Papers, 1904-1971


Papers, 1904-1971

Correspondence, speeches, printed material, etc., of Mary Steichen Calderone, physician and pioneer in the field of sex education.

6.88 linear ft.; (16+1/2 file boxes)

Related Entities

There are 35 Entities related to this resource.

Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999 (person)

Chairman, anthropology department, Rutgers University. From the description of Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1943. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122526480 Ashley Montagu (1905-1999) was a British anthropologist and social biologist, perhaps best known for his critical analysis of the question of race. Montague Francis Ashley Montagu was born Israel Ehrenberg in London, England on June 28, 1905. He studied at th...

Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925 (person)

Helen Hamilton Gardener (1853–1925), born Alice Chenoweth, was an American author, rationalist public intellectual, political activist, and government functionary. Gardener produced many lectures, articles, and books during the 1880s and 1890s and is remembered today for her role in the freethought and women's suffrage movements and for her place as a pioneering woman in the top echelon of the American civil service. Alice Chenoweth, best remembered by her pen name, Helen Hamilton Gardener, w...

United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (corporateBody)

In March 1972 President Richard Nixon called for an "intensive study" and requested a plan for developing a "safe, fast, and efficient nationwide blood collection and distribution system." Nixon's request was the result of several independent events and initiatives throughout the late 1960s that focused on the U.S. lack of an efficient system for maintaining a sufficiently ample, risk-free national blood supply. The primary aim of the policy was to eliminate the nation's dependence on an oft-con...

Pilpel, Harriet F. (Harriet Fleischl), 1911-1991 (person)

>Harriet Fleischl Pilpel (December 2, 1911 – April 23, 1991) was an American attorney and women's rights activist. She wrote and lectured extensively regarding the freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and reproductive freedom. Pilpel served as general counsel for both the American Civil Liberties Union and Planned Parenthood. During her career, she participated in 27 cases that came before the United States Supreme Court. Pilpel was involved in the birth control movement and the pro-choice m...

Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), 1891-1978 (person)

Martha May Eliot (April 7, 1891 – February 14, 1978), was a foremost pediatrician and specialist in public health, an assistant director for WHO, and an architect of New Deal and postwar programs for maternal and child health. Her first important research, community studies of rickets in New Haven, Connecticut, and Puerto Rico, explored issues at the heart of social medicine. Together with Edwards A. Park, her research established that public health measures (dietary supplementation with vitamin...

Jacobs, Sophia Yarnall, 1902-1993 (person)

Sophia Yarnall Jacobs, civic worker, was born in Haverford, Pennsylvania, in 1902 and was educated at the Baldwin School and at Bryn Mawr, 1919-1921 (x'21), and married Reginald Robert Jacobs in 1921 (divorced in 1937). Jacobs wrote frequently for women's magazines and the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin's woman's pages, 1932-1939. During World War II she managed the Philadelphia Orchestra Club and later was the Promotion Manager for the orchestra. After the war she served as Secreta...

Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 (person)

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady throughout her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office (1933-1945). She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist who later served as a United Nations spokeswoman. A shy, awkward child, starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved–...

Steinchen, Edward, 1879-1973 (person)

Menninger, Karl Augustus, 1893-.... (person)

Mace, David (person)

Lovejoy, Esther (person)

Rock, John Charles, 1890- (person)

John C. Rock (1890-1984) was the founder of the Rock Reproductive Study Center at the Free Hospital for Women in Brookline, Massachusetts, and Clinical Professor of Gynecology at Harvard Medical School. Rock collaborated with colleague Gregory Pincus and Pincus's assistant Min-Chueh Chang, during the 1950s in the clinical trials and development of oral contraceptives, commonly known as the birth control pill. Rock is also credited with colleague Arthur Hertig and laboratory assistan...

