souls of All Nations in Detroit, Michigan. From the description of Charleszetta Waddles autobiography, [ca. 1975]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34422276 Pentecostal minister; interviewee married Payton Waddles. From the description of Reminiscences of Charleszetta Campbell Waddles : oral history, 1980. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122343161 ...

Black Women Oral History Project.

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Under the auspices of the Schlesinger Library, the Black Women Oral History Project interviewed 72 African-American women between 1976 and 1981. The project sought a cross section of women who had made significant contributions to American society in the first half of the twentieth century. Many interviewees had professional careers in such fields as education, government, the arts, business, medicine, law, and social work. Others combined care for their families with volunteer work at the local...

YWCA.

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Jones, Susie, 1892-

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Johnson, Fidelia, 1905-

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Teacher. From the description of Reminiscences of Fidelia Johnson : oral history, 1976. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122343137 ...

Roberts, Eleanor Green, 1949-1978.

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Grant, Frances O. (Frances Olivia), 1895-

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Hester, Beulah S. (Beulah Shepard), 1893-1981

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Social worker. From the description of Reminiscences of Beulah S. Hester : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122451862 ...

Adams, Kathleen Redding, 1890-

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Watson, Sandra M.

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Edwards-Madison, Lena Francis.

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Rothschild, Maurine P.

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Craft, Juanita Jewel, 1902-

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Civil rights activist. From the description of Reminiscences of Juanita Jewel Craft : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122587177 Juanita Craft (1902-.) is known for her lifelong work in support of education, civil rights, and the NAACP. Born Juanita Jewel Shanks in Round Rock, Texas, on February 9, 1902, she grew up in Austin. She attended Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College, a Black school, where she earned ...

Gilkes, Cheryl Townsend

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Kittrell, Flemmie P. (Flemmie Pansy), 1904-1980

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Home economist. From the description of Reminiscences of Flemmie P. Kittrell : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376740 African American and Cherokee home economist and professor, of Hampton, Va., and Washington, D.C. From the description of Papers, 1924-1980. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70953367 ...

Chall, Malca

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Biography The Regional Oral History Office of the Bancroft Library, University of California-Berkeley employed Malca Chall as an interviewer/editor from 1967 to 2001. Over her thirty-four year career, Chall wrote nearly twenty major oral histories for the Water Resources Center. In addition, she also directed the California Women Political Leaders series, Kaiser-Permanente series, Knight-Brown gubernatorial era oral history project, and a thr...

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National urban league

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Hill, May Edwards

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Height, Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010

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Snowden, Muriel S. (Muriel Sutherland), 1916-

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Greenlee, Marcia M.

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Abbott, Jessie

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Secretary. From the description of Reminiscences of Jessie Abbott : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122394075 ...

Thompson, A. Lillian

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George, Zelma, 1903-1994

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Moore, Audley, 1898-

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Mottl, Tahi Lani, 1945-

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Bowens, Felicia

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Williams, Addie Luck, 1874-1982

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Teacher; interviewee married Pemberton Williams. From the description of Reminiscences of Addie Luck Williams and Henry Williams : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122598072 ...

Aiken, Lucy Rucker

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Fisher, Minnie L. (Minnie Lucinda), 1896-

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Town clerk. From the description of Reminiscences of Minnie Lucinda Fisher : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574569 ...

Adams, Frankie V., 1902-1979

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Jones, Virginia Lacy, 1912-1984

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Librarian; interviewee married E. A. Jones. From the description of Reminiscences of Virginia Lacy Jones : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122565494 ...

Matthews, Miriam

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Librarian. From the description of Reminiscences of Miriam Matthews : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122308349 Miriam Matthews (1905-2003), the first credentialed African-American librarian in the state of California, was a librarian at Los Angeles Public Library (1927-1960), a historian of African American and California history, and an active member of the American and California Library Associations' Committees on In...

