Alfred M. Gruenther Papers. 1941 - 1978. Photographs

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Alfred M. Gruenther Papers. 1941 - 1978. Photographs

Alfred M. Gruenther Papers. 1941 - 1978. Photographs

This series consists of photographs accumulated by Alfred M. Gruenther between the beginning of the Second World War and his death in 1983. The majority of the photographs fall into two groups. Photos in the first group concern Gruenther's U.S. Army career while at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), where he served as Chief of Staff and then Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). Some of these photos were taken at SHAPE locations in France and Belgium. Other locations featured include Fontainebleau, France; Lisbon, Portugal; Rome, Italy; Luxembourg; Ottawa, Ontario; and places in West Germany, England, Malta, Greece, and Turkey. Many SHAPE personnel, European leaders, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) diplomats appear in these photographs. Also included are photos of SHAPE alumni banquets and meetings of the SHAPE Officers' Association. Photos in the second group concern Gruenther's term as president of the American National Red Cross from 1957-1964. In this capacity Gruenther was photographed visiting foreign countries such as the Philippines, where he met members of the Philippine National Red Cross, and speaking at institutions and events across the United States. Gruenther is shown at Columbia University; at Ft. Myer, Virginia; Assumption College, Worcester, Massachusetts; at Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska; and at Boy Scouts of America events. During this time, he also attended several annual Forrestal Award Dinners presented by the National Security Industrial Association. A set of 11 photos included in the series were used by Gruenther during an appearance on the Today Show in 1962 to illustrate disaster relief undertaken by the Red Cross. Another set of photos features Barbara Eisenhower visiting the Hellenic Red Cross Headquarters in Athens, Greece, in 1959. Also included in the series are 27 portraits of American Red Cross staff members. Other photographs in the series show Gruenther speaking in later years to a meeting of the Jewish War Veterans of the United States of America in New York City, at Madigan General Hospital in Tacoma, Washington, and at the National War College in Washington, D.C. He also appears attending a lecture at the National Defense University at Fort McNair, Washington, D.C. A few photos show Gruenther at Bohemian Grove encampments. The series also contains a variety of photographs of Dwight D. Eisenhower taken at various important times and places, including at the White House, addressing the United Nations General Assembly, and on visits to countries around the world. The series includes photographs removed from three photograph albums. The first was given to Gruenther by Loyola University of Los Angeles after he spoke at commencement exercises in 1965. The second was given to him by Seattle University after he spoke at commencement exercises in 1956. The third was compiled and given to Gruenther by WOJG Margaret J. Finnegan upon her departure from service in his office at SHAPE, ca. 1954. Most photographs in this last album are SHAPE photographs. Other persons of interest appearing in this series include Sherman Adams, Vincent Auriol, Milton G. Baker, King Baudouin of Belgium, Joseph Bech, Georges Bidault, Robert Bostwick Carney, Donald F. Carpenter, Winston Churchill, Mark W. Clark, John Boyd Coates, Russell E. Dougherty, Anthony Eden, John S. D. Eisenhower, Mamie Doud Eisenhower, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, Gerald R. Ford, Andrew Jackson Goodpaster, Augustin Guillaume, W. Averell Harriman, Baron Hastings Lionel Ismay, Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg, Alphonse Juin, Panagiotes Kanellopoulos, Arthur B. Langlie, Lyman L. Lemnitzer, John Selwyn Lloyd, Clare Boothe Luce, Harold Macmillan, Adnan Menderes, Jules Salvador Moch, Guy Mollet, Bernard Law Montgomery, Louis Mountbatten, Lauris Norstad, Alexandros Papagos, Pope Paul VI, Antoine Pinay, René Pleven, Matthew B. Ridgway, Walter Bedell Smith, Harold E. Talbott, A. W. L. Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Nathan F. Twining, Earl Warren, Thomas D. White, Willard G. Wyman, and Paul van Zeeland.

4 linear feet, .1 linear inch

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