There are 106 Entities related to this resource.
Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr. (born Arthur Bancroft Schlesinger; October 15, 1917 – February 28, 2007) was an American historian, social critic, and public intellectual. The son of the influential historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. and a specialist in American history, much of Schlesinger's work explored the history of 20th-century American liberalism. In particular, his work focused on leaders such as Harry S. Truman, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Robert F. Kennedy. In the 1952 an...
Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia; December 11, 1882 – September 20, 1947) was an American attorney and politician who represented New York in the House of Representatives and served as the 99th Mayor of New York City from 1934 to 1945. Known for his irascible, energetic, and charismatic personality and diminutive stature, La Guardia is acclaimed as one of the greatest mayors in American history. Though a Republican, La Guardia was frequently cross-endorsed by other part...
Lady Bird Johnson was born Claudia Alta Taylor in Karnack, Texas on December 22, 1912. Her parents were Thomas Jefferson Taylor and Minnie Pattillo Taylor, and she had two older brothers, Tommy and Tony. Her mother died when she was only five years old, and her Aunt Effie Pattillo moved to Karnack to look after her. At an early age, a nursemaid said she was "as purty as a lady bird," and thereafter she became known to her family and friends as Lady Bird. She graduated from Marshall High School i...
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady throughout her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office (1933-1945). She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist who later served as a United Nations spokeswoman. A shy, awkward child, starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved–...
Robert Marion La Follette Sr. (June 14, 1855 – June 18, 1925), colloquially known as Fighting Bob, was an American lawyer and politician. He represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin. A Republican for most of his career, he ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in the 1924 presidential election. Historian John D. Buenker describes La Follette as "the most celebrated figure in Wisconsin history." Born...
African American civil rights leader and educator. From the description of Anna Arnold Hedgeman papers, 1944-1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984193 Anna Arnold Hedgeman (1899-1990) spent more than six decades working in the fields of interfaith and civil rights organizing, government service, and urban affairs. The author of two memoirs, The Trumpet Sounds (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964) and The Gift of Chaos (Oxford, 1977), Hedgeman was a pioneer in o...
Founded in 1920 in New York City by Roger Baldwin and others; the ACLU was an outgrowth of the American Union Against Militarism's National Civil Liberties Bureau, which in 1920 changed its name to the American Civil Liberties Union. From the description of Collection, 1917- (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 42740878 The Southern Women's Rights Project (SWRP) located in Richmond is affiliated with the American Civil Liberties Union. The project deal...
BIOGHIST REQUIRED In 1971 the American Bar Association formed a committee to prepare a study "...on the respective powers under the Constitution of the President and of the Congress to enter into and conduct war." The committee was chaired by Lyman M. Tondel, Jr. and the project was funded by the Association's Fund for Public Education which in turn contracted with Columbia University to carry out the study. The staff included Abraham D. Sofaer, Project Director and Adjunct Professor of Law at C...
The American Jewish Congress was founded originally in 1918 by a group of Jewish American leaders as an umbrella structure for Jewish organizations to represent the American Jewish interests at the Peace Conference following the end of World War I. It was seen as a national parliamentary assembly representing all American Jews. Representatives to the Congress were selected by all major national Jewish organizations and delegates representing local communities were elected by some 35...
Anna Roosevelt (1906-1975) was the eldest child and only daughter of Franklin D. and Eleanor Roosevelt. After her 1924 graduation from Miss Chapin''s school, she attended a short course at Cornell University in the forestry school. On June 5, 1926, she married Curtis Bean Dall. They had two children, Anna Eleanor Dall, known as Sistie (b. 1927), and Curtis Roosevelt Dall, known as Buzzie (b.1930). Between 1932 and 1934, Anna was associate editor of a magazine called Babies Just Babies, hosted a ...
Justine Wise Polier, judge and authority on juvenile justice, was the daughter of Stephen Samuel and Louise (Waterman) Wise. Both parents were strong influences on their daughter: Stephen Wise was an inspirational reform rabbi, founder of the U.S. Free Synagogue, a leader of the U.S. Zionist movement, and active in social and labor reform; Louise Wise, social worker and painter, was the founder of Louise Wise Services, a social service agency. JWP was born on April 12, 1...