Flippin, Katherine Stewart, 1906-

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Temple, Ruth Janetta, 1892-1984

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Physician; interviewee married Otis L. Banks. From the description of Reminiscences of Ruth Janetta Temple : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574571 ...

Thomas, Constance Pitter

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Speech therapist. From the description of Reminiscences of Constance Allen Thomas : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419536 ...

Adair, Christia, 1893-

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Civil rights activist; interviewee married Elbert H. Adair. From the description of Reminiscences of Christia V. Adair : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122564830 ...

Hunter, Clementine

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gj0fhs (person)

Artist. From the description of Reminiscences of Clementine Hunter : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122597977 African American folk artist; Natichitoches, La.; b. 1885; d. 1988. From the description of Documentary on Clementine Hunter, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 779476826 From the description of Video on Clementine Hunter, 1985 [videorecording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83475525 ...

Banks, Gay Francine

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Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell, 1898-1989

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Educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Sadie T.M. Alexander : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309720632 ...

Tate, Merze, 1905-1996

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6931gd6 (person)

February 6, 1905 Born to Charles Edward and Myrtle (Katora) Tate in Blanchard, MI 1918 1920 Attended Blanchard School for two years 1923 Battle Creek High School honor graduate and winner of first place in the Hynman Oratorical contest ...

Barnett, Etta Moten, 1901-2004

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An internationally acclaimed concert and musical theater singer, social activist and philanthropist, Etta Moten Barnett's career began in the 1930s and continued past her 100th birthday. She starred in Broadway musicals and in films. Her husband was Claude Barnett, founder and president of the Associated Negro Press. She was active in the Chicago chapter of The Links, Inc. Her papers include correspondence, speech texts, clippings, programs, photographs and memorabilia. From the desc...

West, Dorothy, 1909-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr3kr3 (person)

Boyd, Norma E., 1888-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v97qg (person)

Teacher. From the description of Reminiscences of Norma E. Boyd : oral history, 1976. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122394080 ...

Tanneyhill, Ann

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Civil rights worker. From the description of Reminiscences of Ann Tanneyhill : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86100429 ...

Gayton, Virginia Clark

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g48wqr (person)

U.S. postal worker. From the description of Reminiscences of Virginia Clark Gayton : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122569614 ...

Duster, Alfreda, 1904-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s75wwp (person)

Community activist. From the description of Reminiscences of Alfreda Barnett Duster : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122440993 ...

Rowley, Margaret, 1938-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv0s6s (person)

Margaret Rowley, chairman of the history dept. at Morris Brown College in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1960-1961 student sit-ins. From the description of Margaret Rowley oral history interview, 1978 Nov. 22. (Georgia State University). WorldCat record id: 38727138 ...

Stokes, Olivia Pearl, 1916-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z8jws (person)

Educator, lecturer, author and administrator, Dr. Stokes is an ordained minister in the American Baptist Churches and is well known as a religious educator. From the description of Olivia Pearl Stokes papers : additions, 1972-1992. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122466732 Educator, minister. From the description of Reminiscences of Olivia Pearl Stokes : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574364 ...

Tuskegee Institute (Ala.)

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Holmes, Margaret, 1898-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62z1zbj (person)

Cosmetologist. From the description of Reminiscences of Margaret Cardozo Holmes and Elizabeth Cardozo Barker : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86147585 ...

Edmonds, Florence, 1890-1983.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nh4bfc (person)

Kelly, Hattie Simmons

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Wolfe, Deborah Joanne

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qc2m61 (person)

Educator and minister, Deborah (Cannon) Patridge Wolfe was born in Cranford, N.J., in 1916, and educated at New Jersey State Teachers College (B.S. 1937) and Columbia University (M.A. 1938, Ed.D. 1945). She was on the faculty at Tuskegee Institute (1938-1950), serving as head of the Department of Elementary Education and as director of the graduate studies program, and at Queens College, City University of New York, where she was professor of education. In 1970 she was ordained and in 1975 appoi...

