Thomas Henry Huxley Papers, 1851-1895 1851-1895

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Thomas Henry Huxley Papers, 1851-1895 1851-1895

Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) was an eminent Victorian-era biologist, best known as a passionate defender and popularizer of Darwin's theory of evolution. His partisanship earned him the nickname of "Darwin's Bulldog," although he did not accept the theory uncritically. In addition to his work in biology, he performed original research in zoology and paleontology. He is also remembered as the progenitor of a family of highly successful scientists and thinkers. This collection is made up of letters, primarily written by Huxley, on a variety of topics including the age of man, evolution, education, natural history, science, geology, spiritualism, and vivisection. The most voluminous correspondence is with Sir James Thomas Knowles (30 letters) and with Huxley's daughter, Ethel Huxley Collier, "Babs," (44 items). The 30 letters to Knowles appear in neither the nor are they listed in Dawson's guide to the Huxley Papers at the Imperial College. The other major correspondents include Charles Edward C. Appleton, Matthew Arnold, William B. Carpenter, Sir Henry Cole, George Dixon, Sir John Donnelly, Thomas Campbell Eyton, Sir William Henry Flower, Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, Leonard Huxley, Sir William Jenner, Sir Charles Lyell, Louis Compton Miall, Alphonse Milne-Edwards, Sir James Paget, Harry Quilter, Harry Govier Seeley, Alfred R. Wallace, and William Crawford Williamson. Life and Letters,

0.5 Linear feet; Ca. 270 items

Related Entities

There are 24 Entities related to this resource.

Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68m8190 (person)

Sir Charles Lyell, first baronet, (1797-1875, APS, 1842) was a geologist and lawyer, whose Principles of Geology explained “former changes of the earth’s surface” by means of “modern causes.” Critical of the “catastrophist” views of many contemporary geologists, Lyell considered the earth “a system of balanced antagonistic processes,” a theory later described as uniformitarian. Although he rejected Jean Baptiste Lamarck’s theory of species mutability early in his career, later he favorabl...

Dixon, George

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xx4dnh (person)

Epithet: Mayor of Carlisle British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000440.0x000281 Epithet: DD British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000440.0x000280 Epithet: MP; of Add MS 44424 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000440.0x000283 George Dixon was ...

Huxley, Thomas Henry, 1825-1895

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67h1ktb (person)

Huxley was an Britist botanist especially known for his work in comparative anatomy and vertebrate paleontology. From the description of [Letter] 1857? May 31, Geological Survey of Great Britain [to] Sir / T. H. Huxley. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 244251868 English scientist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Ilkley, to W.A. Knight, 1886 Dec. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269526779 Student, Royal School of Mines, London, Eng...

Flower, William Henry, 1831-1899

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v989nz (person)

Quilter, Harry, 1851-1907

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t73g4d (person)

Jenner, William, Sir, 1815-1898

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k37wdx (person)

English physician and professor of pathological anatomy. From the description of Papers, 1868-1873 and undated. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35093254 Epithet: Resident at Brest British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000268.0x0001da ...

Appleton, Charles Edward Cutts Birch, 1841-1879

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ff74pm (person)

Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bc41d1 (person)

Wallace was a naturalist and collaborator with Darwin on the theory of evolution. From the description of Letter, 1895, January 16, Parkstone, Dorset, to Wallis Mansford, Esq. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 123275202 Epithet: FRS British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000751.0x00011f British naturalist. From the description of Letters to E. D. Girdlestone : ALS, 18...

Donnelly, John Fretchfield Dykes, Sir, 1834-1902.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g1ddp (person)

Collier, Ethel Huxley, 1866-1941

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nh7dgs (person)

Huxley, Henrietta A., -1915

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h14976 (person)

Henrietta Huxley was the wife of English scientist Thomas H. Huxley. She was the daughter of a merchant, and emigrated to Australia in her teens by way of England and Germany; in Sydney, she met Thomas Huxley, then assistant surgeon aboard the Rattlesnake. Their marriage was a partnership, and she supported her husband's scientific efforts in many ways, chiefly as editor. She also wrote poetry. From the description of Henrietta Huxley letter to Dear sir, 1899 July 11. (Pennsylvania S...

Milne-Edwards, Alphonse, 1835-1900

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68d15rr (person)

Arnold, Matthew, 1822-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vx0hgc (person)

Matthew Arnold's reflective, urbane poetry and novels thoughtfully express the social issues and religious confusion of Victorian England. He worked as a school inspector, and his belief in liberal education is a theme in his poetry and essays. From the description of Matthew Arnold letters, 1875-1886. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50209290 British poet. From the description of Letter to Mr. Williams [manuscript], n.y. March 21. (...

Miall, L.C. (Louis Compton), 1842-1921

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr8k57 (person)

Huxley, Leonard, 1860-1933

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62z17dr (person)

English writer, editor, educator. From the description of Leonard Huxley letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1896 January 1. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 764681159 English editor and author. From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Godalming, to W.A. Knight, 1892 July 28-1900 Nov. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269543358 Leonard Huxley was born in 1860 in London, son of the famous scientist Thomas Henry H...

Hutchinson, H.N. (Henry Neville), 1856-1927

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j97fhn (person)

Lockyer, J. Norman

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rw0nvp (person)

Epithet: KCB, astronomer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000386.0x00021d (Joseph) Norman Lockyer was born in May 1836 in Rugby. On completing his education, he became a clerk in the War Office at the age of twenty-one. Developing a keen interest in science, in particular astronomy, he presented his first scientific paper to the Royal Astronomical Society in 1863. During the 1860s, Lockyer turned hi...

Carpenter, William Benjamin, 1813-1885

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ps142w (person)

English naturalist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : University of London, to Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1872 Apr. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270134314 ...

Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr7v3z (person)

Sir Joseph D. Hooker (1817-1911), botanist, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, England. From the description of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker collection, 1828-1909. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477374 English botanist and traveler. From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : [London] Mar. 25 1878, to an unidentified recipient at the Daily Telegraph, 1878 Mar. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666429 Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker was...

Royal Society of London

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68x6395 (person)

Knowles, James, Sir, 1831-1908

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sf36x5 (person)

Professor of Greek. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Clapham Common, to W.A. Knight, 1873 Mar. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270864480 English editor and architect. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Clapham Common, to W.A. Knight, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270864508 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Clapham Common, to W.A. Knight, 1876 Aug. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270864494 ...

Seeley, H. G. (Harry Govier), 1839-1909

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g16jk1 (person)

Epithet: FRS British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000471.0x000370 Epithet: geologist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000707.0x0002cf ...

Williamson, William Crawford, 1816-1895

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5ksm (person)

Epithet: naturalist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000300.0x0000f3 Epithet: of Leeds British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000300.0x0000f7 ...

Cole, Henry. , Sir, 1808-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62r49ns (person)

Sir Henry Cole, English journalist, civil servant, and product designer, and originator of the Christmas card. Cole was the editor of the 1875 edition of the collected works of Thomas Love Peacock. From the description of Sir Henry Cole manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1875 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 155718520 From the guide to the Sir Henry Cole manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1875, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shell...