Non-profit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia in 1965; expired in 1969. From the description of Records, 1965-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 30401337 ...
The Northside Center for Child Development is a child guidance clinic for troubled children in New York City founded in 1946 by Dr. Mamie Phipps Clark and Dr. Kenneth B. Clark. From the guide to the Northside Center for Child Development records, 1947-1972, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) ...
Established 1917 as Federation for Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York City. 92nd Street Y was a founding organization. From the description of Records, 1917-1986. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155528146 ...
David L. Bazelon, born in Superior, Wisconsin in 1909 to Russian, Jewish immigrants, was the first person in his family to graduate from college. After he studied law at Northwestern Law School he briefly entered private practice. In 1936 he joined the US Attorney's Office in Chicago, where he handled civil tax cases brought against some of the city's most notorious gansters. In 1940 he returned to private practice where he became the youngest senior partner in the firm of Gotlieb and Schwartz. ...
Governor of New York, 1975-1982. From the description of Gubernatorial papers, 1975-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155469676 The Battle of Long Island (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn) occurred on August 27, 1776 in what is now the borough of Brooklyn, N.Y. The battle was the largest of the American Revolutionary War. It resulted in a victory for the British army and the retreat of the Continental Army through Manhattan and New Jersey into Pennsylvania. ...
Recordings (1954-1960) of folk music and of workshops on leadership, integration and voter registration conducted by the school, including a 1956 integration workshop with comments by Rosa Parks on Martin Luther King and the Montgomery bus boycott. Included are performances by Folk School students, Zilphia Horton, Pete Seeger, Guy Carawan, Jack Elliott, Frank Hamilton, and May Justus. Also, a radio interview (ca. 1960) with Septima Clark and school founder Myles Horton. From the desc...
Law clubs were established to provide students an opportunity to practice preparing and arguing law cases as realistically as possible. Law clubs began to be founded at Harvard in the 19th century; one of the earliest was the Marshall Club, founded in 1825. In 1910, the Board of Student Advisers was formed, and the more formal Ames Competition in Appellate Brief Writing and Advocacy was established. From the description of General information by and about Harvard Law School clubs, 18...
The Field Foundation was established in 1940 by Marshall Field III, a Chicago banker, publisher of the Chicago Sun-Times, and grandson of the founder of the Marshall Field and Company department store in Chicago. The foundation provided support to organizations promoting civil rights, civil liberties, and child welfare and to other groups and individuals working for social change. By 1988 the foundation had distributed all its funds and ceased to exist. From the guide to the Field Fo...
Edward Moore Kennedy (b. Feb. 22, 1932, Boston, Mass.-d. Aug. 25, 2009), graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in government in 1956, and received his LL.B. from the University of Virginia in 1959. He served in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953. He was elected democratic senator from Massachusetts in 1962, served until his death in August 2009. He was the Assistant District Attorney for Suffolk County from 1961 to 1962, and sought the Democratic nomination for president in 1980....
Pauli Murray (1910-1985) was a lawyer, scholar, writer, educator, administrator, religious leader, civil rights and women's rights activist. She was a co-founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW) and the first black woman to be ordained as an Episcopal minister. She spent much of her life in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and Washington, D.C. From the description of Proud shoes : the story of an American family : typescript, 1956 / by Pauli Murray. (New York Public Library)....
Lawyer and judge (Barnard College, B.A., 1924; Yale University, LL. B., 1928), Polier was counsel in the Workmen's Compensation Division of the New York State Department of Labor (1928-1935). She was Judge of the New York State Family Court, 1935-1973, where she pioneered the treatment method of juvenile justice. Among her achievements were improvements in shelters for neglected children, detention centers for delinquents, foster homes, youth centers, and expanded mental health services for chil...