Lachatanere, Diana

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wb1g3v (person)

Thompson, Mary C. (Mary Crutchfield), 1902-

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Dentist. From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Crutchfield Thompson : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122631954 ...

Smith, Julia Hamilton, 1885-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63x8952 (person)

Julia Hamilton Smith was a teacher in Washington, D.C. schools for over forty years. In 1947 she moved to Cambridge, Mass., to care for her brother, a successful physician. Smith was active in religious and civic organizations in Washington and Cambridge, including the NAACP and the Young Women's Christian Association. From the description of Papers, 1969-1981 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122298152 Teacher. From the description of Remini...

Robinson, Dorothy Redus

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bg33qj (person)

Harrison, Pleasant, 1915-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63f86g1 (person)

Civil servant. From the description of Reminiscences of Pleasant Harrison : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513406 ...

Albrier, Frances Mary, 1898-1987

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d79g3h (person)

Trade-unionist. From the description of Oral history interview with Frances Albrier. 1968. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321497 Community leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Frances Albrier : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122308222 ...

Cass, Melnea A. (Melnea Agnes), 1896-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z063sb (person)

Civic leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Melnea A. Cass : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122608520 ...

Dykes, Eva Beatrice, 1893-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65m6v97 (person)

Educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Eva Beatrice Dykes : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122620469 African American English professor at Howard University and the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D at Radcliffe College, in 1921. From the description of Papers, 1914-1977. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70941120 ...

Thompson, Era Bell

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60s0tmr (person)

Editor, EBONY MAGAZINE. Chicago, Illinois. From the description of Letter, February 6, 1972. (State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives). WorldCat record id: 17998699 ...

Rucker, Hazel

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z625f7 (person)

Laurie, Eunice Rivers, 1899-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6739833 (person)

Nurse. From the description of Reminiscences of Eunice Rivers Laurie : oral history, 1977. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122620194 ...

Guinier, Genii

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zd481x (person)

Nipson, Annie M. (Annie Mae), 1884-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn4zbp (person)

Domestic; interviewee married John William Nipson. From the description of Reminiscences of Annie Mae Nipson : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122632185 ...

Yarbrough, Arline J., 1912-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6795hhx (person)

Dickson, Clara

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63b6rw7 (person)

Community affairs leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Clara Dickson : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86147491 ...

Jones, Lois Mailou

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qz2dvx (person)

d. June 9, 1998. From the description of Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 122311085 African American woman artist, of Washington, D.C.; b. 1905. From the description of Lois Mailou Jones papers, 1943-1990. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70949653 African American female visual artist, educator, scholar, and mentor; served as professor of art at the Howard Univ. College of Fine Arts from 1...

Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63k42x2 (person)

Rosa Louis Lee Parks (1913-2005) became an icon of the civil rights movement after she was arrested and jailed for refusing to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus in 1955. Her courage led to the Montgomery bus boycott and eventual court order outlawing segregation and discrimination on buses in that city. She was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal, the United States' highest civilian honor, in July of 1999. ...

Usher, Bazoline, 1885-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md1rv7 (person)

Educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Bazoline Estelle Usher : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513698 ...

Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dc8qwq (person)

Ida B. Wells (b. July 16, 1862, Holly Springs, MS - d. March 25, 1931, Chicago, IL) was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862, six months before the Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to her slave parents. Following the death of both her parents of yellow fever in 1878, Ida, at age 16, began teaching in a one-room schoolhouse in rural Mississippi. Some time between 1882 and 1883 Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to teach in city schools. She was dismissed, in 1891, for h...

Dunnigan, Alice Allison, 1906-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n30kb8 (person)

Teacher, journalist. From the description of Reminiscences of Alice Allison Dunnigan : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419371 Alice Allison Dunnigan, journalist and author, was born in Russellville, Kentucky in 1906 and died in Washington, D.C., in 1983. After teaching school and working as a writer for several Kentucky newspapers, Dunnigan moved to Washington, DC, where, from 1947 to 1961, she served as chief of the ...