Catholic Church (corporateBody)

During much of Doctor José Gaspar de Francia's dictatorship (1814-1840), Paraguay was without a bishop and the church was harrassed. From the description of Libro de providencias, ordenes, y autos : por Dn. Juan Antonio Riveras, cura rector de la parrequial de la Villeta : manuscript, 1804-1857. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612746619 An antiphonary is a book containing sacred vocal music, both the antiphons of the breviary, and the musical notes. An antiphon it...

Macfarlane, Catharine (person)

Schauffler, Goodrich (person)

Fagley, Richard (person)

Pincus, Gregory, 1903- (person)

Hoeber, Paul (person)

Kinsey, Alfred C. (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956 (person)

George Washington Corner worked as an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian. From the guide to the George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982, (American Philosophical Society) Alfred C. Kinsey, most famous for his work on human sexual behavior, was a world authority on gallflies, also known as Cynipidae or gall wasps. Kinsey began his entomological studies in 1917, eventually traveling to 54 locations in 36 states, and accumula...

Popenoe, Paul, 1888-1979 (person)

Paul Bowman Popenoe was born in 1888. He was an author, lecturer, and research worker in biology, eugenics, heredity, social hygiene, and family relations. He attended Occidental College from 1905 until 1907. He transferred to Stanford University in 1907 for his junior year but had to leave school to care for his father and run the family business - a fruit farm in the Coachella Valley, California. In 1911, on behalf of his father he traveled through the Middle East, South Africa, India, and Eur...

Gamble, Clarence (person)

Vogt, William, 1902-1968 (person)

Vogt was an ornithologist and ecologist. He wrote about the relationship between population growth and the depletion of natural resources. He was the director of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America from 1951-1961. From the description of William Vogt papers, 1913-1967 1940-1949. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 40253591 ...

Broughton, Philip S. (person)

Johnson, Virginia E. (person)

Planned parenthood federation of America (corporateBody)

In 1921 Margaret Sanger founded the national lobbying organization, American Birth Control League (ABCL) which in 1942 became Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). Between 1921 and 1942 the organization underwent two transformations. In 1923 Sanger opened the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (BCCRB) for the purposes of dispensing contraceptives under the supervision of licensed physicians and studying their effectiveness. The ABCL provided institutional backing for ...

Tietze, Sarah (person)

Palme, Olaf (person)

Baumgartner, Leona, 1902-1991 (person)

Leona Baumgartner (1902-1991), A.B., 1923, University of Kansas; M.A., 1925, University of Kansas; Ph.D., 1932, Yale University; M.D., 1934, Yale University, was the first female Commissioner of Public Health for New York City, 1954 to 1962, and later became an Assistant Director of the Agency for International Development (AID), a position she held until 1965. She was named Visiting Professor of Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Boston, in 1966, where she served until her retirement in...

Guttmacher, Alan F. (Alan Frank), 1898-1974 (person)

Alan Frank Guttmacher, (1898-1974), was President of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America from 1962 to 1974. His research focused on women's reproductive health issues including family planning, birth control, legalized abortion, sterility, fertility, multiple birth pregnancies, and global overpopulation. Guttmacher was an obstetrician, gynecologist, and family planning advocate in Baltimore, Md. before becoming Director of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New Yor...

Senior, Clarence (person)

Masters, William H. (person)

William Howell Masters, gynecologist, b. 1912; and Virginia E. Johnson, psychologist, b. 1925. From the description of William H. Masters papers, 1971-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984326 ...

Tietze, Christopher, 1908- (person)

Landers, Ann (person)

Esther Pauline Lederer (b. 1918; nee Friedman; nicknamed Eppie) became the advice columnist Ann Landers in 1954 for the Chicago Sun-Times. Her column's topics included sexuality, marital roles and family relationships, divorce, drugs and alcoholism, and ethical issues. It eventually was syndicated in over 1100 newspapers. In 1987, she left the Sun-Times, taking the column with her to the Chicago Tribune, where she remained its primary author until 2000. From the description of Ann La...

Menninger, William Claire, 1899-1966 (person)

Kleegman, Sophia Josephine, 1901- (person)