New York State Attorney General, United States Congressman and Senator from New York State. From the description of Papers, 1948-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122468583 Senator. From the description of Reminiscences of Jacob K. Javits : oral history, 1980. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527633 From the description of Reminiscences of Jacob K. Javits : oral history, 1975. (Columbia University In the City of Ne...
Kellogg, editor of the Survey, 1909-1952, and an active social reformer, corresponded with major figures in business, politcs, and welfare, discussing developments in peace movements, New Deal programs, civil liberties, the development of professional social work, and programs to assist dependent members of society. From the guide to the Paul U. Kellogg papers, 1891-1952, (University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives [swha]) Kellogg, editor of the Surve...
Executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. From the description of Correspondence with Johan Thorsten Sellin, 1935. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 243854199 Walter Francis White (1893-1955), was an African American civil rights activist and leader of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1931-1955. Walter White married Leah Gladys Powell (1893-1979) in 1922, and they ...
Epithet: of Add MS 38201 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000987.0x0002bc Epithet: of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000704.0x000249 Epithet: of Campsie British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000704.0x000247 Epithet: of the ...
Lawyer and U.S. senator from Idaho. From the description of William Edgar Borah papers, 1905-1940 (bulk 1912-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979901 U.S. senator from Idaho. From the description of Letter, 1929 Oct. 12, Washington D.C., to Perry Walton, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184904148 Attorney in Boise, Idaho; United States senator from Idaho, 1907-1940. From the description of Correspondence, 1902-1932. (Idah...
Lawyer, law professor. A.B. (History), Harvard, 1948; LL.B., 1951. Law clerk to Justice Frankfurter, 1953-1954. With law firm of Ropes and Gray, Boston, 1954-1962. Executive Director of the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, 1965-1967. Member of Harvard Law School Faculty, 1962-1965, 1967-, Dean, 1981-. Director of Harvard Law School Center for Criminal Justice. Chief reporter for the ALI Pre-Arraignment Code Project. From the description of ...
Stephen Samuel Wise was born in Budapest, Hungary, and came to the United States the following year. He graduated with honors from Columbia University and in 1893 he was ordained in Austria "The People's Rabbi," as Wise would later be known, developed his deep concern for the less fortunate at an early age. Wise fought for housing projects, the abolition of child labor, the improvement of working conditions, securing rights for female workers and equal rights for African Americans. He founded th...
Luis W. Alvarez (b. June 13, 1911, San Francisco, CA–d. September 1, 1988, Berkely, CA) was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968. After receiving his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1936, Alvarez went to work for Ernest Lawrence at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California in Berkeley. Alvarez devised a set of experiments to observe K-electron capture in radioactive nuclei, predicted by the beta decay ...
Lobbyist, consultant; interviewee married Arthur Goldschmidt. From the description of Reminiscences of Elizabeth Wickenden : oral history, 1966. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122619854 ...
Administrator of the National Recovery Administration and the Works Progress Administration. From the description of Papers, 1933-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155523554 Hugh Samuel Johnson (1882-1942), American army officer and politician, was born in Fort Scott, Kansas. He entered the United States Army in 1903, and served in World War I. Johnson originated, planned, and directed selective service conscription in 1917 and 1918. He became a brigadier general in 1918,...
Time magazine has called Robert Coles the most influential living psychiatrist in the U.S. Though best known for his work on children, he is also a leading authority on poverty and racial discrimination in the country. He first won recognition for his studies of black children in the South. From these, he has gone on to observe and write about children of other minorities (Native Americans, Inuit, and Chicanos) and in other stressful or disadvantaged situations (migrant camps, ghett...
Virginia Foster Durr (1903-1999) was a civil rights activist and a friend of Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson. She was a relief worker during the Great Depression, worked as a lobbyist and campaign worker for Progressive Party candidate Henry Wallace in the 1940s, ran as a candidate for governor of Virginia in 1948, and worked as a civil rights activist in Montgomery, Alabama in the 1950s and 1960s. From the description of Durr, Virginia Foster, 1903-1999 (U.S. National Archiv...