Williams, Frances H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bk3xdg (person)

Government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Frances H. Williams : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122619837 ...

Franklin, Lucy Brown

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq905p (person)

Kemp, Maida Springer

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6320nxd (person)

Trade-unionist. From the description of Oral history interview with Maida Springer Kemp, 1977. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321612 Trade unionist. From the description of Reminiscences of Maida Springer Kemp : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86131813 Kemp was born in Panama, Central America, in 1910 and moved to New York City with her mot...

Lewis, Catherine Cardozo

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6711jbt (person)

Businesswoman. From the description of Reminiscences of Catherine Cardozo Lewis : oral history, 1980. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122565457 ...

Halyard, Ardie Clark

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v15n4g (person)

Businesswoman, community leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Ardie Clark Halyard : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527562 ...

Chinn, May Edward, 1896-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x63q5b (person)

Physician. From the description of Reminiscences of May Edwards Chinn :koral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122362006 Physician. May Chinn was the first African-American woman graduate of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, and the first African-American woman doctor in Harlem. From the guide to the May Edward Chinn collection, 1926-1980, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture...

Rhude, Beth E.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s541pk (person)

Eberhardt, Mae Massie, 1915-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fn4pwv (person)

Union activist and official. Interviewed by Marcia M. Greenlee. From the description of Reminiscences of Mae Massie Eberhardt : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513058 ...

Walker, Margaret, 1915-1998

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zc8xh7 (person)

Teacher, writer. From the description of Reminiscences of Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122526993 ...

Mitchell, Lucy Miller, 1899-2002

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62c0q0x (person)

Educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Lucy Miller Mitchell : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376730 Specialist in early childhood education, Lucy Miller Mitchell was education consultant to the national Head Start program and educational director of the Associated Day Care Services of Metropolitan Boston. She was instrumental in mobilizing statewide support for the 1962 law regulating the licensing of Mas...

Balanoff, Elizabeth

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r21tfg (person)

Scott, Esther Mae, 1893-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6796vpp (person)

Domestic servant, singer. From the description of Reminiscences of Esther Mae Scott : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86100466 ...

Cowan, Polly.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62p1z26 (person)

McCabe, Eliza

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p3303j (person)

Hill, Ruth Edmonds

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66h6k6v (person)

Librarian Ruth Edmonds Hill was born on March 5, 1925 in Pittsfield, Massachusetts to William and Florence Edmonds. She attended Reed School and Central Junior High School in Pittsfield, and graduated from Pittsfield High School. Edmonds received her B.S. degree in biological sciences from Massachusetts State College in 1946, and her B.S. in library science from Simmons College in Boston, Massachusetts in 1949. She would later obtain her certificate in theatre librarianship from Columbia Univers...

Whitehead, Thomas Wayne, 1952-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv4bhz (person)

Dammond, Ellen Craft

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63n3t0c (person)

Wise, Ozeline

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wx186k (person)

Ozeline Barrett (Pearson) Wise (1903-1988) was born in Worcester, Mass., the daughter of Rev. William B. and Frances (Gale) Lavinia Pearson. She was educated in the public schools in Cambridge, Mass., where her father was minister of the Saint Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1931, she married John D. Wise; they had one son, Hubert B. Wise. During World War II she worked for the U.S. Navy, both in ship fittings and in personnel. After the war, she became the first black woman to be em...

Barker, Elizabeth, 1900-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jj04m1 (person)

Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding, 1898?-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np2swj (person)

Physician, administrator, and activist, of Boston, Mass., and Washington, D.C.; b. 1898. From the description of Papers, 1910-1980. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70953364 Physician. From the description of Reminiscences of Dorothy Boulding Ferebee : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513781 ...